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Writing History : A Guide for Beginning Historians,9780195122206

Writing History : A Guide for Beginning Historians

by
ISBN13:

9780195122206

ISBN10:
0195122208
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/12/1998
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press, USA
List Price: $14.95
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Summary

Writing History provides the undergraduate student of history with awealth of tips and advice on the ways professional historians write in a simple,concise manual. Beginning with how historians find topics and research them, thebook sharpens such skills as interpreting source materials, drawing inferencesfrom sources, and constructing arguments. The three closing chapters containclear practical suggestions for writing effective sentences, using precisewording, and revising.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction 1(2)
Chapter 1 Getting Started
3(14)
Explore Your Interests
3(1)
Move from a Historical Interest to a Research Topic
4(1)
Use General References in the Library
5(1)
Find Reference Works That Are Specific to Your Topic
6(1)
Speak with a Librarian
7(1)
Use Other Guides to Discover More Sources
8(1)
Start to Explore Your Library's Catalogue
9(1)
Approach Your Topic from a Particular Angle
10(1)
Go to the Library and Do Some Background Reading
10(1)
Browse for More Sources
11(1)
Form a Hypothesis
12(1)
Craft a Proposal
13(1)
Write an Annotated Bibliography
13(1)
Talk to People About Your Topic
14(1)
If you Have to Abandon a Topic, Do It Early
15(2)
Chapter 2 Interpreting Source Materials
17(8)
Work Systematically
17(1)
Distinguish Primary Sources from Secondary Works
18(1)
Refine Your Hypothesis with Who, What, Why, Where, and When
19(2)
Be Sensitive to the Biases of Your Sources
21(1)
Select the Most Important Source Materials
22(1)
Take Notes by Being Selective
23(2)
Chapter 3 Writing History Faithfully
25(18)
Collect and Report Your Sources Carefully
25(1)
Incorporate the Ideas of Others with Care and Respect
26(1)
Summarize and Paraphrase Fairly
27(1)
Quote Occasionally
28(2)
Use Ellipses and Brackets, but Do Justice to Your Sources
30(2)
Learn How to Use Quotation Marks
32(1)
Don't Plagiarize
33(2)
Be Honest, but Don't Give Unnecessary Citations
35(1)
Choose a Citation System That Suits Your Audience
36(7)
Chapter 4 Use Sources to Make Inferences
43(16)
Be True to Recognized Facts
44(1)
Transform Facts into Evidence
44(1)
Check Your Facts
45(1)
Check the Internal Consistency of Primary Sources
45(1)
Check Primary Sources Against Each Other
46(1)
Compare Primary Sources with Secondary Works
46(1)
Box 1: Conduct Interviews Systematically
47(2)
Juxtapose Sources to Make Inferences
49(3)
Box 2: Make Inferences from Material Sources
52(1)
Move from Inferences to Arguments
53(1)
Make Reasonable Inferences from Your Sources
53(1)
Make Inferences That Are Warranted
54(2)
Avoid Unwarranted Comparisons
56(1)
Avoid Anachronistic Inferences
56(3)
Chapter 5 Get Writing!
59(6)
Consider Narratives and Analysis
59(1)
Create a Draft Outline of an Analytical Essay
60(1)
Create a Draft Outline of a Narrative Essay
60(1)
Complete Your Analytical Outline
61(1)
Complete Your Narrative Outline
62(1)
Choose a Framework for Your Essay
63(2)
Chapter 6 Build an Argument
65(12)
Start to Write a First Draft
65(1)
Grab Your Reader's Attention, but Do It Gently
66(1)
State Your Intellectual Interests Early
67(1)
Build Your Essay with Good Paragraphs
68(2)
Define Your Key Terms Early
70(1)
Set an Appropriate Tone
71(2)
Treat Other Writers with Consideration
73(1)
Account for Counterarguments
73(1)
Lead Your Readers to an Interesting Conclusion
74(3)
Chapter 7 Narrative Techniques for Historians
77(6)
Write a Narrative to Tell a Story
77(1)
Write a Narrative to Support an Argument
78(1)
Combine Chronology with Causation
78(1)
Get a Sense of Change and Continuity
79(1)
Select the Key Participants in Your Story
80(1)
Find Your Own Voice as a Narrator
80(1)
Choose Your Own Beginning and End
81(2)
Chapter 8 Writing Sentences in History
83(8)
Choose Verbs That Are Precise
83(1)
Make Passive Sentences Active
84(1)
Write in the Past Tense
84(1)
Avoid Split Infinitives if You Can
85(1)
Put Verbs in Your Sentences
85(1)
Put Your Ideas in an Intelligible Order
86(1)
Keep Related Words Together
86(1)
Keep Pronouns Close to the Words They Represent
86(1)
Keep Subjects and Verbs Close Together
87(1)
Begin a Sentence on Common Ground and Gradually Build a New Point
87(1)
The Emphasis Comes at the End
88(1)
Construct Parallel Forms for Emphasis
88(1)
Form the Possessive Correctly
89(1)
Break the Rules if You Must
90(1)
Chapter 9 Choose Precise Words
91(12)
Be Concise
91(1)
Write in Language That Your Audience Can Understand
92(2)
Avoid Pretentious Language
94(1)
Avoid Colloquial Language
94(1)
Be Sensitive to the Politics of Diction
94(1)
Be Sensitive to Gender-Specific Language
95(1)
Avoid Euphemisms
95(1)
Choose Figurative Language Carefully
96(1)
Use Metaphors and Similes Judiciously
96(1)
Use Color, but Avoid Cliches
97(1)
Use Foreign Words That Are Familiar to Your Audience
97(1)
Check for These Common Diction Problems
98(5)
Chapter 10 Revising and Editing
103(6)
Get Some Perspective on Your Draft
103(1)
Revise Your Draft
104(1)
Evaluate Your Own Arguments and Narratives
104(1)
Evaluate Your Sentences and Word Choices
105(1)
Proofread the Final Draft
105(1)
Proofread for Punctuation
106(1)
Proofread for Spelling
106(1)
Check Your Formatting
106(1)
Read Your Paper Aloud
107(1)
Keep the Rules in Mind, but Enjoy Your Writing
107(2)
Notes 109(6)
Index 115


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