The Age of Migration, Fourth Edition International Population Movements in the Modern World

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-14
  • Publisher: The Guilford Press
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The leading text in the field, this incisive, authoritative work offers a global perspective on the nature of migration flows, why they take place, and their consequences for states and societies around the world. Chapters provide up-to-date descriptions and comparative analyses of major migration regions in the North and South. The role of population movements in the formation of ethnic minority groups is examined, as is the impact of growing ethnic diversity on economies, cultures, and political institutions. User-friendly features include accessible boxed examples, tables, and maps.

Author Biography

Stephen Castles is Professor of Migration and Refugee Studies at the International Migration Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. He is the coauthor of Citizenship and Migration: Globalization and the Politics of Belonging and Migration, Citizenship and the European Welfare State: A European Dilemma.

Mark J. Miller is Emma Smith Morris Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Delaware. He served as editor of the International Migration Review from 1983 to 2005. He is a recipient of the Francis Alison award, the highest honor extended to faculty by the University of Delaware.




Table of Contents

List of Tables, Boxes and Mapsp. ix
Preface to the Fourth Editionp. xi
List of Abbreviationsp. xiv
The Age of Migration Website xvii
Note on Migration Statistics xviii
Introductionp. 1
The challenges of global migrationp. 2
Contemporary migrations: general trendsp. 7
International migration in global governancep. 12
Ethnic diversity, racism and multiculturalismp. 14
Aims and structure of the bookp. 16
Guide to further readingp. 18
Theories of Migrationp. 20
Explaining the migratory processp. 21
Migration systems and networks: the trend to an interdisciplinary approachp. 27
From migration to settlementp. 33
State and nationp. 41
Citizenshipp. 44
Conclusionsp. 47
Guide to further readingp. 48
Globalization, Development and Migrationp. 50
Globalizationp. 51
Social transformationp. 54
Migration and developmentp. 57
Conclusionsp. 75
Guide to further readingp. 77
International Migration before 1945p. 79
Colonialismp. 80
Industrialization and migration to North America and Oceania before 1914p. 83
Labour migration within Europep. 87
The interwar periodp. 90
Conclusionsp. 94
Guide to further readingp. 95
Migration to Europe, North America and Oceania since 1945p. 96
Migration n the long boomp. 96
Migrations in the period of global economic restructuringp. 106
migrants and minorities in Western Europep. 108
Southern Europep. 111
Central and Eastern Europep. 113
Europe's changing populationp. 117
North America and Oceaniap. 120
Conlcusionsp. 122
Guide to further readingp. 123
Migration in the Asia-Pacific Regionp. 125
The development of Asian migrationp. 126
Labour migration within Asiap. 132
East Asiap. 136
South-East Asiap. 137
Countries of emigrationp. 139
Highly qualified migrants and studentsp. 140
Refugeesp. 142
Conclusions: perspectives for Asian migrationp. 144
Guide to further readingp. 146
Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and Latin Americap. 148
Sub-Saharan Africa: mobility within the continent and beyondp. 148
The Middle East and North Africa: A geostrategically critical regionp. 159
Latin America and the Caribbean: from immigration to emigration regionp. 170
Conclusionsp. 178
Guide to further readingp. 179
The State and International Migration: the Quest for Controlp. 181
Employer sanctionsp. 181
Legalization programmesp. 184
Temporary foreign worker admission programmesp. 186
Refugees and asylump. 188
Regional integrationp. 195
The śmigration industry'p. 201
Human smuggling and traffickingp. 202
Conclusions: a quixotic or credible quest for control?p. 205
Guide to further readingp. 206
Migration and Securityp. 207
Why the rediscovery of the international migration and security nexus?p. 207
Key dimensions of the international migration and security nexusp. 211
Immigrant and immigrant-background Muslims and transatlantic securityp. 214
Migration, security and the War on Terrorismp. 217
Conclusions: migration and security in the age of migrationp. 220
Guide to further readingp. 220
Migrants and Minorities in the Labour Forcep. 221
Labour demand in advanced economiesp. 222
Migrants in the labour marketp. 225
How does immigration affect host economies and local workers?p. 230
The new political economy and the dynamics of labour force changep. 233
Conclusionsp. 242
Guide to further readingp. 244
New Ethnic Minorities and Societyp. 245
Incorporation: how immigrants become part of societyp. 245
Immigration policies and minority formationp. 250
Labour market positionp. 252
Residential segregation, community formation and the global cityp. 255
Social policyp. 258
Racism and minortiesp. 263
Racist violencep. 265
Minorities and citizenshipp. 268
Conclusions: the integration challengep. 274
Guide to further readingp. 276
Migrants and Politicsp. 277
Homelands and expatriatesp. 278
Extraparliamentary forms of migrant participation and representationp. 280
Noncitizen voting rights: global issuep. 285
Migrants and ethnic voting blocsp. 287
Anti-immigrant movements and partiesp. 291
The politics of immigration policy-makingp. 295
Conclusionsp. 296
Guide to further readingp. 298
Conclusion: Migration and Mobility in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 299
Further perspectives for global migration and mobilityp. 300
Improving international cooperation and governancep. 302
Coping with irregular immigrationp. 305
Legal migration and integrationp. 307
Ethnic diversity, social change and the naton-statep. 309
Bibliographyp. 313
Author Indexp. 351
Subject Indexp. 357
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