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Wordsmith : A Guide to College Writing,9780136283553

Wordsmith : A Guide to College Writing

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780136283553

ISBN10:
0136283551
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $55.33

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 7/1/1999.
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Summary

For courses in Developmental Writing at the essay level or freshman composition (lower level). Clearly organized, highly flexible and refreshingly fun to use, this complete guide to composition and grammar instills in students a sense of the structure of an essay and the purpose of its various partsa mental template that will serve them in any type of academic writing and that, once mastered, will give them the freedom to actually enjoy and appreciate the act of writing itself. It addresses all parts of the classic five-paragraph essaythesis, introduction, body and conclusionin separate, concentrated sections, and includes an abundance of examples and practice exercises to help hone each element. A separate grammar section enables instructors to mix and match chapters to suit their students' needs, and a selection of fifteen readingscomplete with reading comprehension questions and writing assignmentshelps students take advantage of the strong connection between reading and writing.

Table of Contents

Preface
To the Instructor xix
To the Student xxv
PART 1 Composition
The Writing Process
3(17)
The Writing Process
4(16)
Prewriting
4(1)
Planning
4(1)
Drafting
4(1)
Revising
5(1)
Proofreading
6(1)
An Important Point
6(1)
The Writing Process: Carla's Essay
7(13)
Preparing to Write
20(14)
Prewriting
21(1)
Why Prewrite?
21(1)
Prewriting Methods
22(10)
Brainstorming
22(2)
Freewriting
24(2)
Invisible Writing: A Computer Technique
26(1)
Clustering
27(1)
Narrowing Your Topic: The Topic-Subtopic Method
28(3)
Outlining
31(1)
Journal Writing
32(2)
Writing Paragraphs
34(22)
Characteristics of an Effective Paragraph
34(22)
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph
35(4)
Unity: Sticking to the Point
39(2)
Coherence: Holding the Paragraph Together
41(6)
Support: Using Specific Detail
47(9)
Building a Framework: Thesis and Organization
56(17)
Constructing the Thesis Statement
57(10)
Types of Thesis Statements
57(6)
Evaluating Your Thesis Points
63(4)
Organizing Your Essay
67(6)
Emphatic Order
67(2)
Sandwich Order
69(2)
Chronological Order
71(2)
Introducing the Essay
73(11)
Purposes of an Introduction
73(1)
Types of Introduction
74(10)
Broad to Narrow
74(1)
Narrow to Broad
75(1)
Quotation
76(3)
Anecdote
79(1)
Contrasting Idea
80(2)
Historical
82(2)
Developing Body Paragraphs
84(23)
Characteristics of an Effective Body Paragraph
84(23)
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentences of Body Paragraphs
85(5)
Unity: Sticking to the Point of the Essay
90(3)
Coherence: Holding the Essay Together
93(3)
Support: Using Specific Detail
96(11)
Concluding the Essay
107(8)
Methods of Conclusions
107(6)
Summary
108(1)
Recommendation
108(1)
Prediction
109(1)
Full Circle
110(2)
Quotation
112(1)
Traps to Avoid
113(2)
Sermonizing
113(1)
Starched Prose
114(1)
Revising and Proofreading
115(11)
Revising
115(6)
Checklist for Revision
116(5)
Proofreading
121(5)
The Top-Down Technique
122(1)
The Bottom-Up Technique
122(1)
The Targeting Technique
122(1)
Proofreading the World-Processed Essay
123(3)
Showing and Telling: Description, Narration, and Example
126(34)
Description
126(13)
Sense Impressions
127(2)
Spatial Order
129(1)
Establishing a Dominant Impression
130(2)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Descriptive Writing
132(7)
Narration
139(10)
Techniques for Successful Narration
140(3)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Narrative Writing
143(6)
Example
149(11)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Supported by Example
152(8)
Limiting and Ordering: Definition, Classification, and Process
160(29)
Definition
160(8)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed by Definition
162(6)
Classification
168(12)
Establishing a Basis for Classification
169(4)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed through Classification
173(7)
Process
180(9)
Organizing the Process Essay
180(1)
Introducing the Process Essay
181(1)
Concluding the Process Essay
181(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Process Writing
182(7)
Examining Logical Connections: Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument
189(28)
Comparison-Contrast
190(8)
Setting Up the Comparison-Contrast Paragraph
190(3)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Comparison-Contrast
193(5)
Cause and Effect
198(8)
Identifying Causes and Effects
199(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Cause and Effect
200(6)
Argument
206(11)
Taking Sides
206(1)
Introducing an Argument Essay
206(1)
Will You Change Anyone's Mind?
207(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Argument
207(10)
PART 2 Grammar
Basic Grammar
Subjects and Verbs
217(19)
Action and Linking Verbs
217(3)
Action Verbs
218(1)
Linking Verbs
218(2)
Recognizing Subjects and Verbs
220(5)
Finding the Verb
220(2)
Finding the Subject
222(2)
Recognizing Prepositional Phrases
224(1)
Regular and Irregular Verbs
225(11)
Puzzling Pairs
229(7)
Subject-Verb Agreement
236(14)
The Basic Pattern
236(4)
Problems in Subject-Verb Agreement
240(10)
Prepositional Phrase between Subject and Verb
240(1)
Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects
241(1)
Subject Following the Verb
242(1)
Compound Subjects
243(7)
Run-On Sentences
250(15)
What Is a Run-On Sentence?
250(2)
Correcting Run-Ons
252(6)
Period and Capital Letter
252(1)
Comma and FANBOYS Conjunction
253(1)
Semicolon
254(1)
Semicolon and Transitional Expression
255(1)
Dependent Word
256(2)
A Special Case: The Word That
258(7)
Sentence Fragments
265(15)
What Is a Sentence Fragment?
265(15)
Dependent Clause Fragments
266(1)
Verbal Phrase Fragments (to, -ing, and -ed)
267(4)
Missing-Subject Fragments
271(1)
Example and Exception Fragments
272(2)
Prepositional-Phrase Fragments
274(6)
Pronouns
280(23)
Subject and Object Pronouns
280(6)
Subject Pronouns
281(2)
Object Pronouns
283(3)
Pronoun Agreement, Reference, and Point of View
286(17)
Pronoun Agreement
286(5)
Pronoun Reference
291(5)
Pronoun Point of View
296(7)
Advanced Grammar
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
303(14)
Misplaced Modifiers
304(4)
Single-Word Modifiers
305(3)
Dangling Modifiers
308(9)
Parallel Structure
317(9)
Verb Shifts
326(17)
Shifts in Tense
326(4)
Avoiding Unnecessary Tense Shifts
327(2)
Providing Necessary Tense Shifts
329(1)
Active and Passive Voice
330(13)
Uses of Active and Passive Voice
332(1)
Writing Sentences in Active and Passive Voice
333(2)
Correcting Shifts in Voice
335(8)
Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics
Commas
343(11)
Commas to Set Off Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses
343(1)
Commas to Join Items in a Series
344(1)
Commas to Join Independent Clauses
345(2)
Commas Around Interrupters
347(1)
Commas with Direct Quotations
347(1)
Commas in Names and Dates
348(6)
Other Punctuation
354(11)
End Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, and Exclamation Point
354(2)
The Period
354(1)
The Question Mark
355(1)
The Exclamation Point
355(1)
The Semicolon
356(2)
Semicolon to Join Independent Clauses
356(1)
Semicolon to Join Items in a List
357(1)
Colons and Dashes: Formal and Informal Punctuation
358(1)
The Colon
358(1)
The Dash
358(1)
Parentheses: Tools of Understatement
359(6)
Word Choice
365(15)
Slang
365(2)
Cliches
367(1)
Wordiness
368(2)
Pretentious Writing
370(10)
Words Commonly Confused
380(9)
Words Commonly Confused
380(9)
Capital Letters
389(11)
Capital Letters to Begin Sentences
389(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Individuals
390(1)
Names and the Pronoun I
390(1)
Family Relationships
390(1)
Professional Titles
391(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Groups
391(2)
Religions, Geographic Locations, Races, and Nationalities
391(1)
Organizations, Businesses, and Agencies
392(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Time and Place
393(2)
Dates, Days, Holidays, and Seasons
393(1)
Place Names
393(1)
Compass Points
394(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Things and Activities
395(1)
School Subjects
395(1)
Titles
395(1)
Consumer Products
396(1)
Abbreviations
396(4)
Apostrophes
400(14)
Apostrophes in Contractions
400(2)
Apostrophes to Show Possession
402(12)
Making Nouns Possessive
402(3)
Distinguishing Possessives from Simple Plurals
405(1)
Possessive Forms of Pronouns
406(1)
Proofreading for Apostrophe Errors
407(7)
Quotation Marks, Underlining, and Italics
414(112)
Quotation Marks to Signal Quotations
414(1)
Direct Quotations
414(3)
Indirect Quotations
417(1)
Quotation Marks, Italics, or Underlining to Set Off Titles
418(9)
Quotation Marks
418(1)
Italics and Underlining
419(8)
PART 3 Readings
Babies Suck
427(6)
Donna Britt
The Brutal Business of Boxing
433(6)
John Head
Growing Up Bilingual
439(7)
Sara Gonzalez
The Game of My Life
446(6)
Jeff Obafemi Carr
Rebel with a Dye Job
452(6)
Sono Motoyama
Coping with Procrastination
458(6)
Roberta Moore
Barbara Baker
Arnold H. Packer
Migraine Blues
464(7)
Candace Dyer
When Words Get in the Way
471(6)
Athlone G. Clarke
Letting in Light
477(7)
Patricia Raybon
Date Rape: Exposing Dangerous Myths
484(7)
John J. Macionis
That Lean and Hungry Look
491(7)
Suzanne Britt
Education Unplugged
498(6)
Floyd Allen
Should College Athletes Be Paid?
504(7)
Steve Wulf
The Fears That Save Us
511(8)
Diane Ackerman
Reading, Writing, and . . . Ethics?
519(7)
Larry Fennelly
Acknowledgments 526(1)
Index 527


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