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Western Philosophy : An Anthology



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  • Western Philosophy: An Anthology
    Western Philosophy: An Anthology


Western Philosophy: An Anthology provides the most comprehensive and authoritative survey of the Western philosophical tradition from ancient Greece to the leading philosophers of today. In 144 substantial and carefully chosen extracts, the volume covers all the main branches of philosophy - theory of knowledge and metaphysics, philosophy of mind, religion and science, moral philosophy (theoretical and applied), political theory and aesthetics. Chronologically and thematically arranged, the readings are introduced and linked together by a lucid philosophical commentary which guides the reader through the key arguments. For this new edition, all the existing sections have been updated with additional contemporary extracts, and two completely new sections on logic and language, and philosophy and the meaning of life have been included. This outstanding text will support a wide variety of introductory courses in philosophy, as well as providing more advanced students with an indispensable collection of classic source materials.

Author Biography

John Cottingham is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Reading. He is the author of many books including Rationalism (1984), Descartes (1986), The Rationalists (1988), Philosophy and the Good Life (1998), and On the Meaning of Life (2003), and is co-translator of The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. He was from 1991–5 Chairman of the British Society for the History of Philosophy, and is (since 1993) editor of Ratio, the international journal of analytic philosophy.

Table of Contents

Advice to Readers and Format of the Volume
Knowledge and Certainty
Innate Knowledge: Plato, Meno
Knowledge versus Opinion: Plato, Republic
Demonstrative Knowledge and its Starting-points: Aristotle, Posterior Analytics
New Foundations for Knowledge: Ren? Descartes, Meditations
The Senses as the Basis of Knowledge: John Locke, Essay concerning Human Understanding
Innate Knowledge Defended: Gottfried Leibniz, New Essays on Human Understanding
Scepticism versus Human Nature: David Hume, Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Experience and Understanding: Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason
From Sense-certainty to Self-consciousness: Georg Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit
Against Scepticism: G. E. Moore, A Defence of Common Sense
Does Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation? Wilfrid Sellars, The Myth of the Given
The Conditions for Knowledge: Edmund Gettier, Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?.Specimen Questions.Suggestions for Further Reading
Being and Reality
The Allegory of the Cave: Plato, Republic
Individual Substance: Aristotle, Categories
Supreme Being and Created Things: Ren? Descartes, Principles of Philosophy
Qualities and Ideas: John Locke, Essay concerning Human Understanding
Substance, Life and Activity: Gottfried Leibniz, New System
Nothing Outside the Mind: George Berkeley, Principles of Human Knowledge
The Limits of Metaphysical Speculation: David Hume, Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
Metaphysics, Old and New: Immanuel Kant, Prolegomena
Being and Involvement: Martin Heidegger, Being and Time
The End of Metaphysics?: Rudolf Carnap, The Elimination of Metaphysics
The Problem of Ontology: W. V. O. Quine, On What There Is
Why Is There Anything?: Derek Parfit, The Puzzle of Reality.Specimen Questions.Suggestions for Further Reading
Language and Meaning
The Meaning of Words: Plato, Cratylus
Language and its Acquisition: Augustine, Confessions
Thought, Language and its Components: William of Ockham, Writings on Logic
Language, Reason and Animal Utterance: Ren? Descartes, Discourse on the Method
Abstract General Ideas: John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Particular Ideas and General Meaning: George Berkeley, Principles of Human Knowledge
Denotation versus Connotation: John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic
Names and their Meaning: Gottlob Frege, Sense and Reference
Definite Descriptions: Bertrand Russell, Introduction to Mathematical Logic
Non-descriptive Uses of Language: J. L. Austin, Performative Utterances
Language, Meaning and Context: Paul Grice, Logic and Conversation
How the Reference of Terms is Fixed: Saul Kripke, Naming and Necessity.Specimen Questions.Suggestions for Further Reading
Mind and Body
The Immortal Soul: Plato, Phaedo
Soul and Body, Form and Matter: Aristotle, De Anima
The Human Soul: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae
The Incorporeal Mind: Ren? Descartes, Meditations
The Identity of Mind and Body: Benedict Spinoza, Ethics
Mind-Body Correlations: Nicolas Malebranche, Dialogues on Metaphysics
Body and Mind as Manifestations of Will: Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Idea
The Problem of Other Minds: John Stuart Mill, An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy
The Hallmarks of Mental Phenomena: Franz Brentano, Psychology from an Empirical St
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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