American Horizons U.S. History in a Global Context, Volume I: To 1877

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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American Horizonsis the only U.S. History survey text that presents the traditional narrative in a global context. The seven-author team uses the frequent movement of people, goods, and ideas into, out of, and within America's borders as a framework. This unique approach provides a fully integrated global perspective that seamlessly contextualizes American events within the wider world. The authors, all acclaimed scholars in their specialties, use their individual strengths to provide students with a balanced and inclusive account of U.S. history. Presented in two volumes for maximum flexibility,American Horizonsillustrates the relevence of U.S. history to American students by centering on the matrix of issues that dominate their lives. These touchstone themes include population movements and growth, the evolving definition of citizenship, cultural change and continuity, people's relationship to and impact upon the environment, political and ideological contests and their consequences, and Americans' five centuries of engagement with regional, national, and global institutions, forces, and events. In addition, this beautifully designed, full-color book features hundreds of photos and images and more than one hundred maps. American Horizonscontains ample pedagogy, including: *America in the World, visual guides to the key interactions between America and the world *Global Passages, which feature unique stories connecting America to the world *Visual Reviewsproviding post-reading summaries to help students to connect key themes or events within a chapter *Maps and Infographicsthat explore essential themes in new ways

Author Biography

Michael Schaller, University of Arizona
Robert Schulzinger, University of Colorado John Bezis-Selfa, Wheaton College
Janette Thomas Greenwood, Clark University
Andrew Kirk, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Sarah Purcell, Grinnell College
Aaron Sheehan-Dean, West Virginia University

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: North America Encounters the Atlantic World, Prehistory-1565

North America to 1500
The First Millennia of Indian North America
Farmers, Hunters and Gatherers
The Rise and Decline of Urban Indian North America
Indian North America in the Century before Contact

Making an Atlantic World, 1400-1513
Western Europe in the Fifteenth Century
Iberians, Africans, and the Creation of an Eastern Atlantic World
Columbus and the First Encounter
The Atlantic World Invades the Caribbean

The Atlantic World enters North America, 1513-1565
The Fall of the Mexica
Invasions of North America and the Rise of Imperial Competition
Religious Reformation, Imperial Rivalries, and Piracy
The Founding of Florida

Chapter 2: Colonists on the Margins, 1565-1640

Conquest Begins and Trade Expands, 1565-1607
Spain Stakes Claim to Florida
New Spain into the Southwest
England Enters Eastern North America
Imports and a Changing Indian Northeast

European Islands in an Algonquian Ocean, 1607-1625
Tsenacommacah and Virginia
New France, New Netherland, New Indian Northeast
Pilgrims and Algonquians

Seeking God, Seizing Land, Reaping Conflict, 1625-c. 1640
Missionaries and Indians in New France and New Mexico
Migration and the Expansion of Dutch and English North America
Dissent in the City upon a Hill
Colonist-Algonquian Wars

Chapter 3: Forging Tighter Bonds, 1640 to the 1690s

Uncivil Wars, 1640-1660
Smallpox and War Plague the Great Lakes
English Civil Wars and the Remaking of English America
Planters and Slaves of the Caribbean
Church and Indians in the Southeast and Southwest

New Imperial Orders, 1660-1680
English Empire and the Conquest of New Netherland
Quebec and the Expansion of French America
Chesapeake Servitude, Mainland Slavery
The Creation of South Carolina
Metacom and the Algonquian Battle for New England

Victorious Pueblos, a New Mid-Atlantic, and "Glorious" Revolutions, 1680 to the 1690s
The Pueblo War for Independence
A More Multicultural Mid-Atlantic
English North America's "Glorious" Revolutions
North America's Hundred Years' War Begins

Chapter 4: Accelerating the Pace of Change, c. 1690-1730

Turmoil in Indian North America
Horses and Violence on the Northern Plains
Indians and Hispanics Forge a New Southwest
Indians, the French, and the Making of Louisiana
Indians, Empires, and the Remaking of the Southeast
The Iroquois, Great Lakes Peoples, and the Northeast

Migration, Religion and Empires
The Africanization of North America
The "Naturalization" of Slavery and Racism
European Immigrants and Imperial Expansion
Pietism and Atlantic Protestantism
Imperial Authority and Colonial Resistance

Laying Foundations in British North America
An Industrious Revolution
A Creole Elite Pursues Gentility
The Anglo-Atlantic's Communications Revolution

Chapter 5: Battling for Souls, Minds, and the Heart of North America, 1730-1763

Immigrants and Indians
Immigrants in Chains
The Making of Irish and German America
Indians in Motion
Slave Resistance, the Southeast, and the Greater Caribbean

Minds, Souls and Wallets
North Americans Engage the Enlightenment
Becoming a Consumer Society
Revivals and the Rise of Evangelical Christianity
African, African American and Indian Awakenings

North America and the First World War for Empire, 1754-1763
The Road to War
The Course of War
New Divisions
Refugees and Exiles

Chapter 6: Empire & Resistance, 1763-1776

English & Spanish Imperial Reform
Transatlantic Trade as an Engine of Conflict
Grenville's Program
Pontiac's Rebellion
Bourbon Reforms
The Enlightenment and Colonial Identity

Stamp Act and Resistance
Parliamentary Action
Protest & Repeal
Empire & Authority

Consumer Resistance
Townshend Duties
The Non-Importation Movement
Men & Women: Tea & Politics
The Boston Massacre

Resistance Becomes Revolution
Boston Tea Party & Coercive Acts
Empire, Control, and the Language of Slavery
War Begins

Declaring Independence
The World's First Declaration of Independence
Establishment of Comandancia General of the Interior Provinces
Ideology and Resistance
Taking Stock of Empire

Chapter 7: A Revolutionary Nation, 1776-1789

The Revolution Takes Root
Ideology and Transatlantic Politics
Trying Times: War Continues
Alliance with France

The Structure of Authority
State Governments
Articles of Confederation
Military Organization
Diplomacy & International Finance

Securing Independence
War at Sea
War in the South
Loyalists: Resistance & Migration
Indian Warfare
African Americans at War
Peace And Shifting Empires

Restructuring Social and Political Authority
Power in the States
Economic Change
Women & Revolution
Racial Ideology and Questioning Slavery

A Federal Nation
Debt & Discontent
Constitutional Convention

Chapter 8: A New Nation Facing a Revolutionary World, 1789-1815

The United States in the Age of the French Revolution
The New Nation and the New Revolution
The Rise of Party Tensions
Neutrality and Jay's Treaty
The Popular Politics of Rebellion
Indian Warfare and European Power

Party Conflict Intensifies
Adams in Power
Quasi-War with France
Alien and Sedition Acts
Slave Rebellions: Saint Domingue and Virginia

The "Revolution" of 1800 and the Revolution of 1804
Jefferson Elected
Democracy: Limits and Conflicts
Haitian Revolution
The Louisiana Purchase

Trade, Conflict, Warfare
Transatlantic and Caribbean Trade
Mediterranean Trade: Barbary Wars
Western Discontents
European Wars and Commercial Sanctions

The War of 1812
War Declared
Opposition to the War of 1812
U.S. Offensives in Canada
Tecumseh and Pan-Indian Resistance
Naval War
British Offensive
The War Ends

Chapter 9: American Peoples on the Move, 1789- 1824

Exploration and Encounter
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Zebulon Pike
Plains Indian Peoples
Astor and the Fur Trade
Asian Trade

Shifting Borders
Jeffersonian Agrarianism
Northwest, Southwest, and New States
The Missouri Compromise
African-American Migration and Colonization
Spanish Expansion in California

Social and Cultural Shifts
Indian Acculturation
Gender in Early Republican Society
Literature and Popular Culture
African-American Culture: Slaves and Free People
Roots of the Second Great Awakening

Financial Expansion
Banks and Panics
Corporations and the Supreme Court

Politics and Hemispheric Change
First Seminole War
Transcontinental (Adams-Oņis) Treaty
The United States and Latin American Revolutions
The Monroe Doctrine

Chapter 10: Market Revolutions and the Rise of Democracy, 1789-1832

The Market System
Internal and External Markets
Technology: Domestic Invention and Global Appropriation
Water and Steam Power
Transportation and Communication

Markets and Social Relationships
Manufacturing and the Factory System
Slavery and Markets
Class and Consumerism
Urban and Rural Life

Democracy and the Public Sphere
Voting and Politics
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson, "The People," and the Election of 1828
Jackson and the Veto

Economic Opportunity and Territorial Expansion
Texas Colonization
Santa Fe Trail
The Black Hawk War

Expanding Markets
The Legal Structures of Capitalism
The Inland Empire
The Industrial Revolution

Chapter 11: New Boundaries, New Roles, 1820-1856

An Expanding Nation
Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears
Re-Peopling the West
Latin American Filibustering and the Texas Independence Movement
Pacific Explorations

The New Challenge of Labor
White Workers, Unions, and Class Consciousness
Foreign-born Workers
The New Middle Class
The Expansion of Slavery and Slaves as Workers

Men and Women in Antebellum America
Gender and Economic Change
Ladies, Women, and Working Girls
Masculinity on the Ttrail, in the Cities, and on the Farm
Men and Women in the Southwest

Freedom for Some
The Nature of Democracy in the Atlantic World
The Second Party System
Democracy in the South
Conflicts over Slavery

Chapter 12: Religion and Reform, 1820-1850

Second Great Awakening
Spreading the Word
Building a Christian Nation
Interpreting the Message

Northern Reform
The Temperance Crusade
The Rising Power of American Abolition
Women's Rights
Making a Moral Society

Southern Reform
Sin, Salvation, and Honor
Pro-Slavery Reform
Nat Turner and Afro-Christianity
Southern Anti-slavery Reformers

Challenges to the Spirit of the Age
Emerson, Thoreau, and the American Soul
The First Mass Culture
The American Renaissance
Politics as Gospel

Chapter 13: A House Dividing, 1844-1860

The Expansion of America
The American Invasion and Conquest of Mexico
The Geography and Ecology of the New American West
Conestogas, Commanches, and Californios

Contested Citizenship
The Patterns of Migration
Immigrants in America
Race, Ethnicity, and the Invention of Americanism
The Know-Nothing Movement

Slavery and Antebellum Life
The Paradox of Slavery and Modernity
The West Indies, Brazil, and the Future of Slavery
Inside the Quarter
The Creation of African America

The Rise of the Republicans
Free Soil and Free Labor
The Politics of Slave Catching
The Politics of Expansion
The Politics of Sectionalism

Chapter 14: The Civil War, 1860-1865

Secession, 1860-1861
The Secession of the Lower South
Fort Sumter and the Secession of the Upper South
Mobilization for War
From the Ballot to the Bullet

War in Earnest, 1862-1863
The North Advances
Stalemate in the East
Southern and Northern Home Fronts
The Struggle for European Support

A New Birth of Freedom: Emancipation
Slaves Take Flight
From Confiscation to Emancipation
Government Centralization in Wartime

The Hard War, 1863-1864
Invasion and Occupation
Black Soldiers, Black Flags
The Campaigns of Grant and Sherman

Victory and Defeat, 1865
American Nationalism, Southern Nationalism
The New Challenge of Race
The Scars of War
The Last Best Hope of Man?

Chapter 15: Reconstructing America, 1865-1877

The Year of Jubilee, 1865
African American Families
Southern Whites and the Problem of Defeat
Emancipation in Comparative Perspective

Shaping Reconstruction, 1865-1868
Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction
The Fight Over Reconstruction
The Civil War Amendments and American Citizenship
Congressional Reconstruction

Reconstruction in the South, 1866-1876
African American Life in the Postwar South
Republican Governments in the Postwar South
Cotton, Merchants, and the Lien

The End of Reconstruction, 1877
The Ku Klux Klan and Reconstruction Violence
Northern Weariness and Northern Conservatism
Legacies of Reconstruction

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