9780875802923

Writings on Slavery and the American Civil War

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780875802923

  • ISBN10:

    0875802923

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-06-01
  • Publisher: Northern Illinois Univ Pr
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Summary

A leading social reformer and pioneering abolitionist, British journalist Harriet Martineau fueled the debate over the abolition of slavery that raged on both sides of the Atlantic before the American Civil War. Her impassioned writings about abolition-with more than fifty essays and articles collected in this premier annotated edition-provide piercing insights into American society, politics, and the issue of slavery. Determined to give a fair, objective hearing to both sides of the American slavery debate, Martineau crossed the ocean in 1834 and discovered a nation in turmoil. As a prominent writer, she was vigorously courted by both opponents and supporters of slavery who sought her endorsement for their political cause. From northern mansions to southern plantations, from Congress and President Jackson's White House to hospitals, factories, and slave quarters, people opened their doors to Martineau, providing her an unusually comprehensive view of American life. Shocked by the intensity of the controversy over slavery, and inspired by the bravery and defiance of abolitionists who campaigned in the face of social pressure and physical danger, Martineau publicly declared her support of abolition in 1835. Joining the ranks of the abolitionists made Martineau a prime target for persecution, and the remainder of her stay in America was fraught with death threats. She returned to England and promoted her cause by writing for the British periodical press, a career that would span the next thirty-five years. Martineau's friend and fellow abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison praised her as a "social heretic" whose compulsion to uphold the moral ground of human dignity and freedom outweighed any concern with popular opinions about her character or reputation. Twenty years after her dramatic American tour, Martineau wrote with pride that her name was "still reviled" in the South. One of the first women to earn a living by her pen, Martineau never faltered in the lifelong crusade that placed her in the forefront of political and social reform efforts. Writings on Slavery and the American Civil Warconveys one woman's persistent call for absolute, immediate, and universal emancipation.

Author Biography

Deborah Anna Logan is Assistant Professor of English at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii
Introduction: The Theory and Practice of Society in America ix
Part I. THE AMERICAN TRAVEL WRITINGS 3(78)
Society in America, 1837
5(19)
Introduction
9(1)
Citizenship of People of Colour
10(3)
Morals of Economy
13(1)
Morals of Slavery
14(7)
Morals of Commerce
21(2)
Morals of Economy II
23(1)
Retrospect of Western Travel, 1838
24(15)
First Sight of Slavery
25(3)
Country Life in the South
28(1)
City Life in the South
29(3)
Restless Slaves
32(4)
New Orleans
36(1)
Signs of the Times in Massachusetts
37(2)
Three Letters On America
39(5)
Harriet Martineau to the Spectator, 14 October 1837
39(2)
Harriet Martineau to the Spectator, 21 October 1837
41(1)
Harriet Martineau to Abby Kelley, 20 June 1838
42(2)
The Martyr Age of the United States, 1839
44(37)
Part II. NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS 81(112)
The Liberty Bell, 1839-1858
83(6)
``Harriet Martineau to Elizabeth Pease,'' 1845
85(4)
London's Daily News, 185-1866
89(37)
``Harriet Beecher Stowe,'' 12 May 1853
90(4)
``Fugitive Slave Law,'' 8 June 1855
94(3)
``Kansas,'' 10 October 1856
97(2)
``Dred Scott and States' Rights,'' 18 June 1857
99(3)
``Liberia,'' 20 November 1858
102(3)
``Black Insurrections; Harper's Ferry,'' 2 November 1859
105(3)
``The Burial of John Brown,'' 3 January 1860
108(4)
``Election of Abraham Lincoln,'' 22 November 1860
112(3)
``Anarchy in the South,'' 29 January 1861
115(4)
``Emancipation Proclamation,'' 10 October 1862
119(3)
``William Lloyd Garrison and the Liberator,'' 9 January 1866
122(4)
The Spectator, 1858
126(14)
``American Domestic Policy at the Centre and Circumference,'' 15 May 1858
127(4)
``What Is the South?'' 28 August 1858
131(3)
``The Hour of Proof,'' 9 October 1858
134(2)
``The World's Interest in the West,'' 27 November 1858
136(4)
The National Anti-Slavery Standard, 1859-1862
140(25)
``John Brown,'' 17 December 1859
143(2)
``John Brown; South's Political Posturing,'' 24 December 1859
145(2)
``Death of john Brown; Bias in the Times,'' 28 January 1860
147(3)
``The Morrill Tariff,'' 1 June 1861
150(1)
``The Morrill Tariff,'' 7 September 1861
151(2)
``Mason and Slidell: The Trent Affair,'' 28 December 1861
153(3)
``The Trent Affair; War with England Averted,'' 15 February 1862
156(6)
``The Final Break,'' 1 March 1862
162(3)
Once a Week, 1861-1862
165(28)
``New Phase of the American Strife,'' 30 November 1861
166(7)
``Much Right and Much Wrong,'' 25 January 1862
173(7)
``The Slave Difficulty in America,'' 1 February 1862
180(6)
``Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia,'' 24 May 1862
186(7)
Part III. JOURNAL ARTICLES 193(122)
Interpreting the Sectional Divide, 1854-1857
195(47)
``Freedom, or Slavery?'' 1854
195(7)
A History of the American Compromises, 1856
202(21)
``'Manifest Destiny' of the American Union,'' 1857
223(19)
On the Eve of War, 1858-1860
242(44)
``The Slave-Trade in 1858,'' 1858
242(29)
``The United States under the Presidentship of Mr. Buchanan,'' 1860
271(15)
War and Reconstruction, 1862-1864
286(29)
``The Brewing of the American Storm,'' 1862
286(9)
``The Negro Race in America,'' 1864
295(20)
Appendix: Itinerary of Harriet Martineau's American Tour 315(4)
Notes 319(22)
Works Cited 341(4)
Index 345

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