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Western Humanities, complete

by
ISBN13:

9780767415927

ISBN10:
0767415922
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/28/2000
Publisher(s):
MCG (Manual)
List Price: $76.86
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Summary

This chronologically organized introduction to the Western Humanities (art, music, history, literature, and drama) establishes the historical context of each era before the arts are discussed. The Western Humanities is also available in two separate volumes: Volume I covers prehistory through the Renaissance; Volume II covers the Renaissance to the Present. More than 600 illustrations appear throughout the text, and "Personal Perspectives" boxes bring to life the issues and events of the day.

Table of Contents

Preface

A Humanities Primer: How to Understand the Arts

Introduction: Why Study Cultural History?

1. PREHISTORY AND NEAR EASTERN CIVILIZATIONS

Prehistory and Early Cultures / The Civilizations of the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley: Mesopotamia / Personal Perspective: “A Sumerian Father Lectures His Son” / The Civilization of the Nile River Valley: Egypt / Personal Perspective: “Egypt: The Instruction of Amenemope” / Heirs to the Mesopotamian and Egyptian Empires / The Legacy of Early Near Eastern Civilizations / Windows on the World: 5000–500 B.C.

2. AEGEAN CIVILIZATIONS: THE MINOANS, THE MYCENAEANS, AND THE GREEKS OF THE ARCHAIC AGE

Prelude: Minoan Civilization, 3000–1300 B.C. / Beginnings: Mycenaen Civilization, 1900–1100 B.C. / Interlude: The Dark Ages, 1100–800 B.C. / The Archaic Age, 800–479 B.C. / The Emergence of Greek Genius: The Mastery of Form / Personal Perspectives: Solon, “Political Verses: The Ten Ages of Man”; Sappho, “He Seems to Be a God” / The Legacy of Archaic Greek Civilization

3. CLASSICAL GREEK CIVILIZATION: THE HELLENIC AGE

General Characteristics of Hellenic Civilization / Domestic and Foreign Affairs: War, Peace, and the Triumph of Macedonia / The Perfection of the Tradition: The Glory of Hellenic Greece / Personal Perspective: Xenophon, “Secrets of a Successful Marriage” / The Legacy of Hellenic Civilization / Windows on the World: 500–300 B.C.

4. CLASSICAL GREEK CIVILIZATION: THE HELLENISTIC AGE

The Stages of Hellenistic History / The Cities of Hellenistic Civilization / Personal Perspective: Theocritos, “A Street Scene in Alexandria” / The Elaboration of the Greek Tradition: The Spread of Classicism to the Hellenistic World / The Legacy of the Hellenistic World

5. ROMAN CIVILIZATION: THE PRE-CHRISTIAN CENTURIES

The Colossus of the Mediterranean World / The Style of Pre-Christian Rome: From Greek Imitation to Roman Grandeur / Personal Perspective: Marcus, Son of Cicero, “Letter to Tiro, Secretary to Cicero Senior” / The Legacy of Pre-Christian Rome / Windows on the World: 300 B.C.–A.D. 500

6. JUDAISM AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

Judaism / Personal Perspective: Flavius Josephus, “The Destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem” / Christianity / Personal Perspective: Vibia Perpetua, “Account of Her Last Days Before Martyrdom” / The Legacy of Biblical Judaism and Early Christianity

7. LATE ROMAN CIVILIZATION

The Last Days of the Roman Empire / Personal Perspective: Paulina, “Epitaph for Agorius Praetextatus” / The Transition from Classical Humanism to Christian Civilization / Personal Perspective: St. Jerome, “Secular Education; The Fall of Rome” / Why Did Rome Fall? / The Legacy of Late Roman Civilization

8. THE SUCCESSORS OF ROME: BYZANTIUM, ISLAM, AND THE EARLY MEDIEVAL WEST

The Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantine Civilization, 476–1453 / The Islamic World, 600–1517 / The Early Medieval West / Personal Perspectives: Anna Comenena, “The Arrival of the First Crusade in Constantinople”; Usamah, “The Curious Medicine of the Franks”; Liudprand of Cremona, “A Mission to the Byzantine Court” / The Legacy of Byzantium, Islam, and the Early Medieval West / Windows on the World: 500–1000

9. THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES: THE CHRISTIAN CENTURIES

Feudalism / Medieval Christianity and the Church / Personal Perspective: Hildegarde of Bingen, “Scivias” / The Age of Synthesis: Equilibrium between the Spiritual and the Secular / The Legacy of the Christian Centuries / Windows on the World: 1000–1300

10. THE LATE MIDDLE AGES: 1300–1500

Hard Times Come to Europe / The Cultural Flowering of the Late Middle Ages / Personal Perspective: Henry Knighton, “Chronicle” / The Legacy of the Late Middle Ages / Windows on the World: 1330–1500

11. THE EARLY RENAISSANCE: RETURN TO CLASSICAL ROOTS, 1400–1494

The Renaissance: Schools of Interpretation / Early Renaissance History and Institutions / The Spirit and Style of the Early Renaissance / Personal Perspective: Laura Cereta, “Defense of the Liberal Instruction of Women” / The Legacy of the Early Renaissance / Suggestions for Listening

12. THE HIGH RENAISSANCE AND EARLY MANNERISM: 1494–1564

The Rise of the Modern Sovereign State / Economic Expansion and Social Developments / From High Renaissance to Early Mannerism / Personal Perspective: Giorgio Vasari, “Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects” / The Legacy of the High Renaissance and Early Mannerism / Suggestions for Listening

13. NORTHERN HUMANISM, NORTHERN RENAISSANCE, RELIGIOUS REFORMATIONS, AND LATE MANNERISM: 1500–1603

Northern Humanism / The Northern Renaissance / The Breakup of Christendom: Causes of the Religious Reformations / Personal Perspective: Albrecht Dürer, “On Luther” / Late Mannerism / The Legacy of Northern Humanism, Northern Renaissance, Religious Reformations, and Late Mannerism / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1500–1600

14. THE BAROQUE AGE: GLAMOUR AND GRANDIOSITY, 1600–1715

Absolutism, Monarchy, and the Balance of Power / Personal Perspectives: Louis XIV, “On Justice”; Samuel Pepys, “On the Great Fire of London” / The Baroque: Variations on an International Style / The Legacy of the Baroque Age / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1600–1700

15. THE BAROQUE AGE II: REVOLUTIONS IN SCIENTIfiC AND POLITICAL THOUGHT, 1600–1715

Theories of the Universe before the Scientific Revolution / The Magical and the Practical in the Scientific Revolution / Personal Perspective: Johannes Junius, “Secret Letter to His Daughter” / The Revolution in Political Thought / European Exploration and Expansion / Responses to the Revolutions in Thought / The Legacy of the Revolutions in Scientific and Political Thought

16. THE AGE OF REASON: 1700–1789

The Enlightenment / The Great Powers during the Age of Reason / Cultural Trends in the Eighteenth Century: From Rococo to Neoclassical / Personal Perspective: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, “Letter to Wortley, Avignon, 25 March 1744” / The Legacy of the Age of Reason / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1700–1800

17. REVOLUTION, REACTION, AND CULTURAL RESPONSE: 1760–1830

The Industrial Revolution / Political Revolutions, 1760–1815 / Reaction, 1815–1830 / Revolutions in Art and Ideas: From Neoclassicism to Romanticism / Personal Perspective: Hector Berlioz, “This Harmonious Revolution” / The Legacy of the Age of Revolution and Reaction / Suggestions for Listening

18. THE TRIUMPH OF THE BOURGEOISIE: 1830–1871

The Political and Economic Scene: Liberalism and Nationalism / Personal Perspectives: Charlotte Brontë, “On the Crystal Palace”; Hippolyte Taine, “Derby Day Races, 28 May 1861” / Nineteenth-Century Thought: Philosophy, Religion, and Science / Cultural Trends: From Romanticism to Realism / Personal Perspectives: Gustave Flaubert, “Letter to Jules Cloquet, January 16, 1850”; Feodor Dostoevsky, “Winter Notes on Summer Impressions” / The Legacy of the Bourgeois Age / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1800–1900

19. THE AGE OF EARLY MODERNISM: 1871–1914

Europe’s Rise to World Leadership / Personal Perspective: Lady Constance Lytton, from Prisons and Prisoners / Early Modernism / The Legacy of Early Modernism / Suggestions for Listening

20. THE AGE OF THE MASSES AND THE ZENITH OF MODERNISM: 1914–1945

The Collapse of Old Certainties and the Search for New Values / Personal Perspective: Elie Wiesel, from Night / The Zenith of Modernism / The Legacy of the Age of the Masses and High Modernism / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1900–1945

21. THE AGE OF ANXIETY AND BEYOND: 1945–

From a European to a World Civilization / The End of Modernism and the Birth of Post-Modernism / Personal Perspective: Toni Morrison and Bill Moyers, “A Conversation, 1989” / A Summing Up / Suggestions for Listening / Windows on the World: 1945–

In each chapter:

Key Cultural Terms

Suggestions for Further Reading

Appendix:

Writing for the Humanities: Research Papers and Essay Examinations

Glossary

Credits

Index



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