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Featuring a mix of primary source documents, articles, and illustrations, Women's America: Refocusing the Past has long been an invaluable resource. Now in its eighth edition, the book has been extensively revised and updated to cover recent developments in U.S. women's history.
Linda K. Kerber is May Brodbeck Professor in the Liberal Arts and Professor of History, Emerita at the University of Iowa.
Jane Sherron De Hart is Professor Emerita of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Cornelia Hughes Dayton is Associate Professor of History at the University of Connecticut.
Judy Tzu-Chun Wu is Professor of Asian American Studies and History at the University of California, Irvine.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments Introduction: Gender and the New Women's History
Part I. Early America, 1600-1820
Gender Frontiers Kathleen M. Brown, The Anglo-Indian Gender Frontier Jennifer L. Morgan, "Some Could Suckle Over their Shoulder:" European Depictions of Indigenous Women, 1492-1750
European Settlers: Gender Puzzles, Gender Rules Mary Beth Norton, "Searchers again Assembled:" Gender Distinctions in Seventeenth-Century America Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, The Ways of Her Household Carol F. Karlsen, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman: The Economic Basis of Witchcraft Ann Little, Captivity and Conversion: Daughters of New England in Canada Cornelia Hughes Dayton, Taking the Trade: Abortion and Gender Relations in an Eighteenth-Century New England Village
DOCUMENTS The Trial of Anne Hutchinson, 1637 European Women and the Law: Examples from Colonial Connecticut
Hidden Transcripts within Slavery Judith Carney, The African Women Who Preceded Uncle Ben: Black Rice in Carolina Annette Gordon-Reed, The Hemings-Jefferson Treaty: Paris, 1789
DOCUMENTS Virginia Establishes a Double Standard in Tax Law "According to the condition of the mother . . ." "For the prevention of that abominable mixture . . ." A Massachusetts Minister's Slave Marriage Vows
Living Through War and Revolution Linda K. Kerber, Why Diamonds Really are a Girl's Best Friend: The Republican Mother and the Woman Citizen
DOCUMENTS Philadelphia Women Raise Money Door to Door Sarah Osborn, "The bullets would not cheat the gallows . . ." Rachel Wells, "I have Don as much to Carrey on the War as maney . . ." Grace Galloway, Loyalist
Part II. America's Many Frontiers, 1820-1880
Workplace and Household Scenes Jeanne Boydston, The Pastoralization of Housework Stephanie Jones-Rogers, Mistresses in the Making Thavolia Glymph, Women in Slavery: The Gender of Violence
DOCUMENTS Eliza R. Hemmingway and Sarah Bagley, Testimony on Working Conditions in Early Factories, 1845 Maria Perkins writes to her husband on the eve of being sold, 1854 Between Nations and On the Borders Lucy Eldersveld Murphy, Public Mothers: Creole Mediators in the Northern Borderlands Maureen Fitzgerald, Habits of Compassion: Irish-American Nuns in New York
Intimacy and Disciplining Bodies Sharon Block, Lines of Color, Sex, and Service: Sexual Coercion in the Early Republic Carroll Smith-Rosenberg, The Female World of Love and Ritual: Relations between Women in Nineteenth-Century America James C. Mohr, Abortion in America
DOCUMENT The Comstock Law
Reforming Society Susan Zaeske, Signatures of Citizenship: Debating Women's Anti-slavery Petitions Gerda Lerner, The Meaning of Seneca Falls, 1848-1998 Rose Stremlau, "I Know What an Indian Woman Can Do": Sarah Winnemucca Writes About Rape on the Northern Paiute Frontier
DOCUMENTS The Grimké Sisters, Sarah and Angelina, Talk Truth to Power Keziah Kendall protests coverture Ellen F. Watkins goes on the lecture circuit The Declaration of Sentiments, 1848 Married Women's Property Acts, New York State,1848 and 1860 Sojourner Truth's visiting card, 1864
Photo Essay: Women in Public
Civil War and Aftermath Stephanie McCurry, Women Numerous and Armed: Politics and Policy on the Confederate Home Front Tera Hunter, Reconstruction and the Meanings of Freedom
DOCUMENTS A.S. Hitchcock, "Young women particularly flock back & forth . . ." Roda Ann Childs, "I was more dead than alive" Reconstruction Amendments Win Some, Lose Some: Women in Court The Women's Centennial Agenda, 1876
Part III: Modern America Emerges, 1880-1920
Gender and the Jim Crow South Glenda Gilmore, Forging Interracial Links in the Jim Crow South Kim Nielsen, The Southern Identity of Helen Keller
DOCUMENTS Ida B. Wells, Southern Horrors (with an introduction by Patricia A. Schechter) Mary McLeod Bethune, "How the Bethune-Cookman College campus started"
Women in the West Peggy Pascoe, Ophelia Paquet, a Tillamook Indian Wife: Miscegenation Laws and the Privileges of Property Judy Yung, Unbound Feet: From China to San Francisco's Chinatown
DOCUMENT Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin), " . . . this semblance of civilization . . ."
Change Agents Kathryn Kish Sklar, Florence Kelley and Women's Activism in the Progressive Era Annelise Orleck, From the Russian Pale to Labor Organizing in New York City Jennifer Guglielmo, Italian Immigrant Women Anarchists Produce Feminist Theory in Pre-World War I New York and New Jersey
DOCUMENTS Muller v. Oregon, 1908 Pauline Newman, "We fought and we bled and we died . . ." Crystal Eastman, "Now We Can Begin"
Empire and Internationalism Laura Wexler, A Lady Photojournalist Goes to the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair Leila Rupp, Sexuality and Politics in the Early Twentieth-Century International Women's Movement
Suffrage and Citizenship Rebecca Edwards, Pioneers at the Polls: Woman Suffrage in the West Ellen Carol Dubois, The Next Generation of Suffragists: Harriot Stanton Blatch and Grassroots Politics
DOCUMENTS Chinese Exclusion: The Page Act and Its Aftermath Mackenzie v. Hare, 1915 Equal Suffrage (Nineteenth) Amendment, 1920
Part IV: Storms on Many Fronts, 1920-1945
Sexuality and the Body Joan Jacobs Brumberg, Fasting Girls: The Emerging Ideal of Slenderness in American Culture Vicki L. Ruiz, The Flapper and the Chaperone: Mexican American Teenagers in the Southwest Cheryl D. Hicks, Mabel Hampton in Harlem: Regulating Black Women's Sexuality in the 1920s Leslie J. Reagan, When Abortion Was a Crime: Reproduction and the Economy in the Great Depression
DOCUMENT Margaret Sanger, "I resolved that women should have knowledge of contraception . . ."
Photo Essay: Adorning the Body
Labor and Activism Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Disorderly Women: Gender and Labor Militancy in the Appalachian South Devra Anne Weber, Mexican Women on Strike in 1933: The Structure of Memory
Gendering the Nation-State Nancy F. Cott, Equal Rights and Economic Roles: The Conflict over the Equal Rights Amendment in the 1920s Alice Kessler-Harris, Designing Women and Old Fools: Writing Gender into Social Security Law Blanche Wiesen Cook, Storms on Every Front: Eleanor Roosevelt and Human Rights at Home and in Europe
Women and War Valerie Matsumoto, Japanese American Women during World War II Ruth Milkman, Gender at Work: The Sexual Division of Labor during World War II
Part V. A Transforming World, 1945-2014
Cold War Heteronormativity Estelle Freedman, Miriam Van Waters and the Burning of Letters Susan K. Cahn, "Mannishness," Lesbianism, and Homophobia in U.S. women's Sports Joyce Antler, Imagining Jewish Mothers in the 1950s
Women's Cold War Activism Daniel Horowitz, Betty Friedan and the Origins of Feminism in Cold War America Amy Swerdlow, Ladies' Day at the Capitol: Women Strike for Peace versus HUAC Michelle M. Nickerson, Politically Desperate Housewives in Southern California Danielle McGuire, Sexual Violence and the Long Civil Rights Movement
DOCUMENTS Betty Friedan, "The problem that has no name" Phyllis Schlafly, "The thoughts of one who loves life as a woman . . ."
Rethinking Family and Sex Joanne Meyerowitz, Christine Jorgensen and The Story of How Sex Changed Beth L. Bailey, Prescribing the Pill: The Coming of the Sexual Revolution in America's Heartland Ji-Yeon Yuh, Korean Military Brides: Cooking American, Eating Korean Lisa Levenstein, Hard Choices at 1801 Vine: African American Women, Child Support, and Domestic Violence in Postwar Philadelphia
DOCUMENTS Kay Weiss, "With doctors like these for friends, who needs enemies?" Roe v. Wade, 1973; Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, 1992; Carhart v. Gonzales, 2007; Recent Developments Rethinking Marriage: Loving v. Virginia, 1967; Griswold v. Connecticut, 1965; Defense of Marriage Act, 1996; Goodridge v. Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 2003; Recent Developments
Gender and the Armed Forces Margot Canaday, "Finding a Home in the Army: Before 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'" Elizabeth L. Hillman, The Female Shape of the All-Volunteer Force
DOCUMENTS Goesaert v. Cleary, 1948 "We were the first American women sent to live and work in the midst of guerrilla warfare. . . ."
Feminisms Baxandall and Gordon, The Women's Liberation Movement Judy Wu, The Vietnam War and Global Sisterhood
DOCUMENTS The Personal is Political Carol Hanisch, A Critique of the Miss America Protest, 1968 Jennie V. Chávez, Women of the Mexican American Movement, 1972 Editorial Staff, Rodan, Asian Women as Leaders Combahee River Collective, The Combahee River Collective Statement, 1977
DOCUMENTS Gender Equality and the Law Hoyt v. Florida, 1961; Taylor v. Louisiana, 1975 Civil Rights Act, Title VII, 1964 Equal Rights Amendment, 1972 Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972 Frontiero v. Richardson, 1973 Susan Eisenberg, An Electrician Among the Hard-Hatted Women Meritor Savings Bank v. Mechelle Vinson et al., 1986 Violence against Women Act, 1994, 2000, 2005; 2013
Borders Among Us Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo, Domésticas Demand Dignity Ashraf Zahedi, Muslim-American Women After 9/11
DOCUMENTS Wilma Mankiller and Michael Wallis, A Chief and Her People Hillary Clinton, Women's Rights Are Human Rights, 1995