Adverse Impact: Implications for Organizational Staffing and High Stakes Selection

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-08-18
  • Publisher: Routledge
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This text is the best single repository for a comprehensive examination of the scientific research and practical issues associated with adverse impact. Adverse impact occurs when there is a significant difference in organizational outcomes to the disadvantage of one or more groups defined on the basis of demographic characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, etc.This book shows, based on scientific research, how to design selection systems that minimize subgroup differences. The primary object of this volume in the SIOP series is to bring together renowned experts in this field to present their viewpoints and perspectives on what underlies adverse impact, where we are in terms of assessing it and what we may have learned (or not learned) about minimizing it.

Table of Contents

Series Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Contributorsp. xxv
Adverse Impact: History and Evolutionp. 3
An Analysis of Two Methods for Assessing and Indexing Adverse Impact: A Disconnect Between the Academic Literature and Some Practicep. 29
Theoretical Perspectives
A Theory of Adverse Impactp. 53
Revisiting g: Intelligence, Adverse Impact, and Personnel Selectionp. 95
Adverse Impact and Traditional Selection Theory
How a Broader Definition of the Criterion Domain Changes Our Thinking About Adverse Impactp. 137
What Are the Criteria for Adverse Impact?p. 161
Facets of the Adverse Impact Problem
Adverse Impact in Employee Selection Procedures From the Perspective of an Organizational Consultantp. 201
Performance Ratings: Then and Nowp. 227
Perspectives on Adverse Impact in Work Performance: What We Know and What We Could Learn More Aboutp. 249
Validity, Utility, and Adverse Impact: Practical Implications From 30 Years of Datap. 271
Cut Scores and Adverse Impactp. 289
Subgroup Differences on Cognitive Tests in Contexts Other Than Personnel Selectionp. 323
Adverse Impact From an International Perspective
International Perspectives on Adverse Impact: Europe and Beyondp. 349
Adverse Impact in South Africap. 375
Methods of Reducing Adverse Impact
Balancing Adverse Impact, Selection Errors, and Employee Performance in the Presence of Test Biasp. 403
Reductions in Measured Subgroup Mean Differences: What Is Possible?p. 425
Decision Aids for Addressing the Validity-Adverse Impact Trade-Offp. 453
A Five-Year Journey With Coca-Colap. 473
Conclusionsp. 503
Author Indexp. 507
Subject Indexp. 525
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