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Donald Kagan is Sterling Professor of History and Classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received the A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, the M.A. in classics from Brown University, and the Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. During 1958–1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright Scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995); and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is coauthor, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004.
Steven Ozment is McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern History at Harvard University. He has taught Western Civilization at Yale, Stanford, and Harvard. He is the author of eleven books. The Age of Reform, 1250—1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of A Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister’s Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996), and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People (2004), and “Why We Study Western Civ,” The Public Interest 158 (2005).
Frank M. Turner is John Hay Whitney Professor of History at Yale University and Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as University Provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He has received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He has directed a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research has received the support of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award, Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life (1993), and John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion (2002). He has also contributed numerous articles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern History, Isis, and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003), and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between l996 and 2006 he served as a Trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities Council. In 2003, Professor Turner was appointed Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University.
Table of Contents
|Europe In Transition|
|The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300-1453)|
|The Black Death Preconditions and Causes of the Plague|
|Social and Economic Consequences|
|New Conflicts and Opportunities|
|The Hundred Yearsrsquo; War and the Rise of National Sentiment|
|The Causes of the War|
|Progress of the War|
|Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church|
|The Thirteenth-Century Papacy|
|Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair|
|The Avignon Papacy (1309-1377)|
|John Wycliffe and John Huss|
|The Great Schism (1378-1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449|
|Medieval Russia Politics and Society Mongol Rule (1243-1480) In Perspective|
|Renaissance and Discovery|
|The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527)|
|The Italian City-State Humanism|
|Slavery in the Renaissance Italyrsquo;s|
|Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494-1527)|
|Charles VIIIrsquo;s March through Italy|
|Pope Alexander VI and the Borgia Family|
|Pope Julius II Niccolograve|
|Machiavelli Revival of Monarchy in Northern Europe|
|The Holy Roman Empire|
|The Northern Renaissance|
|The Printing Press|
|Erasmus Humanism and Reform|
|Voyages of Discovery and the New Empires in the West and East|
|The Portuguese Chart the Course|
|The Spanish Voyages of Columbus|
|The Spanish Empire in the New World|
|The Church in Spanish America|
|The Economy of Exploitation|
|The Impact on Europe In Perspective|
|The Age of Reformation|
|Society and Religion Social and Political Conflict|
|Popular Religious Movements and Criticisms of the Church|
|Martin Luther and German Reformation to 1525|
|Justification by Faith Alone|
|The Attack on Indulgences|
|Election of Charles V Lutherrsquo;s Excommunication and the Diet of Worms|
|Imperial Distractions: France and the Turks|
|How the Reformation Spread|
|The Peasantsrsquo; Revolt|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|