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Wordsmith : A Guide to College Writing,9780130488961

Wordsmith : A Guide to College Writing

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780130488961

ISBN10:
0130488968
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $64.60

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Summary

For courses in Developmental Writing and Essay Level Freshman Composition. With a strong focus on writing and the writing process, WORDSMITH groups three appropriate modes together to give students real writing opportunities and exercises. From Chapters entitled Showing and Telling, to Limiting and Ordering and to Examining Logical Connections, WORDSMITH provides extensive exercises and with a focus on writing, WORDSMITH illustrates how writing process, the modes and grammar are not written in isolation.

Table of Contents

Preface
Updates to the Second Edition
xv
To the Instructor
xviii
To the Student
xxv
Part 1 Composition
Chapter 1 The Writing: Process
The Writing Process
4(14)
Prewriting
4(1)
Planning
4(1)
Drafting
4(1)
Revising
5(1)
Proofreading
6(1)
An Important Point
6(1)
The Writing Process: Carla's Essay
7(9)
If You Hate the Thought of a Step-by-Step Approach
16(2)
Review of the Paragraph
18(5)
The Topic Sentence
19(1)
The Supporting Sentences
19(1)
The Summary Sentence
19(1)
A Model Paragraph
20(3)
Chapter 2 Preparing to Write
23(16)
Prewriting
24(1)
Why Prewrite?
24(1)
Prewriting Methods
24(12)
Brainstorming
25(2)
Freewriting
27(2)
Invisible Writing: A Computer Technique 28 Clustering
29(2)
Narrowing Your Topic: The Topic-Subtopic Method
31(2)
Outlining
33(1)
Journal Writing
34(2)
Progressive Writing Assignment
36(3)
Chapter 3 Building a Framework: Thesis and Organization
39(22)
The Structure of an Essay
41(1)
A Model Essay
41(1)
Constructing the Thesis Statement
42(11)
Types of Thesis Statements
43(6)
Evaluating Your Thesis Points
49(4)
Organizing Your Essay
53(6)
Emphatic Order
53(2)
Sandwich Order
55(2)
Chronological Order
57(2)
Progressive Writing Assignment
59(2)
Chapter 4 Introducing the Essay
61(12)
Purposes of an Introduction
61(1)
Types of Introduction
62(9)
Broad to Narrow
63(1)
Narrow to Broad
63(1)
Quotation
64(3)
Anecdote
67(1)
Contrasting Idea
68(1)
Historical
69(2)
Progressive Writing Assignment
71(2)
Chapter 5 Introducing the Essay
73(28)
Characteristics of an Effective Body Paragraph
73(25)
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentences of Body Paragraphs
74(5)
Unity: Sticking to the Point of the Essay
79(3)
Coherence: Holding the Essay Together
82(5)
Support: Using Specific Detail
87(11)
Progressive Writing Assignment
98(3)
Chapter 6 Concluding the Essay
101(10)
Methods of Conclusion
102(6)
Summary
102(1)
Recommendation
103(1)
Prediction
104(1)
Full Circle
105(1)
Quotation
106(2)
Traps to Avoid
108(1)
Sermonizing
108(1)
Starched Prose
108(1)
Progressive Writing Assignment
109(2)
Chapter 7 Revising, Proofreading, and Formatting
111(16)
Revising
111(7)
Checklist for Revision
113(5)
Proofreading
118(5)
The Top-Down Technique
118(1)
The Bottom-Up Technique
119(1)
The Targeting Technique
119(1)
Proofreading the Word-Processed Essay
119(4)
Formatting
123(3)
Handwritten Documents
123(1)
Word-Processed Documents
124(2)
Progressive Writing Assignment
126(1)
Chapter 8 Showing and Telling: Description, Narration, and Example
127(36)
Description
127(13)
Sense Impressions
128(3)
Spatial Order
131(1)
Establishing a Dominant Impression
132(2)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Descriptive Writing
134(6)
Narration
140(10)
Techniques for Successful Narration
141(3)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Narrative Writing
144(6)
Example
150(10)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Supported by Example
153(7)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
160(3)
Chapter 9 Limiting and Ordering: Definition, Classification, and Process
163(32)
Definition
163(10)
Using Examples in Definition Essays
164(1)
Subjective and Objective Definitions
165(2)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed by Definition
167(6)
Classification
173(12)
Establishing a Basis for Classification
174(5)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed through Classification
179(6)
Process
185(8)
Organizing the Process Essay
185(1)
Introducing the Process Essay
186(1)
Concluding the Process Essay
187(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Process Writing
187(6)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
193(2)
Chapter 10 Examining Logical Connections: Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument
195(28)
Comparison-Contrast
196(9)
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paper
196(4)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Comparison-Contrast
200(5)
Cause and Effect
205(7)
Identifying Causes and Effects
206(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Cause and Effect
207(5)
Argument
212(8)
Taking Sides
212(1)
Introducing an Argument Essay
213(1)
Will You Change Anyone's Mind?
213(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Argument
214(6)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
220(3)
Chapter 11 Writing a Research Paper
223(28)
Five Steps in Writing a Research Paper
225(6)
Step 1: Find a Topic and Create a Research Question
225(1)
Step 2: Find and Evaluate Information from Various Sources
225(4)
Step 3: Outline Your Paper and Take Notes from Your Sources
229(1)
Step 4: Draft Your Paper
230(1)
Step 5: Format Your Paper and Cite Your Sources
230(1)
Paraphrasing and Summarizing: Essential Research Skills
231(4)
Paraphrasing
231(2)
Summarizing
233(2)
Guide to MLA (Modern Language Association) Style
235(16)
Formatting Your Paper
235(1)
Referencing Sources Within Your Paper
235(3)
The Works Cited List
238(4)
A Model Research Paper
242(9)
Part 2 Grammar
Basic Grammar
Chapter 12 Verbs a Subjects
251(20)
Action and Linking Verbs
252(3)
Action Verbs
252(1)
Linking Verbs
252(3)
Recognizing Verbs and Subjects
255(5)
Finding the Verb
255(2)
Finding the Subject
257(1)
Recognizing Prepositional Phrases
258(2)
Regular and Irregular Verbs
260(6)
Puzzling Pairs
263(3)
Review Exercises
266(5)
Chapter 13 Subject-Verb Agreement
271(14)
The Basic Pattern
272(3)
Problems in Subject-Verb Agreement
275(6)
Prepositional Phrase between Subject and Verb
275(1)
Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects
276(1)
Subject Following the Verb
277(1)
Compound Subjects
278(3)
Review Exercises
281(4)
Chapter 14 Run-on Sentences
285(16)
What Is a Run-on Sentence?
285(2)
Correcting Run-ons
287(6)
Method 1: Period and Capital Letter
287(1)
Method 2: Comma and FANBOYS Conjunction
288(1)
Method 3: Semicolon
289(1)
Method 4: Semicolon and Transitional Expression
290(1)
Method 5: Dependent Word
291(2)
A Special Case: The Word That
293(2)
Review Exercises
295(6)
Chapter 15 Sentence Fragments
301(16)
What Is a Sentence Fragment?
301(11)
Dependent Clause Fragments
302(1)
Verbal Phrase Fragments (to, -ing, and -ed)
303(5)
Missing-Subject Fragments
308(1)
Example and Exception Fragments
309(2)
Prepositional Phrase Fragments
311(1)
Review Exercises
312(5)
Chapter 16 Pronoun Case
317(10)
Subject and Object Pronouns
317(4)
Subject Pronouns
318(2)
Object Pronouns
320(1)
Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns
321(3)
Intensive Pronouns
321(1)
Reflexive Pronouns
322(1)
Problems with Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns
322(2)
Review Exercises
324(3)
Chapter 17 Pronoun Agreement, Reference, and Point of View
327(24)
Pronoun Agreement
328(5)
Problems in Pronoun Agreement
329(1)
Pronoun Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns
330(1)
Pronouns and Gender Fairness
331(2)
Pronoun Reference
333(5)
Pronoun Reference Problem: No Antecedent
334(1)
Pronoun Reference Problem: Two Possible Antecedents
335(1)
Special Pronoun Reference Problem: This and Which
336(2)
Pronoun Point of View
338(1)
Review Exercises
339(5)
Editing Exercises: Basic Grammar
344(7)
Advanced Grammar
Chapter 18 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
351(14)
Misplaced Modifiers
352(5)
Single-Word Modifiers
353(4)
Dangling Modifiers
357(2)
Review Exercises
359(6)
Chapter 19 Parallel Structure
365(10)
Review Exercises
368(7)
Chapter 20 Verb Shifts
375(24)
Shifts in Tense
375(5)
Avoiding Unnecessary Tense Shifts
376(2)
Providing Necessary Tense Shifts
378(2)
Active and Passive Voice
380(7)
Uses of Active and Passive Voice
382(1)
Writing Sentences in Active and Passive Voice
382(3)
Correcting Shifts in Voice
385(2)
Review Exercises
387(7)
Editing Exercises: Advanced Grammar
394(5)
Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics
Chapter 21 Commas
399(12)
Commas to Set Off Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses
399(1)
Commas to Join Items in a Series
400(1)
Commas to Join Independent Clauses
401(1)
Commas Around Interrupters
402(1)
Commas with Direct Quotations
403(1)
Commas in Names and Dates
404(1)
Review Exercises
405(6)
Chapter 22 Other Punctuation
411(14)
End Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, and Exclamation Point
411(3)
The Period
411(1)
The Question Mark
412(1)
The Exclamation Point
412(2)
The Semicolon
414(1)
Semicolon to Join Independent Clauses
414(1)
Semicolon to Join Items in a List
414(1)
Colons and Dashes: Formal and Informal Punctuation
415(2)
The Colon
415(1)
The Dash
416(1)
Parentheses: Tools of Understatement
417(1)
Review Exercises
418(7)
Chapter 23 Word Choice
425(14)
Slang
425(2)
Clichés
427(1)
Wordiness
428(1)
Pretentious Writing
429(3)
Review Exercises
432(7)
Chapter 24 Words Commonly Confused
439(10)
Words Commonly Confused
439(5)
Review Exercises
444(5)
Chapter 25 Capital Letters
449(12)
Capital Letters to Begin Sentences
449(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Individuals
450(2)
Names and the Pronoun I
450(1)
Family Relationships
450(1)
Professional Titles
451(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Groups
452(1)
Religions, Geographic Locations, Races, and Nationalities
452(1)
Organizations, Businesses, and Agencies
452(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Time and Place
453(2)
Dates, Days, Holidays, and Seasons
453(1)
Place Names
454(1)
Compass Points
454(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Things and Activities
455(2)
School Subjects
455(1)
Titles
456(1)
Consumer Products
456(1)
Abbreviations
457(1)
Review Exercises
457(4)
Chapter 26 Apostrophes
461(12)
Apostrophes in Contractions
461(2)
Apostrophes to Show Possession
463(5)
Making Nouns Possessive
463(2)
Distinguishing Possessives from Simple Plurals
465(1)
Possessive Forms of Pronouns
466(1)
Proofreading for Apostrophe Errors
467(1)
Review Exercises
468(5)
Chapter 27 Quotation Marks, Underlining, and Italics
473(16)
Quotation Marks to Signal Quotations
473(4)
Direct Quotations
473(3)
Indirect Quotations
476(1)
Quotation Marks, Underlining, or Italics to Set Off Titles
477(3)
Quotation Marks
477(1)
Underlining and Italics
478(2)
Review Exercises
480(4)
Editing Exercises: Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics
484(3)
Part 3 Readings 487(102)
Complaining,
Maya Angelou
489(6)
Two Ways of Seeing a River,
Mark Twain
495(7)
Growing Up Bilingual,
Sara Gonzalez
502(6)
The Game of My Life,
Jeff Obafemi Carr
508(7)
Rebel with a Dye Job,
Sono Motoyama
515(7)
When Words Get in the Way,
Athlone G. Clarke
522(6)
Letting in Light,
Patricia Raybon
528(7)
Coping with Procrastination,
Roberta Moore, Barbara Baker, and Arnold H. Packer
535(6)
Migraine Blues,
Candace Dyer
541(7)
The Right to Die,
Norman Cousins
548(7)
The Brutal Business of Boxing,
John Head
555(6)
Date Rape: Exposing Dangerous Myths,
John J. Macionis
561(7)
Education Unplugged,
Floyd Allen
568(7)
Should College Athletes Be Paid?
Steve Wulf
575(7)
Reading, Writing, and ... Ethics?
Larry Fennelly
582(7)
Acknowledgments 589(2)
Index 591

Excerpts

Preface: Updates to the Second Edition Several changes have been made in the second edition ofWordsmith: A Guide to College Writing. Updates to Part 1: Composition For the convenience of instructors, the new Instructor's Edition provides answers to exercises as an integral part of the text.The back pages of the Instructor's Edition contain icebreaker activities, suggestions on using the chapters and readings, an examination of grading issues, and model syllabi for ten-week and fifteen-week courses. Additional resources include a website ( www.prenhall.com/arlov ) and a separate manual that includes chapter tests, pretests, and posttests. The second edition shifts its emphasis more strongly toward essays.Since most instructors who were surveyed indicated that they used the text only as an essay text, the chapter on single-paragraph compositions has been deleted. For instructors who want to review the paragraph before beginning essays, a section called "Review of the Paragraph," complete with paragraph assignments, has been added at the end of Chapter 1. Single-paragraph compositions are addressed at length in the other two books in theWordsmith series, Wordsmith: A Guide to Paragraphs and Short Essays, Second Edition,andWordsmith: Essentials of College English. A chapter on writing research papers (Chapter 11) has been added to help students make the transition from personal essays to research-based essays.The chapter includes six strategies for successful academic writing, five steps in research, and a step-by-step guide to writing the research paper, from the formulation of a research question to the formatting of the works cited page. It also contains a section on paraphrasing and summarizing, a brief guide to MLA style, and a model student research paper. The chapter "Revising and Proofreading" is now titled "Revising, Proofreading, and Formatting." A new section on formatting discusses various methods of formatting a paper and provides general instructions on formatting handwritten and word-processed documents. A new Progressive Writing Assignment allows students to choose a topic and develop it as they move from prewriting in Chapter 2 to revised draft in Chapter 7.Each chapter's assignment guides students through one step of the essay. In Chapter 2, students focus on prewriting. In Chapter 3, they complete a thesis and outline, and in Chapter 4, they write an introduction. The Chapter 5 progressive assignment guides students through the process of writing body paragraphs and checking them for direction, unity, coherence, and support. In Chapter 6, students conclude the essay, and in Chapter 7, they revise and proofread. By the time they finish the chapters, they have completed the entire essay, step by step. I have used some form of the Progressive Writing Assignment in my own classes for years. Here are some of the advantages I have found in using the Progressive Writing Assignment: It guides students through each step of the writing process and each part of the essay. It allows students to progress step by step through the crucial and often confusing process of writing the first essay rather than having to produce the entire essay at once. It promotes understanding of how each part of the essay relates to the other parts. It provides the opportunity for instructor or peer feedback at each stage, resulting in a strong, carefully written essay. It emphasizes process and careful crafting. It allows instructors, if they wish, to assign some form of credit to each portion of the assignment, thus placing emphasis on the process as well as the product. Chapters 8, 9, and 10 feature boxes that point out connections between methods of development.Optional "Mixed Methods" assignments at the end of eac


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