African Americans A Concise History, Volume 1 Plus NEW MyHistoryLab with eText -- Access Card Package

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  • Edition: 4th
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  • Copyright: 2011-07-11
  • Publisher: Pearson
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A compelling story of agency, survival, struggle and triumph over adversity. This text illuminates the central place of African Americans in U.S. history by telling the story of what it has meant to be black in America and how African-American history is inseparably woven into the greater context of American history. African Americansdraws on recent research to present black history within broad social, cultural and political frameworks. From Africa to the 21st century, this book follows the long turbulent journey of African Americans, the rich culture they have nurtured throughout their history and the quest for freedom through which African Americans have sought to counter oppression and racism. This text also recognizes the diversity within the African-American sphere, providing coverage of class and gender and balancing the lives of ordinary men and women with accounts of black leaders. Note: MyHistoryLabdoes not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLabat no extra charge, please visitwww.MyHistoryLab.comor use ISBN: 9780205090754.

Author Biography

Darlene Clark Hine

Darlene Clark Hine is a Board of Trustees professor of African-American studies and professor of history at Northwestern University. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a former president of the Organization of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association. Hine received her B.A. at Roosevelt University in Chicago and her MA. and Ph.D. from Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. Hine has taught at South Carolina State University and at Purdue University. She also taught at Michigan State University where she was John A. Hannah professor of history. She was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University and at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies at Harvard University. She is the author and/or co-editor of 15 books, most recently The Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000), co-edited with Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham and Leon Litwack. She co-edited a two-volume set with Earnestine Jenkins, A Question of Manhood: A Reader in Black Men’s History and Masculinity (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999, 2001) and one with Jacqueline McLeod, Crossing Boundaries: Comparative History of Black People in Diaspora (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000pk). With Kathleen Thompson she wrote A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America (New York: Broadway Books, 1998) and edited More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996) with Barry Gaspar. She won the Dartmouth Medal of the American Library Association for the reference volumes co-edited with Elsa Barkley Brown and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1993). She is the author of Black Women in White: Racial Conflict and Cooperation in the Nursing Profession, 1890–1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989). Her forthcoming book is entitled The Black Professional Class: Physicians, Nurses, Lawyers, and the Origins of the Civil Rights Movement, 1890–1955.


William C. Hine

William C. Hine received his undergraduate education at Bowling Green State University, his master’s degree at the University of Wyoming and his Ph.D. at Kent State University. He is a professor of history at South Carolina State University. He has had articles published in several journals, including Agricultural History, Labor History and the Journal of Southern History. He is currently writing a history of South Carolina State University.


Stanley Harrold

Stanley Harrold, a professor of history at South Carolina State University, received his bachelor’s degree from Allegheny College and his master’s degree and Ph.D. from Kent State University. He is co-editor of Southern Dissent, a book series published by the University Press of Florida. In 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 he had National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships. In 2005 he received an NEH Faculty Research Award.  His books include: Gamaliel Bailey and Antislavery Union (Kent, Ohio:  Kent State University Press, 1986), The Abolitionists and the South (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995), Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America (co-edited with John R. McKivigan; Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press,  1999), American Abolitionists (Harlow, U.K.: Longman, 2001), Subversives: Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 18280-1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003), The Rise of Aggressive Abolitionism: Addresses to the Slaves (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2004), Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Reader (Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 2007) and Border War: Fighting over Slavery before the Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010). He has published articles in Civil War History, Journal of Southern History, Radical History Review and Journal of the Early Republic

Table of Contents



About the Authors


Part I: Becoming African American

Chapter 1: Africa

A Huge and Diverse Land

The Birthplace of Humanity

Ancient Civilizations and Old Arguments

West Africa

Kongo and Angola

West African Society and Culture


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 2: Middle Passage

The European Age of Exploration and Colonization

The Slave Trade in Africa

The Origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade

Growth of the Atlantic Slave Trade

The African-American Ordeal from Capture to Destination

Landing and Sale in the West Indies


The End of the Journey: Masters and Slaves in the Americas  

The Ending of the Atlantic Slave Trade  


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 3: Black People in Colonial North America, 1526-1763

The Peoples of Eastern North America  

Black Servitude in the Chesapeake  

Plantation Slavery, 1700—1750  

Slave Life in Early America  

Miscegenation and Creolization  

The Origins of African-American Culture  

Slavery in the Northern Colonies  

Slavery in Spanish Florida and French Louisiana  

Black Women in Colonial America  

Black Resistance and Rebellion


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 4: Rising Expectations: African Americans and the Struggle for Independence, 1763-1783

The Crisis of the British Empire

The Declaration of Independence and African Americans

Black Enlightenment

African Americans in the War for Independence

The Revolution and Emancipation


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 5: African Americans in the New Nation, 1783-1820

Forces for Freedom  

Forces for Slavery  

The Emergence of Free Black Communities  

The War of 1812 


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Part II: Slavery, Abolition, and the Quest for Freedom: The Coming of the Civil War, 1793—1861

Chapter 6: Life in the Cotton Kingdom

The Expansion of Slavery

Slave Labor in Agriculture

House Servants and Skilled Slaves

Slave Families

The Socialization of Slaves


The Character of Slavery and Slaves


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 7: Free Black People in Antebellum America, 1820-1861

Demographics of Freedom  

The Jacksonian Era  

Limited Freedom in the North  

Black Communities in the Urban North  

African-American Institutions  

Free African Americans in the Upper South 

Free African Americans in the Deep South  


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 8: Opposition to Slavery, 1800-1833

Abolitionism Begins in America  

From Gabriel to Denmark Vesey  

A Country in Turmoil  

Black Abolitionist Women   

The Baltimore Alliance  

David Walker and Nat Turner 


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 9: Let Your Motto Be Resistance, 1833-1850

A Rising Tide of Racism and Violence   

Black Community Institutions  

The American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and the Liberty Party  

A More Aggressive Abolitionism  

Black Militancy


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 10: "And Black People Were at the Heart of It": The United States Disunites Over Slavery

The Lure of the West

Fugitive Slaves  

The Rochester Convention, 1853 

Nativism and the Know-Nothings  

Uncle Tom’s Cabin  

The Kansas-Nebraska Act  

Preston Brooks Attacks Charles Sumner 

The Dred Scott Decision  

White Northerners and Black Americans  

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates  

Abraham Lincoln and Black People 

John Brown and the Raid on Harpers Ferry  

The Election of Abraham Lincoln


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Part III: The Civil War, Emancipation, and Black Reconstruction: The Second American Revolution  

Chapter 11: Liberation: African Americans and the Civil War

Lincoln’s Aims  

Black Men Volunteer and Are Rejected  

Union Policies toward Confederate Slaves  

The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation  

The Emancipation Proclamation  

Black Men Fight for the Union  

The Confederate Reaction to Black Soldiers  

Black Men in the Union Navy 

Liberators, Spies, and Guides  

Violent Opposition to Black People  


Black People and the Confederacy


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 12: The Meaning of Freedom: The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865-1868

The End of Slavery  


The Freedmen’s Bureau  

Southern Homestead Act  


The Black Church  



The Crusade for Political and Civil Rights  

Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson  

Black Codes  

Black Conventions  

The Radical Republicans  

The Fourteenth Amendment  

Radical Reconstruction  

The Reaction of White Southerners 


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Chapter 13: The Meaning of Freedom: The Failure of Reconstruction, 1868-1877

Constitutional Conventions  


Black Political Leaders  

The Issues  

Economic Issues  

Black Politicians: An Evaluation  

Republican Factionalism  


The Fifteenth Amendment  

The Enforcement Acts  

The North Loses Interest  

The Freedmen’s Bank  

The Civil Rights Act of 1875  

The End of Reconstruction


Chapter Timeline

Review Questions

MyHistoryLab Connections


Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts




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