9780205962426

The Western Heritage Volume B

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780205962426

  • ISBN10:

    0205962424

  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/24/2013
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Explore the changing nature of the West

 

Rather than looking at Western civilization only as the history of Europe from ancient times to the present, this groundbreaking book examines the changing nature of the West—how the definition of the West has evolved and has been transformed throughout history. It explores the ways Western civilization has changed as a result of cultural encounters with different beliefs, ideas, technologies, and peoples, both outside the West and within it. Presenting a balanced treatment of political, social, religious, and cultural history, this text emphasizes the ever-shifting boundaries of the geographic and cultural realm of the West.

 

MyHistoryLab is an integral part of the Levack program. Key learning applications include Closer Looks, MyHistoryLibrary, and writing assessment.

 

A better teaching and learning experience

 

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience—for you and your students. Here’s how:

  • Personalize Learning– MyHistoryLab is online learning. MyHistoryLab engages students through personalized learning and helps instructors from course preparation to delivery and assessment.
  • Improve Critical Thinking–Critical thinking questions throughout the text help students focus on what they need to learn.  
  • Engage Students–Fine art and photos engage students in the material.
  • Support Instructors– A full set of supplements, including MyHistoryLab, provides instructors with all the resources and support they need.

Table of Contents

Found in this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents


1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Documents   

Maps   

Preface   

About the Authors

What Is the Western Heritage?

 

PART 3: Europe in Transition, 1300—1750

Chapter 9: The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300—1453)

Chapter 10: Renaissance and Discovery    

Chapter 11: The Age of Reformation         

Chapter 12: The Age of Religious Wars     

Chapter 13: European State -Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries      

Chapter 14: New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Chapter 15: Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century    

Chapter 16: The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion    

 

PART 4: Enlightenment and Revolution, 1700—1850

Chapter 17: The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought    

Chapter 18: The French Revolution 

Chapter 19: The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism       

 

Glossary       

Index


2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Documents   

Maps   

Preface   

About the Authors

What Is the Western Heritage?

 

PART 3: Europe in Transition, 1300—1750

Chapter 9: The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300—1453)

The Black Death      

Preconditions and Causes of the Plague    

Popular Remedies     

Social and Economic Consequences

New Conflicts and Opportunities     

The Hundred Years’ War and the Rise of National Sentiment      

The Causes of the War       

Progress of the War

Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church

The Thirteenth-Century Papacy     

Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair     

The Avignon Papacy (1309—1377)  

John Wycliffe and John Huss

The Great Schism (1378—1417) and the Conciliar Movement in the Church to 1449

Medieval Russia       

Politics and Society  

Mongol Rule (1243—1480)    

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

A BURIAL SCENE FROM THE BLACK DEATH 

Dealing with Death   

Who Runs the World: Priests or Princes?   

 

Chapter 10: Renaissance and Discovery           

The Renaissance in Italy (1375—1527)      

The Italian City-States       

Humanism     

High Renaissance Art

Slavery in the Renaissance   3

Italy’s Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494—1527)        

Charles VIII’s March Through Italy  

Pope Alexander VI and the Borgia Family   

Pope Julius II 

Niccolò Machiavelli   

Revival of Monarchy in Northern Europe    

France

Spain 

England        

The Holy Roman Empire       

The Northern Renaissance   

The Printing Press

Erasmus

Humanism and Reform         

Voyages of Discovery and the New Empires in the West and East         

The Portuguese Chart the Course   

The Spanish Voyages of Columbus  

The Spanish Empire in the New World       

The Church in Spanish America      

The Economy of Exploitation

Mining

The Impact on Europe        

In Perspective

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

The Renaissance Garden     

LEONARDO PLOTS THE PERFECT MAN       

Is the “Renaissance Man” a Myth?  

 

Chapter 11: The Age of Reformation       

Society and Religion 

Social and Political Conflict  

Popular Religious Movements and Criticism of the Church 

Martin Luther and the German Reformation to 1525        

The Attack on Indulgences  

Election of Charles V

Luther’s Excommunication and the Diet of Worms 

Imperial Distractions: War with France and the Turks

How the Reformation Spread

The Peasants’ Revolt

The Reformation Elsewhere  

Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation  

Anabaptists and Radical Protestants         

John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation  

Political Consolidation of the Lutheran Reformation

The Diet of Augsburg

The Expansion of the Reformation  

Reaction Against Protestants        

The Peace of Augsburg       

The English Reformation to 1553

The Preconditions of Reform

The King’s Affair      

The “Reformation Parliament”        

Wives of Henry VIII  

The King’s Religious Conservatism   

The Protestant Reformation under Edward VI       

Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation  

Sources of Catholic Reform  

Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuits  

The Council of Trent (1545—1563)  

The Social Significance of the Reformation in Western Europe    

The Revolution in Religious Practices and Institutions      

The Reformation and Education      

The Reformation and the Changing Role of Women

Family Life in Early Modern Europe  

Later Marriages       

Arranged Marriages  

Family Size    

Birth Control  

Wet Nursing  

Loving Families?       

Literary Imagination in Transition    

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra: Rejection of Idealism      

William Shakespeare: Dramatist of the Age

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

A SAINT AT PEACE IN THE GRASP OF TEMPTATION        

A Raw Deal for the Common Man, or Just Desserts?        

Table Manners         

 

Chapter 12: The Age of Religious Wars  

Renewed Religious Struggle

The French Wars of Religion (1562—1598)  

Appeal of Calvinism  

Catherine de Médicis and the Guises         

The Rise to Power of Henry of Navarre      

The Edict of Nantes 

Imperial Spain and Philip II (r. 1556—1598) 

Pillars of Spanish Power      

The Revolt in the Netherlands        

England and Spain (1553—1603)     

Mary I (r. 1553—1558)        

Elizabeth I (r. 1558—1603)   

The Thirty Years’ War (1618—1648)

Preconditions for War

Four Periods of War  

The Treaty of Westphalia    

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

BAROQUE AND PLAIN CHURCH: ARCHITECTURAL REFLECTIONS OF BELIEF        

The Great Debate Over Religious Tolerance

Going to the Thea    

 

Chapter 13: European State -Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries       

The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline    

Urban Prosperity      

Economic Decline     

Two Models of European Political Development

Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England     

James I        

Charles I       

The Long Parliament and Civil War  

Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan Republic   

Charles II and the Restoration of the Monarchy    

The “Glorious Revolution”    

The Age of Walpole

Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV     

Years of Personal Rule        

Versailles      

King by Divine Right  

Louis’s Early Wars    

Louis’s Repressive Religious Policies 

Louis’s Later Wars    

France After Louis XIV        

Central and Eastern Europe 

Poland: Absence of Strong Central Authority       

The Habsburg Empire and the Pragmatic Sanction 

Prussia and the Hohenzollerns

Russia Enters the European Political Arena 

The Romanov Dynasty        

Peter the Great       

Russian Expansion in the Baltic: The Great Northern War 

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Early Controversy Over Tobacco and Smoking      

VERSAILLES  

The Debate over the Origin and Character of Political Authority  

 

Chapter 14: New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

The Scientific Revolution     

Nicolaus Copernicus Rejects an Earth-Centered Universe 

Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler Make New Scientific Observations     

Galileo Galilei Argues for a Universe of Mathematical Laws

Isaac Newton Discovers the Laws of Gravitation  

Philosophy Responds to Changing Science 

Nature as Mechanism

Francis Bacon: The Empirical Method        

René Descartes: The Method of Rational Deduction        

Thomas Hobbes: Apologist for Absolute Government       

John Locke: Defender of Moderate Liberty and Toleration

The New Institutions of Expanding Natural Knowledge     

Women in the World of the Scientific Revolution   

The New Science and Religious Faith        

The Case of Galileo  

Blaise Pascal: Reason and Faith     

The English Approach to Science and Religion      

Continuing Superstition       

Witch Hunts and Panic       

Village Origins

Influence of the Clergy       

Who Were the Witches?     

End of the Witch Hunts      

Baroque Art   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

THE SCIENCES AND THE ARTS       

Descartes and Swift Debate the Scientific Enterprise      

Midwives

 

Chapter 15: Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century

Major Features of Life in the Old Regime    

Maintenance of Tradition    

Hierarchy and Privilege       

The Aristocracy       

Varieties of Aristocratic Privilege    

Aristocratic Resurgence      

The Land and Its Tillers      

Peasants and Serfs  

Aristocratic Domination of the Countryside: The English Game Laws

Family Structures and the Family Economy

Households   

The Family Economy 

Women and the Family Economy    

Children and the World of the Family Economy     

The Revolution in Agriculture

New Crops and New Methods        

Expansion of the Population 

The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth

Century        

A Revolution in Consumption

Industrial Leadership of Great Britain        

New Methods of Textile Production 

The Steam Engine    

Iron Production        

The Impact of the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions on Working Women   

The Growth of Cities 

Patterns of Preindustrial Urbanization        

Urban Classes

The Urban Riot        

The Jewish Population: The Age of the Ghetto     

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

AN ARISTOCRATIC COUPLE  

Two Eighteenth-Century Writers Contemplate the Effects of Different Economic Structures   

Water, Washing, and Bathing        

 

Chapter 16: The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion       

Periods of European Overseas Empires      

Mercantile Empires

Mercantilist Goals     

French–British Rivalry

The Spanish Colonial System

Colonial Government

Trade Regulation      

Colonial Reform under the Spanish Bourbon Monarchs

Black African Slavery, the Plantation System, and the Atlantic Economy

The African Presence in the Americas       

Slavery and the Transatlantic Economy    

The Experience of Slavery   

Mid-Eighteenth-Century Wars        

The War of Jenkins’s Ear

The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) 

The “Diplomatic Revolution” of 1756

The Seven Years’ War (1756–1763)

The American Revolution and Europe        

Resistance to the Imperial Search for Revenue     

The Crisis and Independence         

American Political Ideas      

Events in Great Britain        

Broader Impact of the American Revolution

In Perspective         

Key Terms

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Sugar Enters the Western Diet      

A SUGAR PLANTATION IN THE WEST INDIES        

 The Atlantic Passage        

The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture       

 

PART 4: Enlightenment and Revolution, 1700–1850

Chapter 17: The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought

Formative Influences on the Enlightenment

The Emergence of a Print Culture   

The Philosophes       

Philosophes and Patrons     

The Enlightenment and Religion      

Deism 

Toleration     

Radical Enlightenment Criticism of Christianity      

The Limits of Toleration      

The Jewish Enlightenment   

The Enlightenment and Society

The Encyclopedia: Freedom and Economic Improvement  

Beccaria and Reform of Criminal Law         

The Physiocrats and Economic Freedom    

Adam Smith on Economic Growth and Social Progress     

Political Thought of the Philosophes

Montesquieu and Spirit of the Laws

Rousseau: A Radical Critique of Modern Society   

Enlightened Critics of European Empires

Women in the Thought and Practice of the Enlightenment

Rococo and Neoclassical Styles in Eighteenth-Century Art         

Enlightened Absolutism       

Frederick the Great of Prussia        

Joseph II of Austria  

Catherine the Great of Russia

The Partitions of Poland      

The End of the Eighteenth Century in Central and Eastern Europe        

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

Coffeehouses and Enlightenment    

AN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY ARTIST APPEALS TO THE ANCIENT WORLD   

Maria Theresa and Joseph II of Austria Debate Toleration          

 

Chapter 18: The French Revolution         

The Crisis of the French Monarchy 

The Monarchy Seeks New Taxes    

Necker’s Report       

Calonne’s Reform Plan and the Assembly of Notables       

Deadlock and the Calling of the Estates General   

The Revolution of 1789       

The Estates General Becomes the National Assembly      

Fall of the Bastille    

The “Great Fear” and the Night of August 4        

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen  

The Parisian Women’s March on Versailles  

The Reconstruction of France        

Political Reorganization       

Economic Policy       

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy 

Counterrevolutionary Activity        

The End of the Monarchy: A Second Revolution   

Emergence of the Jacobins  

The Convention and the Role of the Sans-culottes         

Europe at War with the Revolution 

Edmund Burke Attacks the Revolution       

Suppression of Reform in Britain     

The Second and Third Partitions of Poland, 1793, 1795   

The Reign of Terror  

War with Europe      

The Republic Defended       

The “Republic of Virtue” and Robespierre’s Justification of Terror

Repression of the Society of Revolutionary Republican Women   

De-Christianization   

Revolutionary Tribunals       

The End of the Terror         

The Thermidorian Reaction  

Establishment of the Directory       

Removal of the Sans-culottes from Political Life   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments   

CHALLENGING THE FRENCH POLITICAL ORDER      

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen Opens the Door for Disadvantaged Groups to Demand Equal Civic Rights   

The Metric System   

 

Chapter 19: The Age of Napoleon and the Triumph of Romanticism

The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte

Early Military Victories        

The Constitution of the Year VIII   

The Consulate in France (1799–1804)

Suppressing Foreign Enemies and Domestic Opposition    

Concordat with the Roman Catholic Church

The Napoleonic Code

Establishing a Dynasty        

The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804)

Napoleon’s Empire (1804–1814)      

Conquering an Empire

The Continental System      

European Response to the Empire   

German Nationalism and Prussian Reform   

The Wars of Liberation       

The Invasion of Russia        

European Coalition   

The Congress of Vienna and the European Settlement    

Territorial Adjustments       

The Hundred Days and the Quadruple Alliance      

The Romantic Movement     

Romantic Questioning of the Supremacy of Reason         

Rousseau and Education     

Kant and Reason      

Romantic Literature  

English Romantic Writers     

The German Romantic Writers        

Romantic Art 

The Cult of the Middle Ages and Neo-Gothicism    

Nature and the Sublime      

Religion in the Romantic Period       

Methodism    

New Directions in Continental Religion       

Romantic Views of Nationalism and History 

Herder and Culture   

Hegel and History

Islam, the Middle East, and Romanticism   

In Perspective         

Key Terms    

Review Questions     

Suggested Readings 

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

THE CORONATION OF NAPOLEON    

Sailors and Canned Food     

The Experience of War in the Napoleonic Age      

  

Glossary       

Index

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