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World History, Volume I,9780534603649

World History, Volume I

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534603649

ISBN10:
0534603645
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/20/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $142.00

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Summary

This is Volume I: To 1800 of WORLD HISTORY, Fourth Edition. Noted teachers and scholars William J. Duiker and Jackson J. Spielvogel present a balanced picture of world history, with all respect for the richness and diversity of the tapestry of the human experience. Critically and popularly acclaimed, their comprehensive text balances a global approach with attention to the unique character and development of civilization in divergent parts of the world. The text covers individual civilizations such as China, India, and Europe, with due attention paid to the rise of the West, and provides points of comparison between and among these civilizations. A wealth of primary-source documents, maps, and supplements enhance students' experience with the material. WORLD HISTORY is available in the following volume splits: WORLD HISTORY, Fourth Edition (Chapters 1-29) ISBN: 0534603637; WORLD HISTORY, Volume I: To 1800, Fourth Edition (Contains Chapters 1-17) ISBN: 0534603645; WORLD HISTORY, Volume II: Since 1400, Fourth Edition (Contains Chapters 13-29) ISBN: 0534603653; WORLD HISTORY, To 1400, Fourth Edition (Contains Chapters 1-12) ISBN: 0534603661.

Table of Contents

CHRONOLOGIES xxi
MAPS xxii
PREFACE xxiv
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xxviii
A NOTE TO STUDENTS ABOUT LANGUAGES AND THE DATING OF TIME xxx
THEMES FOR UNDERSTANDING WORLD HISTORY xxii
THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS AND THE RISE OF EMPIRES (PREHISTORY TO 500 C.E.)
Chapter 1 First Civilizations: The Peoples of Western Asia and Egypt
2(34)
The First Humans
3(4)
The Hunter-Gatherers of the Paleolithic Age
3(2)
The Neolithic Revolution, c. 10,000-4,000 B.C.E.
5(2)
The Emergence of Civilization
7(2)
Civilization in Mesopotamia
9(6)
The City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia
9(2)
Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia
11(1)
The Culture of Mesopotamia
12(3)
Egyptian Civilization: "The Gift of the Nile"
15(7)
The Importance of Geography
15(1)
The Old and Middle Kingdoms
16(2)
Society and Economy in Ancient Egypt
18(1)
The Culture of Egypt
18(2)
Chaos and a New Order: The New Kingdom
20(1)
Daily Life in Ancient Egypt: Family and Marriage
21(1)
New Centers of Civilization
22(6)
The Impact of the Indo-Europeans
23(1)
The Phoenicians
24(1)
The Hebrews: The "Children of Israel"
24(4)
The Rise of New Empires
28(5)
The Assyrian Empire
28(3)
The Persian Empire
31(2)
Conclusion
33(1)
Chapter Notes
34(1)
Suggested Reading
34(2)
Chapter 2 Ancient India
36(24)
Background to the Emergence of Civilization in India
37(1)
Harappan Civilizations: A Fascinating Enigma
38(2)
Political and Social Structures
38(1)
Harappan Culture
39(1)
A Lost Civilization?
40(1)
The Arrival of the Aryans
40(7)
The Early Aryans
40(1)
The Mauryan Empire
41(1)
Caste and Class: Social Structures in Ancient India
42(3)
The Economy
45(2)
Escaping the Wheel of Life: The Religious World of Ancient India
47(5)
Hinduism
47(2)
Buddhism: The Middle Path
49(3)
The Rule of the Fishes: India After the Mauryas
52(1)
The Exuberant World of Indian Culture
53(4)
Literature
53(1)
Architecture and Sculpture
54(2)
Science
56(1)
Conclusion
57(1)
Chapter Notes
58(1)
Suggested Reading
59(1)
Chapter 3 China in Antiquity
60(30)
The Land and People of China
61(2)
The Dawn of Chinese Civilization: The Shang Dynasty
63(2)
Political Organization
63(1)
Social Structures
64(1)
The Zhou Dynasty
65(7)
Political Structures
65(1)
Economy and Society
66(1)
The Hundred Schools of Ancient Philosophy
67(5)
The Rise of the Chinese Empire: The Qin and the Han
72(8)
The Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.E.)
73(3)
The Glorious Han Dynasty (202 B.C.E.-221 C.E.)
76(4)
Daily Life in Ancient China
80(3)
The Humble Estate: Women in Ancient China
82(1)
Chinese Culture
83(4)
Metalwork and Sculpture
83(2)
Language and Literature
85(1)
Music
86(1)
Conclusion
87(1)
Chapter Notes
88(1)
Suggested Reading
88(2)
Chapter 4 The Civilization of the Greeks
90(30)
Early Greece
91(3)
Minoan Crete
92(1)
The Mycenaeans
93(1)
The Greeks in a Dark Age (c. 1100-c. 750 B.C.E.)
94(2)
Homer
94(2)
The Greek City-States (c. 750-c. 500 B.C.E.)
96(3)
The Polis
96(1)
Colonization and The Rise of Tyrants
96(1)
Sparta
97(2)
Athens
99(1)
The High Point of Greek Civilization: Classical Greece
99(10)
The Challenge of Persia
100(1)
The Growth of an Athenian Empire in the Age of Pericles
101(1)
The Great Peloponnesian War and the Decline of the Greek States
102(1)
The Culture of Classical Greece
102(5)
Greek Religion
107(1)
Daily Life in Classical Athens
107(2)
The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander
109(3)
Alexander the Great
109(1)
The Legacy of Alexander
110(2)
The Hellenistic Kingdoms
112(2)
Economic and Social Trends
112(2)
Culture in the Hellenistic World
114(3)
New Directions in Literature and Art
115(1)
A Golden Age of Science
115(1)
Philosophy: New Schools of Thought
116(1)
Religion in the Hellenistic World
117(1)
Conclusion
117(1)
Chapter Notes
118(1)
Suggested Reading
118(2)
Chapter 5 The World of the Romans
120(30)
The Emergence of Rome
121(1)
Early Rome
122(1)
The Roman Republic
122(2)
The Roman Conquest of Italy
122(2)
The Roman State
124(1)
The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean (264-133 B.C.E.)
124(3)
The Punic Wars
125(1)
The Eastern Mediterranean
126(1)
The Nature of Rornav Imperialism
127(1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic (133-31 B.C.E.)
127(3)
Growing Inequality and Unrest
127(1)
A New Role for the Roman Army
128(1)
The Collapse of the Republic
128(2)
The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.E.-14 CE.)
130(1)
Augustarv Society
131(1)
The Early Empire (14-180)
131(3)
The Five Good Emperors (96-180)
132(1)
The Roman Empire at Its Height: Frontiers and the Provinces
132(1)
Prosperity in the Early Empire
133(1)
Culture and Society in the Roman World
134(8)
Roman Literature
134(2)
Roman Art
136(1)
Roman Law
137(1)
The Roman Family
137(1)
Slaves and Their Masters
138(1)
Imperial Rome
139(2)
The Gladiatorial Shows
141(1)
Transformation of the Roman World: The Development of Christianity
142(3)
The Religious World of the Romans
142(1)
The Jewish background
142(1)
The Rise of Christianity
142(2)
The Triumph of Christianity
144(1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
145(1)
The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine
145(1)
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire
146(1)
Comparison of the Roman and Han Empires
146(2)
Conclusion
148(1)
Chapter Notes
148(1)
Suggested Reading
149(1)
Reflection: The First Civilizations and the Rise of Empires
150(4)
Part II NEW PATTERNS OF CIVILIZATION 154(196)
Chapter 6 The New World
156(26)
The First Americans
157(1)
Early Civilizations in Central America
158(13)
Teotihuacán: America's First Metropolis
158(1)
The Mysterious Maya
159(5)
The Aztecs
164(7)
The First Civilizations in South America
171(8)
Moche
171(2)
The Inca
173(3)
Stateless Societies in the New World
176(3)
Conclusion
179(1)
Chapter Note
180(1)
Suggested Reading
180(2)
Chapter 7 Islam and Byzantium
182(28)
The Rise of Islam
183(4)
The Role of Muhammad
184(1)
The Teachings of Muhammad
184(3)
The Arab Empire and Its Successors
187(7)
Creation of an Empire
187(1)
Succession Problems and the Rise of the Ummayads
188(1)
The Abbasids
189(2)
The Seljuk Turks
191(1)
The Crusades
192(1)
The Mongols
193(1)
Islamic Civilization
194(7)
The Wealth of Araby: Trade and Cities in the Middle Fast
194(1)
Islamic Society
195(1)
The Culture of Islam
195(6)
The Byzantine Empire
201(7)
The Reign of Justinian (527-565)
201(3)
From Eastern Roman to Byzantine Empire
204(1)
The Zenith of Byzantine Civilization
205(2)
New Challenges to the Byzantine Empire
207(1)
Impact of the Crusades
207(1)
Conclusion
208(1)
Chapter Notes
208(1)
Suggested Reading
209(1)
Chapter 8 Early Civilizations in Africa
210(26)
The Land
211(1)
The Emergence of Civilization
211(7)
Kush
212(1)
Axum, Son of Saba
213(2)
The Sahara and Its Environs
215(1)
East Africa
216(1)
Southern Africa
217(1)
The Coming of Islam
218(7)
African Religious Beliefs Before Islam
218(1)
The Arabs in North Africa
218(1)
The Kingdom of Ethiopia: A Christian Island in a Muslim Sea
219(2)
East Africa: The Land of Zanj
221(1)
The States of West Africa
222(3)
States and Stateless Societies in Southern Africa
225(2)
Zimbabwe
226(1)
African Society
227(2)
Urban Life
227(1)
Village Life
227(1)
The Role of Women
227(1)
Slavery
228(1)
African Culture
229(3)
Painting and Sculpture
229(1)
Music
230(1)
Architecture
230(1)
Literature
231(1)
Conclusion
232(1)
Chapter Notes
233(1)
Suggested Reading
233(3)
Chapter 9 The Expansion of Civilization in Southern Asia
236(26)
India from the Mauryas to the Mughals
237(15)
The Kushan Kingdom: Linchpin of the Silk Road
237(1)
The Gupta Dynasty
238(1)
Buddhism at Bay
239(3)
Islam on the March
242(6)
Economy and Daily Life
248(2)
The Wonder of Indian Culture
250(2)
The Golden Region: Early Southeast Asia
252(7)
Paddy Fields and Spices: The States of Southeast Asia
253(3)
Daily Life
256(1)
World of the Spirits: Religious Belief
257(2)
Conclusion
259(1)
Chapter Notes
260(1)
Suggested Reading
261(1)
Chapter 10 From the Tang to the Mongols: The Flowering of Traditional China
262(28)
China After the Han
263(2)
China Reunified: The Sui, the Tang, and the Song
265(10)
Political Structures: The Triumph of Confucianism
268(1)
Economy and Society
269(6)
Explosion in Central Asia: The Mongol Empire
275(3)
Mongol Rule in China
276(2)
In Search of the Way
278(4)
The Rise and Decline of Buddhism and Daoism
278(3)
Neo-Confucianism: The Investigation of Things
281(1)
The Apogee of Chinese Culture
282(5)
Literature
282(3)
Art
285(2)
Conclusion
287(1)
Chapter Notes
288(1)
Suggested Reading
288(2)
Chapter 11 The East Asian Rimlands: Early Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
290(24)
Japan: Land of the Rising Sun
291(15)
A Gift from the Gods: Prehistoric Japan
292(1)
The Rise of the Japanese State
293(4)
Economic and Social Structures
297(4)
In Search of the Pure Land: Religion in Early Japan
301(1)
Sources of Traditional Japanese Culture
301(4)
Japan and the Chinese Model
305(1)
Korea: Bridge to the East
306(2)
The Three Kingdoms
306(1)
Unification
307(1)
Under the Mongols
308(1)
Vietnam: The Smaller Dragon
308(4)
The Rise of Great Viet
309(2)
Society and Family Life
311(1)
Conclusion
312(1)
Chapter Notes
312(1)
Suggested Reading
313(1)
Chapter 12 The Making of Europe in the Middle Ages
314(32)
Transformation of the Roman World
315(5)
The New Germanic Kingdoms
315(1)
The Role of the Christian Church
316(2)
Charlemagne and the Carolingians
318(2)
The World of Lords and Vassals
320(3)
Invasions of the Ninth and Tenth Centuries
320(1)
The Development of Fief -Holding
320(2)
The Practice of Fief -Holding
322(1)
The Nobility of the Middle Ages
322(1)
Evolution of the European Kingdoms
323(4)
England in the High Middle Ages
323(1)
Growth of the French Kingdom
324(1)
The Lands of the Holy Roman Empire
325(1)
The Slavic Peoples of Central and Eastern Europe
325(2)
The World of Peasants and Townspeople
327(4)
The New Agriculture
328(1)
The Manorial System
328(1)
Daily Life of the Peasantry
329(1)
The Revival of Trade
329(1)
The Growth of Cities
330(1)
Christianity and Medieval Civilization
331(3)
The Papal Monarchy
332(1)
New Religious Orders and New Spiritual Ideals
332(2)
The Culture of the High Middle Ages
334(2)
The Rise of Universities
334(1)
The Development of Scholasticism
334(1)
Romanesque Architecture
335(1)
The Gothic Cathedral
336(1)
The Expansion of Medieval Europe: The Crusades
336(2)
The First Crusades
336(2)
The Later Crusades
338(1)
The Late Middle Ages: A Time of Troubles in Europe
338(5)
The Black Death
338(2)
Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval
340(1)
Political Instability
340(2)
The Decline of the Church
342(1)
Conclusion
343(1)
Chapter Notes
344(1)
Suggested Reading
345(1)
Reflection: New Patterns of Civilization
346(4)
Part III THE EMERGENCE OF NEW WORLD PATTERNS (1400-1800) 350(159)
Chapter 13 Renewal, Reform, and State Building in Europe
352(33)
The Renaissance
353(8)
Renaissance Society
353(1)
The Intellectual Renaissance
354(2)
The Artistic Renaissance
356(2)
The State in the Renaissance
358(3)
The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century
361(4)
Prelude to Reformation
361(1)
Church and Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
362(1)
Martin Luther and the Reformation in Germany
362(2)
Politics and Religion in the German Reformation
364(1)
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation
364(1)
The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation
365(1)
The Catholic Reformation
365(3)
Europe in Crisis: War, Revolution, and Social Disintegration, 1560-1650
368(3)
Politics and the Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century
368(1)
Economic and Social Crises: Witchcraft Mania
369(2)
Seventeenth-Century Crises: Revolution and War
371(1)
Response to Crisis: The Practice of Absolutism
371(4)
France Under Louis XIV
371(2)
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
373(2)
England and the Emergence of Constitutional Monarchy
375(2)
Revolution and Civil War
375(1)
Restoration and a Glorious Revolution
375(2)
European Culture
377(6)
Art: The Barowe
377(1)
A Golden Age of Literature in England
377(1)
The Scientific Revolution
378(5)
Conclusion
383(1)
Chapter Notes
383(1)
Suggested Reading
384(1)
Chapter 14 New Encounters: The Creation of a World Market
385(29)
An Age of Exploration And Expansion
387(13)
Islam and the Spice Trade
387(1)
A New Player: Europe
387(4)
The Portuguese Maritime Empire
391(2)
Voyages to the New World"
393(1)
Administration of the Spanish Empire in the New World
394(2)
The Impact of European Expansion
396(1)
New Rivals
397(3)
Africa in Transition
400(6)
The Slave Trade
401(4)
Political and Social Structures in a Changing Continent
405(1)
Southeast Asia in the Era of the Spice Trade
406(5)
The Arrival of the West
406(1)
State and Society in Precolonial Southeast Asia
407(4)
Conclusion
411(1)
Chapter Notes
412(1)
Suggested Reading
413(1)
Chapter 15 The Muslim Empires
414(28)
The Ottoman Empire
415(9)
Expansion of the Empire
416(4)
The Nature of Turkish Rule
420(1)
Religion and Society in the Ottoman World
421(1)
The Ottomans in Decline
422(1)
Ottoman Art
422(2)
The Safavids
424(4)
Safavid Politics and Society
426(1)
Safavid Art and Literature
427(1)
The Grandeur of the Mughals
428(11)
The Mughal Dynasty: A "Gunpowder Empire"?
428(1)
Akbar and Indo-Muslim Civilization
429(2)
Twilight of the Mughals
431(1)
The Impact of Western Power in India
432(3)
Society and Culture Under the Mughals
435(4)
Conclusion
439(1)
Chapter Notes
440(1)
Suggested Reading
441(1)
Chapter 16 The East Asian World
442(28)
China at Its Apex
443(13)
From the Ming to the Qing
443(3)
The Greatness of the Qing
446(5)
Changing China
451(1)
Daily Life in Qing China
452(1)
Cultural Developments
453(3)
Tokugawa Japan
456(10)
The Three Great Unifiers
456(1)
Opening to the West
457(3)
The Tokugawa "Great Peace"
460(3)
Life in the Village
463(1)
Tokugawa Culture
464(2)
Korea: The Hermit Kingdom
466(1)
Conclusion
467(1)
Chapter Notes
468(1)
Suggested Reading
468(2)
Chapter 17 The West on the Eve of a New World Order
470(34)
The Enlightenment
471(7)
The Path to Enlightenment
471(1)
The Philosophes and Their Ideas
472(4)
Culture in an Enlightened Age
476(2)
Economic Changes and the Social Order
478(3)
New Economic Patterns
480(1)
European Society in the Eighteenth Century
481(1)
Changing Patterns of War: Global Confrontation
481(1)
The Seven Years' War: A Global War
481(1)
Colonial Empires and Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
482(4)
The Society of Latin America
483(2)
British North America
485(1)
Toward a New Political Order: Enlightened Absolutism
486(2)
Prussia: The Army and the Bureaucracy
487(1)
The Austrian Empire of the Habsburgs
487(1)
Russia Under Catherine the Great
488(1)
The French Revolution
488(9)
Background to the French Revolution
488(2)
From Estates-General to National Assembly
490(1)
Destruction of the Old Regime
491(3)
Radical Revolution
494(2)
Reaction and the Directory
496(1)
The Age of Napoleon
497(4)
Domestic Policies
497(2)
Napoleon s Empire and the European Response
499(2)
Conclusion
501(1)
Chapter Notes
502(1)
Suggested Reading
502(2)
Reflection: The Emergence of New World Patterns (1400-1800)
504(5)
Glossary 509(11)
Pronunciation Guide 520(5)
Map Credits 525(1)
Index 526


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