9780195137330

What did Jesus Mean? Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195137330

  • ISBN10:

    0195137337

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-04-05
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

In this highly interdisciplinary work, linguist Anna Wierzbicka casts new light on the words of Jesus by taking her well-known semantic theory of "universal human concepts"- concepts which are intuitively understandable and self-explanatory across languages-and bringing it to bear on Jesus' parables and the Sermon on the Mount. Her approach results in strikingly novel interpretations of the Gospels. Written in dialogue with other biblical commentators, What Did Jesus Mean? is both scholarly rigorous yet accessible.

Table of Contents

Introduction
3(24)
``What did Jesus mean''--Is it worth asking?
3(1)
Different questions about Jesus
4(2)
Conceptual primes and universal human concepts---new tools for the study of Jesus' sayings
6(1)
An illustration
7(2)
Is it possible to separate the universal aspect of Jesus' teaching from its cultural context?
9(2)
Paradoxes of inculturation
11(2)
Universal words: Unfamiliar but not unintelligible
13(1)
The importance of Jesus' Jewish context for the understanding of his teaching
14(1)
Jesus, the teacher of timeless truths?
15(2)
An illustration: The ``kingdom of God'' explained in universal human concepts
17(3)
The meaning of the word God
20(2)
The search for a coherent picture
22(5)
PART I: THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT
The Beatitudes
27(30)
Introduction: The importance of the Beatitudes
28(2)
Basic facts about the Beatitudes
30(2)
Who are the ``weeping'' ones?
32(2)
Who are the ``hungry''?
34(2)
Who are the ``poor''?
36(4)
Who are the ``meek'' (Matthew's praeis)?
40(2)
Exploring the image of the lamb and some related New Testament images
42(4)
Who are the ``persecuted''?
46(1)
What does it mean to be ``blessed''?
47(8)
Conclusion
55(2)
You Have Heard ... But I Say to You ...
57(69)
Jesus fulfils the Law
57(4)
Whoever is angry with his brother ...
61(10)
Whoever divorces his wife ...
71(10)
Whoever looks at a woman to lust for her ...
81(7)
If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out
88(5)
Let your `Yes' be `Yes' and your `No', `No'
93(9)
Turn the other cheek
102(9)
Love your enemies
111(11)
``The righteousness of the scribes and the Pharisees''
122(4)
Other Key Sayings
126(100)
You are the salt of the earth
126(5)
When you do a charitable deed do not sound a trumpet
131(9)
Do not let your left hand know ...
140(4)
When you pray, go into your room
144(5)
When you fast, anoint your head
149(6)
Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven
155(6)
The eye is the lamp of the body
161(8)
You cannot serve God and mammon
169(5)
Consider the lilies of the field
174(5)
Do not judge
179(7)
Ask, and it will be given to you
186(5)
The golden rule
191(12)
Enter by the narrow gate
203(3)
Do people gather grapes from thornbushes or figs from thistles?
206(9)
The will of my Father
215(4)
Building on the rock
219(7)
The Lord's Prayer
226(31)
Introduction
226(2)
The meaning and significance of the word abba
228(4)
``Father'' as a metaphor
232(2)
God as someone
234(2)
What does God's fatherhood mean (in Jesus' teaching)?
236(1)
Hallowed be thy name
237(4)
Thy kingdom come
241(3)
Give us this day our daily bread
244(3)
And forgive us our sins
247(3)
For we also forgive everyone who is indebted to us
250(1)
And do not lead us into temptation
251(3)
Conclusion
254(3)
PART II: THE PARABLES
The Sower
257(9)
The Hidden Treasure and the Pearl of Great Price
266(8)
The Leaven and The Mustard Seed
274(18)
The Lost Sheep and The Lost Coin
292(8)
The Prodigal Son
300(10)
The Unforgiving Servant
310(10)
The Laborers in the Vineyard
320(12)
The Servant's Reward
332(9)
The Great Feast
341(15)
The Last Judgment
356(17)
The Good Samaritan
373(7)
The Rich Man and Lazarus
380(8)
The Rich Fool
388(9)
The Doorkeeper
397(7)
The Talents
404(10)
The Dishonest Steward
414(8)
The Unjust Judge and the Friend at Midnight
422(7)
The Pharisee and the Tax Collector
429(12)
PART III: CONCLUSIONS AND FURTHER PERSPECTIVES
An Overall Picture of Jesus' Teaching
441(3)
Implications for Theology; Christianity in a Nutshell
444(11)
Language: A Key Issue in Understanding Jesus and Christianity
455(10)
Notes 465(16)
References 481(16)
Index 497

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