The American Class Structure in an Age of Growing Inequality

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-09
  • Publisher: Sage Pubns

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New edition - now published by SAGE's Pine Forge Press New Table of Contents with new page numbers is available by clicking 'Sample Materials and Chapters' at left to help with syllabus updates.The Seventh Edition of The American Class Structure in an Age of Growing Inequality is a current, concise treatment of America's ever-changing class structure. Author Dennis Gilbert asks a deceptively simple question: Why is social inequality in America increasing? This question is answered through discussion of nine key variables and the best historical and contemporary empirical studies of class inequality in American society, providing students with a broad overview of this social issue.With fresh data on income, wealth, earnings, residential segregation by income, and other topics, The American Class Structure describes a consistent pattern of growing inequality in the United States since the early 1970s. Focusing on the socioeconomic core of the American class system, Gilbert addresses why class and inequality disparities are ever increasing by examining changes in the economy, family life, and politics in search of an answer-with a praised writing style that readily draws students into the debate. New to This Edition! Boasts updated data on income, wealth, earnings, occupation, poverty, class segregation in residential patterns, and politics to provide the most current material on social mobility Features a new section on Bourdieu and coverage of Lareau's new research on child rearing Provides updates in nearly every chapter, including current research on marriage patterns and a 10-year assessment of the 1996 welfare reform and its effects Presents an analysis of data on intergenerational occupational mobility from the 1970s to 2004 that shows the increase in downward mobility and a corresponding decrease in upward mobility Includes first-person accounts from the PBS documentary People Like Us in the chapter about position and prestige to illustrate vividly the human emotion wrapped up in class issues Incorporates a revised glossaryInstructor Resources on CD are available to qualified instructors (contact Customer Care at 1-800-818-7243 or info@sagepub.com )Intended Audience This unique text is ideal for Social Stratification, Social Class, or Social Inequality courses in departments of sociology.

Table of Contents

About the Authorp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Social Class in Americap. 1
Karl Marxp. 3
Max Weberp. 7
Three Issues and Ten Variablesp. 10
What Are Social Classes?p. 11
An American Class Structurep. 12
Is the American Class Structure Changing?p. 14
Conclusionp. 17
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 17
Suggested Readingsp. 17
Position and Prestigep. 19
W. Lloyd Warner: Prestige Classes in Yankee Cityp. 20
Prestige Class as a Conceptp. 23
How Many Classes?p. 23
Class Structure of the Metropolisp. 26
Prestige of Occupationp. 30
Occupations and Social Classesp. 33
People Like Usp. 33
Conclusion: Perception of Rank and Stratap. 35
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 37
Suggested Readingsp. 37
Social Class, Occupation, and Social Changep. 38
Middletown: 1890 and 1924p. 39
Middletown Revisitedp. 40
Industrialization and the Transformation of the National Class Structurep. 41
The National Upper Classp. 42
The Industrial Working Classp. 44
The New Middle Classp. 46
National Occupational Systemp. 47
The Transformations of the American Occupational Structurep. 49
From Agricultural to Postindustrial Societyp. 51
Women Workers in Postindustrial Societyp. 53
Transformation of the Black Occupational Structurep. 55
Wages in the Age of Growing Inequalityp. 56
Growing Inequality of Wages: Why?p. 60
Harrison and Bluestone: New Corporate Strategiesp. 61
Frank and Cook: Winner Take Allp. 63
Conclusionp. 64
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 65
Suggested Readingsp. 66
Wealth and Incomep. 68
The Income Paradep. 69
Lessons From the Paradep. 73
The Distribution of Incomep. 75
Sources of Incomep. 77
Income Sharesp. 78
Taxes and Transfers: The Government as Robin Hood?p. 79
How Many Poor?p. 81
Women and the Distribution of Household Incomep. 81
The Distribution of Wealthp. 82
Trends in the Distribution of Wealthp. 85
Trends in the Distribution of Incomep. 87
Income Dynamicsp. 89
Changing Federal Tax Ratesp. 89
Conclusionp. 91
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 92
Suggested Readingsp. 92
Socialization, Association, Lifestyles, and Valuesp. 93
Bourdieu: The Varieties of Capitalp. 94
Children's Conception of Social Classp. 95
Kohn: Class and Socializationp. 96
Lareau: Child Rearing Observedp. 99
School and Marriagep. 102
Marriage Stylesp. 104
Blue-Collar Marriages and Middle-Class Modelsp. 107
Social Class and Domestic Violencep. 111
Informal Association Among Adultsp. 113
Formal Associationsp. 115
Separate Livesp. 116
Conclusionp. 119
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 120
Suggested Readingsp. 120
Social Mobility: The Societal Contextp. 122
How Much Mobility?p. 123
Wealth Mobilityp. 126
Social Mobility of Womenp. 126
Circulation and Structural Mobilityp. 128
Declining Social Mobilityp. 129
Conclusionp. 130
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 130
Suggested Readingsp. 131
Family, Education, and Careerp. 132
Blau and Duncan: Analyzing Mobility Modelsp. 134
Jencks on Equalityp. 137
Who Goes to College?p. 141
College and the Careers of Women and Minoritiesp. 144
Conclusionp. 145
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 147
Suggested Readingsp. 147
Elites, the Capitalist Class, and Political Powerp. 148
Three Perspectives on Powerp. 149
Mills: The National Power Elitep. 149
Mills, His Critics, and the Problem of Elite Cohesionp. 152
Power Elite or Ruling Class?p. 154
Who Rules?p. 154
The National Capitalist Class: Economic Basisp. 158
The National Capitalist Class: Social Basisp. 162
The National Capitalist Class: Participation in Governmentp. 165
Money and Politicsp. 168
Business Lobbiesp. 171
Policy-Planning Groupsp. 172
Indirect Mechanisms of Capitalist-Class Influencep. 173
The Capitalist-Class Resurgencep. 175
Conclusionp. 176
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 177
Suggested Readingsp. 178
Class Consciousness and Class Conflictp. 179
Marx and the Origins of Class Consciousnessp. 181
Richard Centers and Class Identificationp. 183
Correlates of Class Identificationp. 184
Married Women and Class Identificationp. 185
Class Identification, Political Opinion, and Votingp. 186
Bott: Frames of Referencep. 187
Elections and the Democratic Class Strugglep. 188
Social Class and Party Identification and Support for Social Programsp. 191
Class and Political Participationp. 192
Trends in Class Partisanshipp. 193
Class Conflict and the Labor Movementp. 194
The Postwar Armistice: Unions in the Age of Shared Prosperityp. 196
Labor in Declinep. 197
Conclusionp. 200
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 201
Suggested Readingsp. 201
The Poor, the Underclass, and Public Policyp. 203
The Beginnings of Welfare: Rooseveltp. 205
Rediscovery of Poverty: Kennedy and Johnsonp. 206
The Official Definition of Povertyp. 207
How Many Poor?p. 210
Who Are the Poor?p. 210
Trends in Povertyp. 213
The Underclass and the Transitory Poorp. 214
Restructuring Welfarep. 216
The Mystery of Persistent Povertyp. 219
Conclusionp. 224
Key Terms Defined in the Glossaryp. 226
Suggested Readingsp. 226
The American Class Structure and Growing Inequalityp. 228
How Many Classes Are There?p. 229
The Capitalist Classp. 231
The Upper-Middle Classp. 233
The Middle Classp. 233
The Working Classp. 234
The Working Poorp. 235
The Underclassp. 235
Growing Inequalityp. 236
Why?p. 238
Vital Signsp. 240
Glossaryp. 241
Bibliographyp. 253
Note on Statistical Sourcesp. 271
Creditsp. 273
Indexp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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