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Women, Politics, and American Society,9780321100436

Women, Politics, and American Society

by ; ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780321100436

ISBN10:
0321100433
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $54.00
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Summary

A must-read for anyone wishing to understand the history and present-day political reality of women, this fascinating book explores the efforts, achievements, as well as the setbacks involved in the movements toward equality for American women. Women's Movements in America; The Struggle for Political Rights; Women's Political Participation; The Struggle for Employment and Educational Rights; Women's Economic and Educational Status; The Struggle for Familial and Reproductive Rights; Women's Place in the Family; The Future of the Movement. Anyone interested in women and politics.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Introduction: Women's Movements in America 1(3)
An Overview of Women's Rights Movement Activity
4(17)
The Early Woman's Movement (1848--1875)
4(3)
The Suffrage Movement (1890--1925)
7(3)
The Women's Rights Movement (1966--present)
10(1)
The Younger Branch
11(2)
The Older Branch
13(8)
PART I POLITICAL RIGHTS AND REALITIES 21(102)
The Struggle for Political Rights
23(44)
The Woman's Rights Movement and the Ballot
23(8)
The Civil War Amendments
25(1)
New Groups Founded
26(1)
Woman Suffrage and the Fourteenth Amendment
27(1)
Litigating for the Franchise
28(1)
Toward a Constitutional Amendment
29(1)
The Antisuffrage Movement
30(1)
The Suffrage Movement: The Quest for the Vote Continues
31(11)
Constituent Groups
31(3)
Educated Suffrage
34(3)
Suffrage Flounders
37(1)
Toward a National Amendment
38(1)
A Winning Plan
39(1)
Suffrage Not Enough---The Beginning of the End
40(1)
The Women's Joint Congressional Committee
41(1)
The NWP and the Equal Rights Ammendment
41(1)
The Drive for Women's Political Rights
42(5)
The President's Commission on the Status of Women and NOW
47(15)
The Ratification Effort
50(1)
ERA---The First Stage (1972--1977)
51(1)
ERA---The Second Stage (1977--1979)
51(1)
ERA---The Third Stage (1979--1982)
52(1)
The Aftermath of the ERA Ratification Effort: Women's Groups Mobilize for Expanded Political Opportunities
53(2)
The National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC)
55(2)
The Feminist Majority Foundation
57(1)
League of Women Voters
57(1)
The American Association of University Women
57(1)
National Organization for Women
58(1)
Women's PACs
58(1)
The Women's Campaign Fund
59(1)
NOW/PAC and NOW Equality PAC
59(1)
EMILY's List
60(2)
The WISH List
62(1)
Conclusion
62(2)
Notes
64(3)
Women's Political Participation
67(56)
Cultural Attitudes About the Political Participation of Women
69(1)
Impact of the Current Women's Rights Movement on Political Rights and Political Participation
69(1)
Continuing Cultural Barriers
69(1)
Political Socialization
70(4)
Political Resources
74(3)
Citizen Duty
74(1)
Psychological Involvement in Politics
75(1)
Political Efficacy
76(1)
Other Resources
77(1)
Sex Discrimination: The Hidden Barrier
77(1)
Political Involvement
78(8)
Voting
78(2)
Issue Positions
80(1)
Party Identification
81(1)
Voting patterns
81(5)
Political Activity
86(6)
Lobbying and Community Involvement
86(1)
Campaign and Party Work
87(3)
Office Holding
90(2)
Barriers to Women in Elected and Appointed Positions
92(12)
Stereotypes
93(2)
Career Choice and Preparation
95(1)
Family Demands
96(3)
Sex Discrimination
99(1)
The Political System
100(1)
Money
100(1)
Campaign Finance Laws
101(1)
Party Organization
102(1)
Electoral Systems
102(1)
Incumbency
103(1)
Problems Faced by Women in Elected Positions
104(1)
Impact of Women in Elected Positions
105(3)
Problems Faced by Women in Appointed Positions
108(2)
The Executive Branch
108(2)
The Federal Judiciary
110(1)
Impact of Women in Appointed Positions
110(1)
Conclusion
111(1)
Notes
112(11)
PART II EMPLOYMENT AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS AND REALITIES 123(120)
The Struggle for Employment and Educational Rights
126(52)
The Woman's Movement
127(3)
The Seneca Falls Convention and the Woman's Movement
128(1)
Efforts on Behalf of Working Women
129(1)
Professionalization and Education
130(1)
The Suffrage Movement
130(7)
The Drive for Protective Legislation
132(1)
Maximum Hour and Minimum Wage Laws
132(2)
Women and Work After Suffrage
134(1)
Education and the Professions
134(3)
World War II
137(3)
Education after World War II
139(1)
The Women's Rights Movement
140(31)
The Equal Pay Act
141(1)
Department of Labor Enforcement
141(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
142(1)
EEOC Enforcement
143(1)
BFOQs and Protective Legislation
144(1)
Customer Preference or Business Necessity?
145(1)
Comparable Worth
145(3)
Affirmative Action
148(3)
Sexual Harassment
151(3)
EEOC Enforcement of the Equal Pay Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
154(2)
Employment Discrimination and the Consequences of Childbearing
156(1)
Pregnancy Discrimination
156(2)
The Difference Debate
158(1)
The Family and Medical Leave Act
159(3)
Department of Labor Studies the Impact of the Family and Medical Leave Act
162(1)
Reproductive Hazards and Fetal Protection Policies
162(1)
Education
163(1)
Title IX and the Constitution
164(1)
Admissions
164(2)
Student Treatment
166(2)
Test Fairness
168(2)
Hiring and Personnel Practices
170(1)
Opposition to Employment and Educational Equity
170(1)
Conclusion
171(2)
Notes
173(5)
Women's Economic and Educational Status
178(65)
Attitudes Toward Work and Women
179(4)
Before the Women's Movement
179(2)
The Impact of the Women's Movement
181(2)
Attitudes Toward Mothers Working
183(6)
Attitudes About the Abilities of Women
186(3)
Preparation of Women for Employment Outside the Home
189(10)
Early Training for Work
189(4)
The Women's Rights Movement and Preparation for Work
193(1)
Education and Work Readiness
194(4)
Work-force Commitment Attitudes
198(1)
Sex Discrimination
199(6)
Discrimination by Employers
199(3)
Discrimination by Male Employees
202(3)
Economic and Marketplace Factors
205(4)
Impact of Barriers on the Position of Women in the Marketplace
209(24)
Employment Levels of Women
210(2)
Work-force Commitment of Women
212(3)
Wages of Women
215(11)
Solutions to Pay Inequity
226(2)
Affirmative Action
228(1)
Family Leave, Day Care, and Flexible Jobs
228(5)
Conclusion
233(1)
Notes
234(9)
PART III FAMILIAL AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS AND REALITIES 243(112)
The Struggle for Familial and Reproductive Rights
246(42)
The Woman's Movement
247(6)
Effects of the Common Law
248(1)
Divorce Reform
248(1)
Birth Control
249(2)
Voluntary Motherhood
251(2)
The Suffrage Movement
253(3)
Educated Motherhood
253(1)
Birth Control in the Suffrage Era
254(2)
The Current Women's Rights Movement
256(10)
Marriage
257(1)
Marriage and the Loss of Identity
258(1)
Names
258(1)
Marriage and Divorce Law
259(2)
Divorce and Custody Laws
261(1)
Motherhood and New Issues of ``Family''
262(1)
The Decision to Have Children
262(3)
Surrogacy
265(1)
Reproductive Freedom
266(13)
Birth Control
266(1)
Adolescent Access to Birth Control
267(1)
Abortion
267(9)
A Pro-choice Administration
276(1)
Litigation to Stop Violence
276(1)
Congress Acts
277(1)
NOW v. Scheidler Decided
278(1)
The Freedom of Choice Act
278(1)
Is Congress Rolling Back Reproductive Rights
278(1)
A Pro-life Administration
279(1)
New Frontiers in Reproductive Rights
280(3)
Conclusion
283(1)
Notes
284(4)
Women's Place In the Family
288(52)
Attitudinal Change Toward Marriage and the Family
289(12)
Pre-twentieth-century America
290(2)
The Women's Rights Movement and Attitudes Toward Marriage and Family
292(1)
Attitudes Toward Marriage
293(3)
Attitudes Toward Motherhood
296(1)
Sexuality and Birth Control
296(4)
Differences Among Women
300(1)
Women's and Men's Resources in the Struggle for Equal Roles
301(4)
Discrimination by Men in the Family
305(1)
Impact of Cultural Attitudes, Lack of Resources, and Discrimination on the Position of Women in the Family
305(26)
Marriage Rates
305(3)
Companionship Marriage
308(7)
Divorce
315(7)
Motherhood
322(4)
Fatherhood
326(4)
The New Families
330(1)
Conclusion
331(1)
Notes
332(8)
The Future of the Movement
340(15)
Prerequisites for a Reenergized Women's Rights Movement
344(5)
Organizational Base and Organizational Support
344(2)
Leaders and Organizers
346(1)
Communications Networks
346(1)
Critical Mobilizing Events
347(1)
Political Mobilization
348(1)
Goals for the Women's Rights Movement
349(2)
Conclusion
351(1)
Notes
352(3)
Index 355


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