American Destiny Narrative of a Nation, Combined Volume

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2019-06-21
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


American Destiny's pedagogical mission is to show readers how history connects to the experiences and expectations that mark their lives. The authors pursue that mission through a variety of distinctive features, including "American Lives" essays and "Re-Viewing the Past" movie essays. This book is the abridged version of The American Nation, 14thedition.

Author Biography

Mark C. Carnes

Mark C. Carnes received his undergraduate degree from Harvard and his Ph.D in history from Columbia University. He has chaired both the history and American studies departments at Barnard College and Columbia University, where he serves as the Ann Whitney Olin professor of history. He is also the general editor of the American National Biography, whose 27th volume will appear in 2011. Carnes has published numerous books on American social and cultural history, including Secret Ritual and Manhood in Victorian America (1989), Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1995), Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (2001) and Invisible Giants: 50 Americans That Shaped the Nation but Missed the History Books (2002). Carnes also pioneered the Reacting to the Past pedagogy, which won the Theodore Hesburgh Award as the top outstanding pedagogical innovation in the nation (2004). In Reacting to the Past, college students play elaborate games, set in the past, their roles informed by classic texts. (For more on Reacting, see: www.barnard.edu/reacting.) In 2005 the American Historical Association named Carnes the recipient of the William Gilbert Prize for the best article on teaching history. His Mind Games: Rethinking Higher Education will be published in 2012.


John A. Garraty

John A. Garraty held a Ph.D from Columbia University and an L.H.D. from Michigan State University. He was the Gouverneur Morris professor emeritus of history at Columbia. He was also the author, co-author and editor of scores of books and articles, among them biographies of Silas Wright, Henry Cabot Lodge, Woodrow Wilson, George W. Perkins and Theodore Roosevelt. With Carnes, he co-edited the American National Biography. Garraty also contributed a volume – The New Commonwealth – to the New American Nation series and published a pioneering comparative study of the Great Depression.

Table of Contents

Maps and Graphsp. xii
Featuresp. xiv
American Lives
Re-Viewing the Past
Prefacep. xv
Supplements for Instructors and Studentsp. xviii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxii
About the Authorsp. xxiv
Prologue: Beginningsp. 1
First Peoplesp. 1
The Demise of the Big Mammalsp. 2
The Archaic Period: Surviving without Big Mammalsp. 2
The Maize Revolutionp. 4
The Diffusion of Cornp. 5
Population Growth after AD 800p. 6
Cahokia: The Hub of Mississippian Culturep. 7
The Collapse of Urban Centersp. 8
Eurasia and Africap. 9
Europe in Fermentp. 11
Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americasp. 14
Columbus's Great Triumph-and Errorp. 15
Spain's American Empirep. 17
Extending Spain's Empire to the Northp. 19
Disease and Population Lossesp. 20
Ecological Imperialismp. 21
Spain's European Rivalsp. 24
The Protestant Reformationp. 24
English Beginnings in Americap. 25
The Settlement of Virginiap. 27
ôPurifyingö the Church of Englandp. 30
Bradford and Plymouth Colonyp. 31
Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay Colonyp. 32
Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinsonp. 34
Other New England Coloniesp. 35
Pequot War and King Philip's Warp. 36
Maryland and the Carolinasp. 37
French and Dutch Settlementsp. 38
The Middle Coloniesp. 39
Cultural Collisionsp. 40
Cultural Fusionsp. 44
American Society in the Makingp. 48
Settlement of New Francep. 49
Society in New Mexico, Texas, and Californiap. 49
The English Prevail on the Atlantic Seaboardp. 52
The Chesapeake Coloniesp. 53
The Lure of Landp. 54
ôSolvingö the Labor Shortage: Slaveryp. 55
Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobaccop. 57
Bacon's Rebellionp. 59
The Carolinasp. 60
Home and Family in the Southp. 61
Georgia and the Back Countryp. 62
Puritan New Englandp. 63
Democracies without Democratsp. 65
The Dominion of New Englandp. 66
Salem Bewitchedp. 66
A Merchant's Worldp. 68
The Middle Colonies: Economic Basisp. 70
The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoplesp. 71
ôThe Best Poor Man's Countryöp. 73
The Politics of Diversityp. 73
Becoming Americansp. 77
America in the British Empirep. 79
The British Colonial Systemp. 80
Mercantilismp. 81
The Navigation Actsp. 82
The Effects of Mercantilismp. 83
The Great Awakeningp. 85
The Rise and Fall of Jonathan Edwardsp. 87
The Enlightenment in Americap. 88
Colonial Scientific Achievementsp. 89
Repercussions of Distant Warsp. 90
The Great War for the Empirep. 91
Britain Victorious: The Peace of Parisp. 95
Burdens of an Expanded Empirep. 95
Tightening Imperial Controlsp. 97
The Sugar Actp. 99
American Colonists Demand Rightsp. 100
The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boilingp. 100
Rioters or Rebels?p. 102
The Declaratory Actp. 103
The Townshend Dutiesp. 104
The Boston Massacrep. 105
The Boiling Pot Spills Overp. 106
The Tea Act Crisisp. 106
From Resistance to Revolutionp. 108
The American Revolutionp. 112
The Shot Heard Round the Worldp. 113
The Second Continental Congressp. 114
The Battle of Bunker Hillp. 115
The Great Declarationp. 116
1776: The Balance of Forcesp. 119
Loyalistsp. 120
The British Take New York Cityp. 120
Saratoga and the French Alliancep. 123
The War Moves Southp. 125
Victory at Yorktownp. 126
Negotiating a Favorable Peacep. 128
National Government under the Articles of Confederationp. 130
Financing the Warp. 131
State Republican Governmentsp. 131
Social Reform and Antislaveryp. 132
Women and the Revolutionp. 134
Growth of a National Spiritp. 135
The Great Land Ordinancesp. 136
National Heroesp. 140
The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphantp. 143
Inadequacies of the Articles of Confederationp. 144
Daniel Shays's ôLittle Rebellionöp. 145
To Philadelphia, and the Constitutionp. 146
The Great Conventionp. 147
The Compromises That Produced the Constitutionp. 148
Ratifying the Constitutionp. 151
Washington as Presidentp. 153
Congress under Wayp. 155
Hamilton Financial Reformp. 155
The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Groundp. 159
Revolution in Francep. 159
Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Partiesp. 161
1794: Crisis and Resolutionp. 162
Jay's Treatyp. 163
1795: All's Well That Ends Wellp. 164
Washington's Farewellp. 165
The Election of 1796p. 165
The XYZ Affairp. 166
The Alien and Sedition Actsp. 167
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolvesp. 168
Jeffersonian Democracyp. 171
Jefferson Elected Presidentp. 172
The Federalist Contributionp. 173
Thomas Jefferson: Political Theoristp. 173
Jefferson as Presidentp. 174
Jefferson's Attack on the Judiciaryp. 176
The Barbary Piratesp. 177
The Louisiana Purchasep. 177
The Federalists Discreditedp. 181
Lewis and Clarkp. 183
The Burr Conspiracyp. 184
Napoleon and The Britishp. 185
The Impressment Controversyp. 187
The Embargo Actp. 187
Jeffersonian Democracyp. 190
National Growing Painsp. 193
Madison in Powerp. 194
Tecumseh and Indian Resistancep. 194
Depression and Land Hungerp. 196
Opponents of Warp. 196
The War of 1812p. 197
Britain Assumes the Offensivep. 201
ôThe Star Spangled Banneröp. 202
The Treaty of Ghentp. 203
The Hartford Conventionp. 203
The Battle of New Orleans and the End of the Warp. 204
Anglo-American Rapprochementp. 206
The Transcontinental Treatyp. 206
The Monroe Doctrinep. 207
The Era of Good Feelingsp. 210
New Sectional Issuesp. 211
New Leadersp. 214
The Missouri Compromisep. 216
The Election of 1824p. 219
John Quincy Adams as Presidentp. 220
Calhoun's Exposition and Protestp. 220
The Meaning of Sectionalismp. 221
Toward a National Economyp. 224
Gentility and the Consumer Revolutionp. 225
Birth of the Factoryp. 226
An Industrial Proletariat?p. 227
Lowell's Waltham System: Women as Factory Workersp. 229
Irish and German Immigrantsp. 230
The Persistence of the Household Systemp. 231
Rise of Corporationsp. 231
Cotton Revolutionizes the Southp. 232
Revival of Slaveryp. 235
Roads to Marketp. 236
Transportation and the Governmentp. 238
Development of Steamboatsp. 239
The Canal Boomp. 240
New York City: Emporium of the Western Worldp. 241
The Marshall Courtp. 243
Jacksonian Democracyp. 247
ôDemocratizingö Politicsp. 248
1828: The New Party System in Embryop. 249
The Jacksonian Appealp. 250
The Spoils Systemp. 251
President of All the Peoplep. 252
Sectional Tensions Revivedp. 253
Jackson: ôThe Bank … I Will Kill It!öp. 253
Jackson's Bank Vetop. 255
Jackson versus Calhounp. 256
Indian Removalsp. 257
The Nullification Crisisp. 260
Boom and Bustp. 262
The Jacksoniansp. 263
Rise of the Whigsp. 263
Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism without Jacksonp. 265
The Log Cabin Campaignp. 268
The Making of Middle-Class Americap. 271
Tocqueville: Democracy in Americap. 272
The Family Recastp. 273
The Second Great Awakeningp. 274
The Era of Associationsp. 276
Backwoods Utopiasp. 277
The Age of Reformp. 279
ôDemon Rumöp. 281
The Abolitionist Crusadep. 282
Women's Rightsp. 285
The Romantic View of Lifep. 288
Emerson and Thoreaup. 289
Edgar Allan Poep. 290
Nathaniel Hawthornep. 291
Herman Melvillep. 292
Walt Whitmanp. 292
Reading and the Dissemination of Culturep. 294
Education for Democracyp. 294
The State of the Collegesp. 296
Westward Expansionp. 299
Tyler's Troublesp. 299
The Webster-Ashburton Treatyp. 300
The Texas Questionp. 301
Manifest Destinyp. 303
Life on the Trailp. 303
California and Oregonp. 304
The Election of 1844p. 307
Polk as Presidentp. 307
War with Mexicop. 308
To the Halls of Montezumap. 310
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgop. 312
The Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United Statesp. 312
Slavery: Storm Clouds Gatherp. 313
The Election of 1848p. 314
The Gold Rushp. 316
The Compromise of 1850p. 317
The Sections Go Their Own Waysp. 323
The Southp. 32$
The Economics of Slaveryp. 324
Antebellum Plantation Lifep. 327
The Sociology of Slaveryp. 32$
Psychological Effects of Slaveryp. 330
Manufacturing in the Southp. 333
The Northern Industrial Jugg$nautp. 334
A Nation of Immigrantsp. 335
How Wage Earners Livedp. 335
Progress and Povertyp. 337
Foreign Commercep. 338
Steam Conquers the Atlanticp. 339
Canals and Railroadsp. 339
Financing the Railroadsp. 340
Railroads and the Economyp. 341
Railroads and the Sectional Conflictp. 344
The Economy on the Eve of Civil Warp. 345
The Coming of the Civil Warp. 347
Slave-Catchers Come Northp. 348
Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 350
Diversions Abroad: The ôYoung Americaö Movementp. 351
Stephen Douglas: ôThe Little Giantöp. 352
The Kansas-Nebraska Actp. 353
Know-Nothings, Republicans, and the Demise of the Two-Party Systemp. 355
ôBleeding Kansasöp. 356
Senator Sumner Becomes a Martyr for Abolitionismp. 358
Buchanan Tries His Handp. 359
The Dred Scott Decisionp. 360
The Proslavery Lecompton Constitutionp. 362
The Emergence of Lincolnp. 363
The Lincoln-Douglas Debatesp. 364
John Brown's Raidp. 366
The Election of 1860p. 367
The Secession Crisisp. 371
The War to Save the Unionp. 375
Lincoln's Cabinetp. 375
Fort Sumter: The First Shotp. 376
The Blue and the Grayp. 378
The Test of Battle: Bull Runp. 380
Paying for the Warp. 381
Politics as Usualp. 382
Behind Confederate Linesp. 383
War in the West: Shilohp. 384
McClellan: The Reluctant Warriorp. 385
Lee Counterattacks: Antietamp. 387
The Emancipation Proclamationp. 388
The Draft Riotsp. 391
The Emancipated Peoplep. 392
African American Soldiersp. 392
Antietam to Gettysburgp. 393
Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburgp. 395
Economic and Social Effects, North and Southp. 396
Women in Wartimep. 397
Grant in the Wildernessp. 398
Sherman in Georgiap. 400
To Appomattox Court Housep. 403
Winners, Losers, and the Futurep. 403
Reconstruction and the Southp. 409
The Assassination of Lincolnp. 410
Presidential Reconstructionp. 411
Republican Radicalsp. 413
Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstructionp. 413
The Fourteenth Amendmentp. 415
The Reconstruction Actsp. 416
Congress Supremep. 416
The Fifteenth Amendmentp. 417
ôBlack Republicanö Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggersp. 419
The Ravaged Landp. 421
Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien Systemp. 422
The White Backlashp. 424
Grant as Presidentp. 426
The Disputed Election of 1876p. 427
The Compromise of 1877p. 429
The Conquest of the Westp. 433
The West after the Civil Warp. 434
The Plains Indiansp. 434
Indian Warsp. 436
The Destruction of Tribal Lifep. 439
The Lure of Gold and Silver in the Westp. 441
Farmers Struggle to Keep Upp. 442
Farming as Big Businessp. 443
Western Railroad Buildingp. 443
The Cattle Kingdomp. 447
Open-Range Ranchingp. 447
Barbed-Wire Warfarep. 448
An Industrial Giant Emergesp. 451
Essentials of Industrial Growthp. 452
Railroads: The First Big Businessp. 452
Iron, Oil, and Electricityp. 454
Competition and Monopoly: The Railroadsp. 457
Competition and Monopoly: Steelp. 458
Competition and Monopoly: Oilp. 461
Competition and Monopoly: Retailing and Utilitiesp. 462
American Ambivalence to Big Businessp. 462
Reformers: George, Bellamy, Lloydp. 465
Reformers: The Marxistsp. 466
The Government Reacts to Big Business: Railroad Regulationp. 467
The Government Reacts to Big Business: The Sherman Antitrust Actp. 469
The Labor Union Movementp. 470
The American Federation of Laborp. 472
Labor Militancy Rebuffedp. 473
Whither America, Whither Democracy?p. 474
American Society in the Industrial Agep. 477
Middle-Class Lifep. 478
Skilled and Unskilled Workersp. 479
Working Womenp. 480
Working-Class Family Lifep. 481
Working-Class Attitudesp. 481
Working Your Way Upp. 482
The ôNewö Immigrationp. 484
New Immigrants Face New Nativismp. 486
The Expanding City and Its Problemsp. 487
Teeming Tenementsp. 488
The Cities Modernizep. 490
Leisure Activities: More Fun and Gamesp. 490
Christianity's Conscience and the Social Gospelp. 493
The Settlement Housesp. 495
Civilization and Its Discontentsp. 497
Intellectual and Cultural Trends in the Late Nineteenth Centuryp. 500
Colleges and Universitiesp. 501
Revolution in the Social Sciencesp. 503
Progressive Educationp. 504
Law and Historyp. 505
Realism in Literaturep. 508
Mark Twainp. 508
William Dean Howellsp. 509
Henry Jamesp. 511
Realism in Artp. 511
The Pragmatic Approachp. 513
The Knowledge Revolutionp. 515
From Smoke-Filled Rooms to Prairie Wildfire: 1877-1896p. 518
Congress Ascendantp. 519
Recurrent Issuesp. 520
Party Politics: Sidestepping the Issuesp. 521
Lackluster Presidents: From Hayes to Harrisonp. 522
African Americans in the South after Reconstructionp. 525
Booker T. Washington: A ôReasonableö Champion for African Americansp. 527
City Bossesp. 529
Crops and Complaintsp. 530
The Populist Movementp. 531
Showdown on Silverp. 533
The Depression of 1893p. 535
The Election of 1896p. 537
The Meaning of the Electionp. 539
The Age of Reformp. 542
Roots of Progressivismp. 542
The Muckrakersp. 544
The Progressive Mindp. 545
ôRadicalö Progressives: The Wave of the Futurep. 546
Political Reform: Cities Firstp. 550
Political Reform: The Statesp. 550
State Social Legislationp. 551
Political Reform: The Woman Suffrage Movementp. 553
Theodore Roosevelt: Cowboy in the White Housep. 556
Roosevelt and Big Businessp. 557
Roosevelt and the Coal Strikep. 558
TR's Triumphsp. 559
Roosevelt Tilts Leftp. 561
William Howard Taft: The Listless Progressive, or More Is Lessp. 561
Breakup of the Republican Partyp. 563
The Election of 1912p. 564
Wilson: The New Freedomp. 565
The Progressives and Minority Rightsp. 568
Black Militancyp. 570
From Isolation to Empirep. 574
Isolation or Imperialism?p. 575
Origins of the Large Policy: Coveting Coloniesp. 575
Toward an Empire in the Pacificp. 577
Toward an Empire in Latin Americap. 579
The Cuban Revolutionp. 580
The ôSplendid Littleö Spanish-American Warp. 582
Developing a Colonial Policyp. 585
The Anti-Imperialistsp. 585
The Philippine Insurrectionp. 587
Cuba and the United Statesp. 588
The United States in the Caribbean and Central Americap. 589
The Open Door Policy in Chinap. 593
The Panama Canalp. 595
Imperialism without Coloniesp. 598
Woodrow Wilson and the Great Warp. 601
Wilson's ôMoralö Diplomacyp. 602
Europe Explodes in Warp. 603
Freedom of the Seasp. 604
The Election of 1916p. 608
The Road to Warp. 609
Mobilizing the Economyp. 611
Workers in Wartimep. 613
Paying for the Warp. 613
Propaganda and Civil Libertiesp. 614
Wartime Reformsp. 615
Women and Blacks in Wartimep. 616
Americans: To the Trenches and Over the Topp. 618
Preparing for placep. 619
The Paris Peace Conference and the Versailles Treatyp. 621
The Senate Rejects the League of Nationsp. 624
The Red Scarep. 627
The Election of 1920p. 628
Postwar Society and Culture: Change and Adjustmentp. 631
Closing the Gates to New Immigrantsp. 632
New Urban Social Patternsp. 633
The Younger Generationp. 635
The ôNewö Womanp. 636
Popular Culture: Movies and Radiop. 637
The Golden Age of Sportsp. 641
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Fundamentalismp. 642
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Prohibitionp. 644
The Ku Klux Klanp. 645
Literary Trendsp. 646
The ôNew Negroöp. 648
Economic Expansionp. 651
The Age of the Consumerp. 651
Henry Fordp. 653
The Airplanep. 654
From ôNormalcyö to Economic Collapse: 1921-1933p. 656
Harding and ôNormalcyöp. 656
ôThe Business of the United States is Businessöp. 657
The Harding Scandalsp. 659
Coolidge Prosperityp. 662
Peace without a Swordp. 662
The Peace Movementp. 664
The Good Neighbor Policyp. 665
The Totalitarian Challengep. 665
War Debts and Reparationsp. 666
The Election of 1928p. 667
Economic Problemsp. 668
The Stock Market Crash of 1929p. 669
Hoover and the Depressionp. 670
The Economy Hits Bottomp. 673
The Depression and Its Victimsp. 674
The Election of 1932p. 675
The New Deal: 1933-1941p. 678
The Hundred Daysp. 678
The National Recovery Administration (NRA)p. 680
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)p. 681
The Dust Bowlp. 682
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)p. 683
The New Deal Spiritp. 684
The Unemployedp. 684
Literature during the Depressionp. 685
Three Extremists: Long, Coughlin, and Townsendp. 686
The Second New Dealp. 688
The Election of 1936p. 690
Roosevelt Tries to Undermine the Supreme Courtp. 691
The New Deal Winds Downp. 692
Significance of the New Dealp. 693
Women as New Dealers: The Networkp. 694
Blacks during the New Dealp. 695
A New Deal for Indiansp. 696
The Role of Rooseveltp. 697
The Triumph of Isolationismp. 698
War Again in Asia and Europep. 699
A Third Term for FDRp. 702
The Undeclared Warp. 703
War and Peace: 1941-1945p. 708
The Road to Pearl Harborp. 709
Mobilizing the Home Frontp. 710
The War Economyp. 711
War and Social Changep. 712
Minorities in Time of War: Blacks, Hispanics, and Indiansp. 713
The Treatment of German and Italian Americansp. 714
Internment of Japanese Americansp. 715
Women's Contributions to the War Effortp. 716
Allied Strategy: Europe Firstp. 717
Germany Overwhelmedp. 720
The Naval War in the Pacificp. 721
Island Hoppingp. 725
Building the Atom Bombp. 727
Wartime Diplomacyp. 728
Allied Suspicion of Stalinp. 729
Yalta and Potsdamp. 730
Collision Courses, Abroad and at Home: 1946-1960p. 733
The Postwar Economyp. 734
Truman Becomes Presidentp. 734
The Containment Policyp. 735
The Atom Bomb: A ôWinningö Weapon?p. 736
A Turning Point in Greecep. 736
The Marshall Plan and the Lesson of Historyp. 737
The Election of 1948p. 738
Containing Communism Abroadp. 740
Hot War in Koreap. 741
The Communist Issue at Homep. 743
McCarthyismp. 744
Dwight D. Eisenhowerp. 745
The Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policyp. 746
McCarthy Self-Destructsp. 747
Asian Policy after Koreap. 747
Israel and the Middle Eastp. 748
Eisenhower and Khrushchevp. 749
Latin America Arousedp. 751
Fighting the Cold War at Homep. 751
Blacks Challenge Segregationp. 752
Direct Action Protests: The Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 754
The Election of 1960p. 755
From Camelot to Watergate: 1961-1975p. 760
Kennedy in Camelotp. 761
The Cuban Crisesp. 761
JFK's Vietnam Warp. 763
ôWe Shall Overcomeö: The Civil Rights Movementp. 764
Tragedy in Dallas: JFK Assassinatedp. 766
Lyndon Baines Johnson: The Great Societyp. 767
New Racial Turmoilp. 769
From the ôBeat Movementö to Student Radicalismp. 771
Johnson Escalates the Warp. 772
The Election of 1968p. 774
Nixon as President: ôVietnamizingö the Warp. 776
The Cambodian ôIncursionöp. 777
Détente with Communismp. 778
Nixon in Triumphp. 779
Domestic Policy under Nixonp. 780
The Watergate Break-In and Cover-Upp. 781
The Judgment on Watergate: ôExpletive Deletedöp. 783
Nixon Resigns, Ford Becomes Presidentp. 784
Running on Empty: 1975-1991p. 787
The Oil Crisisp. 787
Ford as Presidentp. 788
The Fall of South Vietnamp. 789
Ford versus Carterp. 789
The Carter Presidencyp. 790
A National Malaisep. 790
ôConstant Decencyö in Actionp. 792
The Iran Crisis: Originsp. 793
The Iran Crisis: Carter's Dilemmap. 793
The Election of 1980p. 794
Reagan as Presidentp. 795
Four More Yearsp. 796
ôThe Reagan Revolutionöp. 797
The New Merger Movementp. 798
ôA Job for Lifeö: Layoffs Hit Homep. 799
Corporate Restructuringp. 799
Rogue Foreign Policyp. 802
Assessing the Reagan Revolutionp. 803
The Election of 1988p. 804
George H. W. Bush as Presidentp. 804
The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europep. 805
The War in the Persian Gulfp. 806
Deficitsp. 808
From Boomers to Millennialsp. 811
The New Immigrationp. 812
The Emergence of Modern Feminismp. 816
Roe v. Wadep. 818
Conservative Counterattackp. 819
The Rise of Gay and Lesbian Rightsp. 820
AIDSp. 821
Publicly Gayp. 822
Crime and Punishmentp. 823
Crack and Urban Gangsp. 824
Violence and Popular Culturep. 824
From Main Street to Mall to Internetp. 825
From Community to Facebookp. 827
Greying of the Boomersp. 831
Shocks and Responses: 1992-Presentp. 834
A New Face: Bill Clintonp. 835
The Election of 1992p. 836
A New Start: Clinton as Presidentp. 836
Emergence of the Republican Majorityp. 836
The Election of 1996p. 837
Clinton Impeachedp. 837
Clinton's Legacyp. 839
The Economic Boom and the Internetp. 840
The 2000 Election: George W. Bush Wins by One Votep. 840
The New Terrorismp. 841
September 11, 2001p. 842
America Fights Back: War in Afghanistanp. 843
The Second Iraq Warp. 844
2004: Bush Wins a Second Termp. 845
Crime: Good News and Badp. 846
Hurricane Katrinap. 847
Iraq Insurgency and Bush's ôSurgeöp. 848
2008: McCain v. Obamap. 852
Financial Meltdownp. 853
ôYes We Canö: Obama Elected Presidentp. 854
Obama as Presidentp. 855
Health Care Reformp. 856
Immigration Reformp. 857
Environmental Concerns and Disaster in the Gulfp. 858
Afghanistan, Againp. 859
The Persistent Past and Imponderable Futurep. 862
Appendix A-1
Credits C-1
Glossary G-1
Index I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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