The Academic Writer A Brief Guide

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-12-27
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Written in Lisa Ede's accessible, supportive style,The Academic Writeris an affordable, brief guide to the essentials of academic writing and research. By framing writing situations in terms of the writer, reader, text, and medium, the text helps students think rhetorically and make effective choices as they write. Abundant student models, advice on writing in the disciplines, and attention to visuals and design make this text a perfect introduction to college writing -- at a great price.

Author Biography

LISA EDE is a professor of English and the director of the Center for Writing and Learning at Oregon State University, where she has taught since 1980. She has published a number of books and articles collaboratively with Andrea A. Lunsford, including Singular Texts/Plural Authors: Perspectives on Collaborative Writing and “Audience Addressed/Audience Invoked: The Role of Audience in Composition Theory and Pedagogy,” which won the CCCC's Braddock Award in 1985. Ede is also a recipient of the prestigious Shaughnessy Award. Among her other publications are Situating Composition: Composition Studies and the Politics of Location and Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse (with Andrea A. Lunsford and Robert J. Connors). In addition, for Bedford/St. Martin's, Ede is the editor of On Writing Research: The Braddock Essays, 1975-1998 and co-editor, with Andrea Lunsford, of Selected Essays of Robert J. Connors.

Table of Contents

PART I Writing Matters: Writing and Rhetoric in the Twenty-First Century
1. Rethinking Writing: A Rhetorical Process for Composing Texts
Understanding the Impact of Communication Technologies on Writing
Writing and Rhetoric
Composing - and Designing - Texts
Developing Rhetorical Sensitivity
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Note for Multilingual Writers
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
2. Academic Writing: Committing to the Process
Managing the Writing Process
     Identifying Composing Styles
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Analyzing Your Composing Process
     Questions for Analyzing Your Composing Process
Writing Communities
     Finding a Community
     Working Collaboratively
     Guidelines for Group Work
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
3. Analyzing Rhetorical Situations
Learning to Analyze Your Rhetorical Situation
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Using Your Rhetorical Analysis to Guide Your Writing
     Questions for Analyzing Your Rhetorical Situation
     Setting Preliminary Goals
     *Student Essay: Alia Sands, “A Separate Education”
Using Aristotle's Three Appeals
     Student Essay: Brandon Barrett, “The All-Purpose Answer”
Analyzing Textual Conventions
     Characteristics of an Effective Academic Essay
     Observing a Professional Writer at Work: Comparing and Contrasting Textual Conventions
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Using Textual Conventions
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
PART II Writing in College
4. Analyzing Texts and Contexts
Understanding Your Audience
     Student Essay: Hope Leman, “The Role of Journalists in American Society: A Comparison of the 'Mirror' and 'Flashlight' Models”
Understanding How Analysis Works
     Establishing a Purpose for Your Analysis
     Developing an Appropriate Method for Your Analysis
     Questions for Developing an Appropriate Method for Analysis
Understanding the Relationship between Analysis and Argument
     Analyzing Academic Arguments
     Determining the Question at Issue
     Stasis Questions
     Essay: Amitai Etzioni, “Less Privacy Is Good for Us (and You)”
     Identifying an Author's Position on a Question
     Questions for Critical Reading
     Using Aristotle's Three Appeals
     Using Toulmin's Framework
     Recognizing Fallacies
     Guidelines for Identifying Fallacies
Putting Theory into Practice: Academic Analysis in Action
     Student Essay: Stevon Roberts, “The Price of Public Safety”
     Reading Visual Texts
     Guidelines for Analyzing Visual Texts
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
5. Making and Supporting Claims
Understanding - and Designing - Academic Arguments
Exploring Aristotle's Three Appeals
Understanding the Role of Values and Beliefs in Argument
     Guidelines for Analyzing Your Own Values and Beliefs
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     For Exploration
*Mastering the Essential Moves in Academic Writing
     Determining Whether a Claim Can Be Argued
     Developing a Working Thesis
     Guidelines for Developing and Arguable Claim Providing Good Reasons and Supporting Them with Evidence
     For Exploration
     Questions for Evaluating Evidence
     Acknowledging Possible Counterarguments
     *Framing Your Argument as Part of the Conversation
     Using Visuals to Strengthen Your Argument
     Guidelines for Using Visuals in Academic Writing
*Composing an Academic Argument: A Case Study
     Daniel Stieplman, “Literacy in America: Reading between the Lines”
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
*6. Doing Research: Joining the Scholarly Conversation
Questions for Analyzing Your Rhetorical Situation As A Researcher
*Considering Multiple Perspectives
*Looking at a Variety of Sources
     Using Reference Works
     Browsing the Scholarly Literature
     Using Review Articles and Scholarly Anthologies
     Exploring the Social Web
*Coping with Uncertainty
*Keeping an Open Mind
*Finding a Focus
*Gathering Information
*Planning Your Research Process
     Questions to Help You Start Your Research
*Managing Your Time 
*Staying Organized
     Saving What You Find Online
     Citation Managers
     Guidelines for Managing a Research Project
     Note for Multilingual Writers
*Finding and Participating in the Conversations about Your Topic
     The Basics of Online Searches
          Keyword Searches.
          Searching the Internet and Searching Specialized Databases
          Alternatives to Keyword Searching
          Controlled Vocabulary and Thesauri
Research Tools
     Article (or Periodical) Databases
     Questions To Consider When Choosing An Article Database
     Library Catalogs
     Questions To Consider When Using Library Catalogs
     Searching the Internet.
     Using the Social Web
*Conducting Field Research
     Guidelines for Conducting Interviews
     Guidelines for Designing and Using Questionnaires
*Understanding and Evaluating Sources
     Choosing Different Types of Source
     Peer-Reviewed (Scholarly) Articles
     Online Sources
     Tools for Evaluating Peer-Reviewed Articles
          Scholarly Blogs
          Ratings and Reviews on the Social Web
          Citation Tracking
Guidelines for Evaluating Sources
*Using Sources Ethically and Appropriately
     Guidelines for Determining When to Quote, Paraphrase or Summarize
     Avoiding Plagiarism
     Guidelines for Avoiding Plagiarism
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Using Appropriate Citation Styles
*Understanding and Asserting Your Rights as a Content Creator
     Copyleft, Creative Commons, and Privacy
*Using Visuals Effectively
Sample Research Essay Using MLA Documentation Style
          Student Essay: Alletta Brenner, “Sweatshop U.S.A.: Human Trafficking in the American Garment-Manufacturing Industry”
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
7. Writing in the Disciplines: Making Choices as You Write
Thinking Rhetorically about Writing in the Disciplines
     Questions for Analyzing Writing in the Disciplines
Writing in the Humanities
Sample Student Essays in the Humanities
     Julie Baird and Stevon Roberts, “I Think I Am, I Think I Am”
     Elizabeth Ridlington, “Lincoln's Presidency and Public Opinion”
Writing in the Natural and Applied Sciences
Sample Student Essay in the Natural and Applied Sciences
     Tara Gupta, “Field Measurements of Photosynthesis and Transpiration Rates in Dwarf Snapdragon (Chaenorrhinum minus Lange): An Investigation of Water Stress Adaptations”
Writing in the Social Sciences
*Sample Student Essay in the Social Sciences
     *Tawnya Redding, “Mood Music: Music Preference and the Risk for Depression and Suicide in Adolescents”
Writing in Business
Sample Student Memo for Business Writing
     Michelle Rosowsky and Carina Abernathy, “Taylor Nursery Bid”
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
PART III Practical Strategies for Reading and Writing
8. Strategies for Reading
Applying Rhetorical Sensitivity to Your Reading
Recognizing the Importance of Genre
     Questions to ask about Academic Genres
     Note for Multilingual Writers
Becoming a Strong Reader
     Guidelines for Effective Reading
Developing Critical Reading Skills
          Note for Multilingual Writers
          Questions for Previewing a Text
     Analyzing Visual Elements
          Questions for Analyzing the Use of Visuals in a Text
          Questions for Annotating a Text
          Guidelines for Summarizing a Text
     Analyzing Lines of Argument
          Questions for Analyzing a Text's Argument
          Note for Multilingual Writers
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
9. Strategies for Invention
     Discovering Ideas
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Guidelines for Group Brainstorming
     Asking the Journalist's Questions
Exploring Ideas
     Asking the Topical Questions
     Questions for Exploring a Topic
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Writing a Discovery Draft
     Guidelines for Troubleshooting
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
10. Strategies for Planning and Drafting
Understanding the Process of Planning
     Establishing a Working Thesis
     Formulating a Workable Plan
     Note for Multilingual Writers
Developing Effective Strategies for Drafting
     Managing the Drafting Process
Developing and Organizing Your Ideas
     Using a Thesis Statement
     Developing Ideas
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Following Textual Conventions
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
11. Strategies for Designing Pages and Screens
Looking at Design and the Rhetorical Situation
     Note for Multilingual Writers
Understanding the Basic Principles of Design
     Guidelines for Thinking Rhetorically About Document Design
Formatting and Layout
     Guidelines for Using Color Effectively
     Fonts and Typefaces
Choosing Effective Headings
     Type Size and Style
Using Visuals Effectively
     Guidelines for Using Visuals Effectively
Making Effective Decisions about Design: Sample Documents
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
12. Strategies for Revision
Revising through Re-Vision
     Guidelines for Revising Objectively
Asking the Big Questions: Revising for Focus, Content, and Organization
     Examining Your Own Writing
     Questions for Evaluating Focus, Content, and Organization
*One Student Writer's Revision for Focus, Content, and Organization
     *Stevon Roberts: “My Identity Crisis-And Yours”
Benefiting from Responses to Work in Progress
     Note for Multilingual Writers
     Responses from Friends and Family Members
     Responses from Classmates
     Guidelines for Peer Response
     Responses from Writing Center Tutors
     Guidelines for Meeting with a Writing Tutor
     Responses from Your Instructor
     Guidelines for Using Your Instructor's Responses
Keeping Your Readers on Track: Revising for Style
     Achieving Coherence
     Guidelines for Revising for Coherence
     Finding an Appropriate Voice
     Revising for Effective Prose Style
     Guidelines for Effective Prose Style
For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
Writers' References
     MLA Documentation Guidelines
     APA Documentation Guidelines


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