9781566703512

Wildlife Issues in a Changing World, Second Edition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781566703512

  • ISBN10:

    1566703514

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1998-08-18
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

Students of conservation encounter some of the most complex issues on our planet. The resolution of existing problems become more complex when humans create further stresses on the natural balance. Moulton and Sanderson brought the challenging issues in wildlife conservation into greater clarity in Wildlife Issues in a Changing World.The Second Edition of this definitive reference focuses more closely on the causes of wildlife issues. The examination of Jared Diamond's "Evil Quartet" (the four principal causes of extinction) provides a framework for categorizing and resolving these issues. The authors encourage the use of the scientific method basis for resolution - especially where environmental laws have failed.The three new chapters provide further counterpoints to preconceived notions. A two-part history of wildlife in the U.S. shows how wildlife had already been decimated by the year 1900. "Can Humans Manage Wildlife?" questions efforts to revive endangered species, acts which may inadvertently jeopardize the survival of other life.Viewing the natural order from prehistoric times to the present, Wildlife Issues in a Changing World, Second Edition gives students and instructors an all-encompassing introduction to past relations between humans and nature; explorations of current threats to species and their habitats; and recent "novel solutions," where humanity and industry have made adjustments to protect the natural order. Professionals will also find invaluable reminders of the importance of their work - the continuation and endurance of wildlife everywhere on Earth.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Authors xvii
Introduction
1(18)
Wildlife Issues
1(4)
The Problem with ``Belief''
5(1)
Resolving Issues
6(1)
The Scientific Method
6(1)
Testing Hypotheses with Experiments
7(3)
The Importance of History
10(2)
The Evil Quartet: A Framework for Wildlife Issues
12(2)
Using the World Wide Web
14(4)
Exercises
18(1)
Literature Cited
18(1)
Wildlife Laws
19(50)
Chronology of Important Laws
19(5)
Definitions
24(2)
United States Code
26(4)
International Conventions and Agreements
30(2)
Examples of U.S. Codes
32(21)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
53(7)
Example of a ``Take'' Permit Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973
60(1)
Animal Rights Groups
61(2)
Cites Participating Nations as of January 1998
63(2)
Exercises
65(2)
Literature Cited
67(2)
Examples of Wildlife Issues
69(42)
Sample Wildlife Issues
70(31)
Butterflies
70(2)
Parrots
72(2)
Wolves
74(1)
Corals
75(1)
Spiders
76(1)
Manatees
76(1)
Cockatoos
77(1)
Wildebeest
77(2)
Sea Turtles
79(1)
Sharks
80(1)
Jellyfish
81(1)
Alligators
81(1)
Harp Seals
82(1)
Reptiles
83(1)
Iguanas
84(1)
Rio Grande Silvery Minnow
84(1)
Semi-Tropical Insects
85(1)
Australian Reptiles
86(1)
Frog Gigging
86(1)
European Birds
87(1)
Kangaroo Rats
87(1)
Snail Darters
87(1)
Pandas
88(1)
Whales
89(1)
Kangaroos
90(1)
Tropical Fish
90(1)
Bears
91(1)
Elephants
92(1)
Saiga
92(2)
Snakes and Frogs
94(1)
Passenger Pigeons
94(1)
Caimans
95(1)
Fish Stocks
96(1)
Wild Horses: Introduced Species
97(1)
Recipe for Sea Turtles in The Joy of Cooking
97(1)
Louisiana Oysters
98(1)
Elimination of Cats from Australia
98(1)
Tropical Fish
99(1)
Amerindians
100(1)
Pollinators
100(1)
Historical Perspectives on Wildlife Issues
101(6)
Wildlife Issues in a Changing World
107(1)
Exercises
107(2)
Literature Cited
109(2)
What Is Wildlife?
111(22)
Classifying Wildlife
112(1)
Species
113(1)
The Five Kingdoms
114(1)
Kingdom Monera: Bacteria and Blue-Green Algae
115(1)
Kingdom Protista: Unicellular Algae and Protozoans
116(1)
Kingdom Fungi: Mushrooms, Blights, Rusts, and Molds
117(3)
Kingdom Plantae
120(5)
Kingdom Animalia
125(5)
Exercises
130(1)
Literature Cited
131(2)
Genetic Diversity
133(14)
Inheritance at the Individual Level
133(3)
Inheritance at the Population Level
136(2)
Evolutionary Forces
138(3)
Quantitative Genetics
141(2)
The Value of Genetic Theory
143(1)
Exercises
144(1)
Literature Cited
145(2)
Origin and Distribution of Biodiversity
147(14)
The Origin of Biodiversity
148(8)
Modern Distribution and Abundance
156(2)
Exercises
158(1)
Literature Cited
159(2)
The Evil Quartet
161(14)
The Way Things Were
161(3)
Documented Extinctions
164(4)
Extinction Rates
168(3)
Exercises
171(1)
Literature Cited
172(3)
Evil Quartet 1: Overexploitation
175(24)
Bison in North America
176(17)
Horsefield's Tortoises
193(2)
Native American Tribal Supporters of the Effort to Bring Back the Bison
195(1)
Exercises
196(1)
Literature Cited
197(2)
Evil Quartet 2: Habitat Fragmentation and Destruction
199(12)
Siberia
200(2)
Aral Sea
202(1)
Tropical Forests
203(1)
Citrus and Scrub Jays
204(1)
Coral Reefs
205(2)
Forest Birds and Forest Fragmentation
207(1)
Exercises
208(1)
Literature Cited
209(2)
Evil Quartet 3: Introduced Species
211(18)
The Origin of Introduced Species
213(1)
Some Taxa Are More Successful than Others
214(1)
Environmental Conditions and Nonindigenous Species
215(1)
Costs of Nonindigenous Species
216(2)
Ecological Impacts
218(2)
Ecological and Economic Impacts Are Not Independent
220(1)
Some Introductions Succeed and Others Fail
220(1)
Some Regions Are More Vulnerable to Introductions than Others
221(2)
Introductions and Management of Endangered Species
223(1)
Exercises
224(1)
Literature Cited
224(5)
Evil Quartet 4: Chains of Extinction
229(6)
Hawaiian Birds
230(1)
Pollinators and Flowering Plants
230(1)
Evil Quartet Synergism
231(1)
Exercises
232(1)
Literature Cited
232(3)
Harvesting of Wildlife
235(16)
Subsistence Hunting: Hunting to Live
236(2)
Wildlife for Sale
238(2)
Commercial Harvest of Wildlife in North America
240(2)
Fur Industry
240(1)
The Passenger Pigeon
241(1)
Waterfowl
241(1)
Commercial Harvesting of Wildlife in Other Nations
242(2)
Kangaroos
242(1)
Introduced Deer in New Zealand
243(1)
European Hares in Argentina
243(1)
Crocidilians and Sea Turtles
244(1)
Sponges
244(1)
Illegal Trade
244(2)
Recreational or Sport Hunting: Living to Hunt
246(1)
Special Hunts
247(1)
Alligators in Florida
247(1)
Rattlesnake Roundups
248(1)
Summary
248(1)
Exercises
249(1)
Literature Cited
249(2)
Remembering History: The Eastern U.S. Experience
251(34)
Maine
253(6)
New Jersey
259(4)
Pennsylvania
263(3)
Florida
266(10)
Sandhill Cranes
269(1)
Freshwater Fish
270(1)
Florida Panthers
271(3)
Frog Gigging
274(1)
Rabies and Small Mammals
274(1)
Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers
275(1)
Maine's Threatened and Endagered Species and Their Federal Status as of September 1, 1995
276(1)
New Jersey's Threatened and Endangered Species and Their Federal Status as of June 3, 1991
277(2)
Exercises
279(3)
Literature Cited
282(3)
From Exploitation to Reintroduction: Wildlife in the Western United States
285(32)
California
285(3)
Arizona
288(2)
Arizona Heritage Fund
288(1)
California Condor Program
289(1)
Colorado
290(3)
New Mexico
293(8)
Summary and Synthesis of State Wildlife Programs
301(2)
California's Threatened and Endangered Species and Their Federal Status as of October 1, 1996
303(4)
Arizona's Species of Special Concern
307(3)
Colorado's Threatened and Endangered Species
310(1)
Threatened and Endangered Species of New Mexico
311(3)
Exercises
314(1)
Literature Cited
315(2)
Global Perspectives of Wildlife
317(34)
Dusky Seaside Sparrow
318(3)
Fishing in U.S. and International Waters
321(3)
Introduced Fish
324(1)
Amphibian Populations Decline Worldwide
325(1)
Raptors
326(2)
Northern White Rhinoceros
328(1)
Manatees
329(6)
Rattlesnake Roundup
335(1)
Zebra Mussels
336(1)
Grizzly Bears
337(2)
Southwestern Willow Flycatchers
339(1)
Locusts
340(1)
Mexican Wolves
340(1)
California Gnatcatcher
340(1)
Killer Bees
341(1)
Exotics
341(1)
Pets
342(1)
Poaching
342(2)
Voting Issues and Human Values
344(2)
Wildlife Services
346(1)
Management Practices
347(1)
Community Growth
348(1)
Exercises
348(1)
Literature Cited
349(2)
Oceanic International Issues
351(12)
Harp Seals and Atlantic Cod
351(6)
Historical Seal Hunting
357(2)
The Bounty of the Sea
359(1)
Walrus
359(1)
Exercises
360(1)
Literature Cited
360(3)
An In-Depth Study of Irian Jaya
363(18)
Paradise and Paradise Lost
364(7)
Transmigration
371(1)
Natural Resource Exploitation
372(2)
Refugees from Irian Jaya Enter Papua New Guinea
374(2)
Indigenous Sustainability
376(1)
Nobel Peace Prize
376(1)
Exercises
377(1)
Literature Cited
378(3)
An In-Depth Case Study of Gorillas
381(26)
Conservation, Science, and Wildlife Issues
382(2)
Mountain Gorillas
384(3)
Eastern Lowland Gorillas
387(4)
Western Lowland Gorillas
391(1)
Recent Taxonomic Status
392(3)
Primate Conservation Crisis
395(4)
Current Issues in Gorilla Conservation
399(6)
Exercises
405(1)
Literature Cited
406(1)
Can Humans Manage Wildlife?
407(28)
Nuisance Wildlife
410(2)
Too Much of a Good Thing
412(7)
Raccoons and Tortoise Eggs
412(1)
Blue Jays and Warblers
413(1)
Canada Geese
413(1)
Beavers
414(1)
Coyotes
415(1)
Exotics
415(1)
The Ecology of Too Many Deer
415(4)
The Complexity of Nature and the American Woodcock
419(3)
Understanding the Past and Predicting the Future: The Return of Predators
422(1)
The History of Wildlife
423(4)
Trends in the Politics of Wildlife and Habitat
427(4)
Exercises
431(2)
Literature Cited
433(2)
Novel Solutions
435(34)
National Parks
436(1)
``Hot Spots'' of Diversity
437(1)
Man and the Biosphere
438(3)
Tigers
441(2)
Butterflies
443(1)
Pacific Salmon
444(3)
Private Sector Cooperation
447(4)
Crested Caracara
447(3)
Ecotourism
450(1)
Project SAFEGUARD IN ALASKA
450(1)
Sustainable Development
451(7)
South American Vicunas and Guanacos
455(1)
Green Iguanas
456(1)
Howler Monkey sanctuary
456(1)
New Initiatives
457(1)
Animal Rights Activists and Endangered Species
457(1)
Teaming with Wildlife
458(3)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Corporate Wildlife Stewardship Award
461(1)
Americans and Wildlife
462(1)
The Next 50 Years
463(2)
Exercises
465(1)
Literature Cited
466(3)
Epilogue 469(10)
Wildlife Restoration Works
469(2)
Not All Wildlife Issues Involve Population Declines---Some Involve Population Explosions
471(1)
Overkill, Agriculture, and Wildlife Issues
472(5)
There Are at Least Two Sides to Every Issue and There Must be a Balance in the Resolution
477(1)
Literature Cited
478(1)
Index 479

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