9781405194679

What Is Morphology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781405194679

  • ISBN10:

    1405194677

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/25/2010
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Summary

What is Morphology? is a concise and critical introduction to the central ideas of morphology, which has been revised and expanded to include additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, experimental and computational methods, and new teaching material. Introduces the fundamental aspects of morphology to students with minimal background in linguistics Includes additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, and experimental and computational methods Features new and revised exercises as well as suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter Equips students with the skills to analyze a wide breadth of classic morphological issues through engaging examples Uses cross-linguistic data throughout to illustrate concepts, specifically referencing Kujamaat Joola, a Senegalese language Includes a new answer key, available for instructors online

Author Biography

Mark Aronoff is Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University (SUNY). He is co-editor, with Janie Rees-Miller, of The Handbook of Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell, 2001), and served as editor of the journal Language from 1995 to 2000. Kirsten Fudeman is Professor of French at the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of Vernacular Voices: Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities (2010).

Table of Contents

Prefacep. viii
Acknowledgmentsp. xiv
Abbreviationsp. xv
Remarks on Transcriptionp. xviii
The International Phonetic Alphabetp. xx
Thinking about Morphology and Morphological Analysisp. 1
What is Morphology?p. 1
Morphemesp. 2
Morphology in Actionp. 4
Background and Beliefsp. 10
Introduction to Morphological Analysisp. 12
Summaryp. 22
Introduction to Kujamaat Jˇolap. 23
Further Readingp. 26
Exercisesp. 27
Words and Lexemesp. 33
What is a Word?p. 34
Empirical Tests for Wordhoodp. 38
Types of Wordsp. 40
Inflection vs. Derivationp. 47
Two Approaches to Morphology: Item-and-Arrangement, Item-and-Processp. 49
The Lexiconp. 54
Summaryp. 57
Kujamaat Jˇola Noun Classesp. 58
Further Readingp. 67
Exercisesp. 68
Morphology and Phonologyp. 73
Allomorphsp. 74
Prosodic Morphologyp. 78
Primary and Secondary Affixesp. 82
Linguistic Exaptation, Leveling, and Analogyp. 86
Morphophonology and Secret Languagesp. 93
Summaryp. 95
Kujamaat Jˇola Morphophonologyp. 96
Further Readingp. 103
Exercisesp. 104
Derivation and the Lexiconp. 109
The Saussurean Signp. 109
Motivation and Compositionalityp. 110
Derivation and Structurep. 123
Summaryp. 130
Derivation in Kujamaat Jˇolap. 131
Further Readingp. 132
Exercisesp. 133
Derivation and Semanticsp. 136
The Polysemy Problemp. 137
The Semantics of Derived Lexemesp. 139
Summaryp. 147
Derivation and Verbs in Kujamaat Jˇolap. 148
Further Readingp. 151
Exercisesp. 152
Inflectionp. 157
What is Inflection?p. 159
Inflection vs. Derivationp. 168
Inventory of Inflectional Morphology Typesp. 171
Syncretismp. 177
Typologyp. 178
Summaryp. 180
Agreement in Kujamaat Jˇolap. 182
Further Readingp. 187
Exercisesp. 189
Morphology and Syntaxp. 196
Morphological vs. Syntactic Inflectionp. 197
Structural Constraints on Morphological Inflectionp. 198
Inflection and Universal Grammarp. 201
Grammatical Function Changep. 203
Summaryp. 209
Kujamaat Jˇola Verb Morphologyp. 212
A Brief Survey of Kujamaat Jˇola Syntaxp. 219
Further Readingp. 222
Exercisesp. 223
Morphological Productivity and the Mental Lexiconp. 226
What is Morphological Productivity?p. 227
Productivity and Structure: Negative Prefixes in Englishp. 230
Degrees of Productivityp. 231
Salience and Productivityp. 236
Testing Productivityp. 238
The Mental Lexicon, Psycholinguistics, and Neurolinguisticsp. 246
Conclusionp. 252
Further Readingp. 253
Exercisesp. 254
Glossaryp. 258
Referencesp. 273
Indexp. 280
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