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Women Across Cultures : A Global Perspective,9780072826739

Women Across Cultures : A Global Perspective

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780072826739

ISBN10:
0072826738
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/3/2004
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $86.79

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Summary

This text examines and documents the issues women face in terms of lower status and lower power around the world and across cultures. The book then discusses what is being done from the local to the global level to address women's issues, empowering women and promoting women's equal rights.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Introduction to Cross-Cultural Study of Women's Issues
2(14)
Cross-Cultural Similarities
3(1)
Cross-Cultural Differences
4(2)
The Study of Global Women: Rich and Rewarding, Shocking and Disturbing
6(2)
Respecting Diversity and Avoiding Ethnocentrism
8(1)
Women's Rights as Human Rights
9(1)
A Cautionary Word
10(1)
Overview of the Book
11(3)
Study Questions
14(1)
Discussion Questions
15(1)
Women's Low Status and Power
16(30)
Males' Greater Economic Power
17(1)
Males' Greater Political Power
18(1)
Males' Higher Status
18(5)
Females as Property
23(1)
Physical Violence Against Women
24(7)
Domestic Violence
25(4)
Dowry Death
29(1)
Honor Killing
30(1)
Sexual Violence and Exploitation
31(5)
Rape
31(1)
War Rape
32(3)
Prostitution
35(1)
Explaining Women's Low Status and Power
36(4)
Conclusion
40(2)
Study Questions
42(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
42(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
43(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
43(1)
Action Opportunities
43(3)
Reproductive Rights
46(28)
Reproductive Control as a Symptom of Women's Low Status
47(1)
Lack of Reproductive Control Perpetuates Women's Low Status
48(1)
Reproductive Control Impacts Women's Health
48(8)
Maternal Mortality and Pregnancy-Related Disability
49(1)
Contraceptives and Women's Health
50(1)
Female Genital Mutilation
51(4)
HIV/AIDS
55(1)
The Agents that Control Women's Reproductive Choice
56(8)
Male Control of Women's Reproductive Choice
57(1)
Government Control of Women's Reproductive Choice
58(4)
The Global Economy and Women's Reproductive Choice
62(1)
Religious Organizations' Control of Women's Reproductive Choice
63(1)
Abortion
64(4)
Legal Abortion
64(3)
Reducing Abortions: Contraceptives and Sex Education
67(1)
Conclusion
68(2)
Study Questions
70(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
70(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
71(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
71(1)
Action Opportunities
72(2)
Lesbians in Cross-Cultural Perspective
74(22)
The Incidence of Lesbianism
77(1)
Lesbian Invisibility
78(7)
Factors Contributing to Lesbian Invisibility
80(1)
Employment
80(1)
Family
81(1)
Children
82(1)
Safety
83(1)
Mental Health
83(2)
Community and Credibility
85(1)
The Perception of Lesbianism as Dangerous
85(1)
Lesbian Feminism
86(2)
Lesbian Responses to Invisibility and Heterosexism
88(3)
Embracing the Lesbian Label
88(1)
Lesbian Communities and Organizations
89(2)
Recovering Lesbian Herstory
91(1)
Conclusion
91(2)
Study Questions
93(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
93(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
94(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
94(1)
Action Opportunities
95(1)
Women's Work
96(38)
Women's Work and Our Study of Women Across Cultures
97(4)
Women's Unpaid Labor
101(3)
Women's Paid Labor
104(6)
The Gender Pay Gap
104(1)
Gender Job Segregation
105(2)
Part-Time Workers
107(1)
Gender Wage Discrimination
107(2)
Remedies to the Gender Pay Gap
109(1)
Cross-Cultural Variation in the Gender Pay Gap
110(1)
The Glass Ceiling
110(5)
Gender Stereotypes
112(1)
Organizational Practices
113(1)
Responsibilities to Home and Family
114(1)
State Maternity Leave and Child-Care Policies
115(1)
Sexual Harassment
116(6)
Defining Sexual Harassment
117(1)
Prevalence of Sexual Harassment
117(1)
Causes of Sexual Harassment
118(3)
Sexual Harassment Interventions
121(1)
Self-Employed Women
122(4)
Conclusion
126(4)
Study Questions
130(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
131(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
131(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
132(1)
Action Opportunities
132(2)
Women and Development
134(32)
Background
135(3)
Development Terminology
135(2)
Colonial History
137(1)
Conditions in Developing Nations
138(1)
Feminist Concerns with the Development Process
138(7)
Women in Development Approach (WID)
145(4)
Income-Generating Projects
145(2)
Labor Saving Technologies
147(1)
Women's Access to Development Resources
148(1)
Gender and Development Approach (GAD)
149(4)
GAD as Envisioned by Southern Hemisphere Feminists
150(1)
Development Agencies and GAD
151(2)
Women, the Environment, and Sustainable Development
153(8)
Sustainability Basics
154(2)
Effects of Environmental Degradation on Women
156(1)
The Role of Women in Sustainable Development
157(2)
Women and Environmental Activism
159(2)
Conclusion
161(1)
Study Questions
162(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
162(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
163(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
164(1)
Action Opportunities
164(2)
Women and Globalization
166(24)
The Effects of Globalization on Women
167(3)
Women's Work in the Transnational Factory
170(3)
The Global Economy and Women's Migration
173(5)
Domestic Service
174(3)
Mail-Order Brides
177(1)
Women's Work in the Global Sex Trade
178(5)
Conclusion
183(3)
Study Questions
186(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
187(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
188(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
188(1)
Action Opportunities
188(2)
Women and Religion
190(34)
Common Feminist Critiques of Religion
192(5)
Masculine God Language
193(2)
Sexism in Religious Texts
195(1)
Sex-Segregated Religious Practices
196(1)
Reformist Efforts in Feminist Theology
197(2)
Women and The World's Major Religions
199(14)
Hinduism
199(2)
Buddhism
201(4)
Islam
205(3)
Judaism
208(3)
Christianity
211(2)
Revolutionary Feminist Theology
213(3)
Conclusion
216(5)
Study Questions
221(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
221(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
222(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
222(1)
Action Opportunities
223(1)
Women in Politics
224(38)
Women Voters, Legislators, and Cabinet Members
227(4)
Voting
227(1)
Parliaments, Congresses, and Cabinets
228(1)
Barriers to Women's Presence in Formal Politics
229(2)
Female Heads of State
231(16)
Paths to Power
232(1)
Political Surrogate Path to Power
232(3)
Political Insider/Climber Path to Power
235(3)
Political Outsider Path to Power
238(2)
Leadership Style
240(4)
Advocacy of Women's Issues
244(2)
Role of Gender in the Perception of Female World Leaders
246(1)
Increasing Women's Participation in Formal Politics
247(6)
Women in Informal Politics: Social and Protest Movements
253(4)
Women's Action Around Economic Issues
255(1)
Women's Action Around Nationalist and Racial/Ethnic Issues
255(1)
Women's Action Around Humanistic/Nurturing Issues
256(1)
Conclusion
257(2)
Study Questions
259(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
260(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
260(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
260(1)
Action Opportunities
261(1)
Gender Equality Movements
262(34)
Forces Operating against Women's Activism
263(3)
Early Assumptions about Women's Movements
266(1)
Diversity in Use of the Feminist Label
267(3)
Different Strands of Women's Movements
270(4)
The Journey to Gender Equality Differs Cross-Culturally
274(9)
Women's Movements in Response to Different Issues
274(1)
Effect of Local Political and Economic Conditions
274(1)
Women's Movements Arising from Class Struggles
275(1)
Women's Movements in Tandem with Nationalist Struggles
275(3)
Nationalist Struggles May Not Enhance Gender Equality
278(3)
Gender Equality Is Often Subordinated to Other Issues
281(2)
The State and Feminism
283(7)
State Feminism
283(1)
Debate about the Role of the State
283(2)
Examples of State Feminism
285(1)
China
286(1)
Kenya
287(1)
Norway
288(2)
Conclusion
290(2)
Study Questions
292(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
293(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
294(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
294(1)
Action Opportunities
294(2)
Women's Rights as Human Rights
296(24)
Women's Rights as Human Rights
297(3)
The United Nations
300(9)
General Description
300(1)
The UN's Contribution to Gender Equality
301(1)
The UN's World Women's Conferences
302(4)
Some Important UN Conventions and Treaties Regarding Women's Rights
306(3)
Challenges to a Women's Human Rights Agenda
309(7)
Moving from Visibility to Accountability
309(3)
Bringing Women's Rights into Mainstream Human Rights
312(1)
Respecting Cultural Diversity While Promoting Universal Human Rights
313(3)
Conclusion
316(1)
Study Questions
317(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
317(1)
Activist Websites of Interest
318(1)
Informational Websites of Interest
318(1)
Action Opportunities
319(1)
Appendix 320(38)
Glossary 358(5)
References 363
Index 11


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