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The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking,9780195324808

The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking

by
ISBN13:

9780195324808

ISBN10:
0195324803
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/7/2009
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press, USA
List Price: $47.95

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Summary

The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking offers an innovative way to improve students' thinking skills. It begins at a practical level by helping students master the crucial terms that are the building blocks of critical thinking--terms such as "generalization," "inferring," "to confirm," "justifying," "assumption," and others. The book provides hundreds of short, accessible readings that illustrate the concepts and related thinking skills. It explains in a step-by-step fashion how students can perform the specific skills themselves. Organized around nine basic skills--including comparing, generalizing, inferring, judging sources, experimenting, making value judgments, defining terms, assuming, and thinking creatively--The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking walks students through definitions, explanations, and applications of 108 words. Each chapter is comprised of four parts. The first part establishes a solid foundation by defining six or seven words related to one skill. The second part gives interesting real-world examples (from books and newspapers) that illustrate the concepts. The third part includes exercises allowing students to analyze a writer's arguments and thinking. Finally, each chapter ends with writing exercises that help students use a particular skill in their own writing. As students learn specific definitions of such terms as "analogy," "sample," and "hypothesis," they will gain a better understanding of how writers use the terms. By studying the words in context, along with author Phil Washburn's commentary and questions, they will come to understand such vital types of thinking as assessing sources, determining causes, and recognizing fallacies. Students will improve their competence gradually, without being intimidated by abstract rules and technical terms. Enhanced by numerous study questions, exercises, arguments for analysis, and writing tasks, The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking also features drawings, photographs, and an annotated bibliography. Ideal for courses in critical thinking and reasoning, it can also be used in a variety of courses on writing, the humanities, interdisciplinary topics, study skills, and college preparation.

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Comparing
to compare
to contrast
to distinguish
analogy
metaphor
model
Generalizing
to generalize
sample
stereotype
to classify
criterion
Reasoning
statement
argument
conclusion
evidence
to infer
reason
reasoning
Fact and Opinion
fact
opinion
to confirm
source
critical
premise
Reliable Sources
reliable
first-hand
expert
credentials
consensus
objective
to fabricate
Degrees of Belief
possible
probable
plausible
convincing
certain
skeptical
dogmatic
Cause and Effect
immediate cause
remote cause
contributing factor
coincidence
necessary condition
sufficient condition
Scientific Thinking
hypothesis
experiment
variables
controlled experiment
a study
correlation
Explaining
to explain
theory
to predict
story
motive
susperstition
Valuing
to value
priority
goal
means and ends
principle
to evaluate
to recommend
Justifying
standard
to justify
prejudice
impartial
conflict of interest
universal
relative
Types of Reasoning
to imply
to support
to suggest
to prove
to refute
to deduce
Mistakes in Reasoning
fallacy
propaganda
irrelevant
to rationalize
slippery slope
ad hominem
false dilemma
to beg the question
Meaning
to refer
to mean
concept
to define
connotation
abstract
Problems with Language
ambiguous
vague
loaded term
to characterize
rhetoric
irony
Assuming
to assume
point of view
context
to intrepret
inconsistent
to contradict
Creative Thinking
creative
association
brainstorming
stimulus
fantasy
to modify
For Further Study
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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