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The West A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1600,9780136058205
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The West A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1600

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780136058205

ISBN10:
0136058205
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/9/2008
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $69.60
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Summary

The West: a Narrative Historyis a unique text in its field, as it was conceived and developed as a brief introduction to the history of theWest. It is not a reduced version of a larger study, but a fully realized project in its own right. It defines theWestin its broadest terms, encompassing all of the varied cultures that trace at least some of their ancestry to the ancient Mediterranean world. In addition, it consistently reminds its readers of the links between the people who have come to define theWestand those in other regions of the world

Author Biography

A. Daniel Frankforter is Professor of History at the Pennsylvania State University, where he has taught for nearly four decades.  His undergraduate work was in the history of ideas and philosophy at Franklin and Marshall College.  He earned a Master of Divinity degree from Drew University, did graduate work at Columbia University and the University of Göttingen and completed master’s and doctoral degrees in medieval history and religious studies at Penn State.  His research has focused on the medieval English Church and on the evolving role of European women throughout the medieval period.  Articles on these topics have appeared in such journals as Manuscripta, Church History, The British Studies Monitor, The Catholic Historical Review, The American Benedictine Review, The International Journal of Women’s Studies, and The Journal of Women’s History.  His books include: A History of the Christian Movement: An Essay on the Development of Christian Institutions, Civilization and Survival, The Shakespeare Name Dictionary (with J. Madison Davis), The Medieval Millennium: An Introduction, The Western Heritage, Brief Edition (with Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), The Heritage of World Civilizations, brief third edition (with Albert Craig, William Graham, Donald Kagan, Stephen Ozment, and Frank Turner), an edition and translation of Poullain de la Barre’s De L’Égalité des deux Sexes, and Stones for Bread: A Critique of Contemporary Worship.  Over the course of his career he has developed 15 courses dealing with aspects of the ancient and medieval periods of Western civilization, Judeo-Christian studies, and gender issues.  His work in the classroom has been acknowledged by the Penn State Behrend Excellence in Teaching Award and the prestigious Amoco Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching Performance.

 

 

William M. Spellman is the Dean of Humanities at the University of North Carolina, Asheville.  He is a graduate of Suffolk University, Boston, and holds the Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University.  He is the author of John Locke and the Problem of Depravity (Oxford, 1988); The Latitudinarians and the Church of England, 1660-1700 (Georgia, 1993); John Locke (Macmillan, 1995); European Political Thought, 1600-1700 (Macmillan, 1997); Monarchies, 1000-2000 (Reaktion Press, 2000); Extraordinary Women of the Medieval and Renaissance World (Greenwood Press, 2000) co-authored with Carole Levin, et. al.; The Global Community: Migration and the Making of the Modern World, 1500-2000 (Sutton, 2002); A Concise History of the World Since 1945 (Palgrave, 2006); and Migration and the Nation State (Reaktion Press, forthcoming).

 

Table of Contents

Mapsp. x
Key Questionsp. xi
Prefacep. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xx
Notes on Dates and Spellingp. xxii
About the Authorsp. xxv
Introductionp. xxvi
Departurep. 2
The Birth of Civilizationp. 4
Key/Question: How do environments shape human communities and human communities alter environments?p. 4
The Evolution of Prehistoric Culturesp. 6
People in Context The Icemanp. 10
The Archaic Statesp. 13
The Origin of Civilization in Mesopotamia: Sumerp. 14
The Rise of Civilization in Egyptp. 23
The Rise of Empires and the Beginning of the Iron Agep. 32
Key/Question: Does civilization promote unity or intensify divisions among peoples?p. 32
The Transition Statesp. 34
Imperial Egypt: The New Kingdom (1550-1075 B.C.E., Dynasties XVIII-XX)p. 38
People in Context King "Tut"p. 42
The Indo-Europeans and the Clash of Empiresp. 45
The Bible and Historyp. 51
The Classical Era 2000 B.C.E. to 30 C.E.p. 60
Aegean Civilizationsp. 62
Key/Question: When does civilization in the West become "Western" civilization?p. 62
Minoan Mentorsp. 64
The Mycenaeans, Greece's First Civilizationp. 67
The Aegean Dark Agep. 70
The Hellenic Erap. 72
People in Context Hesiod, The Uncommon Common Manp. 74
The Rise of the Mainland Powersp. 79
The Persian Wars: Crucible of a Civilizationp. 84
The Hellenic Erap. 90
Key/Question: What did the Greeks contribute to the development of modern civilization?p. 90
Persian Wars as Catalystp. 92
The Peloponnesian Warp. 94
People in Context Aspasia, the Woman Behind the Great Manp. 96
Intellectual and Artistic Life in the Polisp. 101
The Hellenistic Era and the Rise of Romep. 118
Key/Question: What circumstances are likely to undermine governments by the people?p. 118
The Hellenistic Erap. 120
The Origin of Romep. 129
The Roman Republicp. 132
Rome's Civil Warp. 139
People in Context Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchip. 140
Rome's Empire and the Unification of the Western Worldp. 148
Key/Question: Do people prefer order to liberty?p. 148
The Augustan Erap. 150
Order and Continuity: The Dynastic Optionp. 159
Order and Continuity: The Elective Optionp. 163
People in Context The Imperial Aristocracy: Pliny the Elder and Pliny the Youngerp. 164
Life in an Imperial Environmentp. 169
The Decline of Romep. 172
The Division of the West 300 to 1300p. 178
The West's Medieval Civilizationsp. 180
Key/Question: Should freedom of religion be limited?p. 180
The Christian Elementp. 182
The German Elementp. 189
The Byzantine Empire of Constantinoplep. 193
Islamp. 197
People in Context A'isha (614-678), Wife of the Prophetp. 200
The Emergence of Europep. 208
Key/Question: How did Europe build on its legacies from the ancient world?p. 208
The Merovingian Kingdom: Europe's Nucleusp. 210
The Franks' Neighborsp. 213
People in Context Brunhild (d. 613) and Fredegund (d. 597): Powers Behind the Thronep. 216
The Carolingian Erap. 217
Retrenchment and Reorganizationp. 225
The Culture of Europe's Dark Agep. 231
Europe Turns Outwardp. 236
Key/Question: Was conflict among the medieval civilizations inevitable?p. 236
Islam's Crest and Byzantium's Resurgencep. 238
The Reorganization of Europep. 242
People in Context Hroswitha of Gandersheim (fl. 935-1002)p. 252
The Eleventh-Century Turning Pointp. 254
Europe's High Middle Agesp. 266
Key/Question: Why are some societies more open to change than others?p. 266
The Renaissance of the Twelfth Centuryp. 268
Universities and Scholasticismp. 271
Religious Revival and Diversity of Opinionp. 274
People in Context William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou (1071-1127)p. 276
The Artistic Vision of the High Middle Agesp. 278
The Nation-States of the High Middle Agesp. 283
Challenges, Conflicts, and Departuresp. 292
Challenges to the Medieval Orderp. 294
Key/Question: What did the crises of the late medieval era reveal about the strengths and weaknesses of Europe's civilization?p. 294
Challenges from Naturep. 296
Turmoil in the Middle Eastp. 300
Spiritual Crisesp. 305
Political Responses: The Burdens of Warp. 312
People in Context Christine de Pizan (c. 1364-1430), Professional Writerp. 316
Renaissance and Explorationp. 322
Key/Question: How should a society use its history?p. 322
The Context for the Renaissancep. 324
The Culture of the Renaissancep. 329
People in Context Elisabetta Gonzaga (1472-1526)p. 334
The Northern Renaissancep. 338
The Middle East: The Ottoman Empirep. 341
Europe and Atlantic Explorationp. 346
Reformation, Religious Wars, and National Conflictsp. 354
Key/Question: How do civilized societies justify war?p. 354
The Lutheran Reformationp. 356
The Swiss Reformationp. 361
The Catholic Reformationp. 365
The Habsburg-Valois Warsp. 368
England's Ambivalent Reformationp. 369
Convergence of Foreign and Domestic Politics: England, Spain, and Francep. 372
The Final Religious Upheavalsp. 377
People in Context William Shakespeare (1564-1616)p. 378
Glossaryp. 388
Photo Creditsp. 394
Suggested Resourcesp. 396
Indexp. 404
DVD Table of Contentsp. 421
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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