The African-American Odyssey Volume 2

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-25
  • Publisher: Pearson
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More than any other text, The African-American Odysseyilluminates the central place of African Americans in U.S. history #x13; not only telling the story of what it has meant to be black in America, but also how African-American history is inseparably weaved into the greater context of American history and vice versa. #xA0; Told through a clear, direct, and flowing narrative by leading scholars in the field, The African-American Odysseydraws on recent research to present black history within broad social, cultural, and political frameworks.#xA0; From Africa to the Twenty-First Century, this book follows their long, turbulent journey, including the rich culture that African Americans have nurtured throughout their history and the many-faceted quest for freedom in which African Americans have sought to counter oppression and racism.#xA0; This text also recognizes the diversity within the African-American sphere #x13; providing coverage of all class and of women and balancing the lives of ordinary men and women with the accounts and actions of black leaders and individuals.

Author Biography

Darlene Clark Hine

Darlene Clark Hine is Board of Trustees Professor of African-American Studies and Professor of History at Northwestern University.  She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, past President of the Organization of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association.  Hine received her BA at Roosevelt University in Chicago, and her MA and Ph.D. from Kent State University, Kent, Ohio. Hine has taught at South Carolina State University and at Purdue University. She was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University and at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies at Harvard University. She is the author and/or co-editor of fifteen books, most recently The Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000) co-edited with Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham and Leon Litwack. She co-edited a two volume set with Earnestine Jenkins, A Question of Manhood: A Reader in Black Men’s History and Masculinity (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999, 2001); and with Jacqueline McLeod, Crossing Boundaries: Comparative History of Black People in Diaspora (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000pk). With Kathleen Thompson she wrote A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America (New York: Broadway Books, 1998), and edited with Barry Gaspar, More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996). She won the Dartmouth Medal of the American Library Association for the reference volumes co-edited with Elsa Barkley Brown and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1993). She is the author of Black Women in White: Racial Conflict and Cooperation in the Nursing Profession, 1890—1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989). Her forthcoming book is entitled The Black Professional Class: Physicians, Nurses, Lawyers, and the Origins of the Civil Rights Movement, 1890—1955.


William C. Hine

William C. Hine received his undergraduate education at Bowling Green State University, his master’s degree at the University of Wyoming, and his Ph.D. at Kent State University. He is a professor of history at South Carolina State University. He has had articles published in several journals, including Agricultural History, Labor History, and the Journal of Southern History. He is currently writing a history of South Carolina State University.


Stanley Harrold

Stanley Harrold, Professor of History at South Carolina State University, received his bachelor’s degree from Allegheny College and his master’s and Ph.D. degrees from Kent State University. He is coeditor of Southern Dissent, a book series published by the University Press of Florida. In 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 he had National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships.  In 2005 he received an NEH Faculty Research Award.  His books include: Gamaliel Bailey and Antislavery Union (Kent, Ohio:  Kent State University Press, 1986), The Abolitionists and the South (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995), Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America (co-edited with John R. McKivigan; Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press,  1999), American Abolitionists (Harlow, U.K.: Longman, 2001), Subversives: Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 18280-1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003), The Rise of Aggressive Abolitionism: Addresses to the Slaves (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2004), Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Reader (Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 2007) and Border War: Fighting over Slavery before the Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010). He has published articles in Civil War History, Journal of Southern History, Radical History Review, and Journal of the Early Republic

Table of Contents

12  The Meaning of Freedom: The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865–1868  

    The End of Slavery  


    The Freedmen’s Bureau  

    Southern Homestead Act  


    The Black Church  



    The Crusade for Political and Civil Rights  

    Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson  

    Black Codes  

    Black Conventions  

    The Radical Republicans  

    The Fourteenth Amendment  

    Radical Reconstruction  

    The Reaction of White Southerners  


13  The Meaning of Freedom: The Failure of Reconstruction,  1868–1877

    Constitutional Conventions  


    Black Political Leaders  

    The Issues  

    Economic Issues  

    Black Politicians: An Evaluation  

    Republican Factionalism  


    The Fifteenth Amendment  

    The Enforcement Acts  

    The North Loses Interest  

    The Freedmen’s Bank  

    The Civil Rights Act of 1875  

    The End of Reconstruction  


PART IV  Searching for Safe Spaces  

14  White Supremacy Triumphant: African Americans in the South in the Late Nineteenth Century  




    Racial Etiquette  



    Black Farm Families 

    African Americans and Southern Courts  


15  African Americans Challenge White Supremacy  

    Social Darwinism  

    Education and Schools  

    Church and Religion  

    Red versus Black: The Buffalo Soldiers  

    African Americans in the Navy 

    The Black Cowboys  

    The Spanish-American War  

    The Philippine Insurrection  

    African Americans and the World’s Columbian Exposition

    Black Businesspeople and Entrepreneurs  

    African Americans and Labor 

    Black Professionals  




16  Conciliation, Agitation, and Migration: African Americans in the Early Twentieth Century  

    Race and the Progressive Movement  

    Booker T. Washington’s Approach  

    W. E. B. Du Bois

    The Niagara Movement  

    The NAACP  

    The Urban League 

    Black Women and the Club Movement  

    The Black Elite  

    African-American Inventors

    Presidential Politics  

    Black Men and the Military in World War I  

    Race Riots  

    The Great Migration  

    Northern Communities 



17  African Americans and the 1920s  

    Strikes and the Red Scare 

    Varieties of Racism  

    Protest, Pride, and Pan-Africanism: Black Organizations in the Twenties 


    The Harlem Renaissance 

    Harlem and the Jazz Age  



PART V  The Great Depression and World War II  

18  The Great Depression and the New Deal  

The Cataclysm, 1929–1933  

    The Failure of Relief  

    African Americans and the New Deal  

    The Rise of Black Social Scientists

    Black Protest During the Great Depression  

    Organized Labor and Black America  

    The Communist Party and African Americans  

    The Tuskegee Study 


19  Black Culture and Society in the 1930s and 1940s 

    Black Culture in a Midwestern City  

    The Black Culture Industry and American Racism 

    The Music Culture from Swing to Bebop  

    Popular Culture for the Masses: Comic Strips, Radio, and the Movies 

    The Black Chicago Renaissance  

    Black Graphic Art  

    Black Literature  

    African Americans in Sports  

    Black Religious Culture  


20  The World War II Era and Seeds of a Revolution  

    On the Eve of War, 1936–1941  

    Race and the U.S. Armed Forces 

    Black People on the Home Front  

    The Transition to Peace 

    The Cold War and International Politics 


PART VI  The Black Revolution  

21  The Freedom Movement, 1954–1965  

    The 1950s: Prosperity and Prejudice

    The Road to Brown

    Brown II

    New Forms of Protest: The Montgomery Bus Boycott  

    No Easy Road to Freedom: 1957–1960  

    Black Youth Stand Up by Sitting Down  

    A Sight to be Seen: The Movement at High Tide  

    The Albany Movement  

    The Birmingham Confrontation  

    A Hard Victory  


22  The Struggle Continues, 1965–1980  

    The Fading Dream of Racial Integration: White Backlash and Black Nationalism  

    The Black Panther Party  

    The Inner-City Rebellions  

    Difficulties in Creating the Great Society  

    Johnson and the War in Vietnam  

    Johnson: Vietnam Destroys the Great Society  

    King: Searching for a New Strategy  

    The Black Arts Movement and Black Consciousness  

    The Second Phase of the Black Student Movement  

    The Election of 1968  

    The Nixon Presidency  

    The Rise of Black Elected Officials  

    Economic Downturn  

    Black Americans and the Carter Presidency  


23 A frican Americans at the New Millennium

    Progress and Poverty: Income, Education, and Health

    The Persistence of Black Poverty

    African Americans at The Center Of Art And Culture

    Black Religion at the Dawn of the Millennium

    Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam

    Millennium Marches

    Complicating Black Identity in the Twenty-First Century


24   The Triumph of Black Politics, 1980 to Present  

    Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Reaction  

    Black Political Activism in the Age of Conservative Reaction

    Jesse Jackson and the Rainbow Coalition  

    Policing the Black Community  

    The Clinton Presidency  

    Black Politics in the New Millennium: The Contested 2000

                Presidential Election

    Republican Triumph

    The 2004 Presidential Election

    Barack Obama: President of the United States

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