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West, The: Encounters & Transformations, Volume 1 (to 1715)

by ; ; ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780321364050

ISBN10:
0321364058
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $101.33

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Summary

With the best of Longman's multimedia solutions for history in one easy-to-use place, MyHistoryLab offers students and instructors a state-of-the-art interactive and instructional solution for your Western Civilization survey course. Delivered within CourseCompass, Blackboard, or WebCT, and in a non-course-management version, MyHistoryLab is designed to be used as a supplement to a traditional lecture course or to administer as a completely online course. MyHistoryLab-your online link to a wealth of history resources-is geared to meet the individual teaching and learning needs of every instructor and every student and is packed with helpful tips, review materials, and activities to make the study of history an enjoyable learning experience. MyHistoryLab is available at no additional cost when packaged with a new textbook. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Documentsp. xxiii
Mapsp. xxv
Featuresp. xxvii
Chronologiesp. xxvii
Prefacep. xxix
Meet the Authorsp. xlv
What Is the West?p. 2
The Beginnings of Civilization: 10,000-2000 B.C.E.p. 10
Culture, Agriculture, and Civilizationp. 12
The Food-Producing Revolutionp. 13
The First Food-Producing Communitiesp. 14
The Birth of Civilization in Southwest Asiap. 15
Sumer: A Constellation of Cities in Southern Mesopotamiap. 15
From Akkad to the Amorite Invasionsp. 17
New Mesopotamian Kingdoms: Assyria and Babyloniap. 19
The Emergence of Egyptian Civilizationp. 20
The Old Kingdom, ca. 3500-2200 B.C.E.p. 20
Religious Beliefs in the Old Kingdomp. 21
The Pyramidsp. 24
The Middle Kingdom, ca. 2040-1785 B.C.E.p. 25
Egyptian Encounters with Other Civilizationsp. 26
The Transformation of Europep. 27
The Linear Pottery Culturep. 27
The Battle Axe Culturesp. 28
Technology and Social Changep. 28
Conclusion: Civilization and the Westp. 29
Justice in History: Gods and Kings in Mesopotamian Justicep. 22
The International Bronze Age and Its Aftermath: Trade, Empire, and Diplomacy, 1600-550 B.C.E.p. 32
Civilization of the Nile: The Egyptian Empirep. 35
From the Hyksos Era to the New Kingdomp. 35
Military Expansion and Diplomatic Networks: Building an Empire in Canaan and Nubiap. 37
Pharaohs: Egypt's Dynamic Leadersp. 38
Hatshepsut the Female Pharaoh and Thutmose III the Conquerorp. 38
The Amarna Period: The Beginnings of Diplomacyp. 39
The Battle of Kadesh and the Age of Ramessesp. 39
Civilizations of Anatolia and Mesopotamia: The Hittite, Assyrian, and Babylonian Empiresp. 42
The Growth of Hittite Power: Conquest and Diversityp. 42
The Mesopotamian Empiresp. 43
The Kingdom of Babyloniap. 43
The Kingdom of Assyriap. 43
Civilizations of the Mediterranean: The Minoans and the Mycenaeansp. 44
Minoan Cretep. 44
Mycenaean Greecep. 45
Two Coastal Kingdoms: Ugarit and Troyp. 46
Ugarit: A Mercantile Kingdomp. 46
Troy: A City of Legendp. 47
The End of the International Bronze Age and Its Aftermathp. 48
The Raiders of the Land and Seap. 49
The Phoenicians: Merchants of the Mediterraneanp. 49
Mesopotamian Kingdoms: Assyria and Babylon, 1050-550 B.C.E.p. 51
Neo-Assyrian Imperialismp. 51
The Neo-Babylonian Empirep. 52
Conclusion: The International Bronze Age and the Emergence of the Westp. 54
Justice in History: Egyptian Tomb Robbers on Trialp. 40
Persians, Hebrews, and Greeks: The Foundations of Western Culture, 1100-336 B.C.E.p. 56
Persia: An Empire on Three Continentsp. 58
Cyrus the Great and Persian Expansionp. 59
A Government of Tolerancep. 59
Zoroastrianism: An Imperial Religionp. 59
The Achaemenid Dynastyp. 61
Hebrew Civilization and Religionp. 62
The Settlement in Canaanp. 62
The Israelite Kingdomsp. 62
The Hebrew Prophetsp. 63
The Babylonian Exilep. 64
The Second Temple and Jewish Religious Practicep. 65
The Hebrew Biblep. 65
Greece Rebuilds, 1100-479 B.C.E.p. 66
The Dark Age, ca. 1100-750 B.C.E.p. 66
The Archaic Age, ca. 750-479 B.C.E.p. 67
Homer's Epic Poemsp. 70
The Polisp. 70
Colonization and the Settlement of New Landsp. 70
Elite Athletic Competition in Greek Poleisp. 72
The Hoplite Revolutionp. 72
Sparta: A Militarized Societyp. 73
Athens: Toward Democracyp. 73
The Persian Wars, 490-479 B.C.E.p. 74
The Marathon Campaignp. 75
Athenian Naval Power and the Salamis Campaignp. 75
The Classical Age of Greece, 479-336 B.C.E.p. 76
The Rise and Fall of the Athenian Empirep. 76
From Defensive Alliance to Athenian Empirep. 76
Democracy in the Age of Periclesp. 76
Conflict with Sparta: The Peloponnesian Warp. 77
The Collapse of Athenian Powerp. 77
The Social and Religious Foundations of Classical Greecep. 79
Gender Rolesp. 79
Slavery: The Source of Greek Prosperityp. 80
Religion and the Godsp. 81
Intellectual Lifep. 82
Greek Dramap. 82
Scientific Thought in Ioniap. 83
The Origins of Writing Historyp. 84
Nature versus Customs and the Origins of Philosophical Thoughtp. 85
The Arts: Sculpture, Painting, and Architecturep. 88
Conclusion: Classical Foundations of the Westp. 89
Encounters & Transformations: The Alphabet and Writing in Greecep. 68
Justice in History: The Trial and Execution of Socrates the Questionerp. 86
The Hellenistic World and the Roman Republic, 336-31 B.C.E.p. 92
The Warlike Kingdom of Macedonp. 94
Unity and Expansion Under King Philipp. 95
The Conquests of Alexanderp. 96
Successor Kingdoms: Distributing the Spoilsp. 98
Hellenistic Society and Culturep. 100
Cities: The Heart of Hellenistic Lifep. 100
New Opportunities for Womenp. 103
Hellenistic Literature, Philosophy, and Sciencep. 103
Literature: Poetry and History Writingp. 103
Philosophy: The Quest for Peace of Mindp. 104
Explaining the Natural World: Scientific Investigationp. 105
Encounters with Foreign Peoplesp. 106
Exploring the Hellenistic Worldp. 107
Resistance to Hellenistic Culturep. 108
Celts on the Fringes of the Hellenistic Worldp. 108
Rome's Rise to Powerp. 110
Roman Origins and Etruscan Influencesp. 110
The Beginnings of the Roman Statep. 112
Roman Territorial Expansionp. 114
Winning Control of Italyp. 114
The Struggle with Carthagep. 115
Conflict with the Celtsp. 117
Rome and the Hellenistic Worldp. 117
The Macedonian Warsp. 117
The Encounter Between Greek and Roman Culturep. 118
Life in the Roman Republicp. 119
Patrons and Clientsp. 119
Pyramids of Wealth and Powerp. 122
The Roman Familyp. 122
Beginnings of the Roman Revolutionp. 123
The Gracchip. 123
War in Italy and Abroadp. 124
The First Triumviratep. 125
Julius Caesar and the End of the Republicp. 125
Conclusion: Defining the West in the Hellenistic Agep. 127
The Human Body in History: Aphrodite of Melos: The Hellenistic Portrayal of the Perfect Femalep. 102
Justice in History: A Corrupt Roman Governor Is Convicted of Extortionp. 120
Enclosing the West: The Early Roman Empire and Its Neighbors, 31 B.C.E.-235 C.E.p. 130
The Imperial Centerp. 132
Imperial Authority: Augustus and Afterp. 132
The Problem of Successionp. 134
The Emperor's Role: The Nature of Imperial Powerp. 135
The City of Romep. 137
The Agents of Controlp. 139
The Roman Senate: From Autonomy to Administrationp. 139
The Roman Army and the Power of the Emperorp. 140
Life in the Roman Provinces: Assimilation, Resistance, and Romanizationp. 140
The Army: A Romanizing Forcep. 141
Administration and Commercep. 142
The Citiesp. 143
The Countrysidep. 145
Revolts Against Romep. 145
Arminius and the Revolt in Germanyp. 145
Boudica's Revolt in Britainp. 147
The Revolt of Julius Civilis in Gaulp. 147
Jewish Revoltsp. 147
Law, Citizenship, and Romanizationp. 149
The Frontier and Beyondp. 150
Rome and the Parthian Empirep. 151
Roman Encounters with Germanic Peoplesp. 151
Economic Encounters Across Continentsp. 152
Encounters with Chinap. 152
Encounters with Africap. 153
Society and Culture in the Imperial Agep. 154
The Upper and Lower Classesp. 154
Slaves and Freedmenp. 154
Women in the Roman Empirep. 155
Literature and Empirep. 156
Religious Lifep. 158
Polytheism in the Empirep. 158
The Origins of Rabbinic Judaismp. 160
The Emergence of Christianityp. 160
The Spread of Christianityp. 164
Conclusion: Rome Shapes the Westp. 165
Encounters & Transformations: The Roman City: Agent of Cultural Transformationp. 144
Justice in History: The Trial of Jesus in Historical Perspectivep. 162
Late Antiquity: The Age of New Boundaries, 250-600p. 168
Crisis and Recovery in the Third Centuryp. 170
The Breakdown of the Imperial Governmentp. 170
The Restoration of Imperial Governmentp. 172
Diocletian's Reformsp. 172
Foundations of Late Antique Government and Societyp. 174
Christianizing the Empirep. 175
Constantine: The First Christian Emperorp. 175
The Spread of Christianityp. 176
The Rise of the Bishopsp. 176
Christianity and the City of Romep. 177
Old Gods Under Attackp. 178
New Christian Communities and Identitiesp. 179
The Creation of New Communitiesp. 180
Christian Doctrine and Heresyp. 180
Communities of Faith and Languagep. 181
The Monastic Movementp. 183
Monasticism, Women, and Sexualityp. 184
Jews in a Christian Worldp. 185
Access to Holiness: Christian Pilgrimagep. 186
Christian Intellectual Lifep. 187
The Reconciliation of Christianity and the Classicsp. 187
Neoplatonism and Christianityp. 189
The Breakup of the Roman Empirep. 190
The Fall of Rome's Western Provincesp. 190
Loss of Imperial Power in the Westp. 190
The Empire of Attilap. 192
Cultural Encounters After the End of Roman Rulep. 195
The Survival of Rome's Eastern Provincesp. 196
Christianity and Law Under Justinianp. 196
Reconquering the Provinces in the Westp. 200
The Struggle with Persiap. 200
Conclusion: The Age of New Boundariesp. 202
The Human Body in History: The Ascetic Alternativep. 182
Justice in History: Two Martyrdoms: Culture and Religion on Trialp. 198
Medieval Empires and Borderlands: Byzantium and Islamp. 204
Byzantium: The Survival of the Roman Empirep. 206
An Embattled Empirep. 207
Out of the Steppes: Borderlands in Eastern Europep. 207
The Loss of the Western Provincesp. 210
The Old Enemy: Persiap. 211
The New Enemy: Islamp. 212
Byzantine Civilizationp. 213
Imperial Administration and Economyp. 213
The Military System of the Themesp. 214
The Church and Religious Lifep. 214
Icons and the Iconoclastic Controversyp. 215
The Macedonian Renaissancep. 216
The New World of Islamp. 219
Arabs Before Islamp. 219
The Rise of Islamp. 222
Muhammad's Teachingsp. 222
The Succession Crisis After Muhammad: Sunnis and Shi'itesp. 223
The Umayyad Caliphatep. 226
The "House of War"p. 226
Governing the Islamic Empirep. 226
Becoming Muslimsp. 228
Peoples of the Bookp. 229
Commercial Encountersp. 229
The Breakup of the Umayyad Caliphatep. 230
The Abbasid Caliphatep. 231
Islamic Civilization in Europep. 231
Conclusion: Three Cultural Realmsp. 234
Encounters & Transformations: Ships of the Desert: Camels from Morocco to Central Asiap. 220
Justice in History: "Judgment Belongs to God Alone": The Battle and Arbitration at Siffinp. 224
Medieval Empires and Borderlands: The Latin Westp. 236
The Birth of Latin Christendomp. 239
Germanic Kingdoms on Roman Foundationsp. 239
Anglo-Saxon Englandp. 240
The Franks: A Dual Heritagep. 240
Visigoths in Spainp. 241
Lombards in Italyp. 242
Different Kingdoms, Shared Traditionsp. 242
Civil Authority: The Roman Legacyp. 242
War Leaders and Wergild: The Germanic Legacyp. 243
Unity Through Law and Christianityp. 244
Women and Propertyp. 244
The Spread of Latin Christianity in the New Kingdoms of Western Europep. 244
The Growth of the Papacyp. 245
Converting the Irishp. 245
Converting the Anglo-Saxonsp. 245
Monastic Intellectual Lifep. 246
Jews in a Christian Worldp. 247
The Carolingiansp. 247
The Leadership of Charlemagnep. 248
Coronation of Charlemagne as Emperorp. 249
Carolingian Rulershipp. 250
The Carolingian Renaissancep. 250
The Division of Western Europep. 252
Invasions and Recovery in the Latin Westp. 253
The Polytheist Invaders of the Latin Westp. 253
The Rulers in the Latin Westp. 255
Lords and Vassalsp. 255
The Western European Kingdoms After the Carolingiansp. 258
The Conversion of the Last Polytheistsp. 260
The West in the East: The Crusadesp. 262
The Origins of Holy Warp. 263
Crusading Warfarep. 264
The Significance of the Crusadesp. 267
Conclusion: An Emerging Unity in the Latin Westp. 268
Justice in History: Revealing the Truth: Oaths and Ordealsp. 256
Encounters & Transformations: Legends of the Borderlands: Roland and El Cidp. 266
Medieval Civilization: The Rise of Western Europep. 270
Two Worlds: Manors and Citiesp. 273
The Medieval Agricultural Revolutionp. 273
Technological Innovationsp. 273
Manors and Peasantsp. 275
The Great Migrations and the Hunger for Landp. 276
The Growth of Citiesp. 277
The Challenge of Free Citiesp. 277
The Economic Boom Yearsp. 277
The Consolidation of Roman Catholicismp. 280
The Task of Church Reformp. 280
The Pope Becomes a Monarchp. 281
How the Popes Ruledp. 282
The Pinnacle of the Medieval Papacy: Pope Innocent IIIp. 283
The Troubled Legacy of the Papal Monarchyp. 284
Discovering God in the Worldp. 284
The Patron Saintsp. 285
The New Religious Ordersp. 287
The Flowering of Religious Sensibilitiesp. 289
Creating the Outcasts of Europep. 289
The Heretics: Cathars and Waldensiansp. 290
Systematic Persecution of the Jewsp. 290
"The Living Dead": Lepersp. 291
The Creation of Sexual Crimesp. 291
Strengthening the Center of the Westp. 294
The Monarchies of Western Europep. 294
Expansion of Power: Francep. 294
Lord of All Lords: The King of Englandp. 296
A Divided Regime: The German Empirep. 297
Medieval Culture: The Search for Understandingp. 298
Revival of Learningp. 299
Scholasticism: A Christian Philosophyp. 299
Universities: Organizing Learningp. 300
The Ancients: Renaissance of the Twelfth Centuryp. 300
Epic Violence and Courtly Lovep. 302
The Center of Medieval Culture: The Great Cathedralsp. 302
Architecture: The Romanesque and Gothic Stylesp. 302
Music and Drama: Reaching God's Ear and the Christian's Soulp. 304
Conclusion: Asserting Western Culturep. 305
The Human Body in History: A Tale of Two Marysp. 286
Justice in History: Inquiring into Heresy: The Inquisition in Montailloup. 292
The Medieval West in Crisisp. 306
A Time of Deathp. 307
Mass Starvationp. 307
The Black Deathp. 309
A Cold Wind from the Eastp. 313
The Mongol Invasionsp. 314
The Rise of the Ottoman Turksp. 315
Economic Depression and Social Turmoilp. 318
The Collapse of International Trade and Bankingp. 318
Rebellions from Belowp. 319
An Economy of Monopolies: Guildsp. 319
"Long Live the People, Long Live Liberty"p. 319
An Age of Warfarep. 321
The Fragility of Monarchiesp. 322
The Hundred Years' Warp. 323
From English Victories to French Salvationp. 323
The Hundred Years' War in Perspectivep. 325
The Military Revolutionp. 328
A Troubled Church and the Demand for Religious Comfortp. 328
The Babylonian Captivity of the Church and the Great Schismp. 329
The Search for Religious Alternativesp. 330
Protests Against the Papacy: New Heresiesp. 330
Imitating Christ: The Modern Devotionp. 331
The Culture of Lossp. 331
Reminders of Deathp. 332
Illusions of a Noble Lifep. 333
Pilgrims of the Imaginationp. 334
Dante Alighieri and The Divine Comedyp. 334
Giovanni Boccaccio and The Decameronp. 336
Geoffrey Chaucer and The Canterbury Talesp. 336
Margery Kempe and the Autobiographical Pilgrimagep. 336
Christine de Pisan and the Defense of Female Virtuep. 337
Defining Cultural Boundariesp. 337
Spain: Religious Communities in Tensionp. 337
German and Celtic Borderlands: Ethnic Communities in Tensionp. 338
Enemies Withinp. 338
Conclusion: Looking Inwardp. 339
The Human Body in History: The Black Death: The Signs of Diseasep. 312
Justice in History: The Trial of Joan of Arcp. 326
The Italian Renaissance and Beyond: The Politics of Culturep. 342
The Cradle of the Renaissance: The Italian City-Statesp. 344
The Renaissance Republics: Florence and Venicep. 345
Florence Under the Medicip. 346
Venice, the Cosmopolitan Republicp. 347
Princes and Courtiersp. 348
The Ideal Prince, the Ideal Princessp. 348
The Ideal Courtierp. 349
The Papal Princep. 350
The Contradictions of the Patriarchal Familyp. 351
The Influence of Ancient Culturep. 354
Petrarch and the Illustrious Ancientsp. 355
The Humanists: The Latin Point of Viewp. 356
Understanding Nature: Moving Beyond the Science of the Ancientsp. 358
Antiquity and Nature in the Artsp. 359
Sculpture, Architecture, and Painting: The Natural and the Idealp. 360
Music of the Emotionsp. 365
The Early Modern European State Systemp. 366
Monarchies: The Foundation of the State Systemp. 367
France: Consolidating Power and Cultivating Renaissance Valuesp. 367
Spain: Unification by Marriagep. 368
The Holy Roman Empire: The Costs of Decentralizationp. 370
England: From Civil War to Stability Under the Tudorsp. 370
The Origins of Modern Historical and Political Thoughtp. 371
History: The Search for Causesp. 371
Political Thought: Considering the End Resultp. 372
Conclusion: The Politics of Culturep. 373
Justice in History: Vendetta as Private Justicep. 352
The Human Body in History: The Natural and the Ideal Body in Renaissance Artp. 362
The West and the World: The Significance of Global Encounters, 1450-1650p. 376
Europeans in Africap. 378
Sub-Saharan Africa Before the Europeans Arrivedp. 378
European Voyages Along the African Coastp. 380
New Maritime Technologyp. 381
New Colonialismp. 382
The Portuguese in Africap. 383
Europeans in the Americasp. 384
The Americas Before the Conquistadoresp. 384
The Aztec Empire of Mexicop. 384
The Incan Empire of the Andesp. 385
The Mission of the European Voyagersp. 386
The Fall of the Aztec and Incan Empiresp. 388
Hernan Cortes and the Conquest of Mexicop. 389
Francisco Pizarro and the Conquest of Perup. 390
Spanish America: The Transplanting of a European Culturep. 391
Portuguese Brazil: The Tenuous Colonyp. 393
North America: The Land of Lesser Interestp. 396
Europeans in Asiap. 397
Asia Before the European Empiresp. 397
The Trading Post Empiresp. 398
The Beginnings of the Global Systemp. 399
The Columbian Exchangep. 400
The Slave Tradep. 400
Biological Exchangesp. 401
The Problem of Cultural Diversityp. 403
The Capitalist Global Economyp. 404
Conclusion: The Significance of the Global Encountersp. 405
Encounters & Transformations: Between Indian and Christian: Creating Hybrid Religion in Mexicop. 392
Justice in History: The Difficulties of a Transatlantic Marriagep. 394
The Reformations of Religionp. 408
Causes of the Reformationp. 410
The Search for Spiritual and Fiscal Freedomp. 410
The Print Revolutionp. 411
The Northern Renaissance and the Christian Humanistsp. 413
The Lutheran Reformationp. 415
Martin Luther and the Break with Romep. 415
The Ninety-Five Thesesp. 416
The Path to the Diet of Wormsp. 417
The Lutheran Reformation in the Cities and Principalitiesp. 417
The Appeal of the Reformation to Womenp. 418
The German Peasants' Revoltp. 420
Lutheran Successp. 420
The Diversity of Protestantismp. 421
The Reformation in Switzerlandp. 421
Zwingli's Zurichp. 421
Calvin's Genevap. 422
The Reformation in Britainp. 423
The Tudors and the English Reformationp. 423
Scotland: The Citadel of Calvinismp. 425
The Radical Reformationp. 425
Anabaptists: The Holy Communityp. 425
Spiritualists: The Holy Individualp. 428
Unitarians: A Rationalist Approachp. 429
The Free World of Eastern Europep. 429
The Catholic Reformationp. 430
The Religious Orders in the Catholic Reformationp. 431
Jesuits: The Soldiers of Godp. 431
Women's Orders: In But Not of the Worldp. 433
Paul III, The First Counter Reformation Popep. 434
The Council of Trentp. 434
The Reformation in the Artsp. 435
Protestant Iconoclasmp. 435
Counter Reformation Artp. 437
Sacred Music: Praising Godp. 438
Conclusion: Competing Understandingsp. 439
Justice in Mistory: The Trial of Anne Boleyn: The Dynastic Crimep. 426
The Human Body in History: The Ecstasy of Teresa of Avila: The Body and the Soulp. 432
The Age of Confessional Divisionp. 442
The Peoples of Early Modern Europep. 444
The Population Recoveryp. 445
The Prosperous Villagesp. 445
The Regulated Citiesp. 446
The Price Revolutionp. 448
Disciplining the Peoplep. 450
Establishing Confessional Identitiesp. 450
Regulating the Familyp. 451
Marriage and Sexuality: The Self-Restrained Couplep. 451
Children: Naturally Evil?p. 454
Suppressing Popular Culturep. 455
Hunting Witchesp. 457
The Confessional Statesp. 460
The French Wars of Religionp. 460
The Huguenots: The French Calvinist Communityp. 460
The Origins of the Religious Warsp. 461
Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Dayp. 462
Philip II, His Most Catholic Majestyp. 464
The Dutch Revoltp. 465
Literature in the Age of Confessional Divisionp. 466
French Literature during the Religious Turmoilp. 467
Stirrings of the Golden Age in Iberiap. 468
The Elizabethan Renaissancep. 468
States and Confessions in Eastern Europep. 469
The Dream World of Emperor Rudolfp. 470
The Renaissance of Poland-Lithuaniap. 471
The Troubled Legacy of Ivan the Terriblep. 471
Conclusion: The Divisions of the Westp. 474
Justice in History: The Auto-da-Fe: The Power of Penancep. 452
Encounters & Transformations: The Introduction of the Table Fork: The New Sign of Western Civilizationp. 456
Absolutism and State Building, 1618-1715p. 476
The Nature of Absolutismp. 478
The Theory of Absolutismp. 479
The Practice of Absolutismp. 479
Warfare and the Absolutist Statep. 480
The Absolutist State in France and Spainp. 481
The Foundations of French Absolutismp. 481
Absolutism in the Reign of Louis XIVp. 483
Louis XIV and the Culture of Absolutismp. 484
The Wars of Louis XIV, 1667-1714p. 486
Absolutism and State Building in Spainp. 488
Absolutism and State Building in Central and Eastern Europep. 491
Germany and the Thirty Years'War, 1618-1648p. 491
The Growth of the Prussian Statep. 494
The Austrian Habsburg Monarchyp. 495
The Ottoman Empire: Between East and Westp. 496
Russia and the Westp. 497
Resistance to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republicp. 499
The English Monarchyp. 499
The English Civil Wars and Revolutionp. 500
Later Stuart Absolutism and the Glorious Revolutionp. 504
The Dutch Republicp. 506
Conclusion: The Western State in the Age of Absolutismp. 509
Encounters & Transformations: St. Petersburg and the Westp. 498
Justice in History: The Trial of Charles Ip. 502
The Scientific Revolutionp. 512
The Discoveries and Achievements of the Scientific Revolutionp. 514
Astronomy: A New Model of the Universep. 514
Physics: The Laws of Motion and Gravitationp. 517
Chemistry: Discovering the Elements of Naturep. 518
Biology: The Circulation of the Bloodp. 519
The Search for Scientific Knowledgep. 519
Observation and Experimentationp. 521
Deductive Reasoningp. 521
Mathematics and Naturep. 521
The Mechanical Philosophyp. 522
The Causes of the Scientific Revolutionp. 523
Developments Within Sciencep. 523
Late Medieval Sciencep. 523
Renaissance Sciencep. 523
The Collapse of Paradigmsp. 525
Developments Outside Sciencep. 525
Protestantismp. 525
Patronagep. 526
The Printing Pressp. 527
Military and Economic Changep. 527
Voyages of Explorationp. 527
The Intellectual Effects of the Scientific Revolutionp. 528
Educationp. 528
Skepticism and Independent Reasoningp. 528
Science and Religionp. 529
Magic, Demons, and Witchcraftp. 531
Humans and the Natural Worldp. 534
The Place of Human Beings in the Universep. 535
The Control of Naturep. 535
Women, Men, and Naturep. 536
Conclusion: Science and Western Culturep. 538
The Human Body in History: Dissecting the Human Corpsep. 520
Justice in History: The Trial of Galileop. 532
Glossaryp. 1
Creditsp. 1
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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