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World History in Brief Major Patterns of Change and Continuity, Combined Volume, Penguin Academic Edition

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Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780205939206

ISBN10:
0205939201
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/12/2012
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $91.80

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Summary

Emphasizes the major interactions among different peoples and societies. World History in Briefhighlights key events in world history, giving adequate treatment to the major issues, while leaving time for analysis and use of supplemental materials for critical thinking. Part of the Penguin Academics Series, the text takes a truly global approach by balancing coverage of individual societies and focusing on forces that cut across them. Students are encouraged to compare societies, assess changes in interactions, and understand global forces such as migration and technological exchange. The 8thedition is tied closely to MyHistoryLab to help save time and improve results. MyHistoryLab icons connect the main narrative to an array of MyHistoryLab resources, including primary source documents, analytical video segments, and interactive maps. A better teaching and learning experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experiencefor you and your students. Here's how: Personalize Learning -The new MyHistoryLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking -Features at the beginning and end of each part help students make connections among the societies examined in the chapters. Engage Students- "Solving Problems," "History Debates," and "World Profiles" features allow students to approach history from different angles. Support Instructors- MyHistoryLab, an Instructor's Resource Manual, a Test Bank, MyTest, PowerPoint presentations, a detailed timeline for each period covered in the text, and Class Preparation are available. For volume 1 of this text, search ISBN-10: 0205939368 For volume 2 of this text, search ISBN-10: 0205939422 Note:MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab, please visit:www.myhistorylab.comor you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MyHistorylab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205896308 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205896301.

Author Biography

P eter N. Stearns is Provost and University Professor at George Mason University. He has taught previously at Harvard, the University of Chicago, Rutgers, and Carnegie Mellon; he was educated at Harvard University. He has published widely in modern social history, including the history of emotions, and in world history. Representative works in world history include World History: A Survey, The Industrial Revolution in World History, Gender in World History, Consumerism in World History>, Human Rights in World History, and Growing Up: The History of Childhood in Global Context. His publications in social history include Old Age in Preindustrial Society, Anxious Parents: A History of Modern American Childrearing, American Cool: Developing the Twentieth-Century Emotional Style, Fat History: Bodies and Beauty in Western Society, American Fear: The Causes and Consequences of High Anxiety, Revolutions in Sorrow: A History of American Experiences and Policies Toward Death in Global Context, From Alienation to Addiction: Modern American Work in Global Historical Perspective, Educating Global Citizens in Colleges and Universities: Challenges and Opportunities, and Satisfaction Not Guaranteed: Dilemmas of Progress in Modern Society. While under Dr. Stearns’s leadership, George Mason University was awarded the 2006 Andrew Heiskell Award for Innovation in International Education. He has also edited encyclopedias of world and social history, and since 1967, he has served as editor-in-chief of The Journal of Social History. In most of his research and writing, Dr. Stearns pursues three main goals. First, as a social historian, he is eager to explore aspects of the human experience that are not generally thought of in historical terms, and with attention to ordinary people as well as elites. Second, he seeks to use an understanding of historical change and continuity to explore patterns of behavior and social issues. Finally, he is concerned with connecting new historical research with wider audiences, including of course classrooms. Dr. Stearns is also eager to promote comparative analysis and the assessment of modern global forces—for their own sake and as they illuminate the American experience and impact.

Table of Contents

Found in this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents


1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Maps 

List of Features 

List of MyHistoryLab Documents

Preface 

           

PART I: EARLY WORLD HISTORY: FROM ORIGINS TO AGRICULTURE AND NEW FORMS OF HUMAN ORGANIZATION 

Chapter 1: From Human Prehistory to the Rise of Agriculture 

Chapter 2: Early Civilizations 3500–1000 B.C.E. 

Chapter 3: Nomadic Societies 

 

PART II: THE CLASSICAL PERIOD, 1000 B.C.E.–500 C.E. 

Chapter 4: Classical Civilization: China 

Chapter 5: Classical Civilization: India 

Chapter 6: Classical Civilization in the Mediterranean and Middle East: Persia, Greece, and Rome 

Chapter 7: The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 C.E. 

 

PART III: THE POSTCLASSICAL PERIOD, 500–1450 C.E. 

Chapter 8: The Rise of Islam: Civilization in the Middle East 

Chapter 9: India and Southeast Asia Under the Impact of Islam 

Chapter 10: Africa and Islam 

Chapter 11: East European Civilization: Byzantium and Russia 

Chapter 12: Western Civilization: The Middle Ages 

Chapter 13: China’s Impact and the Spread of East Asian Civilization 

Chapter 14: Centers of Civilization in the Americas 

Chapter 15: The Mongol Interlude and the End of the Postclassical Period 

 

PART IV: A NEW WORLD ECONOMY, 1450–1750 

Chapter 16: The West and the World: Discovery, Colonization, and Trade 

Chapter 17: Western Civilization Changes Shape in the Early Modern Centuries 

Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia 

Chapter 19: The  Islamic Empires 

Chapter 20: East Asia: Vital Trends in Politics and Trade 

           

PART V: THE WORLD’S FIRST INDUSTRIAL PERIOD, 1750–1914 

Chapter 21: The First Industrial Revolution: Western Society, 1780–1914 

Chapter 22: World Economy and Western Imperialism: Africa and South Asia 

Chapter 23: The Settler Societies: The West on Frontiers 

Chapter 24: The Development of Latin American Civilization 

Chapter 25: The Middle East and China in the Imperialist Century 

Chapter 26: Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West 

           

PART VI: THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD, 1914 TO PRESENT 

Chapter 27: The West in the Contemporary Period 

Chapter 28: Russia and Eastern Europe

Chapter 29: East Asia in the 20th and Early 21st Centuries 

Chapter 30: India and Southeast Asia 

Chapter 31: Middle Eastern Civilization in the 20th Century 

Chapter 32: Latin America in the 20th Century 

Chapter 33: Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonies to New Nations 

Chapter 34: Themes in Contemporary World History: Into the 21st Century

 

Credits 

Index 


2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

List of Maps 

List of Features 

List of MyHistoryLab Documents

Preface 

           

PART I: EARLY WORLD HISTORY: FROM ORIGINS TO AGRICULTURE AND NEW FORMS OF HUMAN ORGANIZATION 

Chapter 1: From Human Prehistory to the Rise of Agriculture 

Getting Started Is Always Hard 

Human Development and Change 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Dealing with Death 

The Neolithic Revolution 

HISTORY DEBATE People in the Americas 

The Nature of Agricultural Societies 

Agriculture and Change 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 2: Early Civilizations 3500–1000 B.C.E. 

Civilization 

SOLVING PROBLEMS The Use of Culture 

Egypt and Mesopotamia Compared 

HISTORY DEBATE Women in Patriarchal Societies 

Transitions: The End of the River Valley Period 

Indian and Chinese River Valley Civilizations 

New States and Peoples Around 1000 B.C.E. 

Judaism

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 3: Nomadic Societies  

Early Nomadic Societies 

Nomadic Society and Culture 

Nomads and Civilizations 

HISTORY DEBATE The Contributions of Nomads 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART I RETROSPECTIVE The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations 

           

PART II: THE CLASSICAL PERIOD, 1000 B.C.E.–500 C.E. 

Chapter 4: Classical Civilization: China 

Patterns in Classical China 

Political Institutions 

HISTORY DEBATE War 

Religion and Culture 

Economy and Society 

WORLD PROFILES Ban Zhao (c. 48–117 C.E..) 

A Distinctive Measure 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 5: Classical Civilization: India 

The Framework for Indian History       

Patterns in Classical India  

Political Institutions 

HISTORY DEBATE Interpreting Civilization, Round Two 

Religion and Culture 

Economy and Society 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Dealing with Inequality 

Indian Influence 

China and India 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

           

Chapter 6: Classical Civilization in the Mediterranean and Middle East: Persia, Greece, and Rome 

The Persian Tradition 

Patterns of Greek History 

Patterns of Roman History

Greek and Roman Political Institutions 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Cultural Encounters 

WORLD PROFILES Julius Caesar (100–44 B.C.E.) 

Religion and Culture 

Economy and Society in the Mediterranean 

HISTORY DEBATE Mediterranean Civilization and “Western” Civilization 

Toward the Fall of Rome 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 7: The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 C.E. 

Decline in China and India 

Decline and Fall in Rome 

The New Religious Map 

HISTORY DEBATE Comparing Declines 

WORLD PROFILES Saint Paul (Paul of Tarsus) 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART II RETROSPECTIVE The Classical Period, 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. 

 

PART III: THE POSTCLASSICAL PERIOD, 500–1450 C.E. 

Chapter 8: The Rise of Islam: Civilization in the Middle East 

The Advent of Islam 

WORLD PROFILES Muhammad (570–632 C.E.) 

Patterns of Islamic History 

Islamic Political Institutions 

HISTORY DEBATE Political Implications of Islam 

Islam and Middle Eastern Culture 

WORLD PROFILES Omar Khayyam (c. 11th–12th Century) 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Religion and Trade 

Economy and Society in the Middle East 

The Decline of Middle Eastern Civilization 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 9: India and Southeast Asia Under the Impact of Islam 

The Development of Indian Culture 

HISTORY DEBATE The Caste System 

The Muslim Challenge in India 

Southeast Asia 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 10: Africa and Islam 

Sub-Saharan Africa and the World Network 

The Great Kingdoms 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Technology and Trade 

WORLD PROFILES Sundiata 

HISTORY DEBATE Handles for African History 

Features of African Civilization 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 11: East European Civilization: Byzantium and Russia 

The Byzantine Phase 

WORLD PROFILES The Emperor Justinian (527–565 C.E.) 

The Early Russian Phase: Kievan Rus’ 

HISTORY DEBATE A Russian Civilization? 

East European Political Institutions 

East European Religion and Culture 

East European Economy and Society 

East European Civilization in Eclipse 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 12: Western Civilization: The Middle Ages 

Early Patterns in Western Civilization 

Medieval Political Institutions 

HISTORY DEBATE Homosexuality and Religion 

Medieval Religion and Culture 

Economy and Society 

Women and Family Life 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Population Growth 

Tensions in the Later Middle Ages 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 13: China’s Impact and the Spread of East Asian Civilization 

Political and Cultural Developments in China 

Economy and Society in China 

Civilization in Korea, Vietnam, and Japan 

HISTORY DEBATE  Defining Post-classical Civilizations 

Culture, Society, and Economy in Japan 

East Asian Self-Confidence 

WORLD PROFILES  Mugai Nyodai 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 14: Centers of Civilization in the Americas 

The Mayas and Aztecs 

The Aztec Empire

HISTORY DEBATE The Problem of Contacts 

The Inca Empire

Andean and Central American Societies

Pacific Oceania

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 15: The Mongol Interlude and the End of the Postclassical Period 

Mongol Empires  

WORLD PROFILES Chabi Khan 

China and the West as New World Powers 

HISTORY DEBATE Causes of Global Change by 1450 

The End of Transition: Postclassical to Early Modern 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART III RETROSPECTIVE The Postclassical Period, 500–1450 C.E. 

 

PART IV: A NEW WORLD ECONOMY, 1450–1750 

Chapter 16: The West and the World: Discovery, Colonization, and Trade 

Patterns of Exploration and Trade 

HISTORY DEBATE Early Modern Stereotypes 

Toward a World Economy 

Africa 

WORLD PROFILES Olandah Equiano 

Colonization in Latin America: The Birth of a New Civilization 

Latin American Civilization 

WORLD PROFILES Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651–1695) 

Western Civilization in North America 

North and South America: Reasons for the Differences 

The World Economy Revisited 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 17: Western Civilization Changes Shape in the Early Modern Centuries 

Patterns of Early Modern Western History 

Political Institutions and Ideas   

The Ferment in Western Culture 

Transformations in Economic and Social Life 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Dealing with the Asian Advantage 

How Early Modern Trends in the West Interrelated 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia 

Patterns of Early Modern Russian History 

WORLD PROFILES Catherine the Great (1762–1796) 

HISTORY DEBATE A Russian Civilization? 

Russian Political Institutions 

Russian Culture 

Economy and Society in Russia 

The World’s First Effort at Westernization 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 19: The  Islamic Empires 

The Expanding Force of the Ottoman Empire 

 New Issues in the Ottoman Empire

The Safavid Challenge 

HISTORY DEBATE Guns and Their Impact 

The Mughal Empire: Invasion, Consolidation, and Decline 

Western Intrusion into the Mughal Empire 

The Rise and Decline of Asian Empires 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 20: East Asia: Vital Trends in Politics and Trade 

China: The Resumption of the Dynasties 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Trying to Manage Food Supplies 

Cultural and Social Patterns: New Issues 

HISTORY DEBATE Chinese and Western Economies 

Japan and the Origins of Isolation 

WORLD PROFILES Toyotomi Hideyoshi (r. 1536–1548) 

Vitality and Tension in East Asia 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART IV RETROSPECTIVE A New World Economy, 1450–1750 

           

PART V: THE WORLD’S FIRST INDUSTRIAL PERIOD, 1750–1914 

Chapter 21: The First Industrial Revolution: Western Society, 1780–1914 

Patterns of Industrialization 

Causes of Industrialization 

HISTORY DEBATE Consumerism and Industrialization 

Effects of Industrialization 

The Period of Revolution, 1789–1848 

Effects of Revolution

The Postrevolutionary Era and Nationalism, 1848–1871 

“The Social Question,” 1871–1914 

Western Political Institutions in the Industrial Revolution 

WORLD PROFILES Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797) 

Western Culture in the Industrial Century 

Industrial Society 

HISTORY DEBATE Women in Industrial Society 

Gain and Strain from Industrialization 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 22: World Economy and Western Imperialism: Africa and South Asia 

The Reasons for Imperialism: Motives and Means 

HISTORY DEBATE Causes of the Abolition of Slavery 

Imperialism in India and Southeast Asia 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Railroads 

Imperialism in Africa 

WORLD PROFILES John Mensah Sarbah (1865–1910) 

Comparing Colonies 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 23: The Settler Societies: The West on Frontiers 

The United States 

HISTORY DEBATE Exceptionalism 

The Newer Settler Societies 

WORLD PROFILES Hongi Hika 

Special Features of Settler Societies 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 24: The Development of Latin American Civilization 

The Wars of Independence 

WORLD PROFILES Simón Bolívar (1783–1830) 

The Period of Consolidation 

Late-Century Trends: Dictatorship, Immigration, and Western Intervention 

WORLD PROFILES Benito Juárez (1806–1872) 

Political Institutions and Values 

HISTORY DEBATE Is Latin America Western? 

Culture and the Arts 

Economy and Society 

Tension and Creativity 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 25: The Middle East and China in the Imperialist Century 

The Attempt to Modernize Egypt 

Decline of the Ottoman Empire 

The Rise of Nationalism 

China Faces Imperialism 

HISTORY DEBATE China’s 19th-Century Sluggishness 

The Need for Further Change 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 26: Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West 

Russian Conservatism: An Alternative to the West 

The Beginnings of Russian Industrialization 

The Foundations of Revolution in Russia 

The Culture of Eastern Europe 

HISTORY DEBATE The Preconditions for Revolution 

The Opening of Trade in Japan 

Japanese Industrialization in Response to the West 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Maintaining Identity 

Cultural and Economic Effects of Japanese Industrialization 

Japan as an International Player 

The Strain of Modernization 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART V RETROSPECTIVE  The End of the Long 19th Century

           

PART VI: THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD, 1914 TO PRESENT 

Chapter 27: The West in the Contemporary Period 

Patterns of Western History: 1914–1945 

Patterns of Western History: 1945 to the Present 

Western Political Institutions in the 20th Century 

HISTORY DEBATE Convergence 

Contemporary Western Culture 

Economy and Society 

WORLD PROFILES Simone de Beauvoir 

A Postindustrial Age? 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 28: Russia and Eastern Europe

The Russian Revolution 

HISTORY DEBATE Women and the Russian Revolution 

Patterns of Soviet History After 1923 

Soviet Political Institutions 

Soviet Culture 

Economy and Society 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Updating the Treatment of Children 

The Explosion of the 1980s 

Dismantling the Soviet Empire 

Renewed Turmoil After 1991 

Tradition and Change in Eastern Europe 

Russia and the West in Comparative Analysis 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 29: East Asia in the 20th and Early 21st Centuries 

A Clash of Cultures: Revolution and War 

HISTORY DEBATE Japan and Westernization 

Return to Stability in Japan 

Upheaval and Ongoing Revolution in China 

East Asia Toward the End of the Century 

Japan, Incorporated 

WORLD PROFILES Sun Zhongshan (1867–1925) 

The Pacific Rim 

China Under Communism 

East Asia and the World 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 30: India and Southeast Asia 

The Rise of Nationalism 

Gandhi’s Nonviolent Strategies 

WORLD PROFILES  Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)

Nationalism in Southeast Asia 

Decolonization After the War 

Southeast Asia After Independence 

India and Pakistan 

HISTORY DEBATE Women’s Conditions in India 

India and China 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 31: Middle Eastern Civilization in the 20th Century 

Replacing the Ottoman Empire 

Assertions of Arab Nationalism 

The New Role of the State 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Reviving Religion in Contemporary History 

The Rise of Fundamentalism 

HISTORY DEBATE Terrorism 

Middle Eastern Culture and Society 

New Tensions in the Early 2000s 

A Troubled Region 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 32: Latin America in the 20th Century 

Latin America in 20th-Century World History 

The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1920s 

Effects of the Depression, 1930s–1950s 

Revolution and Response, 1950s–1990s 

Latin American Culture 

SOLVING PROBLEMS Adapting Consumer Values 

Economy and Society 

HISTORY DEBATE Latin America and the Third World 

Toward a Greater World Role? 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 33: Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonies to New Nations 

Emerging Nationalism, 1918 - 1950 

The Transformation to Independence 

The Challenges of New Nationhood 

African Politics 

African Cultures 

HISTORY DEBATE The Question of Identity 

Economy and Society 

Defining the New Africa 

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

 

Chapter 34: Themes in Contemporary World History: Into the 21st Century

After the Cold War 

HISTORY DEBATE 20th and 21st Centuries—Change or Continuity 

Global Industrialization

Globalization

Global Warming and a Planet in Peril

The Spread of Democracy

Nationalism and Religious Currents

Projecting from Trends

Paths to the Present 

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

MyHistoryLab Media Assignments

PART VI RETROSPECTIVE The Contemporary World 

 

Credits 

Index 



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