9781405114585

Vital Notes for Nurses Health Assessment

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781405114585

  • ISBN10:

    1405114584

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-12-09
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Summary

Health assessment is central to effective planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing care. All nurses are accountable for the care they provide and need to be able to accurately determine patient needs in order to plan and deliver evidence-based care. Vital notes for nurses: Health assessment provides students with the knowledge required to consider the many different factors which can influence patient's health, comfort, well-being and recovery and to confidently assess patient needs. Vital notes for nurses: Health assessment explores concepts of holism, health and illness, factorsto consider when assessing patients, communication skills needed for assessment, and all aspects of holistic assessment including physical, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual factors and nutritional needs.

Author Biography

Anna Crouch and Clency Meurier are both Senior Lecturers at University of Northampton.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgements xii
Dedication xiv
List of contributors
xv
The human body
1(51)
C. Meurier
Section 1: Introduction
1(10)
Anatomical terms
2(2)
Levels of organisation of the body
4(1)
Hierarchy of functions
5(1)
The basic structure of cells
5(3)
Homeostasis
8(3)
Organ systems
11(1)
Section 2: The integumentary system
11(3)
Structure of the skin
12(2)
Thermoregulation and the skin
14(1)
Section 3: The musculoskeletal system
14(3)
The human skeleton
14(1)
Bone
14(1)
Joints
15(1)
Muscular tissue
16(1)
Section 4: The nervous system
17(7)
Structure and function of the nervous system
17(2)
The central nervous system
19(3)
The autonomic nervous system
22(1)
Sensations
23(1)
Somatic senses
23(1)
Pain
23(1)
Section 5: The special senses
24(4)
The eye
24(2)
The ear
26(2)
Section 6: The endocrine system
28(1)
Hormones
28(1)
Negative and positive feedback mechanisms
28(1)
Section 7: The respiratory system
28(5)
The mechanism of breathing
31(1)
The transport of oxygen
32(1)
The transport of carbon dioxide
33(1)
Section 8: The cardiovascular system
33(5)
The blood
33(1)
The heart
34(3)
Blood vessels: arteries, capillaries and veins
37(1)
Section 9: The lymphatic and immune system
38(2)
Components
38(1)
Functions
38(2)
Section 10: The digestive system
40(3)
Functions
40(1)
Organs of the digestive system and their location
40(3)
Section 11: The urinary system
43(3)
The kidney and its functions
44(2)
Section 12: The reproductive system
46(6)
Female reproductive system
47(2)
The male reproductive organs
49(3)
Nursing assessment and care planning
52(24)
J. Aldridge
A. Eshun
C. Meurier
Introduction
52(1)
Nursing assessment and the nursing process
53(18)
Advantages of using a conceptual model in assessment
71(1)
Key issues and developments
72(4)
Concepts of health, illness and holism
76(19)
C. Meurier
Introduction
76(1)
Being `healthy'
77(3)
Health beliefs and health behaviour
80(2)
Illness, sickness and disease
82(2)
Seeing the person as a whole
84(3)
Assessment
87(8)
Factors to consider when assessing patients
95(33)
A. Crouch
G. Rumbold
M. Thompson
W. Turner
Section 1: Introduction
95(8)
Ethical aspects of assessment
95(1)
Respect for persons -- definition
96(2)
Privacy
98(1)
Confidentiality
99(2)
Respect for dignity
101(1)
Truthfulness
102(1)
Section 2: The environment, health status, age and cognitive ability of the patient, learning disability and health assessment
103(11)
Environment
104(1)
Health status of the patient
105(1)
The patient's age
106(2)
Cognitive development and ability
108(4)
The assessment of children
112(2)
Section 3: Gender and health assessment
114(14)
Trends and patterns of health and disease among men and women
115(1)
Health issues and dilemmas for men and women
116(2)
A health assessment approach: some practical aspects to consider
118(10)
Communication skills for holistic health assessment
128(20)
A. Crouch
Introduction
128(1)
Definition and classification
129(2)
Factors that facilitate effective communication
131(1)
Skills needed during holistic health assessment
132(6)
Barriers to communication during holistic assessment
138(6)
Record keeping
144(4)
Physical assessment
148(86)
C. Meurier
J. Brown
A. Crouch
Section 1: Introduction
148(15)
The purpose of physical assessment
150(1)
Approach to physical assessment
150(1)
Preparation for physical assessment
150(1)
Techniques of physical assessment
151(3)
The general survey and vital signs
154(9)
Section 2: Physical assessment of the integumentary system
163(5)
The skin
164(2)
Assessment of nails
166(1)
Assessment of hair
167(1)
Section 3: Physical assessment of the respiratory system
168(3)
Taking a health history
168(1)
Physical examination
169(2)
Section 4: Physical assessment of the cardiovascular system
171(7)
Relevant health history
172(3)
Risk factors for coronary heart disease
175(1)
Physical examination
175(3)
Section 5: Physical assessment of the nervous system
178(9)
Relevant health history
178(1)
Examination
178(9)
Section 6: Physical assessment of the eyes, ears, nose and throat
187(8)
The eyes
187(4)
The ears
191(1)
The mouth, nose, sinuses and throat
192(3)
Section 7: Physical assessment of the digestive system
195(5)
Relevant health history
196(1)
Risk factors
196(1)
Physical assessment
197(3)
Section 8: Physical assessment of the urinary tract system
200(5)
Assessment of the urinary system
201(3)
Assessment of the prostate gland
204(1)
Section 9: Physical assessment of the musculoskeletal system
205(5)
The musculoskeletal system
205(1)
Assessment
206(4)
Section 10: Physical assessment of the female and male reproductive systems
210(24)
Examination of the breast
210(4)
Examination of the female genitalia
214(10)
Assessment of the male reproductive system
224(4)
Record keeping
228(6)
Assessment of nutritional status
234(30)
M. Ingham
J. O'Reilly
Introduction
234(1)
Purpose of nutritional assessment
235(1)
Components of food
235(10)
Nutritional requirements
245(1)
Dietary guidelines
246(1)
Assessing nutritional status
246(11)
Dietary assessment
257(2)
Nutritional interventions
259(5)
Social assessment in healthcare
264(24)
S. O'Brien
Introduction
264(1)
The purpose of social assessment
265(1)
Health policy: assessing social needs
266(1)
Nursing models, social influences and assessment
267(1)
Nursing and interprofessional approaches to social assessment
268(3)
The social assessment/analysis framework
271(13)
The levels of social assessment
284(4)
Psychological assessment
288(23)
J. H. Parkes
Introduction
288(1)
What is psychological health?
289(1)
Why conduct a psychological assessment?
290(1)
What to assess
291(8)
How to conduct the psychological assessment
299(1)
Nurses' role in assessment
299(1)
The assessment process
300(7)
Accurate reporting and documentation
307(4)
Cultural and spiritual health assessment
311(20)
S. Allen
A. Crouch
Cultural health assessment
311(7)
Spirituality and spiritual needs
318(13)
Glossary 331(8)
Index 339

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