9780520201330

What Makes Life Worth Living? - How Japanese and Americans Make Sense of Their Worlds

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780520201330

  • ISBN10:

    0520201337

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-03-01
  • Publisher: Univ of California Pr on Demand

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Summary

Here is an original and provocative anthropological approach to the fundamental philosophical question of what makes life worth living. Gordon Mathews considers this perennial issue by examining nine pairs of similarly situated individuals in the United States and Japan. In the course of exploring how people from these two cultures find meaning in their daily lives, he illuminates a vast and intriguing range of ideas about work and love, religion, creativity, and self-realization. Mathews explores these topics by means of the Japanese termikigai,"that which most makes one's life seem worth living." American English has no equivalent, but ikigai applies not only to Japanese lives but to American lives as well. Ikigai is what, day after day and year after year, each of us most essentially lives for. Through the life stories of those he interviews, Mathews analyzes the ways Japanese and American lives have been affected by social roles and cultural vocabularies. As we approach the end of the century, the author's investigation into how the inhabitants of the world's two largest economic superpowers make sense of their lives brings a vital new understanding to our skeptical age.

Table of Contents

Preface
The Cultural Foundations of Ikigai
Introduction: What Makes Life Worth Living?p. 3
The Varieties of Ikigai in Japanp. 12
Individualism, Community, and Conformity in the United Statesp. 27
The Comparison of Japanese and American Selvesp. 41
Ikigai in Japanese and American Lives
Ikigai in Work and Familyp. 57
Ikigai and Genderp. 94
Ikigai in Past and Futurep. 106
Ikigai and Dreamsp. 144
Ikigai in Creation and Religionp. 155
Ikigai and Significancep. 193
Ikigai and the Meaning of Life
A Phenomenological Analysis of Ikigaip. 207
Ikigai and the Meaning of Lifep. 232
Referencesp. 257
Indexp. 271
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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