9780195378535

The Wilsonian Moment Self-Determination and the International Origins of Anticolonial Nationalism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195378535

  • ISBN10:

    0195378539

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/9/2009
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

During the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, while key decisions were debated by the victorious Allied powers, a multitude of smaller nations and colonies held their breath, waiting to see how their fates would be decided. President Woodrow Wilson, in his Fourteen Points, had called for "a free,open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims," giving equal weight would be given to the opinions of the colonized peoples and the colonial powers. Among those nations now paying close attention to Wilson's words and actions were the budding nationalist leaders of fourdisparate non-Western societies--Egypt, India, China, and Korea. That spring, Wilson's words would help ignite political upheavals in all four of these countries. This book is the first to place the 1919 Revolution in Egypt, the Rowlatt Satyagraha in India, the May Fourth movement in China, and the March First uprising in Korea in the context of a broader "Wilsonian moment" that challenged the existing international order. Using primary source material fromAmerica, Europe, and Asia, historian Erez Manela tells the story of how emerging nationalist movements appropriated Wilsonian language and adapted it to their own local culture and politics as they launched into action on the international stage. The rapid disintegration of the Wilsonian promiseleft a legacy of disillusionment and facilitated the spread of revisionist ideologies and movements in these societies; future leaders of Third World liberation movements--Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh, and Jawaharlal Nehru, among others--were profoundly shaped by their experiences at the time. The importance of the Paris Peace Conference and Wilson's influence on international affairs far from the battlefields of Europe cannot be underestimated. Now, for the first time, we can clearly see just how the events played out at Versailles sparked a wave of nationalism that is still resonatingglobally today.

Author Biography


Erez Manela is Dunwalke Associate Professor of American History, Harvard University

Table of Contents

Note on Namesp. xvii
Introduction: A Spring of Upheavalp. 3
The Emergence of the Wilsonian Momentp. 15
Self-Determination for Whom?p. 19
Fighting for the Mind of Mankindp. 35
The Internationalization of Nationalismp. 55
President Wilson Arrives in Cairop. 63
Laying India's Ailments before Dr. Wilsonp. 77
China's Place among Nationsp. 99
Seizing the Moment in Seoulp. 119
The Failure of Liberal Anticolonialismp. 137
The 1919 Revolutionp. 141
From Paris to Amritsarp. 159
Empty Chairs at Versaillesp. 177
A World Safe for Empire?p. 197
Conclusion: Toward a "Family of Nations"p. 215
Note on Sources and Abbreviationsp. 227
Notesp. 229
Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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