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Wordsmith: Guide to College Writing (Book Alone),9780131949935

Wordsmith: Guide to College Writing (Book Alone)

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780131949935

ISBN10:
0131949934
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $88.80

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Summary

Your life's work is centered on connecting to your students and preparing them for productive futures. Pamela Arlov created the Wordsmithseries to help you connect with your students. We asked professors what they thought their students would want in a textbook. Here's what we heard and how Wordsmithaddresses today's students:   1)       Students find textbooks dry and tedious.Arlov includes engaging grammar openers, plenty of visuals, and has a writing style that is second to none!   2)       Students find textbooks irrelevant to their lives. Arlov's combination of the rhetorical modes is realistic and models real life writing. She has also added ;Real Writing ; examples in the modes chapters to make Wordsmitheven more relevant to students' lives.   3)       Students become frustrated if the entire text is not used in class.Wordsmith is 150 pages briefer than similar texts on the market and an affordable option. This concise approach also does not overwhelm students with too much information. Wordsmithprovides students with just the right balance of instruction and practice!

Table of Contents

Preface
Updates to the Third Edition xv
To the Instructor xvii
To the Student xxv
PART 1 Composition
1(282)
The Writing Process
3(20)
The Writing Process
4(15)
Prewriting
4(1)
Planning
5(1)
Drafting
5(1)
Revising
6(1)
Proofreading
6(1)
An Important Point
7(1)
The Writing Process: Carla's Essay
8(8)
If You Hate the Thought of a Step-by-Step Approach
16(3)
Review of the Paragraph
19(1)
The Topic Sentence
19(1)
The Supporting Sentences
19(1)
The Summary Sentence
19(1)
A Model Paragraph
20(1)
Writing Assignment 1: Writing and You
20(1)
Writing Assignment 2: Reasons for Attending College
21(2)
Preparing to Write
23(16)
Prewriting
23(1)
Why Prewrite?
24(1)
Prewriting Methods
24(11)
Brainstorming
25(2)
Freewriting
27(1)
Invisible Writing: A Computer Technique
28(1)
Clustering
29(2)
Narrowing Your Topic: The Topic-Subtopic Method
31(2)
Outlining
33(1)
Journal Writing
34(1)
Progressive Writing Assignment
35(4)
Building a Framework: Thesis and Organization
39(22)
The Structure of an Essay
41(1)
A Model Essay
41(1)
Constructing the Thesis Statement
42(11)
Types of Thesis Statements
42(7)
Evaluating Your Thesis Points
49(4)
Organizing Your Essay
53(5)
Emphatic Order
53(2)
Sandwich Order
55(2)
Chronological Order
57(1)
Progressive Writing Assignment
58(3)
Introducing the Essay
61(12)
Purposes of an Introduction
62(1)
Types of Introduction
63(8)
Broad to Narrow
63(1)
Narrow to Broad
64(1)
Quotation
65(2)
Anecdote
67(1)
Contrasting Idea
68(1)
Historical
69(2)
Progressive Writing Assignment
71(2)
Developing Body Paragraphs
73(28)
Characteristics of an Effective Body Paragraph
74
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentences of Body Paragraphs
74
Unity: Sticking to the Point of the Essay
80
Coherence: Holding the Essay Together
82
Support: Using Specific Detail
88
Progressive Writing Assignment
98=E(24)
Concluding the Essay
101(10)
Methods of Conclusion
102(6)
Summary
102(1)
Recommendation
103(1)
Prediction
104(1)
Full Circle
105(1)
Quotation
106(2)
Traps to Avoid
108(1)
Sermonizing
108(1)
Starched Prose
108(1)
Progressive Writing Assignment
109(2)
Revising, Proofreading, and Formatting
111(16)
Revising
112(5)
Checklist for Revision
113(4)
Proofreading
117(5)
The Top-Down Technique
118(1)
The Bottom-Up Technique
118(1)
The Targeting Technique
118(1)
Proofreading the Word-Processed Essay
119(3)
Formatting
122(2)
Handwritten Documents
122(1)
Word-Processed Documents
123(1)
Progressive Writing Assignment
124(3)
Showing and Telling: Description, Narration, and Example
127(38)
Description
128(1)
Laying the Groundwork for Descriptive Writing
128(1)
Elements of Descriptive Writing
129(12)
Sense Impressions
129(3)
Spatial Order
132(1)
Establishing a Dominant Impression
133(2)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Descriptive Writing
135(6)
Narration
141(10)
Laying the Groundwork for Narrative Writing
141(1)
Techniques for Successful Narration
142(4)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Narrative Writing
146(5)
Example
151(11)
Laying the Groundwork for Writing Using Examples
152(3)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Supported by Example
155(7)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
162(3)
Limiting and Ordering: Definition, Classification, and Process
165(34)
Definition
166(10)
Laying the Groundwork for Writing a Definition
167(1)
Using Examples in Definition Essays
168(1)
Subjective and Objective Definitions
168(2)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed by Definition
170(6)
Classification
176(13)
Laying the Groundwork for Writing Classification Papers
177(1)
Establishing a Basis for Classification
178(5)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Developed through Classification
183(6)
Process
189(7)
Laying the Groundwork for Process Writing
189(1)
Organizing the Process Essay
190(1)
Introducing the Process Essay
191(1)
Concluding the Process Essay
192(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Process Writing
192(4)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
196(3)
Examining Logical Connections: Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument
199(34)
Comparison-Contrast
200(10)
Laying the Groundwork for Comparison-Contrast Writing
201(1)
Setting Up a Comparison-Contrast Paper
202(3)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Comparison-Contrast
205(5)
Cause and Effect
210(8)
Laying the Groundwork for Cause-Effect Writing
211(1)
Identifying Causes and Effects
212(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Cause and Effect
213(5)
Argument
218(13)
Laying the Groundwork for Writing an Argument
219(1)
Taking Sides
220(1)
Introducing an Argument Essay
220(1)
Fact or Opinion?
221(4)
Will You Change Anyone's Mind?
225(1)
Wordsmith's Corner: Examples of Writing Using Argument
226(5)
Topics for Combining Methods of Development
231(2)
Writing a Summary
233(24)
Writing a Summary
234(1)
Five Steps in Writing a Summary
234(5)
Step 1: Choose a Topic and Find Sources of Information
234(1)
Step 2: Evaluate Sources and Choose Your Article
235(1)
Step 3: Read the Article Thoroughly
236(1)
Step 4: Draft Your Summary
237(2)
Step 5: Format, Proofread, and Cite Your Source
239(1)
Paraphrasing: An Essential Skill
239(5)
A Brief Guide to MLA (Modern Language Association) Style
244(13)
Formatting Your Paper
244(1)
Referencing Sources Within Your Paper
244(1)
The Works Cited List
245(1)
A Model Summary Report
246(11)
Writing a Research Paper
257(26)
Five Steps in Writing a Research Paper
259(6)
Step 1: Find a Topic and Create a Research Question
259(1)
Step 2: Find and Evaluate Information from Various Sources
260(3)
Step 3: Outline Your Paper and Take Notes from Your Sources
263(1)
Step 4: Draft Your Paper
264(1)
Step 5: Format Your Paper and Cite Your Sources
265(1)
Paraphrasing and Summarizing: Essential Research Skills
265(4)
Paraphrasing
266(1)
Summarizing
267(2)
Guide to MLA (Modern Language Association) Style
269(14)
Formatting Your Paper
269(1)
Referencing Sources Within Your Paper
270(2)
The Works Cited List
272(4)
A Model Research Paper
276(7)
PART 2 Grammar
283(238)
Basic Grammar
Verbs and Subjects
285(20)
Action and Linking Verbs
286(3)
Action Verbs
286(1)
Linking Verbs
286(3)
Recognizing Verbs and Subjects
289(5)
Finding the Verb
289(2)
Finding the Subject
291(1)
Recognizing Prepositional Phrases
292(2)
Regular and Irregular Verbs
294(6)
Puzzling Pairs
297(3)
Review Exercises
300(5)
Subject-Verb Agreement
305(14)
The Basic Pattern
306(3)
Verbs Ending in -es
307(1)
Using Third Person
307(1)
The Verb to be
308(1)
A Fundamental Rule
308(1)
Problems in Subject-Verb Agreement
309(6)
Prepositional Phrase Between Subject and Verb
309(1)
Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects
310(1)
Subject Following the Verb
311(1)
Compound Subjects
312(3)
Review Exercises
315(4)
Run-on Sentences
319(16)
What Is a Run-on Sentence?
320(1)
Correcting Run-ons
321(6)
Method 1: Period and Capital Letter
321(1)
Method 2: Comma and FANBOYS Conjunction
322(1)
Method 3: Semicolon
323(1)
Method 4: Semicolon and Transitional Expression
324(2)
Method 5: Dependent Word
326(1)
A Special Case: The Word That
327(2)
Review Exercises
329(6)
Sentence Fragments
335(16)
What Is a Sentence Fragment?
336(10)
Dependent Clause Fragments
336(2)
Verbal Phrase Fragments (to, -ing, and -ed)
338(4)
Missing-Subject Fragments
342(1)
Example and Exception Fragments
343(2)
Prepositional Phrase Fragments
345(1)
Review Exercises
346(5)
Pronoun Case
351(14)
Subject and Object Pronouns
351(4)
Subject Pronouns
352(2)
Object Pronouns
354(1)
Using Who and Whom
355(4)
The Substitution Method for Who and Whom
355(4)
Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns
359(3)
Intensive Pronouns
359(1)
Reflexive Pronouns
360(1)
Problems with Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns
360(2)
Review Exercises
362(3)
Pronoun Agreement, Reference, and Point of View
365(22)
Pronoun Agreement
366(5)
Problems in Pronoun Agreement
367(1)
Pronoun Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns
368(1)
Pronouns and Gender Fairness
369(2)
Pronoun Reference
371(5)
Pronoun Reference Problem: No Antecedent
372(1)
Pronoun Reference Problem: Two Possible Antecedents
373(1)
Special Pronoun Reference Problem: This and Which
374(2)
Pronoun Point of View
376(5)
Review Exercises
381(1)
Editing Exercises: Basic Grammar
382(5)
Advanced Grammar
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
387(14)
Misplaced Modifiers
388(5)
Single-Word Modifiers
389(4)
Dangling Modifiers
393(2)
Review Exercises
395(6)
Parallel Structure
401(10)
Review Exercises
404(7)
Verb Shifts
411(22)
Shifts in Tense
412(4)
Avoiding Unnecessary Tense Shifts
412(2)
Providing Necessary Tense Shifts
414(2)
Active and Passive Voice
416(7)
Uses of Active and Passive Voice
418(1)
Writing Sentences in Active and Passive Voice
419(2)
Correcting Shifts in Voice
421(2)
Review Exercises
423(6)
Editing Exercises: Advanced Grammar
429(4)
Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics
Commas
433(12)
Commas to Set Off Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses
434(1)
Commas to Join Items in a Series
434(2)
Commas to Join Independent Clauses
436(1)
Commas Around Interrupters
437(1)
Commas with Direct Quotations
438(1)
Commas in Names and Dates
439(1)
Review Exercises
440(5)
Other Punctuation
445(14)
End Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, and Exclamation Point
446(2)
The Period
446(1)
The Question Mark
446(1)
The Exclamation Point
447(1)
The Semicolon
448(1)
Semicolon to Join Independent Clauses
448(1)
Semicolon to Join Items in a List
448(1)
Colons and Dashes: Formal and Informal Punctuation
449(2)
The Colon
449(1)
The Dash
450(1)
Parentheses: Tools of Understatement
451(1)
Review Exercises
452(7)
Word Choice
459(14)
Slang
460(1)
Cliches
461(1)
Wordiness
462(2)
Pretentious Writing
464(2)
Review Exercises
466(7)
Words Commonly Confused
473(10)
Words Commonly Confused
474(5)
Review Exercises
479(4)
Capital Letters
483(12)
Capital Letters to Begin Sentences
484(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Individuals
484(2)
Names and the Pronoun I
484(1)
Family Relationships
484(1)
Professional Titles
485(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Groups
486(2)
Religions, Geographic Locations, Races, and Nationalities
486(1)
Organizations, Businesses, and Agencies
487(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Time and Place
488(2)
Dates, Days, Holidays, and Seasons
488(1)
Place Names
488(1)
Compass Points
489(1)
Capitalization of Words Referring to Things and Activities
490(2)
School Subjects
490(1)
Titles
490(1)
Consumer Products
491(1)
Abbreviations
491(1)
Review Exercises
492(3)
Apostrophes
495(12)
Apostrophes in Contractions
496(1)
Apostrophes to Show Possession
497(6)
Making Nouns Possessive
497(2)
Distinguishing Possessives from Simple Plurals
499(2)
Possessive Forms of Pronouns
501(1)
Proofreading for Apostrophe Errors
501(2)
Review Exercises
503(4)
Quotation Marks, Underlining, and Italics
507(14)
Quotation Marks to Signal Quotations
508(3)
Direct Quotations
508(2)
Indirect Quotations
510(1)
Quotation Marks, Underlining, or Italics to Set Off Titles
511(3)
Quotation Marks
512(1)
Underlining and Italics
512(2)
Review Exercises
514(4)
Editing Exercises: Punctuation, Word Choice, and Mechanics
518(3)
PART 3 Readings
521(102)
Complaining
523(6)
Maya Angelou
Two Ways of Seeing a River
529(7)
Mark Twain
Growing Up Bilingual
536(6)
Sara Gonzalez
The Game of My Life
542(7)
Jeff Obafemi Carr
Rebel with a Dye Job
549(7)
Sono Motoyama
When Words Get in the Way
556(6)
Athlone G. Clarke
Letting in Light
562(7)
Patricia Raybon
Coping with Procrastination
569(6)
Roberta Moore
Barbara Baker
Arnold H. Packer
Migraine Blues
575(7)
Candace Dyer
The Right to Die
582(7)
Norman Cousins
The Brutal Business of Boxing
589(6)
John Head
Date Rape: Exposing Dangerous Myths
595(7)
John J. Macionis
Education Unplugged
602(6)
Floyd Allen
Should College Athletes Be Paid?
608(7)
Steve Wulf
Reading, Writing, and . . . Ethics?
615(8)
Larry Fennelly
Credits 623(2)
Index 625


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