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World Regional Geography : A Development Approach,9780131015326
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World Regional Geography : A Development Approach

by ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780131015326

ISBN10:
013101532X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Organized around the theme of human development, this book is written by experts on each region of the world to create a comprehensive volume on world regional geography that presents a vital overview of the topic, providing a deep understanding of the character of the world's people. A rich art package assists the reader in gaining a personal feeling for the inner essence of each world region. This book covers the geographic, social, and economic issues for each world region, including the United States and Canada; Europe; Russia and the Eurasian States; Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands; Asia; the Middle East and North Africa; Africa south of the Sahara; and Latin America. This book can serve as an excellent tool for any reader who is interested in the world's regions and its people; it is an excellent reference work for geographers, cultural anthropologists, and others working in those fields.

Table of Contents

Basic Concepts And Ideas
Geography: Many Worlds to Explore
The Evolution of Geography
The Subdivisions of Geography
Geography and Other Disciplines
Careers in Geography
Geography and Development
Two Worlds
Summary: Patterns and Interactions
People and Resources
People
The Resource Concept
Summary: Population Prospects
Physical and Cultural Components of the Human Environment
Elements of the Physical Environment
Humanity and Culture
Social and Political Organization
Economic Activity
Economic Organization and Modernization
Summary: A Complex but Critical Relationship
More Developed and Less Developed Countries: An Overview
The Widening Gap
Measurements of Wealth
Characteristics of More Developed and Less Developed Regions
Theories of Development
Rostow's Stages
Summary: An Unequal World
United States And Canada
The United States and Canada: The Bases for Development
Physical Geography
Resources for Industrial Growth and Development
Early Settlement: European Culture Cores
Westward Expansion and Receding Settlement Frontiers
Demographic Characteristics
Summary: Resources for Anglo-American Development
The United States and Canada: Economic Growth and Transformation
Agriculture
Manufacturing in the United States and Canada
Industrialization and Urbanization
Summary: Continued Growth and Transformation
The United States and Canada: Problems in a Developed Realm
Income Disparity and Regional Problems
African Americans
Hispanic Americans
Other Minorities
Canadian Identity and Unity
Melting Pot, Stew Pot, or What? Summary: Canada and the United States in Retrospect
EUROPE
The European Habitat
Landforms
Climate Regions
Hydrogeography
Mineral Resources
Environmental Modifications
Environmental Crises
Summary
Europe: Culture, Society, Economy
Religious Regions
Language Patters
Population
Level of Living
Immigration
Europe's Cities
Primary and Secondary Industries
Industrial Rejuvenation
Service Industries
Agriculture
Summary
Europe: Political Geography
Separatism
Germany
France
Switzerland and Belgium
Yugoslavia: A Balkan Tragedy
The United Kingdom
Italy
Spain
The European Union
Summary
Russia And The Eurasian States Of The Former Soviet Union
Russia and the Eurasian States of the Former Soviet Union: Land and People
Natural Regions
Landform Regions
Population
Summary: A Vast Expanse
Russia and the Eurasian States of the Former Soviet Union: Economic Activity
The Soviet Approach
Planned Development
Soviet Economic Reforms
The Challenge of Development for the New Eurasian States
Economic Development Potential
Industrial Resources
Industrial Regions
Agriculture
Summary: An Unknown Future
Australia, New Zealand, And The Pacific Islands
Australian, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands: Isolation and Space
Australia
New Zealand
The Pacific Islands
Summary
Asia, East By South
Asia, East by South: A Physical and Human Overview
The Monsoon Climate: Wet and Dry Seasons
Population and Favored Environments
Unity and Diversity: Past and Present
Colonial and Modern Economics
Development Indicators
Summary: A Glimpse of the Developing World
Japan: An Economic Giant
Resources: Compensating for Scarcity
Human Resources: The Hybrid Culture
Japan's Modern Era (1868 to the Present)
Japan's First Transformation: Rise to Power
Japan's Second Transformation: Rising from the Ashes of War
The Consequences of Japan, Inc Japan's Third Transformation: Charting a New Course? Summary
China and Its Pacific Rim Neighbors
Environmental Diversity
Spatial Evolution of Chinese Culture
East Meets West
Transformation Under Communism
Transformation of Agricultural Production
Industry and Regional Economic Growth
Urbanization and Migration
Population Contours
Environmental Sustainability
Challenges to China's Future
China's Pacific Rim Neighbors
Summary: Forging a New Development Era
Southeast Asia: Unity in Diversity
Areal Organization and Environmental Patterns
Pre-European Culture and Economy
Colonialism and Development
Modern Economic Growth and Stagnation
Summary: Economic Transformation
South Asia: The Past in the Present
Environmental Contrasts
The Precolonial Heritage
Colonial Transformation
Independence and Nation-State Building
Population Contours of India
Agricultural Development in India
India's Industrial Economy
Urban India
Pakistan
Afghanistan
Nepal
Bangladesh
Sri Lanka
Summary: Development Prospects
The Middle East And North Africa
The Middle East and North Africa: Physical and Cultural Environments
Physical Geography of the Region
Land-Use Patterns
Historical Overview
Summary: A Region of Subtle Diversity
The Mediterranean Crescent
Large States, Integrated Economies
Small States, Unique Economies
Summary: Conflict in the Crescent
The Gulf States
Regional Characteristics
Development and the Petroleum Economy
The Impact of Oil
Petroleum Powerhouses: Isolation and Globalization
Summary: Oil, Development, and Traditional Values
Africa South Of The Sahara
Africa South of the Sahara: Legacy of Continuity and Change
Environmental Diversity
Precolonial Africa
European Colonialism
Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa
Development Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa
Summary
West, Central, and East Africa: Diversity in Development
The Physical Environment
West Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
Summary: Diversity in Regional Development
Southern Africa: Development in Transition
Physical-Environmental Characteristics of the Region
Countries of Southern Africa
South Africa: Country in Transition
Summary: Socioeconomic and Political Transformations
LATIN AMERICA
Latin America: Physical Diversity and Cultural Heritage
Physical Diversity
Iberian Heritage
The Colonial Period
The Era of Independence
Modern Latin America
Summary: A Region in Need of Change
Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean: Lands of Contrasts
Mexico: A Nation in Search of Stability
Central America: Region of Fragile Democracies and Widespread Poverty
The Caribbean: Region of Cultural Diversity and Limited Physical Endowments
Summary: The Struggle for National Identity
South America: Regions of Uneven Development
Andean South America: Lands of Physical and Social Fragmentation
Southern South America: Lands of Economic Growth
Brazil: Latin America's Potential Economic Giant
Summary
Map Scale and Projections
Selected National Statistics
Conversion Factors
Glossary
Credits
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

Excerpts

We live in a most remarkable age, when satellites can circle the globe in a matter of minutes and electronic messages can be sent halfway around the world in just a few seconds. For many, these are the best of times, with rapid advances in health care extending human life expectancies to record high levels and material comforts that were unheard of even a generation ago now being commonplace. It is easy in such conditions to overlook the fact that most of the world's people live in less industrialized regions characterized by hunger, malnutrition, poor health, and limited educational and economic opportunities. Many also live under circumstances of restricted personal freedom owing to political, racial, religious, or gender-based prejudice. What is even more troubling is the fact that the income gap between the technologically more developed and less developed nations is increasing. The purpose of this volume is to introduce students to the geographical foundations of development and underdevelopment and to help us recognize the contributions that the study of geography can make to environmentally and culturally sustainable development. As we study the lives of others through this text, we will learn not only about them but also come to better understand ourselves. We will come to realize further that development, or the improvement of the human condition, consists of far more than increased economic output and that each person and society contributes in a positive way to the cultural diversity and richness of the earth. College students are in a unique position to increase their understanding of the world and to use that knowledge to benefit themselves and others. Through the study of world regional geography, we begin to comprehend the issues involved in the pursuit of world peace, preservation of the environment, improved health, and higher levels of living. In fact, the Association of American Geographers, the National Geographic Society, the American Geographical Society, and the National Council for Geographic Education have devoted significant resources and effort to improving geographic awareness. Even the U.S. Congress has cited geographic education as critical to understanding our increasingly interdependent world. This eighth edition ofWorld Regional Geographyis dedicated to college students who are seeking a better understanding of our complex and challenging world. It is written for both majors and nonmajors and does not require an extensive background in geography. The basic regional structure of the seventh edition has been retained, including a multiple author approach that permits each region to be discussed by a scholar who is an expert in that area. Although our regional specializations vary, we are united in our dedication to expanding geographical awareness and to contributing to the development of the peoples of both the more and less industrialized nations. World Regional Geographyopens with four chapters that consider geography as a discipline, population and resources, physical and cultural elements of the environment, and the world condition as it relates to economic and human development. Eight additional parts--organized into twenty-three chapters--follow, structured within a regional framework. Within this regional framework, students are introduced to basic geographical and developmental concepts. Although the use of this text as an entity is encouraged, its organization allows a variety of teaching strategies. As time requires, sections treating historical or environmental processes, or specific regions, can be selectively emphasized or deleted. In a two-term sequence, the book facilitates consideration along continental or regional divisions or along the lines of more industrialized-less industrialized countries. The suggested further readings at the end of each part can then be used to supplement the text; table and figure reference


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