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Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method, Media Enhanced,9780534633332
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Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method, Media Enhanced

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534633332

ISBN10:
0534633331
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/23/2004
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 2/23/2004.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This reviewer-praised text uses a practical coaching method to introduce students effectively to the basic skills required of a journalist -- from conceiving and researching to organizing and writing news. It emphasizes writing fundamentals and ethics in journalism. After using this motivational and engaging text, your students will be well prepared to write effectively in every news medium. This edition is enhanced with a CD-ROM that provides your students with a virtual news lab where they can put the texts concepts to practice as they write their own news stories.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Author xvii
Introduction: Tips From Award-winning Journalists xix
Part One Understanding News
1 Write From the Start: A Coaching Method
1(14)
The Reporting and Writing Process
2(1)
How to Be Your Own Writing Coach
3(3)
Determining Your Focus
3(1)
What's the story about?
3(1)
How Would you tell the story to a friend?
3(1)
Putting It All Together
4(2)
Online Coach
6(4)
Adding Visual Elements
6(31)
Point of entry
6(1)
Summary blurb
7(1)
Facts box
8(1)
Wmpowerment box
8(1)
Pull quote
9(1)
Infographic
10(1)
Exercises
10(3)
Featured Online Activity
13(2)
2 Changing Concepts of News
15(20)
Media Convergence
15(3)
Origins of the World Wide Web
18(1)
Impact on Journalism
19(2)
Job Skills
21(1)
Online Coach
22(1)
Public Journalism
22(1)
Hard News and Features
23(1)
Ethics
24(1)
Qualities of News Stories
25(5)
The Importance of Graphics
30(1)
Exercises
31(2)
Featured Online Activity
33(2)
3 The Basic News Story
35(26)
Conflict and Resolution
36(1)
Elements of the Basic News Story
37(6)
Headline
37(1)
Lead
37(1)
Backup for the Lead
38(1)
Nut Graph
38(1)
Lead Quote
39(1)
Impact
40(1)
Attribution
40(1)
Background
41(1)
Elaboration
42(1)
Ending
42(1)
Graphics
43(1)
Examples of Basic News Stories
43(2)
Quotes and Attribution
45(1)
Coaching Tips
45(1)
Online Coach
46(9)
When to Use Direct Quotes
47(2)
How to Write Quotes
49(4)
When to Use Attribution
53(2)
Plagiarism
53(1)
Wording of attributions
54(1)
Overview attribution
55(1)
Ethics
55(1)
Second references
56(1)
Titles
56(1)
Courtesy titles
56(1)
Exercises
56(3)
Featured News Scene Assignment
59(2)
4 Grammar and Usage
61(14)
Online Coach
63(8)
Exercises
71(2)
Featured Online Activity
73(2)
Part Two Collecting Information
5 Curiosity and Story Ideas
75(40)
Curiosity
76(1)
Observation
77(3)
The Show-in-action Technique
78(1)
Hard News vs. Soft News
78(1)
Fact vs. Opinion
79(1)
Observation to Find Questions
80(1)
Observation for Visual Presentation
80(1)
Ways to Find Story Ideas
80(1)
Ethics
81(5)
Online Coach
86(1)
The Internet
86(1)
Idea Budgets
87(1)
Exercises
87(2)
Featured Online Activity
89(2)
6 Sources and Online Research
91(1)
Human Sources
92(3)
Ethics
95(4)
Anonymous Sources
95(3)
Promises
97(1)
On and off the record
98(1)
Multicultural Sources
98(1)
Written Sources
99(1)
Online Sources
100(1)
Online Coach
101(5)
Effective Searching
101(3)
Databases
104(1)
Public Records
105(1)
Other Public Records
106(3)
The Freedom of Information Act
109(2)
Exercises
111(2)
Featured Online Activity
113(2)
7 Interviewing Techniques
115(22)
Sensitivity
117(1)
Listening and Note-taking Skills
117(1)
The Pros and Cons of Tape Recorders
118(1)
Listening Tips
119(1)
Note-taking Tips
120(3)
Tips for Interviewers
123(6)
Planning the Interview
123(1)
Conducting the Interview
124(5)
Online Coach
129(1)
Reporting for Graphics
129(1)
The GOAL Method of Interviewing
130(1)
Ethics
131(1)
Telephone Interviewing
131(3)
Exercises
134(1)
Featured News Scene Assignment
135(2)
Part Three Constructing Stories
8 The Writing Process
137(14)
Ways to Approach the Writing Process
138(5)
The FORK Method
138(13)
Focus
138(1)
Order
139(1)
Repetition of key words
140(1)
The kiss off
141(2)
Online Coach
143(1)
How to Revise Stories
143(1)
Writing Process Tips
144(3)
Exercises
147(2)
Featured News Scene Assignment
149(2)
9 Leads and Nut Graphs
151(1)
Hard-news Leads, Soft Leads and Nut Graphs
151(4)
The Wow Test
155(1)
Hard-news Leads
155(10)
Summary Leads
155(5)
Order of information
156(1)
Active vs. passive voice
157(1)
Where to say when
158(1)
Delayed identification
159(1)
Updated Leads
160(1)
Impact Leads
161(1)
Attribution in Leads
161(4)
Fact vs. opinion
162(1)
Accusations
162(1)
Quotes
163(1)
Attribution first or last
164(1)
Cluttered attribution
165(1)
Soft Leads
165(1)
Coaching Tips
165(1)
Online Coach
166(9)
Descriptive Leads
167(1)
Anecdotal Leads
167(1)
Narrative Leads
168(1)
Other Soft Leads
168(5)
Focus-on-a-person leads
168(1)
Contrast leads
169(1)
Teaser lends
170(1)
Mystery leads
170(1)
Build-on-a-quote leads
171(1)
List leads
172(1)
Question leads
172(1)
Cliche leads
172(1)
Leads to Avoid
173(2)
How to Find Your Lead
175(1)
Exercises
176(3)
Featured News Scene Assignment
179(2)
10 Story Structure
181(1)
Middles of Stories
182(4)
Transition Techniques
182(1)
Techniques for Maintaining Interest
183(3)
Parallelism
183(1)
Pacing
184(1)
Dialogue
184(1)
BBI: Boring but important stuff
184(1)
Simple sentences for complex information
185(1)
Lists
185(1)
Endings
186(5)
Circle Kickers
186(1)
Quote Kickers
187(1)
Future-action Kickers
188(1)
Climaxes
188(1)
Cliffhangers
189(1)
Factual Kickers
190(1)
Out-of-gas Endings
190(1)
Body Building From Start to Finish
191(1)
Story Forms
192(2)
Inverted Pyramid
194(1)
Wall Street Journal Formula
195(2)
Hourglass Structure
197(1)
List Technique
198(1)
Sections Technique
199(1)
Online Coach
200(2)
Exercises
202(5)
Featured News Scene Assignment
207(2)
11 Storytelling and Feature
Techniques
209(1)
Narrative Writing
210(2)
Reading to Write
212(1)
Reporting Tools
212(2)
Writing Tools
214(8)
Theme
214(1)
Descriptive Techniques
214(5)
Avoid adjectives
215(1)
Use analogies
215(1)
Limit physical descriptions
215(1)
Avoid sexist/racist descriptions
216(1)
Show people in action
216(1)
Use lively verbs
217(1)
Set the scene
217(2)
Narrative Techniques
219(3)
Use foreshadowing
220(1)
Create tone
220(2)
Storytelling Structure
222(4)
Narrative Storytelling
224(2)
Serial Narratives
226(1)
Online Coach
227(1)
Exercises
227(2)
Featured Online Activity
229(2)
12 Public Relations Writing
231(2)
The Media's Needs
233(1)
Newsworthiness
233(1)
Good Writing
233(1)
Writing Skills for News Releases
233(1)
Ethics
234(3)
The Structure of News Releases
236(1)
Online Coach
237(2)
Public Service Announcements
239(1)
Media Kits
239(1)
Corporate Publications
240(2)
Corporate Web Sites
242(1)
Exercises
242(3)
Featured Online Activity
245(2)
13 Broadcast Writing
247(2)
Planning a Newscast
249(4)
Writing for Broadcast
253(15)
Broadcast vs. Newspaper Writing
257(3)
The Writing Process
260(1)
Story Structure
260(6)
Lead
261(2)
Body
263(3)
Ending
266(1)
Teasers and Lead-ins
266(2)
Writing for Radio
268(1)
Basic Writing Tips
268(1)
Online Coach
269(1)
Using Broadcast Terms
269(4)
Copy Preparation and Style
271(18)
Punctuation
272(1)
Numbers
272(1)
Names and titles
273(1)
Writing a Package
273(3)
Ethics
276(1)
Exercises
277(2)
Featured News Scene Assignment
279(2)
14 Web Writing
281(1)
Interactivity
282(1)
Linear vs. Nonlinear
282(1)
Immediacy
283(1)
Online Readers
284(1)
Story Planning
285(2)
Reporting for the Web
287(1)
E-mail Reporting
287(1)
Discussion Groups
287(2)
Online Coach
289(1)
Headlines, Blurbs and Briefs
289(3)
Headlines
290(1)
Blurbs
290(1)
Briefs
291(1)
Story Structure
292(4)
Inverted Pyramid
292(1)
List Format
293(1)
Question/Answer Format
294(2)
Storytelling Format
296(1)
Personal Storytelling
296(1)
Chunks or Scrolling Pages?
297(1)
Revise
298(1)
Take Risks
298(1)
Exercises
299(2)
Featured Online Activity
301(2)
Part Four Understanding Media Issues
15 Accuracy and Libel
303(52)
The Importance of Accuracy
305(1)
Checking Information
305(1)
Showing Copy to Sources
305(1)
Libel
306(7)
Times v. Sullivan
307(1)
Public Officials
308(1)
Public Figures
308(2)
Private Figures
310(1)
Corrections
310(1)
Privilege
311(1)
Neutral Reportage
312(1)
Fair Comment and Criticism
313(1)
Invasion of Privacy
313(3)
Intrusion Into a Person's Solitude
313(1)
Public Disclosure of Private Facts
314(1)
Publicity That Puts a Person in a False Light
315(1)
Use of a Person's Name or Picture Without Permission
316(1)
Online Legal Issues
316(1)
Online Coach
317(1)
Exercises
318(1)
Featured Online Activity
319(2)
16 Media Ethics
321(1)
Deception
321(3)
Plagiarism
323(1)
Privacy Issues
324(7)
Public Officials
324(3)
Celebrities
327(2)
Rape Victims
329(1)
Photo Subjects
330(1)
A Guideline for Privacy Issues
330(1)
Online Coach
331(1)
Moral Reasoning
331(2)
The Poynter Institute Model
332(1)
Philosophical Approaches
332(1)
Codes of Ethics
333(1)
Exercises
334(1)
Featured Online Activity
335(2)
17 Multicultural Sensitivity
337(1)
The Language of Multiculturalism
338(1)
Minorities in the News
338(3)
Ethics
341(1)
Gender Differences
341(3)
Online Coach
344(1)
Guidelines for Writing About Special Groups
344(7)
People With Disabilities
345(1)
Stories About Aging
346(1)
AIDS Stories
347(16)
A Pulitzer-Prize AIDS story
348(2)
Ground rules for sensitive questions
350(1)
Terminology
351(1)
Online Multicultural Resources
351(1)
Exercises
351(2)
Featured Online Activity
353(2)
Part Five Applying the Techniques
18 Beat Reporting
355(183)
Developing Story Ideas
356(1)
Cultivating and Keeping Sources
357(1)
Ethics
358(1)
Checking Records and Human Sources
359(1)
Beginning a Beat
360(2)
Covering Specialty Beats
362(1)
Online Coach
363(9)
The Education Beat
363(1)
Health and Environmental Writing
364(3)
Business Writing
367(2)
Sportswriting
369(3)
Exercises
372(1)
Featured News Scene Assignment
373(2)
19 Obituaries
375(2)
The Importance of Facts
377(1)
Online Coach
378(1)
Obituary Guidelines
378(2)
Basic Obituaries
380(1)
Feature Obituaries
381(2)
Ethics
383(2)
Exercises
385(2)
Featured Online Activity
387(2)
20 Speeches, News Conferences and Meetings
389(2)
Media Manipulation
391(2)
Preparation
393(1)
Stories About Speeches
393(2)
Online Coach
395(1)
Stories About News Conferences
396(1)
Stories About Meetings
397(6)
Understanding the System
398(1)
Writing the Advance
399(1)
Covering the Meeting
400(1)
Writing the Story
400(3)
Exercises
403(1)
Featured Online Activity
403(2)
21 Government and Statistical Stories
405(2)
Reporting Tips
407(2)
Graphics
409(1)
Writing Tips
409(5)
Statistical Stories
414(2)
Budget Stories
416(5)
Budget and Tax Terms
417(2)
Writing Techniques
419(2)
Online Coach
421(1)
Exercises
421(2)
Featured News Scene Assignment
423(2)
22 Crime and Punishment
425(1)
Crime Stories
426(12)
Access
426(2)
To previous criminal records
427(1)
To university records
427(1)
To records of juvenile offenders
428(1)
To the crime scene
428(1)
Use of Names
428(1)
Wording of Accusations
429(1)
Attribution
430(1)
Newspaper Archives
430(1)
Guidelines for Reporting Crime Stories
431(1)
Stories About Specific Types of Crimes
432(7)
Motor vehicle accidents
432(1)
Burglaries and robberies
433(2)
Homicides
435(3)
Fires
438(1)
Ethics
438(1)
Online Coach
439(1)
Court Stories
439(13)
Criminal and Civil Cases
441(1)
Federal Courts and State Courts
441(1)
Criminal Court Process
442(3)
Arrest
442(1)
Booking
442(1)
Charges
442(1)
Arraignment
443(1)
Preliminary hearing
444(1)
Grand jury
444(1)
Pretrial hearings and motions
444(1)
Plea bargain
444(1)
Trial
445(1)
Sentencing
445(1)
Appeal
445(1)
Civil Court Process
445(1)
Terms Used in Court Reporting
445(3)
Court Story Examples
448(4)
Exercises
452(3)
Featured News Scene Assignment
455(2)
23 Disasters, Weather and Tragedies
457(6)
Reporting Techniques
463(5)
Sidebars
465(2)
Graphics
467(1)
Online Coach
468(6)
Disaster Basics
468(2)
Death Tolls
470(1)
Interviews With Grief-stricken People
471(2)
Follow-up Stories
473(1)
Airplane Crashes
474(1)
Natural Disasters
475(2)
Weather Stories
477(3)
Personal Tragedy
480(3)
Exercises
483(6)
Featured News Scene Assignment
489(2)
24 Profiles
491(1)
Basic Elements of Profiles
492(3)
Focus
492(1)
Theme
493(1)
Background
493(1)
Turning Points
494(1)
The GOAL Method
495(1)
Online Coach
496(1)
Graphics
496(1)
Organizing the Profile
497(1)
Putting It All Together
498(3)
Slice-of-life Profiles
500(1)
Writing Snapshot Profiles
501(3)
Ethics
504(1)
Exercises
505(1)
Featured Online Activity
505(2)
25 Computer-assisted Journalism
507(1)
Using Databases
508(9)
Using Excel Spreadsheets
509(3)
Sorting data
510(2)
Quick calculation
512(1)
Making Calculations
512(3)
Formula for addition
514(1)
Sort
514(1)
Other Calculations
515(2)
Percentages
515(2)
Online Coach
517(2)
Using Relational Databases
517(1)
Understanding Statistical Terms
518(1)
Writing Database Stories
518(1)
Exercises
519(2)
Featured News Scene Assignment
521(2)
26 Media Jobs and Internships
523(1)
Job Application Skills
524(1)
Online Coach
525(3)
Where to Apply
526(1)
Online job sites
526(1)
Printed directories
526(1)
Whom to Contact
526(1)
How to Apply
526(7)
Cover letter
526(1)
Resume
527(1)
Clips or videotape
527(1)
Follow-up phone call
528(1)
Research for the interview
528(1)
Interview follow-up
528(1)
Cover Letters
528(5)
Resumes
533(1)
Templates
533(1)
Interviews
533(4)
Exercises
537(1)
Featured Online Activity
537(1)
Appendix: Style Guide 538(13)
Credits 551(10)
Index 561


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