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Who Built America?explores fundamental conflicts in United States history by placing working peoples' struggle for social and economic justice at center stage. Unique among U.S. history survey textbooks for its clear point of view,Who Built Americais a joint effort of Bedford/St. Martin's and the American Social History Project, based at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and renowned for its print, visual, and multimedia productions such as the "History Matters" Web site. With vivid prose, penetrating analysis, an acclaimed visual program, and rich documentary evidence,Who Built America?gives students a thought-provoking book they'll want to read and instructors an irreplaceable anchor for their course.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS AND EDITORS
THE AMERICAN SOCIAL HISTORY PROJECT/CENTER FOR MEDIA AND LEARNING aims to revitalize interest in history by challenging the traditional ways that people learn about the past. Founded in 1981 by the late Herbert Gutman and Stephen Brier and based at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, ASHP/CML produces award-winning print, visual, and multimedia materials about the working men and women whose actions and beliefs shaped American history. Also with Bedford/St. Martin’s, they have published History Matters: A Student Guide to U.S. History Online, based on their popular Web resource of the same name.
CHRISTOPHER CLARK, professor of history at the University of Connecticut, received the Frederick Jackson Turner Award from the Organization of American Historians for The Roots of Rural Capitalism: Western Massachusetts, 1780–1860 (1990). His other publications include The Communitarian Moment: The Radical Challenge of the Northampton Association (1995) and Social Change in America: From the Revolution through the Civil War (2006), together with articles on rural history and the social roots of American economic development. He has also been the co-recipient of the Cadbury Schweppes Prize for innovative teaching in the humanities.
NANCY A. HEWITT is Professor II of history and women’s and gender studies at Rutgers University. She has received many awards and prizes, including the Jerome T. Krivanek Distinguished Teaching Award and the Julia Cherry Spruill Book Prize as well as fellowships from the NEH, the Mellon Foundation, and the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Her publications include Women’s Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822–1872 (1984); Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism, co-edited with Suzanne Lebsock (1993); and Southern Discomfort: Women’s Activism in Tampa, Florida, 1880s-1920s (2001). She has published numerous articles on women’s history and women’s activism.
ROY ROSENZWEIG is Mark and Barbara Fried Professor of History & New Media at George Mason University, where he also heads the Center on History and New Media (http://chnm.gmu.edu). He is the author, co-author, and co-editor of numerous books including The Park and the People: A History of Central Park; The Presence of the Past: Popular Uses of History in American Life; Eight Hours for What We Will: Workers and Leisure in an Industrial City, 1870-1920; History Museums in the United States: A Critical Assessment; Presenting the Past: Essays on History and the Public, and Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Presenting, and Preserving the Past on the Web. He was co-creator of the CD-ROM, Who Built America?, which won James Harvey Robinson Prize of American Historical Association.
NELSON LICHTENSTEIN is professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he directs the Center for the Study of Work, Labor and Democracy. He is the author of Labor’s War at Home: the CIO in World War II (1982, 2003); Walter Reuther: the Most Dangerous Man in Detroit (1997); and State of the Union: A Century of American Labor (2002), which won the Philip Taft Prize in Labor History. He has held fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller Foundations. His edited books include Industrial Democracy in America: the Ambiguous Promise (1993); Wal-Mart: The Face of Twenty-First-Century Capitalism (2006); American Capitalism: Social Thought and Political Economy in the Twentieth Century (2006); and Major Problems in the History of American Workers (2003).
JOSHUA BROWN, Visual Editor, is the executive director of the American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning and professor of history at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He was visual editor of the first edition of Who Built America? and also co-authored the accompanying CD-ROMs and video documentary series. He has served as executive producer on many digital and Web projects, including Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution; The Lost Museum: Exploring Antebellum Life and Culture; and The September 11 Digital Archive. Brown is author of Beyond the Lines: The Pictorial Press, Everyday Life, and the Crisis of Gilded Age America (2002); co-author (with Eric Foner) of Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction (2005); and co-editor of History from South Africa: Alternative Visions and Practices (1991), as well as numerous essays and reviews on the history of U.S. visual culture.
DAVID JAFFEE, Visual Editor, teaches Early American history and interactive pedagogy and technology at the City College of New York and The Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He is the author of People of the Wachusett: Great New England in History and Memory, 1630-1860 (1999) and is completing a book titled Craftsmen and Consumers in Early America, 1760–1860. He has also written many essays on artists and artisans in Early America as well as on the use of new media in the history classroom. He is the project director of two NEH grants at CUNY to develop multimedia resources for the teaching of U.S. history. He has been the recipient of various fellowships including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Winterthur Museum, and the Huntington Library.
Table of Contents
Note: Each chapter ends with a timeline, "The Years in Review," and a bibliography, "Additional Readings."
From the Civil War to the Great Uprising of Labor: Reconstructing the Nation, 1865Â–1877
Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution
The Centennial and the Other America
The Great Uprising of Labor
Conclusion: The Continuing Struggle over Who Built America and Who Deserves its Rewards
PART I MONOPOLY AND UPHEAVAL, 1877Â–1914
1. Progress and Poverty: Industrial Capitalism in the Gilded Age, 1877Â–1893
The Industrialization of America
Power and Profit
The South and West Industrialize
Conclusion: Capitalism and the Meaning of Democracy
2. Community and Conflict: Working People Respond to Industrial Capitalism, 1877Â–1893
Working People and Their Communities
The Workingman's Hour
Labor Politics and Conflict
Conclusion: Labor, Capital, and the State
3. The Producing Classes and the Money Power: A Decade of Hard Times, Struggle, and Defeat, 1893Â–1904
Hard Times and Hard Struggles
The Populist Movement
Racism Institutionalized and Challenged
Territorial and Economic Expansion
Conclusion: End of a Century; End of an Era
4. Change and Continuity in Daily Life, 1900Â–1914
The Workplace Transformed
Inequality in Everyday Life
Towards a Consumer Culture
Conclusion: A New Era Dawns, Old Inequalities Persist
5. Radicals and Reformers in the Progressive Era, 1900Â–1914
Andru Karnegi and Mr. Rucevelt: Simplified Spelling and the Contours of Progressivism
Radical Challenges to the Status Quo
Progressivism and Politics
Conclusion: Toward the Modern State
PART II WAR, DEPRESSION, AND INDUSTRIAL UNIONISM, 1914Â–1945
6. Wars for Democracy, 1914Â–1919
World War I Comes to Europe
The War in America
The Expanding Wartime Economy
Militancy, Repression, and Nativism
Winning the War and Losing the Peace
Conclusion: Toward a Postwar Society
7. A New Era, 1920Â–1929
Business Conservatism at Home and Abroad
The New Economy
The Expansion of American Consumer Culture
The Culture Wars of the 1920s
Conclusion: Hoover and the Crash
8. The Great Depression and the First New Deal, 1929Â–1935
The Onset of the Great Depression
President Hoover's Response to the Crisis
The Promise of a New Deal
The Revival of Organized Labor
The First New Deal Under Attack
The Counteroffensives against the New Deal
Conclusion: The Unraveling of the First New Deal
9. Labor Democratizes America, 1935Â–1939
The Second New Deal
The Challenge of Industrial Unionism
The Culture of New Deal America
Backlash Against Labor and the New Deal
Conclusion: What the New Deal Accomplished
10. A Nation Transformed: The United States in World War II, 1939Â–1946
The Origins of the Second World War
Fighting the War
Mobilizing the Home Front
Economic Citizenship for All?
The End of the War
Conclusion: A New Order at Home and Abroad
PART III COLD WAR AMERICA Â— AND AFTER, 1945Â–2006
11. The Cold War Boom, 1946Â–1960
The Cold War in a Global Context
The New Deal Under Attack
The Affluent Society and Its Discontents
Conclusion: New Challenges for the Postwar Order
12. The Rights Conscious 1960s
The Civil Rights Movement
The Liberal Hour
The Vietnam Experience
Extending and Ending the Long Sixties
Conclusion: An Increasing Rights Consciousness
13. Economic Adversity Transforms the Nation, 1973Â–1989
The Shifting World Economy
The Nation Moves to the Right
The Reagan Revolution and Economic Disparity
Struggling Against the Conservative Tide
Conclusion: The Reagan Legacy
14. The American People in an Age of Global Capitalism, 1989Â–2001