Aboriginal History: A Reader

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-05-04
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Aboriginal History: A Reader is a contributed textbook/reader hybrid. The book contains more than 60 articles, images, and primary documents that present key topics in the history of Canada's Aboriginal peoples from a variety of different perspectives. This book examines a broad spectrum of Aboriginal issues in Canada, from the perspectives of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit peoples. The readings and new and previously published articles provide information on such topics as spirituality,systems of learning, socialization, perspectives on first contact with European travellers, and issues of self-identity in colonial and post-colonial Canada. The articles throughout this volume provide a fresh perspective on such topics as the Federal Indian Policy, residential schools, religion, culture, labour, economy, and Aboriginal women's rights. This text is unique in that Aboriginal scholars have written most of the new articles. No other text on the market has as many contributions by Aboriginal scholars or as many diverse Aboriginal perspectives. Pedagogical features such as 'Chapter Objectives', 'Questions for Consideration', and 'Further Resources' help contextualize the content and bring Aboriginal experiences to life, helping students gain a new appreciation for the complex nature of Aboriginal history in Canada.

Author Biography

Kristin Burnett is assistant professor in the Department of History at Lakehead University. Geoff Read is assistant professor in the Department of History at Huron University College.

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Aboriginal History in a Colonial Contextp. xv
World Views
Introductionp. 1
Indigeneity in Canada: Spirituality, the Sacred, and Survivalp. 2
Indigenous Pedagogy: A Way Out of Dependence Betty Bastienp. 14
Glossaryp. 24
Questions for Considerationp. 25
Further Resourcesp. 26
Perspectives on Contact
Introductionp. 27
Imagining a Distant New Worldp. 28
Plan of Hochelaga Picturing Contact, Cartier, 1556 Ramusiop. 40
Jacques Cartier and His First Interview with Indians at Hochelaga, 1850p. 41
Into the Arctic Archipelago: Edward Parry in Igloolik and the Shaman's Cursep. 41
Excerpt from an Interview with Rosie Iqallijuq Interview and translationp. 53
Questions for Considerationp. 56
Further Resourcesp. 57
Population Debates
Introductionp. 58
Recent Work and Prospects in American Indian Contact Populationp. 59
Natural [Herbal] Medicinep. 69
Treaties and Tuberculosis: First Nations People in Late-Nineteenth-Century Western Canada, A Political and Economic Transformationp. 71
Report of Acting Superintendent M.G. Dickieson, July 1879p. 80
Questions for Considerationp. 83
Further Resourcesp. 83
War, Conflict, and Society
Introductionp. 85
Slavery, the Fox Wars, and the Limits of Alliancep. 86
Baptisms, 21 September 1713p. 95
The Divided Ground: Upper Canada, New York, and the Iroquois Six Nations, 1783-1815p. 96
Speech by Red Jacket, 21 November 1790p. 105
Questions for Considerationp. 107
Further Resourcesp. 107
The Fur Trade
Introductionp. 109
Fur-Trade History as an Aspect of Native Historyp. 110
Minutes from the Excise Committee of the Hudson's Bay Company, 24 March 1673p. 119
Women, Kin, and Catholicism: New Perspectives on the Fur Tradep. 120
Reminiscences of Early Days on Mackinac Island Elizabeth Thrésè Bairdp. 129
Questions for Considerationp. 130
Further Resourcesp. 131
Locating Métis Identity
Introductionp. 132
'I Shall Settle, Marry, and Trade Here': British Military Personnel and Their Mixed-Blood Descendantsp. 133
Métis Nationalism: Then and Nowp. 141
Only Pemmican Eaters? The International Press and Métis Identity, 1869-85p. 151
The Insurrection in Manitoba Brisbane Courier, 16 May 1885p. 163
Questions for Considerationp. 165
Further Resourcesp. 166
Federal Indian Policy
Introductionp. 168
Dreaming in Liberal White: Canadian Indian Policy, 1913-83p. 170
Civilizing Influences A proposed pamphlet by Thomas Deasy, Indian Agent, 1920p. 179
Our Medicines: First Nations' Medical Practices and the Nanaimo Indian Hospital, 1945-75p. 180
Excerpt from an Interview with Violet Charlie Interview by Laurie Meijer Drees, 14 May 2008p. 189
Questions for Considerationp. 193
Further Resourcesp. 194
Survivance, Identity, and the Indian Act
Introductionp. 195
Identity, Non-Status Indians, and Federally Unrecognized Peoplesp. 196
Indian Act, 1876, Sections 3(3)-3(6)p. 205
Stuck at the Border of the Reserve: Bill C-31 and the Impact on First Nations Womenp. 206
Excerpt from an Interview with Life History Respondent 12 Interview by Jaime Mishibinijima, 28 July 2008p. 216
Indian Act, 1985, Section 6p. 217
Questions for Considerationp. 218
Further Resourcesp. 218
Residential Schools
Introductionp. 220
Always Remembering: Indian Residential Schools in Canadap. 221
Program of Studies for Indian Schools, 1897p. 233
Reflections on the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement: From Court Cases to Truth and Reconciliationp. 239
Excerpt from the Indian Residential Schools Setdement Agreement, May 2006p. 248
Telling Truths and Seeking Reconciliation: Exploring the Challengesp. 248
Questions for Considerationp. 250
Further Resourcesp. 250
Religion, Culture, and the Peoples of the North
Introductionp. 252
The Birth of a Catholic Inuit Community: The Transition to Christianity in Pelly Bay, NU, 1935-50p. 253
Excerpt from Codex Historicus, 25 December 1940p. 263
Reflecting on the Future: New Technologies, New Frontiersp. 264
Engaging and Integrating Technologies Naomi Adelsonp. 273
Questions for Considerationp. 274
Further Resourcesp. 274
The Economy and Labour
Introductionp. 276
Vanishing the Indians: Aboriginal Labourers in Twentieth-Century British Columbiap. 277
Excerpts from the Diary of Arthur Wellington Clah Introductionp. 291
Colonialism at Work: Labour Placement Programs for Aboriginal Women in Post-War Canadap. 293
Indian Girls Achieve Successful Careers-Pave Way for Others Indian News, June 1958p. 302
Questions for Considerationp. 304
Further Resourcesp. 304
Aboriginal Women
Introductionp. 306
Categories and Terrains of Exclusion: Constructing the 'Indian Woman' in the Early Settlement Era in Western Canadap. 307
Letter from Mrs Mary McNaughton Concerning the Chattels of Indian Women Married to White Men and Living on the Reserve, dated 15 December 1879p. 318
Making History: Elsie Marie Knott, Canada's First Female Indian Act Chiefp. 319
Excerpt from the Indian Act, 1951p. 327
Questions for Considerationp. 329
Further Resourcesp. 330
Negotiating Health and Weil-Being
Introductionp. 331
Industrial Fisheries and the Health of Local Communities in the Twentieth-Century Canadian Northwestp. 332
Letter from Chief Pierre Freezie to S.J. Bailey, 9 October 1950p. 341
'The Indians Would Be Better Off if They Tended to Their Farms Instead of Dabbling in Fisheries'p. 342
Maps of the Thunder Bay Mining Region of Lake Superior Geological and National History Survey of Canadap. 351
Early Pioneer Fur Trading Settlement Canadian Bank of Commercep. 352
On the Nipigon River, Whitchers Camp at Hamilton Poolp. 352
On the Nipigon River, One Hour's Catch at Big Canoe Portagep. 353
'This is a real Indian canoe in the picture, White water rapids from below', White Charlesp. 353
On the Nipigon River, 'Guzz Brother's Camp at Pizer Portage. Trout bearing camp, July 1884'p. 354
Questions for Considerationp. 354
Further Resourcesp. 355
Political Activism
Introductionp. 356
'Nothing Left for Me or Any Other Indian': The Georgian Bay Anishinabek and Interwar Articulations of Aboriginal Rightsp. 357
Letter from Elijah Tabobondung to Jon Daly, Indian Agent, 12 August 1923, Copperhead, Perry Sound, ONp. 370
Power, Praxis, and the Métis of Kelly Lake, Canadap. 371
Rare Health Sendees Come to Métis at Kelly Lakep. 382
Questions for Considerationp. 384
Further Resourcesp. 385
Treaties and Self-Governance
Introductionp. 386
Ally or Colonizer?: The Federal State, the Cree Nation, and the James Bay Agreementp. 389
Excerpt from Cree Regional Authority et al. v. Attorney-General of Quebec, 1991p. 400
Recognition by Assimilation: Mi'kmaq Treaty Rights, Fisheries Privatization, and Community Resistance in Nova Scotiap. 403
The Guides, 1899p. 414
The Guides, 2009p. 415
Questions for Considerationp. 415
Further Resourcesp. 416
Further Resourcesp. 418
Glossaryp. 436
Notesp. 442
Creditsp. 489
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