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The Western Heritage Volume 2 Plus NEW MyHistoryLab with eText -- Access Card Package

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0205896324
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10/10/2012
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Summary

An authoritative account of Western civilizations. The Western Heritageprovides the broadest possible introduction to Western civilization in a strong, clear narrative. It fosters lively debate about the West, defines how the West has interacted with other cultures, and shows how Western civilization can be used to understand global challenges today. The text integrates social, cultural, and political history, and it provides a flexible presentation to accommodate different teaching and learning approaches. The 11thedition is tied closely to MyHistoryLab, with icons connecting the main narrative to an array of MyHistoryLab resources, including documents, video segments, and interactive maps. The authors welcome Alison Frank, professor of history at Harvard University, to their team for this edition. A better teaching and learning experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experiencefor you and your students. Here's how: Personalize Learning -The new MyHistoryLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking -Chapter opening and end-of-chapter study resources help students understand the themes and spark class discussion. Engage Students- Box features included throughout the text encourage the use of visual and textual sources while promoting debate about the West. Support Instructors- Instructor's eText, MyHistoryLab, Instructor's Resource Manual, Test Item File, MyTest, PowerPoint presentations, and Class Preparation are available. For the combined volume of this text, search ISBN-10: 0205393926 For volume 2 of this text, search ISBN-10: 0205434517 Note:MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab, please visit:www.myhistorylab.comor you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MyHistorylab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205896227 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205896226.

Author Biography

DONALD KAGAN is Sterling Professor of History and Classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received the A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, the M.A. in classics from Brown University, and the Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. During 1958 to 1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright Scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); and a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995) and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is coauthor, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the Na-tional Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humani-ties to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004.

 

STEVEN OZMENT is McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern History at Harvard Univer-sity. He has taught Western Civilization at Yale, Stanford, and Harvard. He is the author of eleven books. The Age of Reform, 1250—1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of a Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister’s Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996), and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty For-tress: A New History of the German People (2004), and “Why We Study Western Civ,” The Pub-lic Interest, 158 (2005).

 

FRANK M. TURNER is John Hay Whitney Professor of History at Yale University and Direc-tor of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as University Provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He has received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He has directed a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research has received the support of fellowships from the National En-dowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award, Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life (1993), and John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion (2002). He has also contributed numerous arti-cles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern His-tory, Isis, and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003), and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between 1996 and 2006 he served as a Trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities Council. In 2003, Professor Turner was appointed Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University.

 

ALISON FRANK is professor of history at Harvard University. She is interested in transnational approaches to the history of Central and Eastern Europe, particularly the Habsburg Empire and its successor states in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Her first book, Oil Empire: Visions of Prosperity in Austrian Galicia (2005), was awarded the Barbara Jelavich Book Prize, the Austrian Cultural Forum Book Prize, and was co-winner of the Polish Studies Association's Orbis Prize in Polish Studies. Her current book project, Invisible Empire: A New Global History of Austria, focuses on the Adriatic port city of Trieste and the Habsburg Monarchy's participation in global commerce in the long nineteenth century. Other interests include the Eastern Alps, the Mediterranean slave trade, and environmental history. She is associate director of the Center for History and Economics.

Table of Contents

Found in this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents

 


1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Documents   

Maps   

Preface   

About the Authors

What Is the Western Heritage?

   

Chapter 13: European State -Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries      

Chapter 14: New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Chapter 15: Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century    

Chapter 16: The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion    

 

PART 4: Enlightenment and Revolution, 1700–1850

Chapter 17: The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought    

Chapter 18: The French Revolution 

Chapter 19: The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism       

Chapter 20: The Conservative Order and the Challenges of Reform (1815–1832)

Chapter 21: Economic Advance and Social Unrest (1830–1850)            

 

PART 5: Toward the Modern World, 1850–1939

Chapter 22: The Age of Nation-States      

Chapter 23: The Building of European Supremacy: Society and Politics to World War I 

Chapter 24: The Birth of Modern European Thought        

Chapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism       

Chapter 26: Alliances, War, and a Troubled Peace

Chapter 27: The Interwar Years: The Challenge of Dictators and Depression    

 

PART 6: Global Conflict, Cold War, and New Directions, 1939–2008

Chapter 28: World War II

Chapter 29: The Cold War Era, Decolonization, and the Emergence of a New Europe

Chapter 30: Social, Cultural, and Economic Challenges in the West through the Present        

 

Glossary       

Index


2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Documents   

Maps   

Preface   

About the Authors

What Is the Western Heritage?

  

Chapter 13: European State -Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries       

The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline    

Urban Prosperity      

Economic Decline     

Two Models of European Political Development

Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England     

James I        

Charles I       

The Long Parliament and Civil War  

Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan Republic   

Charles II and the Restoration of the Monarchy    

The “Glorious Revolution”    

The Age of Walpole

Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV     

Years of Personal Rule        

Versailles      

King by Divine Right  

Louis’s Early Wars    

Louis’s Repressive Religious Policies 

Louis’s Later Wars    

France After Louis XIV        

Central and Eastern Europe 

Poland: Absence of Strong Central Authority       

The Habsburg Empire and the Pragmatic Sanction 

Prussia and the Hohenzollerns

Russia Enters the European Political Arena 

The Romanov Dynasty        

Peter the Great       

Russian Expansion in the Baltic: The Great Northern War 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Early Controversy Over Tobacco and Smoking      

VERSAILLES  

The Debate over the Origin and Character of Political Authority  

 

Chapter 14: New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

The Scientific Revolution     

Nicolaus Copernicus Rejects an Earth-Centered Universe 

Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler Make New Scientific Observations     

Galileo Galilei Argues for a Universe of Mathematical Laws

Isaac Newton Discovers the Laws of Gravitation  

Philosophy Responds to Changing Science 

Nature as Mechanism

Francis Bacon: The Empirical Method        

René Descartes: The Method of Rational Deduction        

Thomas Hobbes: Apologist for Absolute Government       

John Locke: Defender of Moderate Liberty and Toleration

The New Institutions of Expanding Natural Knowledge     

Women in the World of the Scientific Revolution   

The New Science and Religious Faith        

The Case of Galileo  

Blaise Pascal: Reason and Faith     

The English Approach to Science and Religion      

Continuing Superstition       

Witch Hunts and Panic       

Village Origins

Influence of the Clergy       

Who Were the Witches?     

End of the Witch Hunts      

Baroque Art   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

THE SCIENCES AND THE ARTS       

Descartes and Swift Debate the Scientific Enterprise      

Midwives      

 

Chapter 15: Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century

Major Features of Life in the Old Regime    

Maintenance of Tradition    

Hierarchy and Privilege       

The Aristocracy       

Varieties of Aristocratic Privilege    

Aristocratic Resurgence      

The Land and Its Tillers      

Peasants and Serfs  

Aristocratic Domination of the Countryside: The English Game Laws

Family Structures and the Family Economy

Households   

The Family Economy 

Women and the Family Economy    

Children and the World of the Family Economy     

The Revolution in Agriculture

New Crops and New Methods        

Expansion of the Population 

The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth

Century        

A Revolution in Consumption

Industrial Leadership of Great Britain        

New Methods of Textile Production 

The Steam Engine    

Iron Production        

The Impact of the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions on Working Women   

The Growth of Cities 

Patterns of Preindustrial Urbanization        

Urban Classes

The Urban Riot        

The Jewish Population: The Age of the Ghetto     

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

AN ARISTOCRATIC COUPLE  

Two Eighteenth-Century Writers Contemplate the Effects of Different Economic Structures   

Water, Washing, and Bathing        

 

Chapter 16: The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion       

Periods of European Overseas Empires      

Mercantile Empires

Mercantilist Goals     

French–British Rivalry

The Spanish Colonial System

Colonial Government

Trade Regulation      

Colonial Reform under the Spanish Bourbon Monarchs

Black African Slavery, the Plantation System, and the Atlantic Economy

The African Presence in the Americas       

Slavery and the Transatlantic Economy    

The Experience of Slavery   

Mid-Eighteenth-Century Wars        

The War of Jenkins’s Ear

The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) 

The “Diplomatic Revolution” of 1756

The Seven Years’ War (1756–1763)

The American Revolution and Europe        

Resistance to the Imperial Search for Revenue     

The Crisis and Independence         

American Political Ideas      

Events in Great Britain        

Broader Impact of the American Revolution

In Perspective         

Key Terms

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Sugar Enters the Western Diet      

A SUGAR PLANTATION IN THE WEST INDIES        

 The Atlantic Passage        

The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture       

 

PART 4: Enlightenment and Revolution, 1700–1850

Chapter 17: The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought

Formative Influences on the Enlightenment

The Emergence of a Print Culture   

The Philosophes       

Philosophes and Patrons     

The Enlightenment and Religion      

Deism 

Toleration     

Radical Enlightenment Criticism of Christianity      

The Limits of Toleration      

The Jewish Enlightenment   

The Enlightenment and Society

The Encyclopedia: Freedom and Economic Improvement  

Beccaria and Reform of Criminal Law         

The Physiocrats and Economic Freedom    

Adam Smith on Economic Growth and Social Progress     

Political Thought of the Philosophes

Montesquieu and Spirit of the Laws

Rousseau: A Radical Critique of Modern Society   

Enlightened Critics of European Empires

Women in the Thought and Practice of the Enlightenment

Rococo and Neoclassical Styles in Eighteenth-Century Art         

Enlightened Absolutism       

Frederick the Great of Prussia        

Joseph II of Austria  

Catherine the Great of Russia

The Partitions of Poland      

The End of the Eighteenth Century in Central and Eastern Europe        

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Coffeehouses and Enlightenment    

AN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY ARTIST APPEALS TO THE ANCIENT WORLD   

Maria Theresa and Joseph II of Austria Debate Toleration          

 

Chapter 18: The French Revolution         

The Crisis of the French Monarchy 

The Monarchy Seeks New Taxes    

Necker’s Report       

Calonne’s Reform Plan and the Assembly of Notables       

Deadlock and the Calling of the Estates General   

The Revolution of 1789       

The Estates General Becomes the National Assembly      

Fall of the Bastille    

The “Great Fear” and the Night of August 4        

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen  

The Parisian Women’s March on Versailles  

The Reconstruction of France        

Political Reorganization       

Economic Policy       

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy 

Counterrevolutionary Activity        

The End of the Monarchy: A Second Revolution   

Emergence of the Jacobins  

The Convention and the Role of the Sans-culottes         

Europe at War with the Revolution 

Edmund Burke Attacks the Revolution       

Suppression of Reform in Britain     

The Second and Third Partitions of Poland, 1793, 1795   

The Reign of Terror  

War with Europe      

The Republic Defended       

The “Republic of Virtue” and Robespierre’s Justification of Terror

Repression of the Society of Revolutionary Republican Women   

De-Christianization   

Revolutionary Tribunals       

The End of the Terror         

The Thermidorian Reaction  

Establishment of the Directory       

Removal of the Sans-culottes from Political Life   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

CHALLENGING THE FRENCH POLITICAL ORDER      

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen Opens the Door for Disadvantaged Groups to Demand Equal Civic Rights   

The Metric System   

 

Chapter 19: The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism

The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte

Early Military Victories        

The Constitution of the Year VIII   

The Consulate in France (1799–1804)

Suppressing Foreign Enemies and Domestic Opposition    

Concordat with the Roman Catholic Church

The Napoleonic Code

Establishing a Dynasty        

The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804)

Napoleon’s Empire (1804–1814)      

Conquering an Empire

The Continental System      

European Response to the Empire   

German Nationalism and Prussian Reform   

The Wars of Liberation       

The Invasion of Russia        

European Coalition   

The Congress of Vienna and the European Settlement    

Territorial Adjustments       

The Hundred Days and the Quadruple Alliance      

The Romantic Movement     

Romantic Questioning of the Supremacy of Reason         

Rousseau and Education     

Kant and Reason      

Romantic Literature  

English Romantic Writers     

The German Romantic Writers        

Romantic Art 

The Cult of the Middle Ages and Neo-Gothicism    

Nature and the Sublime      

Religion in the Romantic Period       

Methodism    

New Directions in Continental Religion       

Romantic Views of Nationalism and History 

Herder and Culture   

Hegel and History

Islam, the Middle East, and Romanticism   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

THE CORONATION OF NAPOLEON    

Sailors and Canned Food     

The Experience of War in the Napoleonic Age      

 

Chapter 20: The Conservative Order and the Challenges of Reform (1815–1832)

The Conservative Order      

The Congress System         

The Domestic Political Order

Conservative Outlooks        

The Emergence of Nationalism and Liberalism       

Nationalism   

Early-Nineteenth-Century Political Liberalism        

Classical Economics

Relationship of Liberalism to Nationalism    

Conservative Restoration in Europe 

Liberalism and Nationalism Resisted in Austria and the Germanies

Postwar Repression in Great Britain 

Bourbon Restoration in France       

The Spanish Revolution of 1820     

The Conservative Order Shaken in Europe 

Revolt Against Ottoman Rule in the Balkans

Russia: The Decembrist Revolt of 1825     

Revolution in France (1830) 

Belgium Becomes Independent (1830)       

The Great Reform Bill in Britain (1832)       

The Wars of Independence in Latin America        

Wars of Independence on the South American Continent 

Independence in New Spain 

Brazilian Independence       

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Mazzini and Lord Acton Debate the Political Principles of Nationalism     

Gymnastics and German Nationalism

AN UNSUCCESSFUL MILITARY COUP IN RUSSIA    

 

Chapter 21: Economic Advance and Social Unrest (1830–1850)     

Toward an Industrial Society         

Population and Migration     

Railways       

The Labor Force      

The Emergence of a Wage-Labor Force

Working-Class Political Action: The Example of British Chartism   

Family Structures and the Industrial Revolution    

The Family in the Early Factory System    

Women in the Early Industrial Revolution   

Opportunities and Exploitation in Employment       

Changing Expectations in the Working-Class Marriage

Problems of Crime, Order, and Poverty      

New Police Forces    

Prison Reform

Government Policies Based on Classical Economics

Early Socialism        

Utopian Socialism     

Anarchism     

Marxism        

1848: Year of Revolutions   

France: The Second Republic and Louis Napoleon 

The Habsburg Empire: Nationalism Resisted

Italy: Republicanism Defeated        

The German Confederation: Liberalism Frustrated 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

The Potato and the Great Hunger in Ireland         

Andrew Ure and John Ruskin Debate the Conditions of Factory Production       

THE GREAT EXHIBITION IN LONDON

The Abolition of Slavery in the Transatlantic Economy    

 

PART 5: Toward the Modern World, 1850–1939

Chapter 22: The Age of Nation-States    

The Crimean War (1853–1856)       

Peace Settlement and Long-Term Results  

Reforms in the Ottoman Empire      

Italian Unification     

Romantic Republicans

Cavour’s Policy        

The New Italian State        

German Unification   

Bismarck       

The Franco-Prussian War and the German Empire (1870–1871)   

France: From Liberal Empire to the Third Republic 

The Paris Commune  

The Third Republic   

The Habsburg Empire

Formation of the Dual Monarchy     

Unrest of Nationalities        

Russia: Emancipation and Revolutionary Stirrings  

Reforms of Alexander II       

Revolutionaries        

Great Britain: Toward Democracy   

The Second Reform Act (1867)      

Gladstone’s Great Ministry (1868–1874)    

Disraeli in Office (1874–1880)        

The Irish Question    

In Perspective         

Key Term      

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

THE SUEZ CANAL     

Nineteenth-Century Nationalism: Two Sides        

The Arrival of Penny Postage         

 

Chapter 23: The Building of European Supremacy: Society and Politics to World War I  

Population Trends and Migration     

The Second Industrial Revolution   

New Industries        

Economic Difficulties 

The Middle Classes in Ascendancy  

Social Distinctions within the Middle Classes        

Late-Nineteenth-Century Urban Life

The Redesign of Cities        

Urban Sanitation      

Housing Reform and Middle-Class Values    

Varieties of Late-Nineteenth-Century Women’s Experiences       

Women’s Social Disabilities  

New Employment Patterns for Women       

Working-Class Women        

Poverty and Prostitution     

Women of the Middle Class  

The Rise of Political Feminism        

Jewish Emancipation 

Differing Degrees of Citizenship      

Broadened Opportunities     

Labor, Socialism, and Politics to World War I        

Trade Unionism        

Democracy and Political Parties      

Karl Marx and the First International         

Great Britain: Fabianism and Early Welfare Programs       

France: “Opportunism” Rejected    

Germany: Social Democrats and Revisionism        

Russia: Industrial Development and the Birth of Bolshevism        

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

Bicycles: Transportation, Freedom, and Sport      

Bernstein and Lenin Debate the Tactics of European Socialism   

BLOODY SUNDAY, ST. PETERSBURG, 1905 

 

Chapter 24: The Birth of Modern European Thought    

The New Reading Public      

Advances in Primary Education      

Reading Material for the Mass Audience

Science at Midcentury        

Comte, Positivism, and the Prestige of Science    

New Theories of Evolution: Lamarck, Lyell, Darwin, Wallace       

Science and Ethics: Social Darwinism       

Christianity and the Church Under Siege    

Intellectual Skepticism        

Conflict Between Church and State

Areas of Religious Revival    

The Roman Catholic Church and the Modern World

Islam and Late-Nineteenth-Century European Thought

Toward a Twentieth-Century Frame of Mind        

Science: The Revolution in Physics 

Literature: Realism and Naturalism

Modernism in Literature       

The Coming of Modern Art   

Friedrich Nietzsche and the Revolt Against Reason

The Birth of Psychoanalysis 

Retreat from Rationalism in Politics 

Racism

Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Zionism      

Women and Modern Thought

Antifeminism in Late-Century Thought      

New Directions in Feminism  

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

The Birth of Science Fiction 

The Debate over Social Darwinism  

POPULAR RELIGION AND PILGRIMAGE        

 

Chapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism   

The Close of the Age of Early Modern Colonization

The Age of British Imperial Dominance       

The Imperialism of Free Trade        

British Settler Colonies        

India—The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire        

The “New Imperialism,” 1870–1914 

Motives for the New Imperialism     

The Partition of Africa        

Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, and Libya         

Egypt and British Strategic Concern about the Upper Nile

West Africa   

The Belgian Congo   

German Empire in Africa      

Southern Africa

Russian Expansion in Mainland Asia 

Western Powers in Asia      

France in Asia

The United States’ Actions in Asia, the Pacific, and Latin America        

The Boxer Rebellion  

Tools of Imperialism  

Steamboats  

Conquest of Tropical Diseases       

Firearms       

The Missionary Factor        

Missionary Movements        

Tensions Between Missionaries and Imperial Administrators        

Missionaries and Indigenous Religious Movements 

Science and Imperialism      

Botany

Zoology        

Medicine       

Anthropology 

In Perspective

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

THE FRENCH IN MOROCCO   

Two Views of Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Imperial Expansion         

Submarine Cables     

Imperialism: Ancient and Modern    

 

Chapter 26: Alliances, War, and a Troubled Peace      

Emergence of the German Empire and the Alliance Systems (1873–1890)         

Bismarck’s Leadership

Forging the Triple Entente (1890–1907)    

World War I   

The Road to War (1908–1914)       

Sarajevo and the Outbreak of War (June–August 1914)   

Strategies and Stalemate: 1914–1917      

The Russian Revolution       

The Provisional Government 

Lenin and the Bolsheviks     

The Communist Dictatorship

The End of World War I      

Germany’s Last Offensive    

The Armistice

The End of the Ottoman Empire     

The Settlement at Paris      

Obstacles the Peacemakers Faced 

The Peace    

World War I and Colonial Empires

Evaluating the Peace

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

 The Outbreak of World War I        

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMORED TANK        

War Propaganda and the Movies: Charlie Chaplin

 

Chapter 27: The Interwar Years: The Challenge of Dictators and Depression       

After Versailles: Demands for Revision and Enforcement  

Toward the Great Depression in Europe     

Financial Tailspin      

Problems in Agricultural Commodities         

Depression and Government Policy in Britain and France  

The Soviet Experiment        

War Communism

The New Economic Policy    

The Third International

Stalin versus Trotsky

The Decision for Rapid Industrialization     

The Collectivization of Agriculture  

The Purges   

The Fascist Experiment in Italy      

The Rise of Mussolini

The Fascists in Power        

German Democracy and Dictatorship         

The Weimar Republic

Depression and Political Deadlock   

Hitler Comes to Power        

Hitler’s Consolidation of Power       

Anti-Semitism and the Police State 

Racial Ideology and the Lives of Women    

Nazi Economic Policy

Trials of the Successor States in Eastern Europe  

Economic and Ethnic Pressures      

Poland: Democracy to Military Rule 

Czechoslovakia: A Viable Democratic Experiment  

Hungary: Turn to Authoritarianism  

Austria: Political Turmoil and Nazi Occupation      

Southeastern Europe: Royal Dictatorships 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Cinema of the Political Left and Right        

THE NAZI PARTY RALLY      

The Soviets and the Nazis Confront the Issues of Women and the Family        

 

PART 6: Global Conflict, Cold War, and New Directions, 1939–2008

Chapter 28: World War II

Again the Road to War (1933–1939)         

Hitler’s Goals 

Italy Attacks Ethiopia

Remilitarization of the Rhineland

The Spanish Civil War         

Austria and Czechoslovakia 

Munich

The Nazi–Soviet Pact

World War II (1939–1945)

The German Conquest of Europe    

The Battle of Britain 

The German Attack on Russia        

Hitler’s Plans for Europe      

Japan and the United States Enter the War

The Tide Turns        

The Defeat of Nazi Germany

Fall of the Japanese Empire 

The Cost of War      

Racism and the Holocaust   

The Destruction of the Polish Jewish Community   

Polish Anti-Semitism Between the Wars

The Nazi Assault on the Jews of Poland    

Explanations of the Holocaust        

The Domestic Fronts

Germany: From Apparent Victory to Defeat

France: Defeat, Collaboration, and Resistance     

Great Britain: Organization for Victory       

The Soviet Union: “The Great Patriotic War”        

Preparations for Peace       

The Atlantic Charter 

Tehran: Agreement on a Second Front     

Yalta  

Potsdam       

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

The Munich Settlement

Rosie the Riveter and American Women in the War Effort 

THE VICHY REGIME IN FRANCE       

 

Chapter 29: The Cold War Era, Decolonization, and the Emergence of a New Europe

The Emergence of the Cold War     

Containment in American Foreign Policy     

Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe        

The Postwar Division of Germany    

NATO and the Warsaw Pact

The Creation of the State of Israel 

The Korean War       

The Khrushchev Era in the Soviet Union    

Khrushchev’s Domestic Policies      

The Three Crises of 1956    

Later Cold War Confrontations       

The Berlin Wall        

The Cuban Missile Crisis      

The Brezhnev Era     

1968: The Invasion of Czechoslovakia      

The United States and Détente     

The Invasion of Afghanistan

Communism and Solidarity in Poland

Relations with the Reagan Administration   

Decolonization: The European Retreat from Empire

Major Areas of Colonial Withdrawal 

India  

Further British Retreat from Empire 

The Turmoil of French Decolonization        

France and Algeria

France and Vietnam 

Vietnam Drawn into the Cold War   

Direct United States Involvement   

The Collapse of European Communism       

Gorbachev Attempts to Reform the Soviet Union  

1989: Revolution in Eastern Europe 

The Collapse of the Soviet Union    

The Yeltsin Decade

The Collapse of Yugoslavia and Civil War   

Putin and the Resurgence of Russia

The Rise of Radical Political Islamism         

Arab Nationalism      

The Iranian Revolution        

Afghanistan and Radical Islamism   

A Transformed West 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

The Soviet Union and the United States Draw the Lines of the Cold War

Rock Music and Political Protest     

COLLAPSE OF THE BERLIN WALL     

 

Chapter 30: Social, Cultural, and Economic Challenges in the West through the Present          

The Twentieth-Century Movement of Peoples      

Displacement Through War

External and Internal Migration      

The New Muslim Population

European Population Trends 

Toward a Welfare State Society    

Christian Democratic Parties

The Creation of Welfare States      

Resistance to the Expansion of the Welfare State

New Patterns in Work and Expectations of Women

Feminism      

More Married Women in the Workforce      

New Work Patterns  

Women in the New Eastern Europe 

Transformations in Knowledge and Culture 

Communism and Western Europe    

Existentialism 

Expansion of the University Population and Student Rebellion     

The Americanization of Europe       

A Consumer Society 

Environmentalism     

Art Since World War II

Cultural Divisions and the Cold War 

The Christian Heritage        

Neo-Orthodoxy        

Liberal Theology      

Roman Catholic Reform       

Late-Twentieth-Century Technology: The Arrival of the Computer       

The Demand for Calculating Machines       

Early Computer Technology 

The Development of Desktop Computers   

The Challenges of European Unification     

Postwar Cooperation

The European Economic Community

The European Union 

Discord over the Union       

New American Leadership and Financial Crisis       

European Debt Crisis 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Muslim Women Debate France’s Ban on the Veil    

Toys from Europe Conquer the United States       

NAMELESS LIBRARY, VIENNA

ENERGY AND THE MODERN WORLD  

 

Glossary       

Index



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