Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-08-15
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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A valuable tool for any health care leader dedicated to improving the quality of care and enhancing patient satisfaction. Combining theory and discussion with a practical 'action plan' format, Sherman challenges the reader to think about solutions, not just ideas. --Irwin Press, president, Press, Ganey Associates, Inc. Whether you're a CEO, a caregiver, or simply someone who cares about the results of service initiatives, you'll find plenty of great ideas in this book. --Mark C. Clement, president and CEO, Holy Cross Hospital, Winner, 1994 AHA Great Comebacks Award, 1996 International Enterprise Award for Customer Satisfaction, 1998 Global Best Practices Award for Customer Service Total Customer Satisfaction reports on the breakthrough methods used by awarding winning hospitals and health care organizations to achieve top-rated national status in customer satisfaction. Learn from top experts in the field of how to create and implement total customer satisfaction tactical plan that will boost customer satisfaction ratings in your health care organization.

Author Biography

Keith Johnson is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also the author of Quantitative Methods in Linguistics, and the 6th edition of Peter Ladefoged's A Course in Phonetics.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. viii
Introductionp. 1
Fundamentalsp. 5
Basic Acoustics and Acoustic Filtersp. 7
The Sensation of Soundp. 7
The Propagation of Soundp. 8
Types of Soundsp. 11
Simple periodic wavesp. 11
Complex periodic wavesp. 12
Aperiodic wavesp. 17
Acoustic Filtersp. 19
Recommended Readingp. 22
Exercisesp. 23
The Acoustic Theory of Speech Production: Deriving Schwap. 25
Voicingp. 25
Voicing Quantap. 28
Vocal Tract Filteringp. 30
Pendulums, Standing Waves, and Vowel Formantsp. 32
Discovering Nodes and Antinodes in an Acoustic Tubep. 45
Recommended Readingp. 47
Exercisesp. 48
Digital Signal Processingp. 49
Continuous versus Discrete Signalsp. 49
Analog-to-Digital Conversionp. 50
Samplingp. 51
Quantizationp. 55
Signal Analysis Methodsp. 59
RMS amplitudep. 59
Fast Fourier transform (FFT)p. 60
Auto-correlation pitch trackingp. 64
Digital filtersp. 68
Linear predictive coding (LPC)p. 71
Spectra and spectrogramsp. 77
Recommended Readingp. 79
Exercisesp. 80
Basic Auditionp. 82
Anatomy of the Peripheral Auditory Systemp. 82
The Auditory Sensation of Loudnessp. 83
Frequency Response of the Auditory Systemp. 88
Saturation and Maskingp. 90
Auditory Representationsp. 93
Recommended Readingp. 97
Exercisesp. 98
Speech Perceptionp. 100
Auditory Ability Shapes Speech Perceptionp. 101
Phonetic Knowledge Shapes Speech Perceptionp. 104
Categorical perceptionp. 104
Phonetic coherencep. 109
Linguistic Knowledge Shapes Speech Perceptionp. 112
Perceptual Similarityp. 115
Maps from distancesp. 116
The perceptual map of fricativesp. 119
Recommended Readingp. 124
Exercisesp. 126
Speech Analysisp. 129
Vowelsp. 131
Tube Models of Vowel Productionp. 131
Perturbation Theoryp. 137
"Preferred" Vowels - Quantal Theory and Adaptive Dispersionp. 141
Vowel Formants and the Acoustic Vowel Spacep. 142
Auditory and Acoustic Representations of Vowelsp. 144
Cross-linguistic Vowel Perceptionp. 146
Recommended Readingp. 149
Exercisesp. 150
Fricativesp. 152
Turbulencep. 152
Place of Articulation in Fricativesp. 157
Quantal Theory and Fricativesp. 159
Fricative Auditory Spectrap. 162
Dimensions of Fricative Perceptionp. 165
Recommended Readingp. 166
Exercisesp. 167
Stops and Affricatesp. 169
Source Functions For Stops and Affricatesp. 170
Phonation typesp. 170
Sound sources in stops and affricatesp. 172
Vocal Tract Filter Functions in Stopsp. 176
Affricatesp. 179
Auditory Properties of Stopsp. 180
Stop Perception in Different Vowel Contextsp. 182
Recommended Readingp. 183
Exercisesp. 184
Nasals and Lateralsp. 185
Bandwidthp. 185
Nasal Stopsp. 187
Lateralsp. 196
Nasalizationp. 198
Nasal Consonant Perceptionp. 202
Recommended Readingp. 204
Exercisesp. 205
Referencesp. 206
Answers to Selected Short-answer Questionsp. 212
Indexp. 218
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