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The World of Chemistry Essentials,9780495012139
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The World of Chemistry Essentials

by ; ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780495012139

ISBN10:
0495012130
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
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Customer Reviews

text for the telecourse  September 8, 2010
by


This is the text to accompany the telecourse "The World of Chemistry". The videos for the telecourse are available in free streaming video on demand from Annenberg's Learner website. The course is suitable for college, high school and adult learners.






The World of Chemistry Essentials: 5 out of 5 stars based on 1 user reviews.

Summary

Joesten's WORLD OF CHEMISTRY: ESSENTIALS is known for effectively presenting chemistry in terms understandable to the non-science major. The Fourth Edition continues to clearly explain the importance of chemistry and the impact it has on students' daily lives by including topics that are interesting to students early in the text and by explaining the relevance of the chemical principles students hear about every day in the news. To help students develop a general appreciation of the effect chemistry has on their lives, the authors take a less-theoretical approach to the basics and offer thought-provoking chapter-opening questions, a wealth of pertinent examples, and NEW "Chemistry in Movies" boxes. Additionally, application chapters are now included earlier in the text to further demonstrate to students the relevance of the chemistry they are studying. OWL (Online Web-based Learning), our fully customizable and flexible web-based homework management system and assessment tool, is now available with this text.

Table of Contents

Living in a World of Chemistry
1(16)
The World of Chemistry
1(3)
DNA, Biochemistry, and Science
4(3)
Air-Conditioning, the Ozone Hole, and Technology
7(3)
Fossil Fuel Use and Global Warming
10(1)
Benefits/Risks and the Law
10(4)
What Is Your Attitude Toward Chemistry?
14(3)
The Chemistry of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)
5(12)
The Chemical View of Matter
17(22)
Elements---The Simplest Kind of Matter
18(1)
Chemical Compounds---Atoms in Combination
19(1)
Mixtures and Pure Substances
19(2)
Changes in Matter: Is It Physical or Chemical?
21(1)
Classification of Matter
22(4)
The Chemical Elements
26(2)
Using Chemical Symbols
28(3)
The Quantitative Side of Science
31(8)
The Personal Side Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833--1896)
25(14)
Atoms and the Periodic Table
39(32)
John Dalton's Atomic Theory
40(1)
Structure of the Atom
41(4)
Modern View of the Atom
45(4)
Where Are the Electrons in Atoms?
49(8)
Development of the Periodic Table
57(2)
The Modern Periodic Table
59(2)
Periodic Trends
61(3)
Properties of Main-Group Elements
64(7)
The Personal Side Ernest Rutherford (1871--1937)
44(7)
The Personal Side Niels Bohr (1885--1962)
51(20)
The Air We Breathe
71(22)
The Lower Atmospheric Regions and Their Composition
72(3)
Air: A Source of Pure Gases
75(1)
Natural Versus Anthropogenic Air Pollution
76(1)
Air Pollutants: Particle Size Makes a Difference
77(1)
Smog
77(3)
Nitrogen Oxides
80(3)
Ozone as a Pollutant
83(1)
Sulfur Dioxide: A Major Primary Pollutant
84(2)
Hydrocarbons and Air Pollution
86(1)
Carbon Monoxide
86(2)
A Look Ahead
88(5)
Chemical Bonding and States of Matter
93(32)
Electronegativity and Bonding
94(1)
Ionic Bonds and Ionic Compounds
95(6)
Covalent Bonds
101(6)
Shapes of Molecules
107(4)
Polar and Nonpolar Bonding
111(1)
Properties of Molecular and Ionic Compounds Compared
112(1)
Intermolecular Forces
113(1)
The States of Matter
114(2)
Gases
116(1)
Liquids
117(1)
Solutions
117(2)
Solids
119(1)
Reversible State Changes
120(5)
The Personal Side Gilbert Newton Lewis (1875--1946)
103(22)
Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
125(18)
Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration over Time
126(2)
What Is the Greenhouse Effect?
128(2)
Why Worry about Carbon Dioxide?
130(3)
Other Greenhouse Gases
133(1)
Sources of Greenhouse Gases
133(3)
What Do We Know for Sure about Global Warming?
136(1)
Consequences of Global Warming---Good or Bad?
136(1)
The Kyoto Conference Addresses Global Warming
137(1)
Possible Responses to Global Warming
138(5)
The Chemistry of Apollo 13 (1995)
127(16)
Chlorofluorocarbons and the Ozone Layer
143(18)
The Oxygen--Ozone Screen
144(1)
Where Is the Ozone?
145(2)
The Ozone Layer Is Disappearing
147(4)
Why CFCs and Why at the Poles?
151(3)
What Are the Implications of Increases in the Size of the Ozone Hole?
154(1)
Can We Do Anything about the Ozone Hole?
155(1)
What Will Replace CFCs?
156(5)
The Personal Side Susan Solomon (1956-- )
148(2)
The Personal Side Paul J. Crutzen (1933-- ), Mario J. Molina (1943-- ), and F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-- )
150(11)
Chemical Reactivity: Chemicals in Action
161(24)
Balanced Chemical Equations and What They Tell Us
162(2)
The Mighty Mole and the ``How Much?'' Question
164(5)
Rates and Reaction Pathways: The ``How Fast?'' Question
169(4)
Chemical Equilibrium and the ``How Far?'' Question
173(2)
The Driving Forces and the ``Why?'' Question
175(4)
Recycling: New Metal for Old
179(6)
The Personal Side Amadeo Avogadro (1776--1856)
168(12)
The World of Chemistry Green Design
180(5)
Acid--Base Reactions
185(18)
Acids and Bases: Chemical Opposites
186(4)
The Strengths of Acids and Bases
190(2)
Molarity and the pH Scale
192(4)
Acid-Base Buffers
196(2)
Corrosive Cleaners
198(1)
Heartburn: Why Reach for an Antacid?
199(4)
Oxidation--Reduction Reactions
203(18)
Oxidation and Reduction
204(1)
Oxidizing Agents: They Bleach and They Disinfect
205(2)
Reducing Agents: For Metallurgy and Good Health
207(3)
Batteries
210(5)
Electrolysis: Chemical Reactions Caused by Electron Flow
215(2)
Corrosion: Unwanted Oxidation--Reduction
217(4)
The Personal Side Richard Feynman and the Challenger Explosion
207(14)
Water, Water Everywhere, But Not a Drop to Drink?
221(30)
The Unique Properties of Water
222(4)
Acid Rainfall
226(2)
How Can There Be a Shortage of Something as Abundant as Water?
228(3)
What Is the Difference between Clean Water and Polluted Water?
231(2)
The Impact of Hazardous Industrial Wastes on Water Quality
233(3)
Household Wastes that Affect Water Quality
236(1)
Toxic Elements Often Found in Water
237(1)
Measuring Water Pollution
238(1)
How Water Is Purified Naturally
239(2)
Water Purification Processes: Classical and Modern
241(1)
Softening Hard Water
242(1)
Chlorination and Ozone Treatment of Water
243(2)
Freshwater from the Sea
245(2)
Pure Drinking Water for the Home
247(4)
The World of Chemistry Green Chemistry
235(10)
The Chemistry of Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
245(6)
Energy and Hydrocarbons
251(34)
Energy from Fuels
252(5)
Petroleum
257(5)
Natural Gas
262(1)
Coal
263(1)
Methanol as a Fuel
264(2)
Classes of Hydrocarbons
266(5)
Alkenes and Alkynes: Reactive Cousins of Alkanes
271(4)
The Cyclic Hydrocarbons
275(3)
Alcohols: Oxygen Comes on Board
278(7)
The World of Chemistry Organic Metals
275(5)
The Personal Side Percy Lavon Julian (1899--1975)
280(5)
Nuclear Changes and Nuclear Power
285(32)
The Discovery of Radioactivity
286(1)
Nuclear Reactions
287(4)
The Stability of Atomic Nuclei
291(1)
Activity and Rates of Nuclear Disintegrations
292(3)
Artificial Nuclear Reactions
295(1)
Transuranium Elements
296(1)
Radon and Other Sources of Background Radiation
297(3)
Useful Applications of Radioactivity
300(3)
Energy from Nuclear Reactions
303(3)
Useful Nuclear Energy
306(11)
The Personal Side The Curies
287(3)
The Chemistry of The Saint (1997)
290(8)
The Personal Side Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912--1999)
298(14)
The Chemistry of Spider-Man 2 (2004)
312(5)
Organic Chemicals and Polymers
317(34)
Organic Chemicals
319(1)
Alcohols and Their Oxidation Products
320(6)
Carboxylic Acids and Esters
326(2)
Synthetic Organic Polymers
328(13)
New Polymer Materials
341(2)
Recycling Plastics
343(8)
The Chemistry of Romy and Michelle's High School Reunion (1995)
336(5)
The Personal Side Stephanie Louise Kwolek (1925-- )
341(1)
The World of Chemistry Chemistry in Outer Space
342(3)
The Chemistry of The Man in the White Suit (1951)
345(6)
The Chemistry of Life
351(46)
Handedness and Optical Isomerism
352(5)
Carbohydrates
357(5)
Lipids
362(6)
Soaps, Detergents, and Shampoos
368(3)
Creams and Lotions
371(2)
Amino Acids
373(3)
Peptides and Proteins
376(3)
Protein Structure and Function
379(3)
Hair Protein and Permanent Waves
382(3)
Energy and Biochemical Systems
385(2)
Nucleic Acids
387(10)
The World of Chemistry Chiral Drugs
356(8)
The World of Chemistry Cis and Trans Fatty Acids and Your Health
364(22)
The Chemistry of Men in Black II (2002)
386(11)
Nutrition: The Basis of Healthy Living
397(28)
Digestion: It's Just Chemical Decomposition
398(1)
Energy: Use It or Store It
399(4)
Sugar and Polysaccharides: Digestible and Indigestible
403(1)
Lipids, Mostly Fats and Oils
403(2)
Proteins in the Diet
405(2)
Our Daily Diet
407(2)
Vitamins in the Diet
409(3)
Minerals in the Diet
412(3)
Food Additives
415(3)
Some Daily Diet Arithmetic
418(7)
The Chemistry of Lorenzo's Oil (1992)
404(2)
The World of Chemistry The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005
406(5)
The World of Chemistry Olestra, a ``Fat'' for Calorie Counters
411(14)
Chemistry and Medicine
425(36)
Medicines, Prescription Drugs, and Diseases: The Top Tens
426(2)
Drugs, for Infectious Diseases
428(3)
AIDS, a Viral Disease
431(3)
Steroid Hormones
434(1)
Neurotransmitters
435(3)
The Dose Makes the Poison
438(1)
Painkillers of All Kinds
439(2)
Mood-Altering Drugs, Legal and Illegal
441(4)
Colds, Allergies, and Other ``Over-the-Counter'' Conditions
445(2)
Preventive Maintenance: Sunscreens and Toothpaste
447(3)
Heart Disease
450(2)
Cancer, Carcinogens, and Anticancer Drugs
452(4)
Homeopathic Medicine
456(5)
The Personal Side Paul Ehrlich (1854--1915)
429(2)
The Chemistry of Me & Isaac Newton (1999)
431(14)
The World of Chemistry Addictive Drugs
445(16)
The Chemistry of Useful Materials
461(24)
The Whole Earth
462(1)
Chemicals from the Hydrosphere
463(3)
Metals and Their Ores
466(5)
Conductors, Semiconductors, and Superconductors
471(5)
From Rocks to Glass, Ceramics, and Cement
476(9)
The World of Chemistry Swords of Damascus Leave Legacy of Superplastic Steel
470(9)
The World of Chemistry Asbestos
479(6)
Feeding the World
485(28)
World Population Growth
486(2)
What Is Soil?
488(3)
Nutrients
491(3)
Fertilizers Supplement Natural Soils
494(5)
Protecting Food Crops
499(4)
Sustainable Agriculture
503(3)
Agricultural Genetic Engineering
506(7)
The World of Chemistry Trying to Mimic Nature
493(4)
The Personal Side Fritz Haber (1868--1934)
497(16)
Appendix A: Significant Figures 513(4)
Appendix B: Scientific Notation 517(6)
Appendix C: Units of Measure, Unit Conversion and Problem Solving 523(8)
Appendix D: Naming Organic Compounds 531(6)
Appendix E: Answers to Concept Checks and The Language of Chemistry 537(10)
Appendix F: Answers to Try It 547(4)
Appendix G: Answers to Applying Your Knowledge 551(14)
Glossary 565(10)
Credits 575(2)
Index 577


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