American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Century

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-04-09
  • Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr
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Studies of concert life in nineteenth-century America have generally been limited to large orchestras and the programs we are familiar with today. But as this book reveals, audiences of that era enjoyed far more diverse musical experiences than this focus would suggest. To hear an orchestra, people were more likely to head to a beer garden, restaurant, or summer resort than to a concert hall. And what they heard weren't just symphonic works-programs also included opera excerpts and arrangements, instrumental showpieces, comic numbers, and medleys of patriotic tunes. This book brings together musicologists and historians to investigate the many orchestras and programs that developed in nineteenth-century America. In addition to reflecting on the music that orchestras played and the socioeconomic aspects of building and maintaining orchestras, the book considers a wide range of topics, including audiences, entrepreneurs, concert arrangements, tours, and musicians' unions. The authors also show that the period saw a massive influx of immigrant performers, the increasing ability of orchestras to travel across the nation, and the rising influence of women as listeners, patrons, and players. Painting a rich and detailed picture of nineteenth-century concert life, this collection will greatly broaden our understanding of America's musical history.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Introduction: Toward a History of American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 1
Ubiquity and Diversity: The Ubiquity and Diversity of Nineteenth-Century American Orchestrasp. 19
Building the American Symphony Orchestra: The Nineteenth-Century Roots of a Twenty-First-Century Musical Institutionp. 25
Modeling Music: Early Organizational Structures of American Women's Orchestrasp. 53
American Orchestras and Their Unions in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 78
The Orchestra and the American City: Orchestras: Local versus Nationalp. 103
Invisible Instruments: Theater Orchestras in New York, 1850-1900p. 109
Beethoven and Beer: Orchestral Music in German Beer Gardens in Nineteenth-Century New York Cityp. 130
Performances to "Permanence": Orchestra Building in Late Nineteenth-Century Cincinnatip. 156
Critic and Conductor in 1860s Chicago: George P. Upton, Hans Balatka, and Cultural Capitalismp. 175
Amateur and Professional, Permanent and Transient: Orchestras in the District of Columbia, 1877-1905p. 194
Conductors, Promoters, Patrons: Marketing the American Orchestrap. 219
Bernard Ullman and the Business of Orchestras in Mid-Nineteenth-Century New Yorkp. 225
John Sullivan Dwight and the Harvard Musical Association Orchestra: A Help or a Hindrance?p. 247
The Leopold Damrosch Orchestra, 1877-78: Background, Instrumentation, Programming, and Critical Receptionp. 269
Gender and the Germanians: "Art-Loving Ladies" in Nineteenth-Century Concert Lifep. 289
America and Europe: Orchestras: American and Europeanp. 313
÷A Concentration of Talent on Our Musical Horizon": The 1853-54 American Tour by JullienĂs, Extraordinary Orchestrap. 319
Ureli Corelli Hill: An American Musician's European Travels and the Creation of the New York Philharmonicp. 348
Orchestral Repertory: Orchestral Repertory: Highbrow and Lowbrowp. 367
Orchestral Programs in Boston, 1842-55, in European Perspectivep. 373
Theodore Thomas and the Cultivation of American Musicp. 395
Thinking about Serious Music in New York, 1842-82p. 435
Afterword: Corning of Agep. 451
Bibliographyp. 459
Contributorsp. 479
Indexp. 481
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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