9780534505202

The American Class Structure

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534505202

  • ISBN10:

    0534505201

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-10-01
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

The text is a current, concise treatment of America's ever-changing class structure. Updated throughout, this sixth edition focuses on change. Dennis Gilbert includes new data on topics such as the distribution of earnings and residential segregation by class to reveal a consistent pattern of growing inequality since the early 1970s. Why, Gilbert asks, is this happening? He examines change in the economy, family life, and politics in search of an answer. This book retains the strengths that contributed to the success of previous editions. It synthesizes the best empirical studies of class and inequality in American society, focusing on nine key variables: occupation, income, wealth, prestige, association, socialization, class consciousness, power, and social mobility. Critical attention is given to major studies, from the classic small-town ethnographies of the 1930s to contemporary analyses of national mobility data. Historical sections show how the class system has changed and continues to evolve. Two strong chapters examine the relationship between social class and politics.

Author Biography

Dennis Gilbert is Professor of Sociology at Hamilton College. He holds a Ph.D. from Cornell University and has been a visiting professor at Cornell and at the Universidad Catlica in Lima, Peru

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Dimensions of Class
1(22)
Karl Marx
3(5)
Max Weber
8(3)
Nine Variables
11(3)
The Variables as a System
14(1)
What Are Social Classes?
15(2)
An American Class Structure
17(2)
Is the American Class Structure Changing?
19(2)
Suggested Readings
21(2)
Chapter 2 Position and Prestige
23(24)
W. Lloyd Warner: Prestige Classes in Yankee City
25(3)
Prestige Class as a Concept
28(1)
Are There Six Classes?
29(3)
Class Structure of the Metropolis
32(6)
Prestige of Occupations
38(3)
Occupations and Social Classes
41(2)
Conclusion: Perception of Rank and Strata
43(2)
Suggested Readings
45(2)
Chapter 3 Social Class, Occupation, and Social Change
47(38)
Middletown: 1890 and 1924
48(2)
Middletown Revisited
50(3)
Industrialization and the Transformation of the National Class Structure
53(1)
The National Upper Class
54(2)
The Industrial Working Class
56(3)
The New Middle Class
59(2)
National Occupational System
61(3)
The Transformations of the American Occupational Structure
64(2)
From Agricultural to Postindustrial Society
66(4)
Women Workers in Postindustrial Society
70(2)
Transformation of the Black Occupational Structure
72(2)
Wages in the Age of Growing Inequality
74(3)
Growing Inequality of Wages: Why?
77(2)
Harrison and Bluestone: New Corporate Strategies
79(1)
Frank and Cook: Winner Take All
80(2)
Conclusion
82(2)
Suggested Readings
84(1)
Chapter 4 Wealth and Income
85(30)
The Income Parade
86(4)
Lessons from the Parade
90(2)
The Distribution of Income
92(2)
Sources of Income
94(2)
Income Shares
96(1)
Taxes and Transfers: The Government as Robin Hood?
97(1)
How Many Poor?
98(1)
Women and the Distribution of Household Income
99(2)
The Distribution of Wealth
101(3)
Trends in the Distribution of Wealth
104(2)
Trends in the Distribution of Income
106(1)
Income Dynamics
107(2)
News from Another Planet
109(2)
Changing Federal Tax Rates
111(1)
Conclusion
112(1)
Suggested Readings
113(2)
Chapter 5 Socialization, Association, Lifestyles, and Values
115(26)
Children's Conception of Social Class
116(1)
Kohn: Class and Socialization
117(4)
School and Marriage
121(2)
Marriage Styles
123(4)
Blue-Collar Marriages and Middle-Class Models
127(4)
Informal Association Among Adults
131(3)
Formal Associations
134(1)
Separate Lives
135(4)
Suggested Readings
139(2)
Chapter 6 Social Mobility: The Structural Context
141(16)
How Much Mobility?
143(2)
Social Mobility of Women
145(2)
Changing Causes of Mobility
147(3)
Trends in Social Mobility
150(4)
Trends in Black Mobility
154(1)
Conclusion
155(1)
Suggested Readings
156(1)
Chapter 7 Family, Education, and Career
157(20)
Blau and Duncan: Analyzing Mobility Models
159(4)
Jencks on Equality
163(5)
Who Goes to College?
168(3)
College and the Careers of Women and Minorities
171(3)
Conclusions
174(1)
Suggested Readings
175(2)
Chapter 8 Elites, the Capitalist Class, and Political Power
177(42)
Three Perspectives on Power
178(1)
Hunter: Power in Atlanta
179(1)
The Reputational Method and Its Critics
180(1)
Dahl: Power in New Haven
181(1)
The Decisional Method and Its Critics
182(1)
Domhoff: New Haven Restudied
183(2)
Comparative Community Power Studies
185(2)
Mills: The National Power Elite
187(2)
Mills, His Critics, and the Problem of Elite Cohesion
189(3)
Pluralism, Strategic Elites, and Cohesion
192(3)
Power Elite or Ruling Class?
195(7)
The National Capitalist Class: Social Basis
202(2)
Mechanisms of Capitalist-Class Power: Participation in Government
204(3)
Money and Politics
207(3)
Business Lobbies
210(2)
Policy-Planning Groups
212(1)
Indirect Mechanisms of Capitalist-Class Influence
213(2)
The Capitalist-Class Resurgence
215(1)
Conclusions
216(1)
Suggested Readings
217(2)
Chapter 9 Class Consciousness and Class Conflict
219(32)
Marx and the Origins of Class Consciousness
220(2)
Richard Centers and Class Identification
222(2)
Correlates of Class Identification
224(1)
Married Women and Class Identification
224(1)
Class Identification, Political Opinion, and Voting
225(1)
The Origins of Working-Class Consciousness in Comparative Perspective
226(1)
Bott: Frames of Reference
227(2)
Elections and the Democratic Class Struggle
229(4)
Class, Ethnicity, and Politics
233(3)
Class and Political Participation
236(1)
Trends in Class Partisanship
237(1)
Class Conflict and the Labor Movement
238(3)
The Postwar Armistice
241(3)
Labor in Decline
244(3)
Conclusions
247(1)
Suggested Readings
248(3)
Chapter 10 The Poor, the Underclass, and Public Policy
251(32)
The Beginnings of Welfare: Roosevelt
253(1)
Rediscovery of Poverty: Kennedy and Johnson
254(2)
The Official Definition of Poverty
256(3)
How Many Poor?
259(1)
Who Are the Poor?
260(2)
Trends in Poverty
262(2)
The Underclass and Persistent Poverty
264(5)
The Mystery of Rising Poverty Rates
269(6)
Welfare Reform: From Nixon to Bush
275(1)
Restructuring Poverty Programs: The 1996 Law
276(3)
Conclusion
279(2)
Suggested Readings
281(2)
Chapter 11 The American Class Structure and Growing Inequality
283(14)
How Many Classes Are There?
284(2)
The Capitalist Class
286(2)
The Upper-Middle Class
288(1)
The Middle Class
288(1)
The Working Class
289(1)
The Working Poor
290(1)
The Underclass
290(1)
Growing Inequality
291(3)
Why?
294(2)
Straws in the Wind
296(1)
Bibliography 297(20)
Name Index 317(4)
Subject Index 321(10)
Credits 331

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