Africa and the West: A Documentary History Volume 2: From Colonialism to Independence, 1875 to the Present

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-02-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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This is a new edition of volume two of Africa and the West: A Documentary History. The second volume is be divided into two sections: Colonialism and Its Critics and The Contradictions of Post-Colonial Independence. This new edition uses all of the documents in the first edition, taken from both African and European sources, and adds some 20 pages of additional documents to cover the most recent developments. Some documents are the expected types, such as the Natives Land Act from South Africa, Mandela's "No Easy Walk to Freedom," and Nkrumah on pan-Africanism; others are more unusual, such as a German school examination for African children. Many of the sources have not previously appeared in print, or in books readily available to students. The authors have provided a detailed table of contents in place of impressionistic and often uninformative chapter titles; expanded the bibliography; added a list of websites for African historical resources; and added a few new maps. This book provides a unique resource both for African history survey courses and for topical courses on imperialism, colonialism, economic history, and East-West relations.

Author Biography

WHW: Prof. of history, UCLA: NLC: prof. of history, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo: EAA: Prof. of history, UCLA

Table of Contents

Reshaping Africa 1875-1961
Methods of Rule (1875-1919)
Making colonialism appear ""traditional"" (1875), Native Administration Law, No. 26, Natal, December 17, 1875.
Africa for the African (1897), John Chilembwe and the African Christian Union Schedule, Nyasaland, January 14, 1897
West African warfare (1905)
West African Warfare, 1905
Evidence of colonial atrocities in the Belgian Congo (1903-05)
Roger Casement's report on the Congo, December 11, 1903
Declaration of Emily Banks in H. Grattan Guinness, Congo Slavery, 1905
The case of Lokota in E. D. Morel, King Leopold's Rule in Africa, 1904
Some Facts That Took Place in the Congo, 1944.
Frederick Lugard instructs his officials on how to implement indirect rule (1913-18)
Political Memoranda, 1919
The French practice direct rule to enforce submission (1908)
governor of French West Africa, general instructions to civilian administrators, November 26, 1908
A German school examination for African children (1909), A school examination administered to 55 pupils at Catholic and Protestant mission stations in German Togo in November 1909.
The Natives Land Act, South Africa, 1913 (1916), Resolution against the Natives Land Act 1913 and the report of the Natives Land [Beaumont] Commission, October 2, 1916.
The ANC in South Africa (1919), Constitution of the South African Native National Congress, 1919.
W.E.B. Du Bois describes an Atlantic world bounded by racial exploitation (1915)
The Negro, 1915
The Interwar Years: Supporting the Metropoles (1919-1936)
An appeal for the equal treatment of Africans and people of African descent (1919), Resolutions of the Pan African Congress, Paris, February 1919.
Harry Thuku explains why he formed a political movement for all East Africans (1921)
an autobiography, 1970
Creating a national movement for all West Africans (1920), petition of the National Congress of British West Africa, October 19, 1920.
Forced labor in Portuguese Africa (1924)
Report on Employment of Native Labor in Portuguese Africa, 1925
Organizing African workers (1928), Clements Kadalie and the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa program for 1928.
Charlotte Maxeke describes the impact of colonialism on women and the family (1930)
""Social Conditions Among Bantu Women and Girls,"" Fort Hare, 1930
Education in the United States of America (1925-33)
My Odyssey: An Autobiography, 1970
Colonial rule equals taxes and forced labor (1934)
Africa Dances: A Book about West African Negroes, 1935
Colonial rule equals police harassment (1920s-30s)
Child of Two Worlds, 1964
Colonial rule equals censorship (1936)
My Odyssey: An Autobiography, 1970
World War II and its immediate aftermath (1941-1950)
The impact of World War II (1941-45)
""Mau Mau"" General, 1967
The official mind of colonialism (1944), ""Character""
The Belgian Congo, 1944.
The Dream of the Warrior (1940s)
Child of Two Worlds, 1964
Freedom in our lifetime (1946), Anton Lembede outlines the policy of the African National Congress Youth League, May 1946.
Women and men on strike (1947-48)
God's Bits of Wood, 1960
Only the dead are exempt from forced labor (1947)
My Crusade for Portugal, 1961
Colonial officials take note of African discontent (1948), report of the Commission of Enquiry into Disturbances on the Gold Coast, 1948.
Hendrik Verwoerd explains apartheid (1950), address of Hendrik Verwoerd, Minister of Native Affairs, to the Native Representative Council, December 5, 1950.
No easy road to decolonization (1953-1961)
Nelson Mandela's ""No Easy Walk to Freedom"" (1953), presidential address by Nelson Mandela to the ANC (Transvaal branch), September 21, 1953.
Jomo Kenyatta in court (1953), the principal examination of Jomo Kenyatta, as a witness in the Kapenguria trial, begun on January 26, 1953.
Mau Mau's daughter (1954)
Mau Mau's Daughter: A Life History, 1998
The Freedom Charter (1955), ""Freedom Charter,"" adopted by the Congress of the People, June 26, 1955, South Africa.
A balance sheet of empire (1957), ""Future constitutional development in the colonies"": minute Harold Macmillan to Lord Salisbury, January 28, 1957.
Freedom! Freedom! Freedom! (1957), speech delivered on the eve of Ghana's independence, March 6, 1957, Kwame Nkrumah, I Speak of Freedom, 1961.
Verwoerd reaffirms South Africa's commitment to white supremacy (1958)
speech delivered at Blood River, December 16, 1958
The Cold War begins in earnest (1960), The Church Committee, Alleged Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders ... November 20, 1975.
Patrice Lumumba writes his last letter to his wife (1961)
Congo my Country, 1961
The final hours of Patrice Lumumba, Maurice Mpolo, and Joseph Okito (1961)
The Assassination of Lumumba, 2001
The Emergence of Independent Africa 1961 - 2008
African Ideologies of Independence (1961-1971)
Frantz Fanon discuss the limits of African independence (1961)
Toward the African Revolution, 1964
Nkrumah on pan-Africanism as an answer to neo-colonialism (1961)
I Speak of Freedom, 1961
Julius Nyerere argues for African democracy, self-reliance, and socialism (1967)
""The African and Democracy,"" 1961
""The Arusha Declaration Teach-in"", 1967
The African National Congress (ANC) adopts a policy of violence (1961), flyer issued under the command of Umkonto we Sizwe, December 16, 1961.
""The Civilized Man's Burden"" (1963)
""The Civilized Man's Burden"", 1963
Eduardo Mondlane rejects Portuguese apologetics (1969)
The Struggle for Mozambique, 1969
Black consciousness (1971)
""What are we talking about"", Edvenvale, South Africa, 1971
Is neo-colonialism rationalized imperialism? (1964)
seminar held at the Frantz Fanon Centre in Treviglio, Milan, May 1964
Colonial Legacies of Authoritarianism (1960-1979)
A man of the people (1960s)
A Man of the People, 1966
Tearing things apart (1967), Proclamation of the Republic of Biafra, May 30, 1967.
An emperor and his court (1970s), Haile Selassie's royal court described by Ryszard Kapuscinski, The Emperor: Downfall of an Autocrat, 1983.
Who will start another fire? (1970s)
""Before Chilembwe Tree"", 1981
The fate of political dissidents (1975)
Political Prisoner 3/75, 1995
The rebellion begins, South Africa, June 1976 (1976), Mark Mathabane, Kaffir Boy, 1986.
Torture under apartheid (1977)
testimony given to the Truth and Reconcilation Commission, South Africa, 1996
A task which shook my whole being (1970s)
Call Me Woman, 1985
Another coup in Ghana (1979)
radio broadcast, 17 June 1979
Colonial Legacies of Exploitation (1980-2008)
The problem with Africa (1980), The World Bank, Accelerated Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1981.
Structural adjustment in Ghana (1983-89)
Republic of Ghana Economic Recovery Program 1984-1986, 1983
Republic of Ghana Economic Recovery Program 1984-1986, 1984
Republic of Ghana Programme of Actions to Mitigate the Social Costs of Adjustment, 1987
Albert Adu Boahen, The Ghanaian Sphinx, 1989.
Thabo Mbeki on AIDS and poverty in Africa (2000), speech by Thabo Mbeki at the 13th International AIDS Conference, July 9, 2000.
Africa's debt crisis (2004), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Economic Development in Africa, 2004.
The Continuing Transition to Freedom (1990-2008)
The crisis of the state in Africa (1990)
What is Africa's Problem, 1992
The elements of democracy in Africa (1992)
Elements of Democracy, 1992
Negotiating democracy in South Africa (1993), Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA), ""Declaration of Intent"", 1993.
Scrubbing the furious walls of Mikuyu prison (1990s)
The Chattering Wagtails of Mikuyu Prison, 1993
An intimate genocide (1994)
Season of Blood, 1995
Nelson Mandela and a new Africa (1994), statement of the president of the African National Congress, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, at his inauguration as president of the Democratic Republic of South Africa, Union Buildings, May 10, 1994.
Growing conflict in Africa (1980-2008)
""Summary of Mozambican Refugee Accounts of Principally Conflict-Related Experience in Mozambique,"" 1988
""Children Associated with Fighting Forces in the Conflict in Sierra Leone"" May 4, 2007
Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007
Sudan ""In the name of God"", 1994
A lake of oil beneath Africa, United States Geological Survey (USGS), 1997.
Holding someone responsible (2007-08), The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) prosecutor Justice Hassan B. Jallow delivers closing submissions in Military 1 case, trial of Theoneste Bagosora et al, June 6, 2007.
U.S. policy planning for Africa (2004), National Intelligence Council (NIC), ""External Relations and Africa"", March 16, 2004.
Jacob Zuma addresses the Solidarity Union National Congress (2008)
address to the Solidarity Union National Congress closing dinner, Pretoria, March 6, 2008
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