9780471158837

Water Quality Modeling for Wasteload Allocations and Tmdls

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780471158837

  • ISBN10:

    0471158836

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-04-30
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Summary

Complete, practical coverage of pollution control regulations and water quality modeling Water Quality Modeling for Wasteload Allocations and TMDLs provides practical guidance for engineers charged with determining the volume and character of wastewater that a body of water can receive without suffering environmental damage. Following the discussion on water pollution control regulations and their relationships to water quality modeling and wasteload allocation for determining the total maximum daily load (TMDL), the first half of the book focuses on quantifying the model coefficients to characterize physical, chemical, and biological processes of a variety of water quality problems. The remainder of the book guides engineers in the application of EPA-developed models for regulatory use. Presenting numerous case studies and a substantial amount of data, this comprehensive guide: * Covers practical applications of wasteload allocation * Provides guidance to develop technical information for obtaining National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits * Demonstrates the application of STREAM, QUAL2E, WASP, and HAR03 Water Quality Modeling for Wasteload Allocations and TMDLs is an essential resource for state and federal water quality agencies, consulting engineering firms, publicly owned treatment works, environmental biologists and chemists, and public health officials involved with pollution control.

Author Biography

WU-SENG LUNG, PhD, PE, is Professor of Environmental Engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Virginia.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction
1(7)
Using a More Robust Model
2(2)
Developing the Stream Reaeration Coefficient
4(1)
Post Auditing the Water Quality Response---A Bigger Picture
4(2)
New Horizon in Water Quality Modeling
6(1)
It Is the Modeling Skills and Data, Not the Model, That Matters
7(1)
Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)
8(13)
Evolution of Water Quality Modeling in Water Pollution Control
8(1)
What Is a TMDL?
9(2)
Water Quality Endpoints for TMDLs
11(2)
Water Quality Modeling for TMDL
13(2)
A TMDL Modeling Study
15(6)
Derivation of Mass Transport Coefficients
21(50)
One-Dimensional Advective Transport in Streams, Rivers, and Estuaries
22(8)
One-Dimensional Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient
30(4)
Lateral Dispersion Coefficient in Rivers and Estuaries
34(2)
Vertical Diffusion Coefficient
36(7)
Two-Dimensional Vertically Integrated Mass Transport
43(1)
Two-Dimensional Longitudinal/Vertical Mass Transport
44(17)
Need a Hydrodynamic Model?
61(7)
Linking a Hydrodynamic Model with a Water Quality Model
68(3)
Derivation of Kinetic Coefficients
71(59)
Biochemical Oxygen Demand and CBODu to CBOD5 Ratio
72(12)
Nitrification in Wastewater and Receiving Water
84(5)
Reaeration Coefficient
89(9)
Saturation Dissolved Oxygen Level
98(1)
Sediment Oxygen Demand
99(4)
Phytoplankton and Dissolved Oxygen
103(6)
Dissolved Oxygen Impact
109(1)
Phytoplankton/Nutrient Kinetics
110(9)
Modeling Sediment Diagenesis Processes
119(5)
Calibrating the Nutrient/Eutrophication Kinetics
124(1)
Post Audit of BOD and Eutrophication Models
125(5)
Computational Tools and Accessories
130(13)
Computer Hardware and Capability
130(2)
Modeling Frameworks and FORTRAN Compiler
132(1)
Geographical Information System
133(3)
Post Processing and Visualization
136(7)
Using the Stream and Qual2E Models
143(45)
Equations Behind the STREAM Model
144(1)
Implementing the Governing Equation in STREAM Code
145(1)
STREAM Model Input Structure
146(3)
Application of STREAM to Rock Creek
149(9)
Application of STREAM to the Roanoke River
158(14)
Application of the QUAL2E Model to the Blackstone River
172(16)
Using the WASP and EUTRO Models
188(82)
The WASP Model
188(1)
Key Attributes
189(3)
Mass Transport Modeling Applications
192(29)
Water Quality Modeling Application
221(20)
Numerical Tagging
241(11)
Modeling Sediment-Water Interactions
252(5)
Incorporating Nonpoint Source Loads
257(4)
Linking a Hydrodynamic Model with the WASP/EUTRO Model
261(7)
Summary Remarks
268(2)
Using the HAR03 Model
270(44)
Model Capabilities
270(1)
Input Data Structure and Model Configuration
271(4)
Near-Field Mixing Zone Modeling
275(6)
Modeling Mixing Zone in the James River Using HAR3
281(10)
Far-Field Modeling
291(22)
Summary
313(1)
References and Further Readings 314(11)
About the Author 325(2)
Index 327

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