9780748752980

Advanced Biology for You

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780748752980

  • ISBN10:

    0748752986

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-11-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Topics presented as double page spreads (learning units) so that material is presented in manageable sections. The reading age has been controlled, and the text written to ensure clear and unambigous explanations. Great care has been taken with the sequencing and development of concepts, while assuming that the student had only an average grade at GCSE level. More difficult sections are clearly marked so that they can be omitted at first. Each chapter has a concise summary of the work covered. A large number of questions are included, for students to practise and develop their competence. Sections of examination questions contain AS-Level style and A-Level questions. 'Biology at Work' sections give many applications of biology throughout the book. Includes sections on 'Key Skills in Biology' and 'Study Skills'.

Table of Contents

Core Principles
Biological molecules
6(22)
Structure and role of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Biology at work: Electrophoresis, Cholesterol, Anabolic Steroids, Collagen replacement therapy
Cells
28(20)
Ultrastructure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Biology at work: Laser microscopes
The cell membrane and transport
48(15)
Plasma membrane structure, diffusion, osmosis, active transport Biology at work: Cryopreservation
Enzymes
63(17)
Properties and action of enzymes related to their 3-D structure Biology at work: Commercial use of enzymes, Immobilised enzymes, Insecticide resistance in pests
Digestion
80(19)
Types of heterotrophic nutrition, structure and functions of the human digestive system Biology at work: Protein producers
Further questions on Core Principles
93(6)
Genes and Genetic Engineering
Nucleic acids and Protein synthesis
99(14)
Structure, of DNA and RNA, replication, transcription, translation, the genetic code and protein synthesis
Cell division
113(15)
The stages of mitosis and meiosis, the cell cycle, cloning
Biology at work: The biology of cancer, Cancer by infection
Reproduction
128(15)
The importance of meiosis and fertilisation in sexual reproduction
Biology at work: Human sub-fertility, Hormones in domestic animals
Gene technology
143(21)
Industrial fermentation, PCR, genetic fingerprinting, gene therapy, transgenic organisms Biology at work: DNA fingerprinting, The GM food debate
Further questions on Genes and Genetic Engineering
160(4)
Gas Exchange and Transport
Gas exchange
164(17)
Gas exchange surfaces, gas exchange in humans and in plants
Biology at work: Asthma, Everest without oxygen, Training at altitude
Transport in animals
181(18)
Heart action, control of heartbeat, blood vessels, exchange at capillaries, oxygen dissociation curves Biology at work: Pacemakers and ECGs, Treatment of hypertension
Transport in plants
199(21)
Leaf structure, structure and function of xylem and pholem, transpiration and water uptake by roots, xerophytes, translocation Biology at work: Aphids and plant viruses, Dutch elm disease
Further questions on Gas Exchange and Transport
215(5)
Human Health and Disease
Diet and health
220(19)
Balanced diet, different energy and nutrient needs, malnutrition
Biology at work: Biotechnology and food production, Carbo-loading and performance, Herbal medicine and free radicals
Exercise and health
239(16)
Breathing and exercise, smoking and diseases of the lungs and heart Biology at work: Coronary artery bypass, X-rays and CT scanning, Exercise - Putting life into your years
Infectious disease and immunity
255(29)
Bacterial and viral disease, the immune response, vaccination, antibiotics and resistance Biology at work: Antibodies and pregnancy testing, Meningitis
Further questions on Human Health and Disease
280(4)
Energy and Control
Respiration
284(14)
The role of ATP, aerobic and anaerobic respiration Biology at work: Brewing, Biofuels
Photosynthesis
298(12)
Light stage, dark stage, the rate of photosynthesis Biology at work: Manipulating photosynthesis, Feed the World
Homeostasis
310(16)
Thermoregulation, control of blood glucose level, the kidney in excretion and osmoregulation Biology at work: Kidney dialysis and transplantation
Control and coordination
326(28)
Nerve impulse, synapses, spinal reflexes, the eye, muscle contraction, plant growth substances
Biology at work: The effects of drugs on synaptic transmission, Motor neurone disease, Commercial applications of plant hormones
Further questions on Energy and Control
349(5)
Continuity and Environment
Inheritance
354(16)
Monohybrid and dihybrid inheritance, codominance, multiple alleles, gene interaction, sex linkage Biology at work: African cassava mosaic virus, Genetic mapping
Selection, evolution and classification
370(20)
Gene and chromosome mutations, natural selection, speciation, artificial selection, classification, the 5 kingdoms
Biology at work: Natural selection on the underground, Recreating dinosaurs
Energy and ecosystems
390(16)
Feeding relationships, pyramids, energy flow, nutrient cycling
Biology at work: Sustainable timber production Intensive farming
Interactions between organisms
406(18)
Population growth, competition, predation, biological control, succession, fieldwork techniques
Biology at work: Bolivian savanna interactions
Human influences on ecosystems
424
Deforestation, greenhouse effect, acid rain, organic pollution, eutrophication, bioaccumulation
Biology at work: Bioaccumulation of mercury, Natural treatment of man-made waste
Further questions on Continuity and Environment
438
Further Synoptic questions
443
Extra Sections
Study skills
446
Practical skills
452
Key Skills in Advanced Biology
456
Index
460
Acknowledgements
464

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