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World's History Vol. 2 : Since 1100,9780131773172
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World's History Vol. 2 : Since 1100

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780131773172

ISBN10:
0131773178
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

KEY BENEFIT: A true exploration of world history, this book links chronology, themes, and geography in eight units, or parts of study, each emphasizes a single themeorigins, cities, empires, religion, trade, migrations, revolutions, and technology.KEY TOPICS: As in the first two editions, this book focuses throughout on three major questionsWhat do we know? How do we know it? What difference does it make?but the organization has changed, giving each feature a clearer place. Rich in primary sourcesboth written and visualand in data and interpretation, it addresseshowhistorians form, debate, and revise our historical understanding of the world, shows the value of other disciplines in understanding history, and helps readers begin to assess their own place in the ongoing history of the world.MARKET: A great resource for the professional historian.

Table of Contents

Preface 1(6)
Introduction: The World Through Historians' Eyes 7(378)
Turning Point: Religion to Trade
385(3)
Part 5 The Movement of Goods and Peoples 1000--1776
Channels of Communication: The Exchange of Commodities, Diseases, and Culture
388(3)
Establishing World Trade Routes 1000--1500
The Geography and Philosophies of Early Economic Systems
391(1)
World Trade: An Historical Analysis
391(2)
Trade Networks
393(1)
Trade in the Americas Before 1500
394(1)
Trade in the Inca Empire
394(2)
Trade in Central America and Mexico
396(1)
Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa
397(1)
West Africa
397(2)
East Africa
399(1)
Muslim and Jewish Traders
400(1)
Jewish Traders
400(1)
Muslim Traders
401(1)
How Do We Know? The Records in the Cairo Genizah
402(1)
Asia's Complex Trade Patterns
402(1)
The Polynesians of the South Pacific
402(1)
Malay Sailors in the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean
403(1)
Sailors and Merchants of the Indian Ocean
404(4)
Source: The Arabian Nights
407(1)
China
408(1)
International Trade
408(3)
Source: Chinese Ships in South Indian Harbors: An Account by Ibn Battuta
410(1)
Internal Trade
411(3)
Source: River Trade in China
413(1)
The Mongols
414(1)
The ``Pax Mongolica''
414(3)
How Do We Know? The Mongol Empire
415(2)
Chinggis Khan
417(2)
The End of the Mongol Empire
419(1)
Plague and the Trade Routes
419(1)
From Mongol to Ming: Dynastic Transition
420(1)
Legacies to the Present: What Difference Do They Make?
421(4)
European Visions 1100--1776
Economic Growth, Religion and Renaissance, Global Connections
425(1)
The Atlantic
425(1)
The Decline of Trade in the Mediterranean
426(4)
Trade and Social Change in Europe
430(1)
Guilds and City-states Confront Rural Aristocrats
430(1)
Economic and Social Conflict within the City
430(3)
How Do We Know? Fernand Braudel Begins the Historical Study of Oceans
431(2)
New Directions in Philosophy and Learning
433(3)
How Do We Know? Islamic Influences on the European Renaissance
435(1)
Disasters of the Fourteenth Century: Famine, Plague, and War
436(1)
Source: Giovanni Boccaccio Describes the Plague
437(1)
Social Unrest Follows the Plague
437(1)
The Renaissance
438(1)
New Artistic Styles
438(2)
Developments in Technology
440(1)
The Church Revises its Economic Policies
441(1)
A New World
442(5)
Source: The Journal of Columbus' First Voyage to the Americas
446(1)
Oceania
447(1)
Legacies to the Future: What Difference Do They Make?
447(4)
The Unification of World Trade 1500--1776
New Philosophies for New Trade Patterns
451(1)
The Expansion of Europe and the Birth of Capitalism
451(1)
The Empires of Spain and Portugal
452(1)
Spain's New World Conquests
452(5)
Source: Adam Smith on Capitalism
453(4)
Making the Conquests Pay
457(1)
Merchant Profits
458(1)
Warfare and Bankruptcy
458(1)
Portugal's Empire
458(1)
Portugal in Africa
459(1)
Portugal in Brazil
460(1)
Portugal in the Indian Ocean
461(1)
Evaluating the Spanish and Portuguese Empires
461(1)
Trade and Religion in Western Europe: The Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Reformation
462(1)
The Reformation
462(2)
The Catholic Reformation (the Counter-Reformation)
464(2)
How Do We Know? Weber and Tawney on Religion and Capitalism
465(1)
The Dutch Republic, France, and England
466(1)
Spanish Defeats
466(1)
The Dutch Republic: Seaborne Merchant Enterprise
466(3)
Source: National Joint Stock Companies: Instruments of Trade and Colonization
468(1)
France and Britain
469(1)
France: Consolidating the Nation
469(2)
Britain: Establishing Commercial Supremacy
471(1)
The Nation-State
472(1)
Russia's Empire Under Peter the Great
473(3)
Diverse Cultures, Diverse Trade Systems
476(1)
Ottomans and Mughals
476(1)
Ming and Qing Dynasties in China
477(3)
How Do We Know? How Europe Surpassed China Economically and Militarily
479(1)
Tokugawa Japan
480(1)
Southeast Asia
480(1)
The Influence of World Trade: What Difference Does It Make?
481(4)
Migration 1300--1750
Demographic Changes in a New Global Ecumene
485(1)
The ``New Europes''
486(1)
The Columbian Exchanges of Plants, Animals, and Disease
487(1)
The Devastation of the Amerindian Population
487(1)
Benefits of the Columbian Exchanges
487(1)
North America
487(3)
The Antipodes: Australia and New Zealand, 1600--1900
490(4)
Source: Captain Cook Encounters the Aboriginals of Australia
491(3)
South Africa, 1652--1902
494(1)
Slavery: Enforced Migration, 1500--1750
494(3)
Reinterpreting the Slave Trade
497(2)
How Do We Know? How Many Slaves?
498(1)
Asian Migrations, 1300--1750
499(1)
The Ottoman Empire, 1300--1700
500(2)
India: The Mughal Empire, 1526--1707
502(1)
Akbar, Emperor of India
502(3)
Safavid Persia, 1400--1700
505(2)
China: The Ming and Manchu Dynasties, 1368--1750
507(1)
Global Population Growth and Movement
508(1)
Cities and Demographics
508(1)
Delhi/Shahjahanabad
509(1)
Isfahan
510(1)
Source: Ibn Khaldun on Urban Life in the Fourteenth Century
510(1)
Constantinople (Istanbul)
511(1)
London
512(1)
Migration and Demography: What Difference Do They Make?
513(3)
Turning Point: An Album of Comparisons
516(2)
Part 6 Social Change 1640--1914
Western Revolutions and their Influence
518(3)
Political Revolutions in Europe and the Americas 1649--1830
The Birth of Human Rights in the Age of Enlightenment
521(1)
Political Revolution
521(2)
Human Rights in the Age of Enlightenment
523(1)
Philosophical Rationales
523(1)
Hobbes and the ``State of Nature''
524(1)
Locke and the Enlightenment
524(1)
A Theory of Government by Property Owners
524(2)
Intellectual Revolutions in Science and Philosophy
526(5)
England's Glorious Revolution, 1688
531(1)
Source: Universal Suffrage vs. Property Rights
532(1)
The Bill of Rights, 1689
532(1)
The Reality of Government by Male Property Owners
533(1)
The Philosophes and the Enlightenment in the Eighteenth Century
533(3)
Revolution in North America, 1776
536(1)
The Constitution and the Bill of Rights, 1789
537(1)
The First Anti-imperial Revolution
538(1)
The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789--1812
539(1)
The Origins of Revolution
540(1)
The Revolt of the Third Estate
540(1)
The Revolt of the Poor
541(1)
International War, The ``Second'' Revolution, and the Terror, 1791--99
542(3)
Source: Olympe de Gouges, ``The Rights of Women''
543(1)
How Do We Know? The Historiography of the French Revolution
544(1)
Napoleon in Power, 1799--1812
545(1)
The Napoleonic Wars and the Spread of Revolution, 1799--1812
546(1)
Haiti: Slave Revolution and the Overthrow of Colonialism, 1791--1804
547(1)
The Slave Revolt
548(1)
The Anti-imperial Revolt
548(1)
The Abolition of Slavery and the Slave Trade
548(2)
How Do We Know? Abolition: Historians Debate the Causes
549(1)
The End of Colonialism in Latin America: Independence and Disillusionment, 1810--30
550(1)
Independence Movements
550(1)
After Independence
551(1)
Simon Bolvar and the Challenge of Unification
551(2)
Mexico
553(1)
Brazil
553(1)
Paraguay: The New Historiography
554(1)
Religious and Economic Issues
555(1)
Source: An Epic Verse History of Latin America
555(1)
Political Revolutions: What Difference Do They Make?
556(5)
The Industrial Revolution 1700--1914
A Global Process
561(1)
The Industrial Revolution: What Was Its Significance?
561(2)
Britain, 1700--1860
563(1)
A Revolution in Agriculture
563(2)
A Revolution in Textile Manufacture
565(2)
Capital Goods: Iron, Steam Engines, Railways, and Steamships
567(4)
How Do We Know? Why Did the Industrial Revolution Begin in Britain?
569(1)
Source: Conflicting Images of Early Industrial Life: The English Romantic Poets
570(1)
The Second Stage of Industrialization, 1860--1914
571(1)
New Products and New Nations
571(1)
Steel and Chemical Industries
571(1)
Electricity
571(1)
Factory Production
572(1)
Warfare and Industrialization
572(1)
The Effects of the Second Industrial Revolution Worldwide
573(1)
Social Changes: The Conditions of Working People
574(1)
Demographic Causes and Effects of the Industrial Revolution
574(1)
Winners and Losers in the Industrial Revolution
575(1)
Gender Relationships and the Industrial Revolution
576(3)
Political Reaction in Britain and Europe, 1800--1914
579(1)
Political, Economic, and Social Reform in Britain
579(2)
Labor Organization
581(1)
Karl Marx and Theories of Worker Revolution
581(3)
Germany, 1870--1914
584(1)
The United States, 1870--1914
584(1)
France, 1870--1914
585(1)
Labor in the Non-industrialized World
586(2)
Source: Tariffs, Wealth, and Poverty: Reflections on America and India by Pandita Ramabai
587(1)
New Patterns of Urban Life
588(4)
Source: Diverse Perspectives
588(3)
How Do We Know? Quantifying the Conditions of Industrial Urbanization
591(1)
Urban Planning: The Middle Ground of Optimists and Pessimists
592(1)
The Industrial Revolution: What Difference Does it Make?
593(4)
Nationalism, Imperialism, and Resistance 1650--1914
Competition among Industrial Powers
597(1)
Nationalism
597(1)
The French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and Nationalism
597(2)
The Periphery of Western Europe
599(1)
Italy and Germany
600(4)
How Do We Know? What is Nationalism?
603(1)
The Rise of Zionism in Europe
604(1)
The Quest For Empire
604(4)
The Ottoman Empire: The ``Sick Man of Europe,'' 1829--76
608(1)
Southeast Asia and Indonesia, 1795--1880
609(1)
India, 1858--1914
610(3)
Source: ``The Attack of King Industry''
612(1)
China, 1800--1914
613(1)
The Opium Wars, 1839--42 and 1856--60
614(3)
The Boxer Rebellion, 1898--1900
617(1)
Africa, 1652--1912
617(1)
South Africa, 1652--1910
618(2)
Egypt, 1798--1882
620(1)
Algeria, 1830--71
621(1)
Islamic Religious Revival
622(2)
A Western Orientation in West Africa
624(1)
European Explorers and the Scramble for Africa
625(3)
How Do We Know? Why did Europeans Colonize the World?
626(2)
Labor Issues: Coercion and Unionization
628(1)
Gender Relationships in Colonization
629(1)
Anti-Colonial Revolts, 1857--1914
630(1)
Japan: From Isolation to Equality, 1867--1914
631(1)
The End of the Shogunate
632(1)
Policies of the Meiji Government
633(1)
Restructuring Government
634(1)
Source: Fukuzawa Yukichi: Cultural Interpreter
634(1)
Restructuring the Economy
635(1)
Urbanization
635(1)
Cultural and Educational Change
636(2)
Gender Relations
638(1)
War, Colonialism, and Equality in the Family of Nations
638(1)
Nationalism and Imperialism: What Difference Do They Make?
639(5)
Turning Point: The Olympics and International Politics
644(2)
Part 7 Exploding Technologies 1914--91
Contested Visions of a New International Order
646(3)
Methods of Mass Production and Destruction 1914--37
Technological Systems
649(1)
Scientific and Technological Creativity
650(3)
Gender Relations
653(1)
Urbanization and Migration
654(1)
The Downside of Progress
654(1)
Militarized Competition among the Great Powers
654(1)
Outside Europe
655(1)
India
655(1)
China
656(2)
Latin America
658(1)
The Mexican Revolution, 1910--20
659(2)
The Ottoman Empire
661(2)
World War I, 1914--18
663(4)
How Do We Know? War Experiences Subvert Colonialism
666(1)
Post-war Expectations and Results
667(2)
The Paris Peace Settlements, 1919
669(1)
The League of Nations
670(2)
The Russian Revolution
672(1)
The Build-up to Revolution, 1914--17
672(1)
Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution
673(2)
State Planning in Soviet Russia
675(2)
Women in the Soviet Union
677(1)
Post-War America
678(2)
The Depression
680(2)
Source: How Should We Live?
681(1)
Methods of Production and Destruction: What Difference Do They Make?
682(3)
World War II and the Cold War 1937--49
The World in Peril
685(1)
Portents of Disaster
685(1)
The Contest of the ``Isms'': Fascism and Communism
686(1)
Italy
686(1)
Germany
687(3)
Japan
690(2)
The Descent Toward World War
692(4)
The Early Cost of War Technology
696(1)
World War II
696(1)
The War in Europe, 1939--45
696(3)
The War in the Pacific, 1937--42
699(2)
Turning the Tide, 1942--5
701(2)
War in Asia and the Pacific, 1942--5
703(2)
Assessing the Results of the War
705(1)
Technology in the War
705(1)
Women and the War
706(1)
Source: Women as Spoils of War: Japan's Comfort Women
707(1)
Horrors of the War
707(3)
How Do We Know? The Milgram Experiment and the ``Final Solution''
709(1)
The Image of Humanity
710(4)
How Do We Know? The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb
712(2)
The United Nations, Postwar Recovery, and the Origins of the Cold War
714(1)
The United Nations
714(1)
Source: Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
715(1)
Resettlement
715(1)
Political Reconstruction in Japan and Germany
716(1)
Japan
717(1)
Germany
718(1)
Economic Reconstruction and the Cold War
719(1)
Entering the Second Half of the 20th Century: What Difference Does It Make?
720(5)
Cold War and New Nations 1945--89
Remaking the Post-World War II World
725(1)
The Cold War, 1945--89: USA Vs. USSR
725(3)
The Korean War, 1950--53
728(1)
The Soviet Union, after Stalin
729(1)
Nikita Khrushchev, 1953--64
729(1)
Leonid Brezhnev, 1964--82
730(1)
The American Military-Industrial Complex
731(1)
The Cuban Missile Crisis
732(2)
Source: Guerrilla Warfare
734(1)
The Cold War and the Emergence of New Nations
734(3)
Africa
737(1)
Egypt
737(1)
Congo
738(2)
How Do We Know? Evaluating the Legacies of Colonialism
739(1)
Algeria
740(1)
Mozambique, Angola, and Guinea
741(2)
The Emergence of the Third World
743(2)
Client States and Proxy Wars
745(1)
Latin America
746(1)
Nicaragua
747(1)
Guatemala
748(1)
Panama
748(1)
Chile
749(1)
Iran
749(2)
Terrorism
751(1)
In Pursuit of Peace
751(1)
The United Nations: Growth and New Missions
752(2)
Source: Rachel Carson's Silent Spring
753(1)
Demographics: Health, Migration, Urbanization, and the Green Revolution
754(2)
Economic Growth
756(1)
Western Europe
756(3)
Japan
759(1)
International Organization
759(2)
How Do We Know? The Social Setting of Technology
760(1)
Ngos and Transnationals
761(2)
Legacies of the Cold War, Decolonization, Economic and Social Development: What Difference Do They Make?
763(4)
China and India 1914--91
Postwar Developments
767(1)
China, 1925--89
768(1)
Prelude to Revolution
768(1)
Power Struggles, 1925--37
769(1)
Chiang Kai-shek and the Guomindang
769(2)
Mao Zedong, Peasant Revolt, and the Communist Party
771(1)
Peasant Organization and Guerrilla Warfare
772(1)
Gender Issues under Mao
773(1)
The Long March and the Communist Triumph, 1934--49
774(2)
Revolutionary Policies, 1949--69
776(1)
Implementing the Principles of the Long March, 1949--55
776(1)
``Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom,'' 1956--7
777(1)
How Do We Know? A Journalist--Activist Responds to the ``Hundred Flowers'' Campaign
778(1)
The ``Great Leap Forward,'' 1957--69
778(1)
The Cultural Revolution, 1966--9
778(1)
Recovery, 1970--76
779(1)
International Relations
779(1)
USSR
779(1)
The United States
780(1)
East Asia
781(1)
India
781(1)
Post-Revolutionary China
781(1)
India, 1914--91
782(1)
The Independence Struggle, 1914--47
782(1)
British Policies and Practices
782(1)
Gandhi's Innovations and Courage
783(1)
Gandhi Develops Satyagraha in South Africa
783(2)
Source: Gandhi's First Experience with Racism in South Africa
784(1)
Gandhi Returns to India and Leads the Congress
785(1)
Hindu--Muslim Unity
786(1)
Abolition of Untouchability
786(1)
Cultural Policies
787(1)
Prohibition
787(1)
Appropriate Technology
787(2)
Source: Gandhi and Labor Relations
788(1)
Congress Campaigns for Independence, 1920--22, 1930--32, 1942
789(1)
Independence, 1947
790(1)
Pakistan
790(1)
Kashmir
791(1)
Bangladesh
791(1)
Problems of the New Government of India
791(1)
Unifying and Consolidating the Nation
791(1)
Democracy and its Challenges
792(1)
Gender Issues
793(1)
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
793(1)
Legal Changes
794(1)
Social Changes
794(1)
Economic Changes
794(1)
Economic and Technological Change after Independence
795(1)
The Green Revolution
795(1)
Land Redistribution
796(1)
Family Planning, Life Expectancy, and the Condition of Children
796(1)
Industrialization and its Consequences
796(1)
How Do We Know? Technological Hazards and Questionable Accountability
797(1)
International Relations
797(1)
Comparing China and India: What Difference Does It Make?
798(4)
Turning Point: Into a New Century
802(2)
Part 8 Evolving Identities 1979-present
804(78)
New Public Identities 1979--present
807(36)
Political Identities
807(1)
The Soviet Union Dissolves
807(1)
Mikhail Gorbachev, 1985--91
807(4)
Source: Gorbachev at the United Nations, December 7, 1988
810(1)
Boris Yeltsin, 1991--9
811(1)
Vladimir Putin, from 2000
812(1)
European Identity
812(1)
The USA as the Lone Superpower
812(4)
Source: Osama bin Laden, Leader of al-Qaeda
815(1)
Religious and Cultural Identities
816(2)
Hinduism and Islam in South Asia
818(2)
Confucianism
820(1)
Judaism
821(1)
Christianity
821(2)
Evangelical Christianity
823(1)
Religion in the United States
824(3)
How Do We Know? Perspectives on Religious Identity in the United States
826(1)
Globalization: New Economic and Cultural Identities
827(1)
The Internet and the World Wide Web
828(2)
How Do We Know? Evaluating Globalization
829(1)
Disparities, Disruptions, and Crises: A Cautionary Tale from Asia
830(2)
Opposition to Globalization
832(1)
The Global Criminal Economy
833(1)
Drugs
833(1)
Smuggling of Illegal Immigrants
834(1)
Trafficking in Women and Children
834(1)
Trafficking in Body Parts
834(1)
Money Laundering
834(1)
Weapons Trafficking
835(1)
Trafficking in Nuclear Materials
835(1)
Medicine, Science, and Global Ecology
836(2)
Ecological Issues
838(1)
Public Identities: What Difference Do They Make?
839(4)
Regional Identities and the Twenty-First Century
843(39)
Europe
843(1)
Western and Central Europe
843(3)
Source: The Continuing Rationale for European Integration
845(1)
Yugoslavia
846(2)
Africa
848(1)
South Africa
848(4)
Rwanda and Congo
852(4)
How Do We Know? South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission
853(3)
Latin America
856(1)
Mexico
857(3)
Brazil
860(1)
China and India
861(1)
China after Mao: An Era of Reform
862(5)
How Do We Know? The Force behind China's Economic Growth: Capitalism or Socialism?
863(4)
India after Congress Dominance: A Quiet Revolution in Caste and Politics
867(1)
The Mandal Commission
867(3)
Markets, the IMF, and Capitalist Economics
870(3)
Israel and Palestine: Jews and Arabs
873(9)
Source: The Geneva Accords: A Non-Governmental Plan for Peace
877(5)
Glossary 882(4)
Index 886


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