Alternative Targum Traditions

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-11-01
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
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The present study explores the possibility of using variant readings of the Targum of the Prophets to get a better insight into the origin and history of Targum Jonathan. The focus is on two sorts of variant readings: the Tosefta Targums and the targumic quotations in rabbinic and medieval Jewish literature. The chapter on the Tosefta Targums concentrates on variants from the book of Samuel. The chapter on the targumic quotations includes quotations of all the Prophets in early Jewish literature. In the Appendix a full list is given of all quotations of Targums of the Prophets presently known. The book is useful for the study of the genesis of Targum Jonathan as well as for its later developments.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. ix
Abbreviations and Signsp. xi
Bible and Targump. xi
Rabbinic Literaturep. xi
Journals, Books & Seriesp. xii
Signs Used in the Reproduction of the Textsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Why this book?p. 1
What to expect?p. 2
Preliminary Issuesp. 7
Definition: What is a Targum?p. 7
The semantic field of 'targum' in rabbinic literaturep. 7
The character of Targum as a Bible translation according to rabbinic literaturep. 14
Characteristics of Jewish Bible translations according to early Christian sourcesp. 15
Modern definitionsp. 16
Different targum typesp. 21
Targum characteristicsp. 25
Qumran Aramaic versionsp. 27
Background to the Targumsp. 32
The raison d'Ítrep. 32
Sitz im Lebenp. 35
Survey and Conclusionsp. 39
Tosefta Targums and Other Targumic Traditions to the Books of Samuelp. 41
Survey of Previous Research on the Tosefta Targumsp. 42
Excursus: the case of the Pentateuchp. 46
Piyyutp. 48
Aramaic poetryp. 50
Description of the Corpusp. 54
The main sourcesp. 56
Distribution among the sourcesp. 60
Characterisation of the Toseftan Material According to their Designationsp. 61
Sefer aherp. 61
Lishna Aherinap. 78
Jerushalmip. 82
Toseftap. 97
No special designationp. 108
Special casesp. 113
Survey and Conclusionsp. 131
Do all the Tosefta Targums treated here deserve their name?p. 131
Are there linguistic tendencies to be noted in the toseftan material?p. 134
Are there other common tendencies to be discovered in the toseftan material?p. 134
Quotations of Targumic Passages from the Prophets in Rabbinic and Medieval Sourcesp. 137
Survey of Previous Research on Targumic Quotationsp. 137
How to Define a Quotationp. 142
Explicit quotationsp. 144
Implicit quotationsp. 147
Philological interpretation of biblical wordsp. 152
Exchangeability of Aramaic and Hebrew Quotationsp. 153
Sources: Characterisation of the Material in the Different Sourcesp. 155
Quotations from the Prophets in the Palestinian Targums to the Pentateuchp. 155
Quotations from the Prophets in Targum Esther Sheni and Targum Canticlesp. 172
Quotations from the Prophets in the Tosefta Targumsp. 181
Quotations from the Prophets in magical textsp. 192
Quotations from the Prophets in the Babylonian Talmudp. 194
Quotations from the Prophets in the Palestinian Talmudp. 208
Quotations in the Midrashimp. 214
Survey and Conclusionsp. 231
Summary and Conclusionsp. 235
Evaluation of the Terminologyp. 235
Assessment of the Variantsp. 237
The Origin and Early Development of the Targum of the Prophetsp. 238
The common opinionp. 239
Evaluation of the evidencep. 240
Sitz im Lebenp. 247
Epiloguep. 249
Targumic Quotations from the Prophets in the Order of the Works in which they Appearp. 251
Targum, Magical Texts and Rabbinic Literaturep. 251
Targump. 251
Magical textsp. 253
Talmudp. 254
Midrashp. 255
Medieval Worksp. 257
Late Midrash and Kabbalahp. 257
Dictionaries and lexical worksp. 258
Bible and Bible commentariesp. 261
Tosafot and other commentaries on rabbinic literaturep. 263
Piyyut and prayer booksp. 264
Targumic Quotations from the Prophets in the Biblical Orderp. 266
Bibliographyp. 270
Primary Literaturep. 270
Secondary Literaturep. 276
Index of Primary Sourcesp. 290
Biblical Referencesp. 290
Early Christian Literaturep. 299
Early Jewish Literaturep. 299
Rabbinic Literaturep. 299
Medieval Literaturep. 304
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