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World History: World History to 1500, Vol. 1,9780130643124
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World History: World History to 1500, Vol. 1

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780130643124

ISBN10:
0130643122
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference

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Table of Contents

Preface xiv
Why History? xiv
Why World History? xv
The Origins and Development of This Text xv
Organization and Approach xvi
Important Special Features xvi
Introduction xvii
The World Through Historians' Eyes
Historiography xvii
History and Identity xviii
Control of Historical Records xix
Historical Revision xx
World History vs. Western History xxi
Tools xxi
Chronology and Theme xxiii
Comparative History and Hypothesis Testing xxiii
Feature: Continuity vs. Change in History: Revisionist History---Feminist History xxiv
Framing Questions for Multiple Perspectives xxv
Finding One's Place in History xxv
PART 1 Human Origins and Human Cultures 5 million B.C.E.--10,000 B.C.E.
Building an Interpretive Framework: What do We Know and How to We Know It?
The Dry Bones Speak 5 million B.C.E.--10,000 B.C.E.
2(32)
What is Paleoanthropology and Why is it Important?
Human Origins in Myth and History
2(1)
Early Myths
3(2)
Akkad
3(1)
India
4(1)
West Asia
4(1)
The Function of Creation Myths
5(1)
Evolutionary Explanations of Human Origins
5(2)
Piecing Together the Evolutionary Record: How Do We Know?
7(8)
Neanderthals
7(1)
Spotlight: Picturing Neanderthals
8(2)
Homo erectus
10(1)
Australopithecus africanus
10(1)
Homo habilis
11(1)
Australopithecus afarensis
11(2)
Australopithecus ramidus
13(1)
Homo sapiens
13(1)
African Origin
14(1)
Reading the Genetic Record
15(1)
Cultural Change and Biological Change
16(1)
Key Questions Remaining
16(2)
The Theory of Scientific Revolutions
18(3)
Feature: Gender Issues and Cultural Evolution
20(1)
Humans Create Culture
21(1)
How Did We Survive? How Do We Know?
21(1)
Dating Archaeological Finds
21(1)
Global Migration
22(2)
Increased Populations and New Settlements
24(1)
Changes in the Toolkit
25(2)
Stone Tools
25(2)
Feature: Women's Tools, Women's Work
27(1)
Cave Art and Portable Art
27(3)
Language and Communication
30(1)
Agriculture: From Hunter-gatherer to Farmer
30(4)
PART 2 Settling Down 10,000 B.C.E.--1000 C.E.
The First Cities and Why They Matter: Digs, Texts, and Interpretations
From Village Community to City State 10,000 B.C.E.-750 B.C.E.
34(23)
What are Cities and Why are They Important?
Food First: The Agricultural Village
34(3)
Basic Crops and Livestock
36(1)
Neolithic Tools, Products, and Trade
37(1)
The First Cities
37(1)
The Meaning of Cities
37(4)
Spotlight: Ban Po, China---Interpreting an Early Neolithic Village
38(3)
Sumer
41(12)
Sumer: What Do We Know?
41(1)
The Birth of the City
41(1)
Size
41(1)
Control of the Countryside
42(1)
Civic Loyalty
42(1)
Leadership and the State
42(1)
Religion: The Priesthood and the Cosmo-magical City
43(1)
Feature: The City as Ceremonial Center
44(1)
Occupational Specialization and Class Structure
45(1)
Arts and Invention
45(1)
Trade and Markets; Wheeled Cart and Sailboat
46(1)
Monumental Architecture and Adornment
46(1)
Writing and Literature
47(1)
Sumer: How Do We Know?
48(2)
Extract: The Epic of Gilgamesh
50(2)
Extract: The Code of Hammurabi
52(1)
Early Urbanization: Some Modern Critiques
53(2)
Mythistory
55(2)
River Valley Civilizations 7000 B.C.E.--750 B.C.E.
57(23)
The Rise of Cities and States Along the Nile and Indus
Egypt: The Gift of the Nile
57(13)
Earliest Egypt: How Do We Know?
58(2)
Spotlight: Writing: Inventing It, Deciphering It
60(3)
Earliest Egypt: What Do We Know?
63(1)
The Cities
64(2)
The State and its Architecture
66(1)
Feature: The Legend of Isis, Osiris, and Horus
67(2)
From State to Empire
69(1)
Extract: The Story of Si-nuhe and the Glorification of Court an Capital
70(1)
The Indus Valley Civilization and its Mysteries
70(10)
Extract: The Egyptian Book of the Dead and the ``Negative Confession''
71(1)
The Indus Valley: How Do We Know?
72(3)
The Indus Valley: What Do We Know?
75(2)
Legacies of the Indus
77(3)
A Polycentric World 1700 B.C.E.--1000 C.E.
80(32)
Cities and States in East Asia, West Africa, and the Americas
China: The xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties
80(9)
Earliest Times: How Do We Know?
82(1)
Texts
82(1)
Oracle Bones
82(1)
Archaeology
83(1)
Earliest Times: What Do We Know?
83(1)
The Earliest Villages
83(1)
Historical Evidence of the Xia Dynasty
84(1)
Similarities among the Three Dynasties
84(1)
City and State under the Shang
85(1)
Feature: The Cosmo-magical City
86(2)
Anyang, the Last Shang Capital
88(1)
West Africa: The Niger River Valley
89(6)
West Africa before Urbanization
89(1)
Spotlight: Shang Dynasty Tombs
90(2)
Jenne-jeno: How Do We Know?
92(1)
State Formation
93(1)
Later Cities, States, and Empires
93(2)
The Western Hemisphere: Mesoamerica and South America
95(17)
Origins: Migration and Agriculture
95(1)
Mesoamerican Urbanization
95(2)
Olmec Civilization along the Gulf Coast
97(1)
Zapotec Civilization in the Oaxaca Valley
97(1)
Teotihuacan in the Valley of Mexico
97(3)
Toltec Civilization in the Valley of Mexico
100(1)
Aztec Civilization in the Valley of Mexico
100(1)
Maya Civilization: How Do We Know?
100(2)
Extract: The Popul Vuh
102(1)
Feature: Agricultural Towns of North America
103(1)
Maya Civilization: What Do We Know?
104(1)
Urbanization in South America
105(1)
Coastal Settlements and Networks
106(1)
The Moche
106(1)
The Chimu
107(1)
Urbanization in the Andes Mountains
108(1)
The Chavin
108(1)
Tiwanaku, Huari, and Nazca
108(1)
The Inca
108(4)
PART 3 Empire and Imperialism 2300 B.C.E.--1100 C.E.
What are Empires and why are They Important?
Dawn of the Empires 2300 B.C.E.--300 B.C.E.
112(36)
Empire-Building in West Africa, West Asia, and the Mediterranean
The Meaning of Empire
112(3)
The Earliest Empires
115(7)
Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent
115(2)
Egypt and International Conquest
117(4)
The Assyrians
121(1)
Egypt Under Occupation
122(1)
Persia
122(6)
Imperial Policies
123(1)
Cyrus II
123(1)
Cambyses II
123(2)
Darius I
125(1)
Spotlight: The Ancient City of Persepolis
126(2)
Greek City-states: Reality and Image
128(11)
Feature: Minoans and Mycenaeans: The Earliest City-states of the Aegean
128(2)
Extract: Homer and the Value System of Early Greece
130(3)
Extract: Herodotus Describes Darius Preparations for War against Greece
133(2)
Athens: From City-state to Mini-empire
135(1)
The Historical Background to Athenian democracy
136(1)
The Greek City-state in Art, Literature, and Philosophy
137(1)
Extract: Two Views of Athenian Democracy
138(1)
The Limits of City-state Democracy: How Do We Know? What Do We Know?
139(3)
Athens Becomes an Imperial Power
141(1)
The Empire of Alexander the Great
142(6)
The Legacy of Alexander: The Hellenistic Ecumene
144(4)
Rome and the Barbarians 750 B.C.E.--480 C.E.
148(37)
From Conquest, Colonization, and Alliance to Revolt, Bankruptcy, and Dismemberment
The Extent and Legacy of the Roman Empire
148(4)
Extent
148(3)
Legacies of Rome
151(1)
The Geographical Spread of Republic and Empire
152(6)
The Conquest of Italy
153(1)
The Conquest of Carthage and the Western Mediterranean
153(1)
Expansion into Southwestern Europe
154(1)
The Conquest of the Greeks: The Eastern Mediterranean
154(1)
The Conquest of Northwestern Europe and Britain
155(1)
Feature: ``New Wisdom''---Rome's Policy of Brute Force
155(1)
Completing the Conquests: The Empire at its Zenith
156(1)
Political Adjustments: From Republic to Empire
156(1)
Imperial Rome: How Do We Know?
157(1)
The Institutions of Empire
158(14)
Military Power
158(2)
Spotlight: Pompeii---A Roman Town
160(3)
The Political Institutions
163(1)
Feature: Revolt and Suppression
164(1)
Extract: Rome's Code of Laws: Two Constracting Perspectives
165(1)
Cultural Politics and Empire
165(1)
Belief Systems and Religion
166(1)
Stoicism
166(2)
Christianity
168(1)
Urban Life
168(1)
Economic Policies
168(4)
The Effects of the Empire on Rome
172(4)
Patriarchs, Patrons, and Clients
172(1)
Class and Class Conflict
172(1)
Urban Splendor and Squalor
172(1)
Feature: Gender Relationships
173(1)
Attempts at Reform
174(2)
Rome's Ideology of Empire
176(1)
The Barbarians and the Fall of the Roman Empire
176(9)
Celts
176(2)
Goths(Germans)
178(1)
Huns
178(1)
The Barbarians: How Do We Know?
178(1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
179(2)
Dismemberment of the Empire
181(1)
Causes of the Decline and Fall
181(2)
The Persistence of Empire in the East
183(2)
China 220 B.C.E.--910 C.E.
185(35)
Fracture and Unification: The Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang Dynasties
The Chinese Empire: How Do We Know?
186(2)
The Qin Dynasty: What Do We Know?
188(4)
Military Power and Mobilization
189(2)
Economic Power
191(1)
Administrative Power
191(1)
The Fall of the Qin Dynasty
191(1)
Ideologies of Empire
192(4)
Legalism
193(1)
Daoism
193(1)
Confucianism
194(1)
Extract: Selections from The Analects of Confucius
195(1)
Qin Shi Huangdi, the Legalists, and the Confucianists
195(1)
The Han Dynasty
196(8)
Military Power
198(1)
Economic Power
199(1)
Spotlight: A Han Dynasty Code of Conduct
200(2)
Administrative Power
202(2)
The ``Three Kingdoms and Six Dynasties'' Period
204(1)
Reunification under the Sui and Tang Dynasties
205(6)
Greater China
211(5)
Processes of Assimilation
211(1)
The North and the Northwest
212(1)
The South and the Southwest
212(1)
Vietnam
213(1)
Korea
213(1)
Japan
214(2)
China and Rome: Differences and Similarities
216(4)
Differences
216(1)
Geopolitical
216(1)
Ideological
216(1)
Longevity and Persistence
216(1)
Policy and Powers of Assimilation
216(1)
Language Policy
217(1)
Ideology and Cultural Cohesion
217(1)
Influence on Neighbors
217(1)
Similarities
217(1)
Relations with Barbarians
217(1)
Religious Policies
217(1)
The Role of the Emperor
217(1)
Gender Relationships
217(1)
The Significance of Imperial Armies
218(1)
The Deployment of Armies of Colonization
218(1)
Overextension
218(1)
Public Works Projects
218(1)
The Concentration of Wealth
218(1)
Policies For and Against Individual Mobility
218(1)
Revolts
218(1)
Peasant Flight
218(2)
Indian Empires 1500 B.C.E.--1100C.E.
220(25)
Cultural Cohesion in a Divided Subcontinent
Settlement in South Asia
221(3)
Familial, Social, Economic, and Religious Institutions
224(1)
The Indian Empires: How Do We Know?
224(3)
Archaeology and Philology
224(1)
Written Texts
224(2)
The Mahabharata and the Ramayana
226(1)
Statecraft under the Mauryas and Guptas: What Do We Know?
227(8)
The Mauryan Empire
227(2)
Extract: The Ashoka Pillar and Rock Inscriptions
229(1)
Spotlight: Gandharan Art
230(2)
The Gupta Empire
232(3)
Huna Invasions and the End of the North Indian Empire
235(1)
Legacies of the Hunas
235(1)
Regional Diversity and Power
235(2)
Sea Trade and Cultural Influence: From Rome to Southeast Asia
237(2)
Extract: Tamil Culture in Southeast India
237(1)
Southeast Asia: ``Greater India''
238(1)
India, China, and Rome: Empires and Intermediate Institutions
239(6)
PART 4 The Rise of World Religions 600 B.C.E.--1500 C.E.
Not by Bread Alone: How do Historians Understand Religion in World History?
Hinduism and Buddhism 300 B.C.E.--1200 C.E.
245(36)
The Sacred Subcontinent: The Spread of Religion in India and Beyond
The Historian and Religious Belief: How Do We Know?
245(3)
Hinduism
248(13)
The Origins of Hinduism: How Do We Know?
248(1)
Sacred Geography and Pilgrimage
249(1)
The Central Beliefs of Hinduism
250(1)
The Rigveda
250(2)
The Brahmanas and Upnishads
252(1)
Extract: The Bhagvadgita from the Mahabharata
253(2)
The Puranas
255(1)
Feature: Bhakti: The Path of Mystical Devotion
256(1)
Temples and Shrines
257(1)
Religion and Rule
258(1)
Hinduism in Southeast Asia
259(1)
Hinduism in Southeast Asia: How Do We Know?
260(1)
Hinduism and Buddhism in Southeast Asia
261(1)
Buddhism
261(17)
Siddhartha Gautama: The Buddha
261(1)
Mythistory: How Do We Know?
261(1)
Extract: The Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path
262(1)
The Sangha and the Doctrine
262(2)
Extract: The Address to Sigala: Buddhism in Everyday Life
264(1)
Mahayana Buddhism
265(1)
The Decline of Buddhism in India
265(2)
Feature: Jainism
267(1)
Buddhism in China and Japan
268(1)
Early Buddhism Outside India: How Do We Know?
268(1)
Arrival in China: The Silk Route
268(1)
Buddhism under the Tang Dynasty
269(2)
Extract: The Transience of Life: A Woman's Perspective from the Tang Dynasty
271(2)
Buddhism in Japan
273(1)
Buddhism's Arrival in Japan: How Do We Know?
274(1)
Buddhism's Arrival in Japan: How Do We Know?
274(2)
Spotlight: Images of the Buddha
276(2)
Hinduism and Buddhism: A Comparision
278(3)
Judaism and Christianity 600 B.C.E.--1100 C.E.
281(38)
Peoples of the Bible: God's Evolution in West Asia and Europe
Judaism
281(16)
Early Judaism: How Do We Know?
284(3)
Essential Beliefs of Judaism in Early Scriptures
287(1)
Extract: The Ten Commandments
287(1)
The Jewish Calender
288(1)
The Evolution of God
288(1)
The Later Books of Jewish Scripture
289(1)
Feature: Beliefs of Other Contemporary Peoples
289(1)
The Teachings of the Prophets: Morality and Hope
290(2)
Gender Relations
292(1)
Defeat, Exile, and Redefinition
293(2)
Minority--Majority Relations in the Diaspora
295(1)
Christianity Emerges from Judaism
296(1)
Christianity
297(22)
Mythistory: How Do We Know?
297(1)
Jesus' Life, Teachings, and Disciples
297(1)
Extract: The Sermon on the Mount: The Beautitudes
298(1)
New Rituals
299(2)
Jesus and the Jewish Establishment Miracle and Mystery: Passion and Resurrection
301(1)
Christianity Organizes
301(1)
The Early Disciples
301(1)
Paul Organizes the Early Church
301(1)
Adaptations of Other Philosophies and Rituals
302(1)
The Christian Calender
303(1)
Gender Relations
303(1)
Slavery
304(1)
Struggle for Survival in Rome
304(1)
Christianity Triumphant
304(1)
The Conversion of Constantine
304(1)
How Had Christianity Succeeded?
305(1)
Doctrine: Definition and Dispute
306(1)
Original Sin, Sexuality, and Salvation
307(1)
Church Dogma: Discipline and Battles
307(1)
Official Christianity in the Wake of Empire
307(1)
Monasteries and Missionaries
308(1)
The Church East and West
308(2)
Spotlight: Icons and Iconoclasm
310(3)
Christianity in Europe
313(1)
Charlemagne
314(1)
Extract: Charlemagne and Harun-al-Rashid
315(4)
Islam 570 C.E.--1500 C.E.
319(37)
Submission to Allah: Muslim Civilization Bridges the World
Perspectives on Islam: How Do We Know?
320(1)
The Prophet: His Life and Teaching
321(4)
The Five Pillars of Islam
322(1)
Women: Debates over the Effects of Islam
322(2)
Muhammad in War and Peace
324(1)
Succession Struggles and The Early Caliphs
325(1)
The First Civil War and the Umayyad Dynasty
326(2)
The Second Civil War and Divisions in Islam
326(1)
The Heights and Depths of the Umayyad Dynasty
327(1)
The Third Civil War and the Abbasid Caliphate
328(1)
The Abbasid Caliphate
328(2)
Stress in the Caliphate
329(1)
The Emergence of Quasi-independent States
329(1)
Islam Expands
330(5)
Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and the Sultanate of Delhi
330(1)
Southeast Asia
331(1)
Almoravids and Almohads in Morocco and Spain
331(1)
Sub-Saharan Africa
331(2)
Seljuk Turks and their Sultanate
333(1)
Mongols, Turks, and the Destruction of the Caliphate
334(1)
Spiritual, Religious, and Cultural Flowering
335(12)
Law
335(1)
The Ulama: The Scholars and Jurists of Islam
336(1)
Sufis, The Mystics of Islam
336(3)
Feature: The Synthesis of Al-Ghazzali
339(1)
Intellectual Syntheses
339(1)
The Global Transmission of Technology
340(2)
Spotlight: The Dome of the Rock
342(2)
City Design and Architecture
344(1)
Feature: Mausolea in Islam
345(2)
Extract: Ibn Battuta's Observations on Gender Relations
347(1)
Relations with Non-Muslims
347(9)
Islam and the Sword
347(1)
Feature: Dhimmi Status
348(1)
The Crusades
348(1)
Spain
349(2)
Conversion and Assimilation: How Do We Know?
351(5)
PART 5 World Trade 1100--1776 C.E.
Channels of Communication: The Exchange of Commodities, Diseases, and Culture
Establishing World Trade Routes 1100--1500 C.E.
356
The Patterns and Philosophies of Early Economic Systems
Trade and Traders: Goals and Functions
356(4)
World Trade: What Difference Does It Make?
357(2)
Extract: Rights of Poor: Subsistence as a Moral Claim
359(1)
Trade Networks: 1250--1500
359(1)
World Trade Patterns, 1100--1500: What Do We Know?
360(15)
The Americas
360(3)
Sub-Saharan Africa
363(1)
West Africa
363(2)
East Africa
365(1)
Spotlight: The Ships of Trade
366(2)
Indian Ocean Trade
368(1)
Jewish Traders
368(1)
Jewish Traders: How Do We Know?
369(1)
Muslim Traders
369(1)
The Military and Trade Empire of the Mongols
369(1)
Genghis Khan
370(3)
World Travelers: Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta
373(1)
Extract: The Fabulous Travels of Marco Polo
374(1)
Bubonic Plague and the Trade Routes
375(1)
China and the South China
375
From Mongol to Ming: Dynastic Transition
377(1)
International Trade and Government Intervention
377(1)
Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, 700--1500
378(1)
The Early Middle Ages
378(2)
Extract: ``Capitulare de Villis''--- Feudalism and the Rules of Manor Life
380(1)
The High Middle Ages
381(1)
The Rise of an Urban Middle Class
382(1)
Extract: The Originals of a Businessman: St. Godric of Finchale
The Church Rievises its Economic Politics
383(1)
Feature: St. Thomas Rationalizes the Practices of Business
384(2)
Guilds and City-states Confront Rural Aristocrats
386(1)
Economic and Social Conflict Within the City
387(1)
Renaissance: Intellectual and Cultural Transformation
387(1)
Extract: The Realpolitik of Niccolo Machiavelli
388(2)
Ironies of the Fourteenth Century: Plague and War
390(1)
The Rise of the Ottomans in Eastern Europe
390(1)
Exploration and Discovery
390
Glossary G--1(394)(1)
Index I-1(398)


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