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World History in Brief: Major Patterns of Change and Continuity, Single Volume Edition

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780321196729

ISBN10:
0321196724
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Summary

With its brief, global (rather than West-centered) approach, World History in Brief, Fifth Edition, seeks to show how different civilizations developed in a global context, and then encountered the various forces of contemporary life. Rather than overwhelm students, the chief goal of World History in Brief is to present the big picture, to facilitate comparison and assessment of change, and to highlight the major developments in the world's history. This text also presents the global interactions of major civilizations so that students can compare and assess changes. the compact size of this text gives instructors the opportunity to take advantage of additional supplementary readings.

Table of Contents

List of Maps xvi
List of Features xvii
Preface xviii
PART I The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations 1(48)
CHAPTER 1 From Human Prehistory to the Rise of Agriculture
7(13)
Getting Started Is Always Hard
7(1)
Human Development and Change
8(4)
HISTORY DEBATE People in the Americas
12(4)
The Neolithic Revolution
12(3)
The Nature of Agricultural Societies
15(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES The Nature of Culture
16(4)
Agriculture and Change
17(2)
Issues and Connections
19(1)
CHAPTER 2 Early Civilization
20(20)
Civilization
20(9)
Egypt and Mesopotamia Compared
29(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Women in Patriarchal Societies
30(4)
Transitions: The End of the River Valley Period
33(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Uses and Varieties
34(6)
The Heritage of the River Valley Civilizations
35(1)
New States and Peoples Around 1000 B.C.E.
36(2)
The First Civilizations
38(1)
Issues and Connections
38(2)
CHAPTER 3 Nomadic Societies
40(9)
Early Nomadic Societies
40(2)
Nomadic Society and Culture
42(2)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Nomadic Art
44(2)
Nomads and Civilizations
44(1)
Nomads and Global Patterns
45(1)
HISTORY DEBATE The Contributions of Nomads
46(2)
Issues and Connections
46(2)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part The Rise of Agriculture and Agricultural Civilizations
48(1)
PART II The Classical Period, 1000 B.C.E.-500 C.E. 49(92)
CHAPTER 4 Classical Civilization: China
55(20)
Patterns in Classical China
56(4)
Political Institutions
60(2)
HISTORY DEBATE War
62(2)
Religion and Culture
63(1)
WORLD PROFILES Confucius, or Kong Fuzi (c. 551-479 B.C.E.)
64(7)
Economy and Society
68(3)
WORLD PROFILES Ban Zhao (c. 48-117 C.E.)
71(4)
How Chinese Civilization Fit Together
72(2)
Issues and Connections
74(1)
CHAPTER 5 Classical Civilization: India
75(19)
The Framework for Indian History: Geography and a Formative Period
76(2)
Patterns in Classical India
78(3)
Political Institutions
81(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Interpreting Civilization, Round Two
82(7)
Religion and Culture
83(6)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Comparing Systems of Belief
89(5)
Economy and Society
89(2)
Indian Influence
91(1)
China and India
92(1)
Issues and Connections
92(2)
CHAPTER 6 Classical Civilization in the Mediterranean: Greece and Rome
94(22)
The Persian Tradition
95(1)
Patterns of Greek and Roman History
96(3)
Greek and Roman Political Institutions
99(3)
WORLD PROFILES Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.E.)
102(8)
Religion and Culture
104(6)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES When Two Belief Systems Meet
110(2)
Economy and Society in the Mediterranean
110(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Mediterranean Civilization and "Western" Civilization
112(4)
Toward the Fall of Rome
114(1)
Issues and Connections
114(2)
CHAPTER 7 The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 C.E.
116(25)
Expansion and Integration
117(1)
Beyond the Classical Civilizations
118(3)
Decline in China and India
121(3)
Decline and Fall in Rome
124(5)
HISTORY DEBATE What Caused Decline and Fa11?
129(4)
The New Religious Map
129(4)
WORLD PROFILES Saint Paul (Paul of Tarsus)
133(6)
The World Around 500 C.L.
137(1)
Issues and Connections
137(2)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part II: The Classical Period, 1000 Q.C.E.-500 C.E.
139(2)
PART III The Postclassical Period, 500-1450 C.E. 141(124)
CHAPTER 8 The Rise of Islam: Civilization in the Middle East
149(25)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES The Impact of World Religions
150(1)
The Advent of Islam
150(1)
WORLD PROFILES Muhammad (570-632 C.E.)
151(7)
Patterns of Islamic History
152(4)
Islamic Political Institutions
156(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Political Implications of Islam
158(5)
Islam and Middle Eastern Culture
159(4)
WORLD PROFILES Omar Khayyam (c.11th-12th centuries)
163(11)
Economy and Society in the Middle East
165(4)
The Decline of Middle Eastern Civilization
169(1)
Issues and Connections
170(4)
CHAPTER 9 India and Southeast Asia Under the Impact of Islam
174(9)
The Development of Indian Culture
173(3)
HISTORY DEBATE The Caste System
176(2)
The Muslim Challenge in India
176(2)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Comparison and Contact
178(5)
Southeast Asia
179(2)
Islam in Southern Asia
181(1)
Issues and Connections
181(2)
CHAPTER 10 Africa and Islam
183(11)
Sub-Saharan Africa and the World Network
184(1)
WORLD PROFILES Sundiata
185(5)
The Great Kingdoms
186(4)
HISTORY DEBATE Handles for African History
190(4)
Features of African Civilization
191(2)
Issues and Connections
193(1)
CHAPTER 11 East European Civilization: Byzantium and Russia
194(14)
The Byzantine Phase
195(1)
WORLD PROFILES The Emperor Justinian (527-565 C.E.)
196(7)
The Early Russian Phase: Kievan Rus'
200(2)
East European Political Institutions
202(1)
HISTORY DEBATE A Russian Civilization?
203(5)
East European Religion and Culture
203(2)
East European Economy and Society
205(1)
East European Civilization in Eclipse
206(1)
Issues and Connections
207(1)
CHAPTER 12 Western Civilization: The Middle Ages
208(18)
Early Patterns in Western Civilization
209(4)
HISTORY DEBATE Western Civilization
213(6)
Medieval Political Institutions
213(2)
Medieval Religion and Culture
215(3)
Economy and Society
218(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Christianity and Syncretism
219(7)
Women and Family Life
222(1)
Tensions in the Later Middle Ages
223(1)
After the Medieval, What?
224(1)
Issues and Connections
224(2)
CHAPTER 13 The Spread of East Asian Civilization
226(18)
Political and Cultural Developments in China
227(1)
WORLD PROFILES Taizong (626-649 C.E.)
228(12)
Economy and Society in China
233(3)
Civilization in Korea, Vietnam, and Japan
236(3)
Culture, Society, and Economy in Japan
239(1)
WORLD PROFILES Mugai Nyodai
240(4)
East Asian Self-Confidence
242(1)
Issues and Connections
242(2)
CHAPTER 14 Centers of Civilization in the Americas
244(11)
The Mayas and Aztecs
246(3)
HISTORY DEBATE What Happened to the Mayas?
249(3)
American Indian Civilization: A Continuing Heritage
251(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES The Question of Legacies
252(3)
The Issue of Isolation
253(1)
Issues and Connections
253(2)
CHAPTER 15 The Mongol Interlude and the End of the Postclassical Period
255(10)
Mongol Empires
256(3)
WORLD PROFILES Chabi Khan
259(2)
China and the West as New World Powers
260(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Causes of Global Change by 1450
261(3)
The End of Transition: Postclassical to Early Modern
262(1)
Issues and Connections
263(1)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450 C.E.
264(1)
PART IV A New World Economy, 1450-1750 265(108)
CHAPTER 16 The West and the World: Discovery, Colonization, and Trade
275(26)
Patterns of Exploration and Trade
276(1)
HISTORY DEBATE The West as World Leader
277(3)
WORLD PROFILES Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512)
280(6)
Toward a World Economy
281(2)
Africa
283(3)
WORLD PROFILES Olandah Equiano
286(8)
Colonization in Latin America: The Birth of a New Civilization
287(3)
Latin American Civilization
290(4)
WORLD PROFILES Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651-1695)
294(7)
Western Civilization in North America
295(1)
North and South America: Reasons for the Differences
296(2)
The World Economy Revisited
298(1)
Issues and Connections
299(2)
CHAPTER 17 Western Civilization Changes Shape in the Early Modern Centuries
301(24)
Patterns of Early Modern Western History
302(1)
WORLD PROFILES Maria Portinari
303(15)
Political Institutions and Ideas
310(3)
The Ferment in Western Culture
313(5)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES A Revolution in Popular Culture
318(7)
Transformations in Economic and Social Life
319(4)
How Early Modern Trends in the West Interrelated
323(1)
Issues and Connections
323(2)
CHAPTER 18 The Rise of Eastern Europe
325(15)
Patterns of Early Modern Russian History
326(3)
WORLD PROFILES Catherine the Great (1762-1796)
329(2)
HISTORY DEBATE A Russian Civilization?
331(9)
Russian Political Institutions
332(1)
Russian Culture
333(3)
Economy and Society in Russia
336(2)
The World's First Effort at Westernization
338(1)
Issues and Connections
339(1)
CHAPTER 19 The Ottoman and Mughal Empires
340(17)
The Expanding Force of the Ottoman Empire
341(5)
The Ottoman Empire in Decline
346(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Guns and Their Impact
347(4)
The Mughal Empire: Invasion, Consolidation, and Decline
348(3)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Reactions to Western Values
351(6)
Western Intrusion into the Mughal Empire
353(1)
The Rise and Decline of Asian Empires
354(1)
Issues and Connections
355(2)
CHAPTER 20 East Asia: Degrees of Isolation
357(16)
China: The Resumption of the Dynasties
358(2)
Cultural and Social Trends: Some New Problems
360(3)
HISTORY DEBATE Chinese and Western Economies
363(3)
Japan and the Origins of Isolation
364(2)
WORLD PROFILES Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1548)
366(5)
Vitality and Tension in East Asia
369(1)
Issues and Connections
369(2)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part IV: A New World Economy, 1450-1750
371(2)
PART V The World's first Industrial Period, 1750-1914 373(120)
CHAPTER 21 The first Industrial Revolution: Western Society, 1780-1914
383(25)
Patterns of Industrialization
384(1)
Causes of Industrialization
385(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Consumerism and Industrialization
387(11)
Effects of Industrialization
388(2)
The Period of Revolution, 1789-1848
390(4)
The Postrevolutionary Era and Nationalism, 1848-1871
394(1)
"The Social Question," 1871-1914
395(1)
Western Political Institutions in the Industrial Revolution
396(2)
WORLD PROFILES Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
398(5)
Western Culture in the Industrial Century
399(3)
Industrial Society
402(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Women in Industrial Society
403(5)
Gain and Strain in Industrialization
405(1)
Issues and Connections
406(2)
CHAPTER 22 World Economy and Western Imperialism: Africa and South Asia
408(18)
The Reasons for Imperialism: Motives and Means
410(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Causes of the Abolition of Slavery
411(10)
Imperialism in India and Southeast Asia
413(6)
Imperialism in Africa
419(2)
WORLD PROFILES John Mensch Sorbah (1865-1910)
421(5)
Comparing Colonies
423(1)
Issues and Connections
424(2)
CHAPTER 23 The Settler Societies: The West on Frontiers
426(8)
The United States
427(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Exceptionalism
428(3)
Hawaii
429(1)
Newer European Settlements
429(2)
WORLD PROFILES Hongi Hika
431(3)
Special Features of Settler Societies
432(1)
Issues and Connections
432(2)
CHAPTER 24 The Development of Latin American Civilization
434(19)
The Wars of Independence
435(3)
WORLD PROFILES Simón Bolivar (1783-1830)
438(4)
The Period of Consolidation
439(2)
Late-Century Trends: Dictatorship, Immigration, and Western Intervention
441(1)
WORLD PROFILES Benito Juárez (1806-1872)
442(4)
Political Institutions and Values
444(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Is Latin America Western?
446(7)
Culture and the Arts
446(2)
Economy and Society
448(3)
Tension and Creativity
451(1)
Issues and Connections
452(1)
CHAPTER 25 The Middle East and China in the Imperialist Century
453(15)
The Attempt to Modernize Egypt
454(1)
Decline of the Ottoman Empire
455(2)
The Rise of Nationalism
457(2)
WORLD PROFILES Lalla Zainab
459(4)
China Faces Imperialism
460(3)
HISTORY DEBATE Chinas 19th-Century Sluggishness
463(5)
The Need for Further Change
466(1)
Issues and Connections
466(2)
CHAPTER 26 Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West
468(17)
Russian Conservatism: An Alternative to the West
469(1)
The Beginnings of Russian Industrialization
470(2)
The Foundations of Revolution in Russia
472(3)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Persistence and Change in Russia
475(5)
The Culture of Eastern Europe
475(2)
The Opening of Trade in Japan
477(1)
Japanese Industrialization in Response to the West
478(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Different Confucian Paths
480(5)
Cultural and Economic Effects of Japanese Industrialization
480(2)
The Strain of Modernization
482(1)
Issues and Connections
483(2)
CHAPTER 27 World War I and the End of an Era
485(8)
The Onset of World War I
485(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Causes of World War I
486(4)
A World History Watershed
488(1)
Issues and Connections
489(1)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part V: The World's first Industrial Period, 1750-1914
490(3)
PART VI The Contemporary World 493(186)
CHAPTER 28 The West in the 20th Century
508(26)
Patterns of Western History: 1914-1945
508(7)
Patterns of Western History: 1950 to the Present
515(4)
Western Political Institutions in the 20th Century
519(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Convergence
520(8)
Contemporary Western Culture
521(4)
Economy and Society
525(3)
WORLD PROFILES Simone de Beauvoir
528(6)
A Postindustrial Age?
531(1)
Issues and Connections
532(2)
CHAPTER 29 Eastern European Civilization
534(22)
The Russian Revolution
535(2)
HISTORY DEBATE Women and the Russian Revolution
537(9)
Patterns of Soviet History After 1923
538(4)
Soviet Political Institutions
542(3)
Soviet Culture
545(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES The Impact of Revolution
546(10)
Economy and Society
547(2)
The Explosion of the 1980's
549(1)
Dismantling the Soviet Empire
550(1)
Renewed Turmoil After 1991
551(2)
Uncertain Futures in Eastern Europe
553(1)
Issues and Connections
554(2)
CHAPTER 30 East Asia in the 20th Century
556(20)
A Clash of Cultures: Revolution and War
557(1)
WORLD PROFILES Sun Yat-sen (1867-1925)
558(8)
Return to Stability in Japan
562(1)
Upheaval and Ongoing Revolution in China
562(3)
East Asia Toward the End of the Century
565(1)
Japan, Incorporated
565(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Japan and Westernization
566(10)
The Pacific Rim
570(1)
China Under Communism
570(4)
East Asia and the World
574(1)
Issues and Connections
575(1)
CHAPTER 31 India and Southeast Asia: World War I to Independence
576(19)
The Rise of Nationalism
577(1)
The Nonviolent Strategies of Gandhi
578(1)
WORLD PROFILES Mohandas Gandhi (1889-1948)
579(9)
Nationalism in Southeast Asia
580(1)
Decolonization After the War
581(2)
Southeast Asia After Independence
583(2)
India and Pakistan
585(3)
HISTORY DEBATE Women's Conditions in India
588(7)
India and China
592(1)
Issues and Connections
593(2)
CHAPTER 32 Middle Eastern Civilization in the 20th Century
595(21)
Replacing the Ottoman Empire
596(2)
Assertions of Arab Nationalism
598(5)
The New Role of the State
603(1)
The Rise of Fundamentalism
604(4)
HISTORY DEBATE Terrorism
608(1)
Middle Eastern Culture and Society
608(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Fundamentalism
609(7)
New Tensions in the Early 2000's
612(1)
A Troubled Region
612(2)
Issues and Connections
614(2)
CHAPTER 33 Latin America in the 20th Century
616(19)
Latin America in 20th-Century World History
617(1)
The Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920's
617(3)
Effects of the Depression, 1930's-1950's
620(2)
Revolution and Response, 1950's-1990's
622(4)
Latin American Culture
626(2)
Economy and Society
628(1)
HISTORY DEBATE Latin America and the Third World
629(1)
UNDERSTANDING CULTURES Adapting Consumer Values
630(5)
Toward a Greater World Role?
632(1)
Issues and Connections
633(2)
CHAPTER 34 Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonies to New Nations
635(20)
Emerging Nationalism
636(3)
The Transformation to Independence
639(1)
The Challenges of New Nationhood
640(4)
African Political Culture
644(2)
African Culture
646(1)
HISTORY DEBATE The Question of Identity
647(8)
Economy and Society
650(3)
Defining the New Africa
653(1)
Issues and Connections
653(2)
CHAPTER 35 The Early 21st Century: World History and the Future
655(24)
After the Cold War
656(2)
The Spread of Democracy
658(2)
HISTORY DEBATE How Much Historical Change?
660(17)
A World of Regions: Disputes and Alliances
660(3)
Ethnic Conflict
663(2)
Globalization
665(1)
The New Technology
666(1)
Business Organization and Investment
666(1)
Migration
667(1)
Cultural Globalization
668(1)
Institutions of Globalization
669(2)
Protest and Economic Uncertainties
671(1)
Nationalism and Religious Currents
671(1)
Global Terrorism
672(1)
Global Warming and a Planet in Peril
673(1)
Disease
674(1)
Projecting from Trends
674(1)
Issues and Connections
675(2)
CONTACTS AND IDENTITIES Part VI: The Contemporary World
677(2)
Credits 679(2)
Index 681


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