Ain't No Makin' It : Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-07-29
  • Publisher: Routledge

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This classic text addresses one of the most important issues in modern social theory and policy: how social inequality is reproduced from one generation to the next. With the original 1987 publication ofAinrs"t No Makinrs" ItJay MacLeod brought us to the Clarendon Heights housing project where we met the "Brothers" and the "Hallway Hangers." Their story of poverty, race, and defeatism moved readers and challenged ethnic stereotypes. MacLeodrs"s return eight years later, and the resulting 1995 revision, revealed little improvement in the lives of these men as they struggled in the labor market and crime-ridden underground economy. The third edition of this classic ethnography of social reproduction brings the story of inequality and social mobility into todayrs"s dialogue. Now fully updated with thirteen new interviews from the original Hallway Hangers and Brothers, as well as new theoretical analysis and comparison to the original conclusions,Ainrs"t No Makinrs" Itremains an admired and invaluable text. Contents Part One: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers as Teenagers 1. Social Immobility in the Land of Opportunity 2. Social Reproduction in Theoretical Perspective 3. Teenagers in Clarendon Heights: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers 4. The Influence of the Family 5. The World of Work: Aspirations of the Hangers and Brothers 6. School: Preparing for the Competition 7. Leveled Aspirations: Social Reproduction Takes Its Toll 8. Reproduction Theory ReconsideredPart Two: Eight Years Later: Low Income, Low Outcome 9. The Hallway Hangers: Dealing in Despair 10. The Brothers: Dreams Deferred 11. Conclusion: Outclassed and Outcast(e)Part Three: Ainrs"t No Makinrs" It? 12. The Hallway Hangers: Fighting for a Foothold at Forty 13. The Brothers: Barely Making It 14. Making Sense of the Stories, by Katherine McClelland and David Karen

Author Biography

A Rhodes scholar, Jay MacLeod holds degrees in social studies and theology. He and his wife, Sally Asher, spent four years in Mississippi, where their work with local teenagers led to the publication of Minds Stayed on Freedom: The Civil Rights Struggle in the Rural South, An Oral History (WestviewPress). MacLeod is now an Anglican priest in Chesterfield, a declining mining and market town in Asher's native England.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers as Teenagers
Social Immobility in the Land of Opportunityp. 3
Social Reproduction in Theoretical Perspectivep. 11
Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis: Schooled by Social Classp. 12
Pierre Bourdieu: Cultural Capital and Habitusp. 13
Basil Bernstein and Shirley Brice Heath: Linguistic Cultural Capitalp. 16
Paul Willis: The Lads and the Ear'olesp. 18
Henry Giroux: Student Resistance to Schoolp. 20
Social Reproduction in Clarendon Heightsp. 22
Notesp. 23
Teenagers in Clarendon Heights: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothersp. 25
The Hallway Hangers: "You Gotta Be Bad"p. 25
The Brothers: Conspicuous by Their Conventionalityp. 45
Notesp. 50
The Influence of the Familyp. 51
The Hallway Hangers' Householdsp. 51
The Brothers' Familiesp. 54
Notesp. 61
The World of Work: Aspirations of the Hangers and Brothersp. 62
The Hallway Hangers: Keeping a Lid on Hopep. 62
The Brothers: Ready at the Starting Linep. 75
Notesp. 83
School: Preparing for the Competitionp. 84
The Brothers: Conformity and Compliancep. 89
The Hallway Hangers: Teacher's Nightmarep. 93
The Underlying Logic of Student Behaviorp. 98
Notesp. 111
Leveled Aspirations: Social Reproduction Takes Its Tollp. 113
The Hallway Hangers: Internalizing Probabilities, Rescuing Self-Esteemp. 114
The Brothers: Internalizing Failure, Shorn of Self-Esteemp. 126
The Sources of Variationp. 129
Notesp. 135
Reproduction Theory Reconsideredp. 137
Building on Bourdieup. 137
From Ethnography to Theoryp. 140
Individuals in the Social Landscapep. 146
Cultural Autonomy within Structural Constraintsp. 149
Notesp. 153
Eight Years Later: Low Income, Low Outcome
The Hallway Hangers: Dealing in Despairp. 157
On the Jobp. 162
Working the Streetp. 172
Producing Themselvesp. 184
Notesp. 196
The Brothers: Dreams Deferredp. 198
Shortchanged on the Labor Marketp. 198
Sold on Schoolp. 213
Aspiration and Outcome: What Went Wrong?p. 219
Groping for the Good Lifep. 233
Notesp. 239
Conclusion: Outclassed and Outcast(E)p. 241
Poverty: A Class Issuep. 243
Racial Domination: Invidious but Invisiblep. 245
Race Versus Class: Can They Be Untangled?p. 249
Structure Versus Agency: "No One to Blame but Me"p. 252
What Is to Be Done?p. 261
Class Dismissedp. 267
Notesp. 270
Ain't no Makin' It? The Men at Midlifep. 273
The Hallway Hangers: Weeble, Wobble, But We Don't Fall Downp. 277
Frankie: Connectedp. 278
Jinx: Stuck Aroundp. 292
Shorty: All Bull Workp. 300
Steve: My Life Sucksp. 311
Stoney: Saved by the Drump. 317
Chris: Back Down at the Bottomp. 328
Slick: Head Up Highp. 335
The Brothers: Finally Finding a Footholdp. 350
Mokey: Managerp. 351
Super: Hustlerp. 360
Mike: Buyer and Brokerp. 370
Juan: Mechanicp. 376
James: Programmerp. 386
Derek: Trainerp. 396
Reproduction, Redemption, and Respectp. 407
Introductionp. 407
Analysisp. 409
So ... Have They Made It?p. 412
Capital on the Labor Marketp. 418
The Path to Down and Out: Drugs, Alcohol, and Crimep. 427
Race and Racismp. 431
Family: Settling Down and Moving Outp. 435
The Meaning of (Im)Mobilityp. 439
Class Consciousness?p. 445
Seeking Redemptionp. 448
The Next Generationp. 451
Conclusionp. 457
Notesp. 461
Afterword: Freddie's Final Sayp. 465
On the Making of Ain't No Makin' Itp. 467
Fieldwork: Doubts, Dilemmas, and Discoveriesp. 467
Second Harvest: Notes on the 1991 Field Experiencep. 488
Confessions: Clarendon Heights Revisitedp. 496
Notesp. 504
Biographical Sketches of the Hallway Hangers and the Brothers in 2006p. 505
The Hallway Hangersp. 505
The Brothersp. 508
Bibliographyp. 511
About the Bookp. 521
About the Authorsp. 523
Indexp. 525
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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