9780521660860

Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521660860

  • ISBN10:

    0521660866

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 3/13/2000
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

In this major book Martha Nussbaum, one of the most innovative and influential philosophical voices of our time, proposes a new kind of feminism that is genuinely international, argues for an ethical underpinning to all thought about development planning and public policy, and dramatically moves beyond the abstractions of economists and philosophers to embed thought about justice in the concrete reality of the struggles of poor women. Nussbaum argues that international political and economic thought must be sensitive to gender difference as a problem of justice, and that feminist thought must begin to focus on the problems of women in the third world. Taking as her point of departure the predicament of poor women in India, she shows how philosophy should undergird basic constitutional principles that should be respected and implemented by all governments, and used as a comparative measure of quality of life across nations.

Author Biography

Martha C. Nussbaum is Ernst Freund Distinguished Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago, appointed in the Philosophy Department, the Law School, the Divinity School, and the College. She is an Associate in the Classics Department, an Affiliate of the Committee for Southern Asian Studies, and a member of the Board of the Committee on Gender Studies

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction: Feminism and International Development 1(1)
Development and Sex Equality
1(3)
The Capabilities Approach: An Overview
4(7)
The Capabilities Approach: Sen and Nussbaum
11(4)
Two Women Trying to Flourish
15(9)
India: Sex Equality in Theory, Not Reality
24(7)
Sameness and Difference
31(3)
In Defense of Universal Values
34(77)
Challenges to Cross-Cultural Norms
34(7)
Three Arguments: Culture, Diversity, Paternalism
41(18)
Defects of Standard Economic Approaches
59(11)
Central Human Capabilities
70(16)
Functioning and Capability
86(10)
Capabilities and Human Rights
96(5)
Justification and Implementation: Democratic Politics
101(5)
Capabilities and Women's Lives: A Role for Public Action
106(5)
Adaptive Preferences and Women's Options
111(56)
Preference and the Good: Two Unsatisfactory Extremes
112(7)
Problems with the Concept of Preference
119(3)
Welfarism: The Internal Critique
122(13)
Adaptive Preferences and the Rejection of Welfarism
135(13)
Desire and Justification
148(13)
Political Stability and the Depth of Habit
161(6)
The Role of Religion
167(74)
Religious Liberty and Sex Equality: A Dilemma
168(6)
Secular Humanists and Traditionalists
174(13)
Two Orienting Principles
187(11)
Central Capabilities as Compelling State Interests
198(8)
Non-Religion, Establishment, Balancing
206(6)
Applying the Approach: The Three Cases
212(18)
Children and Parents
230(5)
Capabilities and Loss
235(6)
Love, Care, and Dignity
241(57)
A Home for Love and Violence
242(3)
Capabilities: Each Family Member as End
245(7)
The Family: Not ``by Nature''
252(9)
The Family as Creation of State Action
261(3)
Women's Care Giving: ``An Eminently Artificial Thing''
264(6)
Political Liberalism and the Family: Rawls's Dilemma
270(13)
Bargaining Approaches and Women's Options
283(7)
Two Debates in International Feminism
290(8)
Conclusion 298(7)
Index 305

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