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Western Civilization: A Brief History - Volume I to 1789,9780618044221

Western Civilization: A Brief History - Volume I to 1789

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780618044221

ISBN10:
0618044221
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Houghton Mifflin College Div
List Price: $53.16
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Summary

"Western Civilization: A Brief History" emphasizes the history of ideas presented within a political chronology. Perry' s distinctive writing style and unique approach make this abridged version of "Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics & Society" an engaging text for the Western civilization survey course. The Fifth Edition includes coverage of recent events and provides students with the pedagogical tools to analyze and interpret events in context. Chapter introductions and chronologies allow students to easily identify important themes, while review questions serve to reinforce knowledge and aid in exam preparation.Material including Muslim artistic and cultural contributions, the French and Russian Revolutions, modern artists, and the battles of WWII has been added to enhance this edition.Graphic features include captions for all maps and an expanded color art section with a new essay on contemporary art.

Table of Contents

Maps
xii
Chronologies xii
Preface xiii
Map Essay
PART ONE The Ancient World: Foundation of the West TO A.D. 500 2(140)
The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations
4(24)
Prehistory
4(3)
The Rise to Civilization
7(2)
Mesopotamian Civilization
9(5)
Religion: The Basis of Mesopotamian Civilization
10(2)
Government, Law, and Economy
12(1)
Mathematics, Astronomy, and Medicine
13(1)
Egyptian Civilization
14(6)
From the Old Kingdom to the Middle Kingdom
15(1)
Religion: The Basis of Egyptian Civilization
16(1)
Divine Kingship
16(2)
Science and Mathematics
18(1)
The New Kingdom and the Decline of Egyptian Civilization
18(2)
Empire Builders
20(3)
Hittites
20(1)
Small Nations
20(1)
Assyria
21(1)
Persia: Unifier of the Near East
22(1)
The Religious Orientation of the Ancient Near East
23(5)
A Myth-Making World-View
24(2)
Near Eastern Achievements
26(1)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
26(2)
The Hebrews: A New View of God and the Individual
28(13)
Early Hebrew History
28(2)
God: One, sovereign, Transcendent, Good
30(2)
The Individual and Moral Autonomy
32(2)
The Covenant and the Law
34(2)
The Hebrew Idea of History
36(1)
The Prophets
36(3)
The Legacy of the Ancient Jews
39(2)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
40(1)
The Greeks: From Myth to Reason
41(44)
Early Aegean Civilizations
41(2)
Evolution of the City-States
43(10)
Homer: Shaper of the Greek Spirit
43(2)
The Break with Theocratic Politics
45(1)
Sparta: A Garrison State
46(1)
Athens: The Rise of Democracy
47(3)
The Persian Wars
50(1)
The Mature Athenian Democracy
51(2)
The Decline of the City-States
53(3)
The Peloponnesian War
54(1)
The Fourth Century
55(1)
The Dilemma of Greek Politics
55(1)
Philosophy in the Hellenistic Age
56(11)
The Cosmologists: A Rational Inquiry into Nature
56(4)
The Sophists: A Rational Investigation of Human Culture
60(1)
Socrates: Shaping the Rational Individual
61(2)
Plato: The Rational Society
63(2)
Aristotle: Synthesis of Greek Thought
65(2)
Art
67(1)
Poetry and Drama
68(2)
History
70(2)
Herodotus
71(1)
Thucydides
71(1)
The Hellenistic Age: The Second Stage of Greek Civilization
72(4)
Alexander the Great
73(1)
The Competing Dynasties
74(1)
Cosmopolitanism
74(2)
Hellenistic Thought and Culture
76(5)
History
77(1)
Art
77(1)
Science
77(1)
Philosophy
78(3)
The Greek Achievement: Reason, Freedom, Humanism
81(4)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
82(3)
Rome: From City-State to World Empire
85(37)
Evolution of the Roman Constitution
85(4)
Roman Expansion to 146 B.C.
89(5)
The Uniting of Italy
89(1)
The Conquest of the Mediterranean World
90(2)
The Consequences of Expansion
92(2)
Culture in the Republic
94(2)
The Collapse of the Republic
96(4)
The Gracchian Revolution
96(2)
Rival Generals
98(1)
Julius Caesar
98(1)
The Republic's Last Years
99(1)
Augustus and the Foundations of the Roman Empire
100(1)
The Pax Romana
101(10)
The Successors of Augustus
101(3)
The ``Time of Happiness''
104(1)
Roman Culture and Law During the Pax Romana
105(6)
Signs of Trouble
111(3)
Social and Economic Weaknesses
111(1)
Culture Stagnation and Transformation
112(2)
The Decline of Rome
114(6)
Third-Century Crisis
114(1)
Diocletian and Constantine: The Regimented State
115(2)
Tribal Migrations and Invasions
117(1)
Reasons for Rome's Decline
117(3)
The Roman Legacy
120(2)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
120--121(122)
Early Christianity: A World Religion
122(20)
The Origins of Christianity
122(6)
Judaism in the First Century B.C.
123(1)
Jesus: Moral Transformation of the Individual
124(2)
Saint Paul: From a Jewish Sect to a World Religion
126(2)
The Spread and Triumph of Christianity
128(3)
The Appeal of Christianity
128(1)
Christianity and Rome
129(1)
Christianity and Greek Philosophy
130(1)
Development of Christian Organization, Doctrine, and Attitudes
131(5)
The Primacy of the Bishop of Rome
132(1)
The Rise of Monasticism
132(1)
The Scriptural Tradition and Doctrinal Disputes
133(1)
Christianity and Society
134(1)
Christianity and the Jews
134(2)
Saint Augustine: The Christian World-View
136(2)
Christianity and Classical Humanism: Alternative World-Views
138(4)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
140(2)
PART TWO The Middle Ages: The Christian Centuries 500--1400 142(68)
The Rise of Europe: Fusion of Classical, Christian, and Germanic Traditions
144(38)
The Medieval East
144(5)
Byzantium
144(2)
Islam
146(3)
Latin Christendom in the Early Middle Ages
149(8)
Political, Economic, and Intellectual Transformation
149(2)
The Church: Shaper of Medieval Civilization
151(2)
The Kingdom of the Franks
153(1)
The Era of Charlemagne
153(3)
The Breakup of Charlemagne's Empire
156(1)
Feudal Society
157(3)
Vassalage
157(1)
Feudal Warriors
158(1)
Noblewomen
158(2)
Agrarian Society
160(1)
Economic Expansion During the High Middle Ages
161(4)
An Agricultural Revolution
161(2)
The Revival of Trade
163(1)
The Rise of Towns
163(2)
The Rise of States
165(4)
England
165(3)
France
168(1)
Germany
169(1)
The Growth of Papal Power
169(9)
Gregorian Reform
169(4)
The Crusades
173(2)
Dissenters and Reformers
175(2)
Innocent III: The Apex of Papal Power
177(1)
Christians and Jews
178(4)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
180(2)
The Flowering and Dissolution of Medieval Civilization
182(28)
Revival of Learning
182(2)
The Medieval World-View
184(3)
The Universe: Higher and Lower Worlds
184(2)
The Individual: Sinful but Redeemable
186(1)
Philosophy, Science, and Law
187(5)
Saint Anselm and Abelard
188(1)
Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Synthesis of Faith and Reason
189(1)
Science
190(1)
Recovery of Roman Law
191(1)
Literature
192(3)
Art Insert Art as History: The Ancient World Through the Middle Ages After
192(3)
Architecture
195(1)
The Fourteenth Century: An Age of Adversity
195(4)
The Decline of the Papacy
199(2)
Conflict with France
199(1)
The Great Schism and the Conciliar Movement
200(1)
Fourteenth-Century Heresies
201(1)
Breakup of the Thomistic Synthesis
201(1)
The Middle Ages and the Modern World: Continuity and Discontinuity
202(8)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
207(3)
PART THREE The Rise of Modernity: From the Renaissance to the Enlightenment 1350--1789 210(103)
Transition to the Modern Age: Renaissance and Reformation
212(32)
Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance
213(3)
The Renaissance Outlook
216(4)
Humanism
216(3)
A Revolution in Political Thought
219(1)
Renaissance Art
220(2)
The Spread of the Renaissance
222(3)
Erasmian Humanism
223(1)
French and English Humanism
224(1)
The Renaissance and the Modern Age
225(1)
Background to the Reformation: The Medieval Church in Crisis
226(2)
The Lutheran Revolt
228(4)
The Break with Catholicism
228(3)
The Appeal and Spread of Lutheranism
231(1)
The Spread of the Reformation
232(5)
Calvinism
232(2)
France
234(1)
England
234(1)
The Radical Reformation
235(2)
The Catholic Response
237(2)
The Reformation and the Modern Age
239(5)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
242(2)
Political and Economic Transformation: National States, Overseas Expansion, Commercial Revolution
244(34)
Toward the Modern State
244(3)
Hapsburg Spain
247(4)
Ferdinand and Isabella
248(1)
The Reign of Charles V: King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
248(2)
Philip II
250(1)
The End of the Spanish Hapsburgs
250(1)
The Growth of French Power
251(6)
Religion and the French State
252(2)
The Consolidation of French Monarchical Power
254(3)
The Growth of Limited Monarchy and Constitutionalism in England
257(4)
The Tudor Achievement
258(1)
The English Revolution, 1640--1660 and 1688--1689
258(3)
The Holy Roman Empire: The Failure to Unify Germany
261(2)
European Expansion
263(5)
Forces Behind the Expansion
263(2)
The Portuguese Empire
265(1)
The Spanish Empire
266(2)
Black Slavery and the Slave Trade
268(1)
The Price Revolution
269(1)
The Expansion of Agriculture
269(2)
The Expansion of Trade and Industry
271(3)
Innovations in Business
272(1)
Different Patterns of Commercial Development
272(2)
The Fostering of Mercantile Capitalism
274(1)
Toward a Global Economy
275(3)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
276(2)
Intellectual Transformation: The Scientific Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment
278(35)
The Medieval View of the Universe
278(1)
A New View of Nature
279(6)
Nicolaus Copernicus: The Dethronement of the Earth
280(1)
Galileo: Uniformity of Nature and Experimental Physics
281(2)
Attack on Authority
283(1)
Johannes Kepler: Laws of Planetary Motion
284(1)
The Newtonian Synthesis
285(1)
Prophets of Modern Science
286(3)
Francis Bacon: The Inductive Method
287(1)
Rene Descartes: The Deductive Method
287(2)
The Meaning of the Scientific Revolution
289(2)
The Age of Enlightenment: Affirmation of Reason and Freedom
291(1)
Christianity Assailed: The Search for a Natural Religion
292(2)
Political Thought
294(5)
Seventeenth-Century Antecedents: Hobbes and Locke
294(2)
Montesquieu
296(1)
Voltaire
296(2)
Rousseau
298(1)
Social and Economic Thought
299(6)
Epistemology, Psychology, and Education
299(1)
Freedom of Conscience and Thought
300(1)
Humanitarianism
301(3)
Laissez-Faire Economics
304(1)
The Idea of Progress
304(1)
War, Revolution, and Politics
305(4)
Warfare and Revolution
306(2)
Enlightened Despotism
308(1)
The Enlightenment and the Modern Mentality
309(4)
Notes
Suggested Reading
Review Questions
310(3)
Index 313


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